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Quantum scattering studies of spin-orbit effects in the Cl({sup 2}P) + HCl {yields} ClH + Cl({sup 2}P) reaction

Description: The authors present quantum scattering calculations for the Cl + HCl {yields} ClH + Cl reaction in which they include the three electronic states that correlate asymptotically to the ground state of Cl({sup 2}P) + HCl(X{sup 1}{Sigma}{sup +}). The potential surfaces and couplings are taken from the recent work of C.S. Maierle, G.C. Schatz, M.S. Gordon, P. McCabe and J.N.L. Connor, J. Chem. Soc. Farad. Trans. (1997). They are based on extensive ab initio calculations for geometries in the vicinity of the lowest energy saddle point, and on an electrostatic expansion (plus empirical dispersion and repulsion) for long range geometries including the van der Waals wells. Spin-orbit coupling has been included using a spin-orbit coupling parameter {lambda} that is assumed to be independent of nuclear geometry, and Coriolis interactions are incorporated accurately. The scattering calculations use a hyperspherical coordinate coupled channel method in full dimensionality. AJ-shifting approximation is employed to convert cumulative reaction probabilities for total angular momentum quantum number J = 1/2 into state selected and thermal rate coefficients. Two issues have been studied: (a) the influence of the magnitude of {lambda} on the fine-structure resolved cumulative probabilities and rate coefficients (the authors consider {lambda}`s that vary from 0 to {+-}100% of the true Cl value), and (b) the transition state resonance spectrum, and its variation with {lambda} and with other parameters in the calculations. Cl + HCl is a simple hydrogen transfer reaction which serves as a canonical model both for heavy-light-heavy atom reactions, and for the reactions of halogen atoms with closed shell molecules.
Date: July 1, 1998
Creator: Schatz, G.C.; McCabe, P. & Connor, J.N.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Simulations of highly reactive fluids

Description: We report density functional molecular dynamics simulations to determine the early chemical events of hot (T = 3000 K) and dense (1.97 g/cm{sup 3}, V/V{sub 0} = 0.68) nitromethane (CH{sub 3}NO{sub 2}). The first step in the decomposition process is an intermolecular proton abstraction mechanism that leads to the formation of CH{sub 3}NO{sub 2}H and the aci ion H{sub 2}CNO{sub 2}{sup -}, in support of evidence from static high-pressure and shock experiments. An intramolecular hydrogen transfer that transforms nitromethane into the aci acid form, CH{sub 2}NO{sub 2}H, accompanies this event. This is the first confirmation of chemical reactivity with bond selectivity for an energetic material near the condition of fully reacted specimen. We also report the decomposition mechanism followed up to the formation of H{sub 2}O as the first stable product.
Date: July 21, 2005
Creator: Fried, L E; Manaa, M R & Reed, E J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Simulations of Fluid Nitromethane Under Extreme Conditions

Description: We report density functional molecular dynamics simulations to determine the early chemical events of hot (T = 3000 K) and dense (1.97 g/cm{sup 3}, V/V{sub 0} = 0.68) nitromethane (CH{sub 3}NO{sub 2}). The first step in the decomposition process is an intermolecular proton abstraction mechanism that leads to the formation of CH{sub 3}NO{sub 2}H and the aci ion H{sub 2}CNO{sub 2}{sup -}, in support of evidence from static high-pressure and shock experiments. An intramolecular hydrogen transfer that transforms nitromethane into the aci acid form, CH{sub 2}NO{sub 2}H, accompanies this event. This is the first confirmation of chemical reactivity with bond selectivity for an energetic material near the condition of fully reacted specimen. We also report the decomposition mechanism followed up to the formation of H{sub 2}O as the first stable product.
Date: July 15, 2003
Creator: Fried, L E; Reed, E J & Manaa, M R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department