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Propagation of Density Disturbances in Air-Water Flow

Description: From Introduction: "In this work, a forced-circulation air-water loop was employed for investigating the behavior of void perturbations. Upon attaining steady-state conditions, disturbances in the void fraction were superimposed at very low frequencies (~0.4 cps). A better understanding of hydrodynamic transient behavior will generate more confidence in the design of boiling-water reactor systems."
Date: June 1965
Creator: Nassos, George P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual Report 2006 for Hydrodynamics and Radiation Hydrodynamics with Astrophysical Applications

Description: We report the ongoing work of our group in hydrodynamics and radiation hydrodynamics with astrophysical applications. During the period of the existing grant, we have carried out two types of experiments at the Omega laser. One set of experiments has studied radiatively collapsing shocks, obtaining data using a backlit pinhole with a 100 ps backlighter and beginning to develop the ability to look into the shock tube with optical or x-ray diagnostics. Other experiments have studied the deeply nonlinear development of the Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instability from complex initial conditions, using dual-axis radiographic data with backlit pinholes and ungated detectors to complete the data set for a Ph.D. student. We lead a team that is developing a proposal for experiments at the National Ignition Facility and are involved in experiments at NIKE and LIL. All these experiments have applications to astrophysics, discussed in the corresponding papers. We assemble the targets for the experiments at Michigan, where we also prepare many of the simple components. We also have several projects underway in our laboratory involving our x-ray source. The above activities, in addition to a variety of data analysis and design projects, provide good experience for graduate and undergraduates students. In the process of doing this research we have built a research group that uses such work to train junior scientists.
Date: April 5, 2007
Creator: Drake, R. Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final Report

Description: OAK-B135 This is the final report from the project Hydrodynamics by High-Energy-Density Plasma Flow and Hydrodynamics and Radiation Hydrodynamics with Astrophysical Applications. This project supported a group at the University of Michigan in the invention, design, performance, and analysis of experiments using high-energy-density research facilities. The experiments explored compressible nonlinear hydrodynamics, in particular at decelerating interfaces, and the radiation hydrodynamics of strong shock waves. It has application to supernovae, astrophysical jets, shock-cloud interactions, and radiative shock waves.
Date: January 12, 2004
Creator: Drake, R Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final Report

Description: This final report describes work involving 22 investigators from 11 institutions to explore the dynamics present in supernova explosions by means of experiments on the Omega laser. The specific experiments emphasized involved the unstable expansion of a spherical capsule and the coupling of perturbations at a first interface to a second interface by means of a strong shock. Both effects are present in supernovae. The experiments were performed at Omega and the computer simulations were undertaken at several institutions. B139
Date: November 30, 2001
Creator: Drake, R. Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

97-ERD-022 final report: Supernova on Nova

Description: This is the final year of the 3-year LDRD-ERD involving Lasers, D&NT, Physics, and ILSA to develope astrophysics experiments on intense lasers such as the Nova and Gekko lasers. During this 3 year period, we have developed a highly successful experiment probing the hydrodynamics of the explosion phase of core-collapse supernovae, which occurs during the first ~3 hours after core collapse. This was in collaboration with the Univ. of Arizona and CEA/Saclay. We also developed a very successful experiment to probe the hydrodynamics of the later time, young remnant phase, meaning the first ~10-20 years after core collapse. This was in collaboration with the Univ. of Michigan and Univ. of Colorado. Finally, we developed during the final year an exquisite experiment to probe the dynamics of radiative, high Mach number astrophysical jets, in collaboration with the Univ. of Maryland and Osaka Univ. Each experiment has received very high visibility, with a multitude of publications, both in the technical journals (most importantly, the astrophysical journals) and in the popular press. The attached publication list shows 25 papers published or submitted to technical journals, 5 articles appearing in the popular press (including a cover story of Sky and Telescope), and 65 conference presentations, ~10 of which were invited talks. The most important papers to come out of this effort was a comprehensive theory paper for Ap. J. establishing the rigorous scaling between laboratory laser experiments and the astrophysical subjects of interest: supernovae, supernova remnants, and jets; and a review article for Science covering this emerging subfield of Astrophysics on Intense Lasers. Since there are so many publications that have resulted from this LDRD project, only these two most important papers are attached. The rest are properly referenced, and can be found online or in the library. In anticipation of the closing of ...
Date: March 11, 1999
Creator: Remington, B. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Second-order method for interface reconstruction in orthogonal coordinate systems

Description: We present a method in two-dimensions for reconstructing an interface from a distribution of volume fractions in a general orthogonal coordinate system. The method, in a cell by cell fashion, approximates the interface curve by a linear pro le. The approach requires only local volume fraction information for the reconstruction. An integral formulation is used that accounts for the orthogonal coordinate system in a natural way. We use nit different to approximate the slop of the required interface while retaining at worst second order accuracy for general interface orientations and an exact representation for coordinate system aligned o
Date: December 23, 1998
Creator: Colella, P.; Graves, D. T. & Greenough, J. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Anticipatory Model of Cavitation

