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A Novel Coal Feeder for Production of Low Sulfur Fuel

Description: During the past three months, the coal feeding system has been tested and currently undergoing evaluation at the University of Cincinnati. The system consists primarily of an auger feed tube which is used to both convey and provide desulfurization of a high sulfur coal feedstock. The coal is conveyed at temperatures ranging from 350 to 550{degrees}C and under normal atmospheric pressure. Under these mild processing conditions, the coal partially pyrolizes and emits sulfur in the form of hydroge… more
Date: January 1, 1990
Creator: Khang, S. J. & Keener, T. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

High temperature ceramic membrane reactors for coal liquid upgrading

Description: In this project we intend to study a novel process concept, i.e, the use of ceramic membranes reactors in upgrading of coal derived liquids. Membrane reactors have been used in a number of catalytic reaction processes in order to overcome the limitations on conversion imposed by thermodynamic equilibrium. They have, furthermore, the inherent capability for combining reaction and separation in a single step. Thus they offer promise for improving and optimizing yield, selectivity and performance … more
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Tsotsis, T.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Cadmium sulfide/copper sulfide heterojunction cell research. Final report, February 26, 1979-July 15, 1980

Description: Extensive modifications were made to the multi-source deposition apparatus. These include the installation of a larger vacuum chamber on the existing system. The new chamber provides improved inter-source shielding, an improved substrate mounting and heating system, and a vacuum interlock for introducing substrates. CdS resistivity control by both In doping and off-stoichiometric deposition has been investigated. Indium doping has been achieved both by diffusion from a pre-deposited In layer an… more
Date: June 30, 1980
Creator: Thornton, J. A. & Cornog, D. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Enhanced durability and reactivity for zinc ferrite desulfurization sorbent

Description: AMAX Research Development Center (AMAX R D) has been investigating methods for enhancing the reactivity and durability of the zinc ferrite desulfurization sorbent. Zinc ferrite sorbents are intended for use in desulfurization of hot coal gas in integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) or molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) applications. For the present program, the reactivity of the sorbent may be defined as its sulfur sorption capacity at the breakthrough point and at saturation in a bench-… more
Date: November 14, 1988
Creator: Jha, Mahesh C. & Berggren, Mark H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Resource, technology, and environment at the geysers

Description: A general review, description, and history of geothermal development at the Geysers is presented. Particular emphasis is placed on environmental impacts of development of the area. The discussion is presented under the following chapter titles: introduction; energy, enthalpy and the First Law; vapor-producing geothermal reservoirs--review and models; geothermal; entropy and the Second Law; power plants--basics; H/sub 2/S emissions; hydrogen sulfide--possible health effects and odor; other emiss… more
Date: June 1, 1977
Creator: Weres, O.; Tsao, K. & Wood, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Prairie Canal Well No. 1, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. Volume 1. Completion and testing. Final report

Description: The Prairie Canal Company, Inc. Well No. 1, approximately 8 miles south of the city of Lake Charles, Louisiana, was tested through the annulus between 5-1/2 inch casing and 2-3/8 inch tubing. The interval tested was from 14,782 to 14,820 feet. The geological section was the Hackberry Sand, a member of the Oligocene Frio formation. Produced water was injected into a disposal well which was perforated in several Miocene Sands from 3070 to 4600 feet. Original plans were to test a section of the Ha… more
Date: January 1, 1981
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Geothermal power production: accidental fluid releases, waste disposal, and water use

Description: Environmental problems related to the use and disposal of fluids can accompany the operation of geothermal power plants using hot water resources (temperature > 150/sup 0/C). More than 100 kg of fluids must be extracted, processed, and disposed for each kW.h of electricity generated from a facility relying on a geothermal reservoir with fluids of 150/sup 0/C. The low thermal efficiencies of geothermal power plants result in large requirements for cooling water - over 7.4 x 10/sup 4/ m/sup 3//MW… more
Date: June 1, 1980
Creator: Layton, D. W. & Morris, W. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hot gas desulfurization with oxides of zinc, iron, and vanadium

