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Milliwatt Generator Project

Description: This report covers progress on the Milliwatt Generator Project from April 1986 through March 1988. Activities included fuel processing and characterization, production of heat sources, fabrication of pressure-burst test units, compatibility studies, impact testing, and examination of surveillance units. The major task of the Los Alamos Milliwatt Generator Project is to fabricate MC2893A heat sources (4.0 W) for MC2730A radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGS) and MC3599 heat sources (4.5 W… more
Date: May 1, 1992
Creator: Latimer, T.W. & Rinehart, G.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluation of weldments in Type 21-6-9 stainless steel for Compact Ignition Tokamak structural applications: Phase 1

Description: Primary design considerations for the Compact Ignition Tokamak toroidal field-coil cases are yield strength and toughness in the temperature range from 77 to 300 K. Type 21-6-9 stainless steel, also still known by its original Armco Steel Company trade name Nitronic 40, is the proposed alloy for this application. It has high yield strength and usually adequate base metal toughness, but weldments in thick sections have not been adequately characterized in terms of mechanical properties or hot-cr… more
Date: June 1, 1991
Creator: Alexander, D. J.; Goodwin, G. M. & Bloom, E. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Optimization of a VISAR for measuring flyer-plate velocities

Description: VISAR (Velocity Interferometer System for Any Reflector) is commonly used for measuring flyer-plate velocities up to 6 km/s. Flyer plates can travel as much as 1 mm, which is large compared to usual depth-of-focus requirements for VISARs. Flyer plates are explosively driven, or driven by some other very energetic means; as such, they must be tested in a chamber, which will contain the explosion. Routing the laser beam to the chamber and the signal beam to the VISAR can be done safely and easily… more
Date: May 6, 1992
Creator: Sweatt, W. C.; Crump, O. B., Jr. & Brigham, W. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Safety analysis report for packaging (SARP) of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Shipping Cask D-38

Description: An analytical evaluation of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Shipping Cask D-38 (solids shipments) was made to demonstrate its compliance with the regulations governing off-site radioactive material shipping packages. The evaluation encompassed five primary categories: structural integrity, thermal resistance, radiation shielding, nuclear criticality safety, and quality assurance. The results of the evaluation show that the cask complies with the applicable regulations.
Date: April 1, 1978
Creator: Klima, B. B.; Shappert, L. B.; Seagren, R. D. & Box, W. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Temperature and shock testing of lithium-organic electrolyte cells. [Li/LiAsF/sub 6/ + LiBF/sub 4/ in methyl formate/V/sub 2/O/sub 5/, Honeywell G2655, performance from -40/sup 0/ to +70/sup 0/C, shock levels up to 17,000 g's]

Description: Honeywell G2655 lithium cells were tested over the temperature range -40/sup 0/ to +70/sup 0/C and subjected to shock levels up to 17,000 g's. Output at -40/sup 0/C was approximately 50 percent of that at +25/sup 0/C, while at +70/sup 0/C the output was 150 percent that at +25/sup 0/C. Shock had no noticeable effect on performance. 99 figures, 6 tables. (auth)
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Levy, S.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Milliwatt generator project: Progress report, April 1983--March 1984

Description: This report covers progress on the Milliwatt Generator Project during April 1983--March 1984. Activities included (plutonium 238 oxide) fuel processing and characterization, production of heat sources, fabrication of pressure-burst test units, compatibility studies, impact testing, examination of surveillance units, Inconel weld development, and qualilty assurance.
Date: May 1, 1988
Creator: Rinehart, G.H. & Latimer, T.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Computational determination of ballistic limits for a simple Whipple bumper shield

Description: A series of numerical simulations has been performed using the multi-dimensional hydrodynamics code CTH to computationally determine a ballistic limit for a Whipple bumper shield. The ballistic limit is generally characterized as a critical diameter such that particle diameters greater than the ballistic limit will generate debris clouds that will penetrate the rear wall and particle diameters less than the ballistic limit will not. The particular shield design used for these analyses is define… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Hertel, E.S.; Chhabildas, L.C.; Yarrington, L. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)) & Hill, S.A. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Huntsville, AL (United States). George C. Marshall Space Flight Center)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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MC3644 detonator development status report for the period ending October 30, 1981