Description: The Anticipatory System (AS) formalism developed by Robert Rosen provides some insight into the problem of embedding intelligent behavior in machines. AS emulates the anticipatory behavior of biological systems. AS bases its behavior on its expectations about the near future and those expectations are modified as the system gains experience. The expectation is based on an internal model that is drawn from an appeal to physical reality. To be adaptive, the model must be able to update itself. To be practical, the model must run faster than real-time. The need for a physical model and the requirement that the model execute at extreme speeds, has held back the application of AS to practical problems. Two recent advances make it possible to consider the use of AS for practical intelligent sensors. First, advances in transducer technology make it possible to obtain previously unavailable data from which a model can be derived. For example, acoustic emissions (AE) can be fed into a Bayesian system identifier that enables the separation of a weak characterizing signal, such as the signature of pump cavitation precursors, from a strong masking signal, such as a pump vibration feature. The second advance is the development of extremely fast, but inexpensive, digital signal processing hardware on which it is possible to run an adaptive Bayesian-derived model faster than real-time. This paper reports the investigation of an AS using a model of cavitation based on hydrodynamic principles and Bayesian analysis of data from high-performance AE sensors.
Date: April 5, 1999
Creator: Allgood, G.O.; Dress, W.B., Jr.; Hylton, J.O. & Kercel, S.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experiments on Tubes Conveying Fluid

Description: Tests are conducted for tubes conveying fluid for six types of support conditions. The objectives are to understand the dynamic characteristics of such systems for different support conditions and to explore the methods to control tube stability. Transition from one instability mechanism to another is examined, and the feasibility of using feedback control to increase the critical flow velocity is demonstrated.
Date: February 1983
Creator: Jendrzejczyk, J. A. & Chen, S. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exact Relativistic Ideal Hydrodynamical Solutions in (1+3)D with Longitudinal and Transverse Flows

Description: A new method for solving relativistic ideal hydrodynamics in (1+3)D is developed. Longitudinal and transverse radial flows are explicitly embedded into the ansatz for velocity field and the hydrodynamic equations are reduced to a single equation for the transverse velocity field only, which is analytically more tractable as compared with the full hydrodynamic equations. As an application we use the method to find analytically all possible solutions whose transverse velocity fields have power dependence on proper time and transverse radius. Possible application to the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions and possible generalizations of the method are discussed.
Date: May 20, 2009
Creator: Liao, Jinfeng & Koch, Volker
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Towards breaking temperature equilibrium in multi-component Eulerian schemes

Description: We investigate the effects ofthermal equilibrium on hydrodynamic flows and describe models for breaking the assumption ofa single temperature for a mixture of components in a cell. A computational study comparing pressure-temperature equilibrium simulations of two dimensional implosions with explicit front tracking is described as well as implementation and J-D calculations for non-equilibrium temperature methods.
Date: January 1, 2009
Creator: Grove, John W & Masser, Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hydrodynamic effects on coalescence.

Description: The goal of this project was to design, build and test novel diagnostics to probe the effect of hydrodynamic forces on coalescence dynamics. Our investigation focused on how a drop coalesces onto a flat surface which is analogous to two drops coalescing, but more amenable to precise experimental measurements. We designed and built a flow cell to create an axisymmetric compression flow which brings a drop onto a flat surface. A computer-controlled system manipulates the flow to steer the drop and maintain a symmetric flow. Particle image velocimetry was performed to confirm that the control system was delivering a well conditioned flow. To examine the dynamics of the coalescence, we implemented an interferometry capability to measure the drainage of the thin film between the drop and the surface during the coalescence process. A semi-automated analysis routine was developed which converts the dynamic interferogram series into drop shape evolution data.
Date: October 1, 2006
Creator: Dimiduk, Thomas G.; Bourdon, Christopher Jay; Grillet, Anne Mary; Baer, Thomas A.; de Boer, Maarten Pieter; Loewenberg, Michael (Yale University, New Haven, CT) et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent Hydrodynamics Improvements to the RELAP5-3D Code

Description: The hydrodynamics section of the RELAP5-3D computer program has been recently improved. Changes were made as follows: (1) improved turbine model, (2) spray model for the pressurizer model, (3) feedwater heater model, (4) radiological transport model, (5) improved pump model, and (6) compressor model.
Date: July 1, 2009
Creator: Riemke, Richard A.; Davis, Cliff B. & Schultz, Richard.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low Mach Number Modeling of Type Ia Supernovae. II. EnergyEvolution

Description: The convective period leading up to a Type Ia supernova (SNIa) explosion is characterized by very low Mach number flows, requiringhydrodynamical methods well-suited to long-time integration. We continuethe development of the low Mach number equation set for stellar scaleflows by incorporating the effects of heat release due to externalsources. Low Mach number hydrodynamics equations with a time-dependentbackground state are derived, and a numerical method based on theapproximate projection formalism is presented. We demonstrate throughvalidation with a fully compressible hydrodynamics code that this lowMach number model accurately captures the expansion of the stellaratmosphere as well as the local dynamics due to external heat sources.This algorithm provides the basis for an efficient simulation tool forstudying the ignition of SNe Ia.
Date: March 28, 2006
Creator: Almgren, Ann S.; Bell, John B.; Rendleman, Charles A. & Zingale,Mike
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: A hydrogen rich, low density liquid, contained within the internal volume of a cylindrical liner, was requested of the Polymers and Coatings Group (MST-7) of the Los Alamos Materials Science Division for one of the last liner driven experiments conducted on the Los Alamos Pegasus facility. The experiment was a continuation of the Raleigh-Taylor hydrodynamics series of experiments and associated liners that have been described previously [1,2].
Date: June 1, 2001
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: A method is proposed for the treatment of concave cells in staggered-grid Lagrangian hydrodynamics. The method is general enough to be applied to two- and three-dimensional unstructured cells. Instead of defining a cell-point as the geometric average of its nodes (a cell-center), the cell-point is that which equalizes the triangular/tetrahedral area/volume in two/three dimensions. Examples are given.
Date: December 1, 2000
Creator: ROUSCULP, C. & BURTON, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department