Description: The objective of this study is to develop an improved sorbent which can reduce H{sub 2}S levels up to 1 ppmv or less, which can stabilize zinc, and produce economically recoverable amounts of elemental sulfur during regeneration. For this purpose, the desulfurization performance of sorbents prepared by the addition of various amounts of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} to the zinc ferrite sorbent is investigated.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Akyurtlu, J.F. & Akyurtlu, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hot gas cleanup using solid supported molten salt for integrated coal gasification/molten carbonate fuel cell power plants. Topical report, October 1982-December 1983

Description: Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratories is developing a solid supported molten salt (SSMS) hot gas cleanup process for integrated coal gasification/molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) power plants. Exploratory and demonstration experiments have been completed to select a salt composition and evaluate its potential for simultaneous hydrogen sulfide (H/sub 2/S) and hydrogen chloride (HCl) removal under the conditions projected for the MCFC plants. Results to date indicate that equilibrium capacity… more
Date: December 1, 1983
Creator: Lyke, S. E.; Sealock, L. J. Jr. & Roberts, G. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Diagnosing vegetation injury caused by air pollution

Description: The structure and function of plants in relation to air pollution injury is discussed. The sources, atmospheric chemistry, monitoring data, symptomatology, factors affecting plant response, injury threshold doses, air quality standards, relative sensitivity of plants, and leaf tissue analysis are discussed for major air pollutants. Among the pollutants discussed are: the photochemical oxidants (ozone, PAN, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and fluorides). Minor pollutants discussed in the same f… more
Date: February 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Prairie Canal Well No. 1, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. Volume II. Well test data. Final report

Description: The following are included in appendices: field test data, field non-edited data, raw data, tentative method of testing for hydrogen sulfide in natural gas using length of stain tubes, combined sample log, report on reservoir fluids study, well test analysis, analysis of solids samples from primary zone, chemical analysis procedures, scale and corrosion evaluation, laboratory report on scale deposits, and sand detector strip charts. (MHR)
Date: January 1, 1981
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Economics of microwave plasma dissociation of H sub 2 S

Description: The conventional treatment technology for hydrogen-sulfide is based on Claus chemistry; elemental sulfur is recovered but the hydrogen is lost as water although the fuel value of the hydrogen is recovered as heat. A new waste treatment technology, reported in the Soviet literature, has been validated in an experimental program at Argonne National Laboratory. The new technology uses microwave energy to dissociate hydrogen-sulfide and recovers both elemental sulfur and hydrogen. Recovery of the h… more
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Daniels, E. J.; Harkness, J. B. L. & Doctor, R. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Computer codes for dispersion of dense gas

Description: Two models for describing the behavior of dense gases have been adapted for specific applications at the Savannah River Plant (SRP) and have been programmed on the IBM computer. One of the models has been used to predict the effect of a ruptured H/sub 2/S storage tank at the 400 Area. The other model has been used to simulate the effect of an unignited release of H/sub 2/S from the 400-Area flare tower.
Date: February 1, 1982
Creator: Weber, A. H. & Watts, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Dry deposition velocities

Description: Dry deposition velocities are very difficult to predict accurately. In this article, reported values of dry deposition velocities are summarized. This summary includes values from the literature on field measurements of gas and particle dry deposition velocities, and the uncertainties inherent in extrapolating field results to predict dry deposition velocities are discussed. A new method is described for predicting dry deposition velocity using a least-squares correlation of surface mass transf… more
Date: March 1, 1984
Creator: Sehmel, G.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Enhanced durability and reactivity for zinc ferrite desulfurization sorbent

Description: AMAX Research Development Center (AMAX R D) has been investigating methods for enhancing the reactivity and durability of the zinc ferrite desulfurization sorbent. Zinc ferrite sorbents are intended for use in desulfurization of hot coal gas in integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) or molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) applications. For the present program, the reactivity of the sorbent may be defined as its sulfur sorption capacity at the breakthrough point and at saturation in a bench-… more
Date: August 28, 1987
Creator: Jha, Mahesh C.; Baltich, Linda K. & Berggren, Mark H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Studies of air pollution effects on vegetation

Description: The report consists of three parts which summarize pollutant-vegetation effects research studies. These include: oxidant effects of primary productivity in ponderosa pine in the San Bernardino National Forest; air pollution effects on vegetation related to geothermal power development; and regional assessment of air pollution impact on vegetation by mathematical modeling. A list of publications that report results of the studies is included in an appendix.
Date: January 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

