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Air-water analogy and the study of hydraulic models

Description: From Summary: "The author first sets forth some observations about the theory of models. Then he established certain general criteria for the construction of dynamically similar models in water and in air, through reference to the perfect fluid equations and to the ones pertaining to viscous flow. It is, in addition, pointed out that there are more cases in which the analogy is possible than is commonly supposed."
Date: July 1, 1953
Creator: Supino, Giulio
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of the Hydraulics of Horizontal Drains in Plumbing Systems

Description: From introduction: "In this paper, data obtained by Hunter and by the author are reported from laboratory investigations of (1) surge flow introduced into empty simply drains, (2) attenuation of surges in simple drains, (3) continuous full-section flow in simple drains under substantially steady, uniform conditions, (4) steady flow in compound drains, and (5) surge flow introduced through a branch drain into the side or top of a main drain carrying steady flow."
Date: December 18, 1964
Creator: Wyly, Robert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mobile Radiological Measuring Unit: Description and Operating Information

Description: From Introduction: "This report contains a description of the MRMU, detailed operating information, emergency procedures, and health physics operating regulations. Also included are parts lists (Appendix A), an electrical system schematic (Appendix B), a hydraulic system schematic ( Appendix C), and EG &G Drawing No. NE-1054, which shows the shell assembly of the multiple-source pig (Appendix D)."
Date: February 1965
Creator: Burson, Z. G.; Summers, R. L. & Brashears, J. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Survey of Portable Hydraulic Dredges

Description: From abstract: This report summarizes the results of a comprehensive survey conducted to identify and characterize portable dredges available in the United States.
Date: March 1983
Creator: Hydraulics Laboratory (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

General considerations on the flow of compressible fluids

Description: This paper presents an introduction to the subject of the flow of compressible media. Information regarding steady potential flow, flows with "subsonic" velocities, higher approximations of subsonic velocities, flow with supersonic velocities, an approximate method for general two-dimensional supersonic flow, passage through the velocity of sound, and the application to airfoils is provided. Historical development and hydraulics are omitted.
Date: October 1936
Creator: Prandtl, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Specifications for Selected Hydraulic-Powered Roof Supports: With a Methods to Estimate Support Requirement for Longwalls

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing hydraulic-powered roof support specifications. As stated in the abstract, "this report presents observations made by Bureau engineers regarding hydraulic-powered roof supports that are currently being used or have been used on nearly all operating long-walls in the United States" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: September 1969
Creator: Barry, A. J.; Nair, O. B. & Miller, J. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hydrogeology of the Hanford Site Central Plateau – A Status Report for the 200 West Area

Description: The Remediation Decisions Support (RDS) function of the Soil and Groundwater Remediation Project (managed by CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company [CHPRC]) is responsible for facilitating the development of consistent data, parameters, and conceptual models to resolve technical issues and support efforts to estimate contaminant migration and impacts (i.e., the assessment process). In particular, the RDS function is working to update electronic data sources and conceptual models of the geologic framework and associated hydraulic and geochemical parameters to facilitate traceability, transparency, defensibility, and consistency in support of environmental assessments. This report summarizes the efforts conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) scientists in fiscal year 2008 (FY08) that focused primarily on the 200 West Area, as well as a secondary effort initiated on the 200 East Area.
Date: August 27, 2009
Creator: Last, George V.; Thorne, Paul D.; Horner, Jacob A.; Parker, Kyle R.; Bjornstad, Bruce N.; Mackley, Rob D. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flood Elevations for the Soleduck River at Sol Duc Hot Springs, Clallam County, Washington

Description: Abstract: Elevations and inundation areas of a 100-year flood of the Soleduck River, Washington, were determined by the U.S. Geological Survey for the area in the vicinity of the Sol Duc Hot Springs resort, a public facility in the Olympic National Park that under Federal law must be located beyond or protected from damage by a 100-year flood. Results show that most flooding could be eliminated by raising parts of an existing dike. In general, little flood damage is expected, except at the southern end of an undeveloped airstrip that could become inundated and hazardous due to flow from s tributary. The airstrip is above the 100-year flood of the Soleduck River.
Date: 1983
Creator: Nelson, Leonard M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fluidelastic Instabilities in Tube Bundles Exposed to Nonuniform Crossflow

Description: A mathematical model is presented for fluidelastic instabilities in tube bundles exposed to nonuniform crossflow to develop an equivalent flow velocity. The model incorporates all motion-dependent fluid forces based on the unsteady flow theory. Published fluid-force coefficients are compiled and examined; all fluid-force coefficients are approximately independent of the reduced flow velocity when it is large but are strongly dependent on reduced flow velocity when it is lower. The unsteady flow model is used to show that the mode-weighted averaging method is valid for large reduced flow velocity, but that it is incorrect at lower reduced flow velocity. In the lower reduced flow velocity range, an iterative procedure is needed to establish the critical flow velocity. The results from the unsteady flow model are compared with those of other mathematical models. A general procedure is recommended to predict the equivalent flow velocity under different situations.
Date: June 1989
Creator: Chen, Shoei-Sheng & Chandra, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Instability Characteristics of Fluidelastic Instability of Tube Rows in Crossflow