Description: The MC3644 detonator is being developed as a replacement for the MC3132 flying plate detonator in the parachute deployment system of the B83 weapon. The MC3644 is a CP, deflagration-to-detonation transition device. Two models are being developed: an interim design using the MC3423 ignitor and a new production version with a one-piece ignitor/header assembly. Features of both designs are described. Results of development tests involving the interim design are presented. No-fire sensitivity test … more
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Jacobson, A. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Space nuclear safety and fuels program. Progress report

Description: This technical monthly report covers studies related to the use of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ in radioisotope power systems. These studies are conducted by Los Alamos National Laboratory for the Office of Coordination and Special Projects of the US Department of Energy. Because most of the studies discussed here are ongoing, results and conclusions may change as the work continues. Published reference of the results cited in this report should not be made without explicit permission from the person in… more
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Bronisz, S. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A semiautomated computer-interactive dynamic impact testing system

Description: A computer-assisted semiautomated system has been developed for testing a variety of specimen types under dynamic impact conditions. The primary use of this system is for the testing of Charpy specimens. Full-, half-, and third-size specimens have been tested, both in the lab and remotely in a hot cell for irradiated specimens. Specimens are loaded into a transfer device which moves the specimen into a chamber, where a hot air gun is used to heat the specimen, or cold nitrogen gas is used for c… more
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Alexander, D.J.; Nanstad, R.K.; Corwin, W.R. & Hutton, J.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Statistical analysis and planning of multihundred-watt impact tests

Description: Modular multihundred-watt (MHW) radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTG's) are used as a power source for spacecraft. Due to possible environmental contamination by radioactive materials, numerous tests are required to determine and verify the safety of the RTG. There are results available from 27 fueled MHW impact tests regarding hoop failure, fingerprint failure, and fuel failure. Data from the 27 tests are statistically analyzed for relationships that exist between the test design variab… more
Date: October 1, 1977
Creator: Martz, H.F. Jr. & Waterman, M.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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MESA 3-D calculations of armor penetration by projectiles with combined obliquity and yaw

Description: We introduce and briefly describe MESA, a new 3-D hydrodynamic code, developed specifically for simulations of armor and anti-armor systems. The code's current capabilities an its planned model improvements and additions are discussed. An Eulerian code using state-of-the-art numerical methods, MESA runs faster and is less affected by spurious numerical diffusion than older codes. It models hydrodynamic flow and the dynamic deformation of solid materials. It uses simple elastic-perfectly plastic… more
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Cagliostro, D. J.; Mandell, D. A.; Schwalbe, L. A.; Adams, T. F. & Chapyak, E. J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hypervelocity launch capabilities to over 10 km/s

Description: Very high pressure and acceleration is necessary to launch flier plates to hypervelocities. In addition, the high pressure loading must be uniform, structured, and shockless, i.e., time-dependent to prevent the flier plate from either fracturing or melting. In this paper, a novel technique is described which allows the use of megabar level loading pressures, and 10{sup 9} g acceleration to launch intact flier plates to velocities of 12.2 km/s. 32 refs., 2 figs.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Chhabildas, L.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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System for vacuum pouring of epoxy tensile and impact specimens with a study of the behavior of these specimens at 77 K and 293 K

Description: The purpose of the investigation was to establish a suitable technique for vacuum pouring of epoxy test specimens and to study the behavior of these specimens at 77 K and 293 K. A series of tensile and impact tests was conducted using specimens made from the following resins: Epon 828, Epon 871, and Epon curing agent Z. These materials are of general interest to designers of magnets for cryogenic service. Tests of the specimens were carried out at 77 K and 293 K. The 77 K data indicate that ten… more
Date: March 31, 1978
Creator: Fitzpatrick, C.M. & Stoddart, W.C.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Flight-systems safety program. Progress report, March 1982

Description: This technical monthly report covers studies related to the use of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ in radioisotope power systems carried out for the Office of Coordination and Special Projects of the US Department of Energy by Los Alamos National Laboratory. Most of the studies discussed here are ongoing. Results and conclusions described may change as the work continues. Published reference of the results cited in this report should not be made without the explicit permission of the person in charge of th… more
Date: July 1, 1982
Creator: Bronisz, S. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Embrittlement of the Shippingport reactor shield tank