A Novel Coal Feeder for Production of Low Sulfur Fuel

Description: A novel coal feeding system is currently undergoing testing and evaluation at the University of Cincinnati. The system consists primarily of an auger feed tube which is used to both convey and provide desulfurization of a high sulfur coal feedstock. The coal is conveyed at temperatures ranging from 350 to 550 {degrees}C and under normal atmospheric pressure. Under these mild processing conditions, the coal partially pyrolizes and emits sulfur in the form of hydrogen sulfide while maintaining a … more
Date: January 1, 1990
Creator: Keener, T. C.; Khang, S. J. & Yu, X. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Status of METC investigations of coal gas desulfurization at high temperature. [Zinc ferrite]

Description: This report documents the continuing effort at the US Department of Energy/Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) to develop a hot-gas desulfurization process for coal-derived gas, primarily for application to molten carbonate fuel cells. Metal oxide sorbents were tested on lab-scale test equipment, and it was determined that scale-up of the process was warranted. A larger, skid-mounted test unit was therefore designed, constructed, and installed on a sidestream of the DOE/METC fixed-bed ga… more
Date: March 1, 1984
Creator: Steinfeld, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Enhanced Durability and Reactivity for Zinc Ferrite Desulfurization Sorbent

Description: AMAX Research Development Center (AMAX R D) has been investigating methods for enhancing the reactivity and durability of the zinc ferrite desulfurization sorbent. Zinc ferrite sorbents are intended for use in desulfurization of hot coal gas in integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) or molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) applications. For the present program, the reactivity of the sorbent may be defined as its sulfur sorption capacity at the breakthrough point and at saturation in a bench-… more
Date: May 2, 1989
Creator: Silaban, A. & Harrison, D.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Biological Production of Ethanol From Coal

Description: Previous results have shown that the yeast extract concentration and the medium pH significantly affect the ratio of ethanol to acetate in the product stream when fermenting CO, CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2} in synthesis gas to products by Clostridium ljungdahlii. Further experimentation has demonstrated the impact of eliminating yeast extract from the medium (except for the slight quantity transferred with the inoculm), especially when coupled with low pH. An ethanol to acetate product ratio of 4.0 w… more
Date: January 1, 1990
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effects of H/sub 2/S on molten carbonate fuel cells

Description: This report summarizes the results of a literature survey conducted by the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) under Phase I of a multi-phase program to investigate and identify the mechanism(s) responsible for molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) performance losses when operating on sulfur-containing gases. The objective of this literature survey was twofold: (1) to review the reported data on the interaction of H/sub 2/S with nickel-containing materials; and (2) to review reported investigations o… more
Date: April 1, 1984
Creator: Remick, R. J. & Anderson, G. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sulfur tolerant anode materials

Description: The goal of this program is the development of a molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) anode which is more tolerant of sulfur contaminants in the fuel than the current state-of-the-art nickel-based anode structures. This program addresses two different but related aspects of the sulfur contamination problem. The primary aspect is concerned with the development of a sulfur tolerant electrocatalyst for the fuel oxidation reaction. A secondary issue is the development of a sulfur tolerant water-gas-sh… more
Date: February 1, 1988
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Assessment of geothermal development in the Imperial Valley of California. Volume 1. Environment, health, and socioeconomics

Description: Utilization of the Imperial Valley's geothermal resources to support energy production could be hindered if environmental impacts prove to be unacceptable or if geothermal operations are incompatible with agriculture. To address these concerns, an integrated environmental and socioeconomic assessment of energy production in the valley was prepared. The most important impacts examined in the assessment involved air quality changes resulting from emissions of hydrogen sulfide, and increases in th… more
Date: July 1, 1980
Creator: Layton, D. (ed.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Interpretation of volcanic gas data from tholeiitic and alkaline mafic lavas

Description: Data are tabulated for approximately 150 previously reported collections of high-temperature volcanic gases from basic lavas using computational techniques recently introduced by the author. Research problems dealing with the composition of volcanic gases and their relation to lava chemistry are outlined. The need for more accurate data on the volume of gases released during eruptions is also noted. (PCS)
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Gerlach, T. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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