Description: The irradiation embrittlement of the Shippingport neutron tank material has been characterized. Irradiation increases the Charpy transition temperature (CTT) by {approximately}25{degrees}C (45{degrees}F) and decreases the upper shelf energy. The shift in CTT is not as severe as that observed in the HFIR surveillance specimens. However, the actual value of CTT is higher than that for the HFIR data and the toughness at service temperature is low. The increase in yield stress is 51 MPa (7.4 ksi), … more
Date: October 1, 1989
Creator: Chopra, O. K. & Shack, W. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hypothetical accident conditions, free drop and thermal tests: Specification 6M

Description: The 30 gallon Specification 6M shipping container with rolled-top food pack cans as inner containers is evaluated under conditions required by 10 CFR 71.42. One kilogram of depleted uranium as UO/sub 2/ was packaged in each of the inner containers. After completion of a free drop test and a simulated thermal test, the maximum observed leakage of UO/sub 2/ for the following week was 3.2 ..mu..g. This leakage is well below the allowable leakage per week for most plutonium isotopic mixtures. Using… more
Date: May 1, 1980
Creator: Blankenship, R.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Crash test of a nuclear spent fuel cask and truck transport system

Description: Sandia Laboratories has conducted a 96 kph (60 mph) full scale truck impact test for ERDA's Environmental Control Technology Division. Rockets propelled a 20, 500-kg (22-ton) cask mounted on its shipping trailer, coupled to a conventional cab-over tractor, into a massive, heavily reinforced concrete target. This summary report describes and compares the results of the computer analysis, scale model, and full scale tests.
Date: January 1, 1978
Creator: Huerta, M. & Yoshimura, R.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Postmortem metallurgical examination of a fire-exposed spent fuel shipping cask. [After impact test]

Description: A potmortem examination of a large fire-exposed rail-transported spent fuel shipping container has revealed the presence of two macrofissures in the outer cask shell. The first, a part-thru crack located within the seam weld fusion zone of the outer cask shell, was typical of hot cracks that may be found in stainless steel weldments. The second, located within the stainless steel base metal, apparently originated at microcracks formed during the welding of a copper-stainless steel dissimilar me… more
Date: April 1, 1980
Creator: Rack, H.J. & Yoshimura, H.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of the Crush Environment for Lightweight Air-Transportable Accident-Resistant Containers

Description: This report describes the longitudinal dynamic crush environment for a Lightweight Air-Transportable Accident-Resistant Container (LAARC, now called PAT-2) that can be used to transport small quantities of radioactive material. The analysis of the crush environment involves evaluation of the forces imposed upon the LAARC package during the crash of a large, heavily loaded, cargo aircraft. To perform the analysis, a cargo load column was defined which consisted of a longitudinal prism of cargo o… more
Date: December 1, 1981
Creator: McClure, J.D. & Hartman, W.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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General-purpose heat source development: Safety Verification Test Program. Titanium bullet/fragment test series

Description: The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will provide power for the Galileo and Ulysses space missions contains 18 General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules. Each module contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled clads and generates 250 W(t). Because the possibility of launch-pad or postlaunch explosion exists and because any explosion would generate a field of high-energy fragments, the fueled clads within each GPHS module must be able to survive fragment impact. In this test series… more
Date: June 1, 1986
Creator: George, T.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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High-velocity impact tests involving thin spherical shells of tantalum and 304 stainless steel

Description: This experimental program generated data to improve computer-code modeling of impact phenomena. The improved computation technique will be used to design a fissile-material container able to withstand a 335 m/s impact. The program involved flyer-plate-impact tests using thin shells of annealed 304 stainless steel and annealed tantalum at impact velocities of 28 to 180 m/s. No active instrumentation was used in this study; instead, all data were derived from measurements of test specimens. Pre- … more
Date: August 26, 1977
Creator: Steffan, K. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Space nuclear safety and fuels program, November 1981

Description: This technical monthly report covers studies related to the use of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ in radioisotope power systems carried out for the Office of Coordination and Special Projects of the US Department of Energy by Los Alamos National Laboratory. Most of the studies discussed here are ongoing. Results and conclusions described may change as the work continues. Published reference of the results cited in this report should not be made without the explicit permission of the person in charge of th… more
Date: April 1, 1982
Creator: Bronisz, S. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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