Description: An experimental study is reported to investigate the jump phenomenon in critical flow velocities for tube rows with different pitch-to-diameter ratios and the excited and intrinsic instabilities for a tube row with a pitch-to-diameter ratio of 1.75. The experimental data provide additional insights into the instability phenomena of tube arrays in crossflow.
Date: April 1986
Creator: Chen, Shoei-Sheng & Jendrzejczyk, J. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Terrace Outlets and Farm Drainageways

Description: "This bulletin is a compilation of the best information now available for farmers on the construction and use of terrace outlets and the protection, improvement, and maintenance of other sloping drainageways. The term "drainageways" as used in this bulletin refers primarily to channels of surface drainage in the upper reaches of watersheds or in unit drainage basins. 'Outlet' is a more restricted term and refers only to drainageways that are provided to receive and convey the discharge from the ends of terraces. The scope of this material is limited to surface runoff-disposal measures required in upland or rolling terrain where slopes are steep enough to cause channel erosion. It does not cover surface drainage or underdrainage of flatlands where natural drainage is inadequate." -- p. ii
Date: 1939
Creator: Hamilton, C. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Remote Plastic Bag Passout Unit for High-Level Radiochemical Operations

Description: A system is designed for making remote sealed-bag passouts from a multicurie-level chemistry processing enclosure. The polyethylene bags are changed remotely without exposing contaminated surfaces while always maintaining a low leak rate seal. The system employs an interchange box (passout box) attached to the chemistry enclosure. Integrated with the box is a hydraulically operated jack that raises and lowers the bags, and a welder-cutter for sealing them. A single master-slave manipulator teamed with the above units handles all operations. (auth)
Date: August 1, 1961
Creator: Fleischer, E. S.; Parsons, T. C. & Howe, P. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

RESTRUCTURING RELAP5-3D FOR NEXT GENERATION NUCLEAR PLANT ANALYSIS

Description: RELAP5-3D is used worldwide for analyzing nuclear reactors under both operational transients and postulated accident conditions. Development of the RELAP code series began in 1975 and since that time the code has been continuously improved, enhanced, verified and validated [1]. Since RELAP5-3D will continue to be the premier thermal hydraulics tool well into the future, it is necessary to modernize the code to accommodate the incorporation of additional capabilities to support the development of the next generation of nuclear reactors [2]. This paper discusses the reengineering of RELAP5-3D into structured code.
Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: Guillen, Donna Post; Mesina, George L. & Hykes, Joshua M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technical Review of the UNET2D Hydraulic Model

Description: The Kansas City District of the US Army Corps of Engineers is engaged in a broad range of river management projects that require knowledge of spatially-varied hydraulic conditions such as velocities and water surface elevations. This information is needed to design new structures, improve existing operations, and assess aquatic habitat. Two-dimensional (2D) depth-averaged numerical hydraulic models are a common tool that can be used to provide velocity and depth information. Kansas City District is currently using a specific 2D model, UNET2D, that has been developed to meet the needs of their river engineering applications. This report documents a tech- nical review of UNET2D.
Date: May 18, 2009
Creator: Perkins, William A. & Richmond, Marshall C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Central Calorimeter Support Cradle Jack Failure Analysis

Description: The Central Calorimeter and its support cradle are to be supported by either hydraulic or mechanical jacks. If hydraulics are used, each support will use two hydraulically coupled jacks with two out of the four supports hydraulically coupled giving the effect of a three point support system. If mechanical jacks are used, all four points are used for support. Figure 2 shows two examples of jack placement on a 3.5 inch support plate. These two support scenarios lead to five jack failure cases to be studied. This report deals with the way in which a 0.25 inch drop (failed jack) at one support affects the stresses in the cradle. The stresses from each failure case were analyzed in two ways. First, stress factors, defined as quotients of stress intensities of the failed case with respect to the static case, were generated and then, hand calculations similar to those in Engineering Note 3740.215-EN-14 were done using the reaction forces from the failed case.
Date: April 10, 1987
Creator: Rudland, D.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PARTICLE TRACKING ANALYSIS & ANIMATIONS DEPICTING MOVEMENT OF THE CARBON TETRACHLORIDE PLUME REPORT

Description: The purpose of the hydraulic particle tracking animation files is to show where carbon tetrachloride that reached groundwater from the known discharge facilities would have been likely to travel fin the groundwater, and from where carbon tetrachloride presently observed in the aquifer likely would have started. These analyses support the 200-PW-1 Operable Unit activity to identify sources of carbon tetrachloride currently observed in groundwater or locations where carbon tetrachloride may have entered the groundwater. The animation files show travel paths (both forward and backward in time) for hypothetical particles of carbon tetrachloride carried in the groundwater. The travel paths represent the movement of the carbon tetrachloride at the average groundwater velocity. The particles only represent an estimation of where the carbon tetrachloride would be expected to be (or have come from) and do not indicate or imply what the concentration in the groundwater would be.
Date: November 2, 2006
Creator: MCMAHON, W.J. & ROHAY, V.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The IAEA Coordinated Research Program on HTGR Reactor Physics, Thermal-hydraulics and Depletion Uncertainty Analysis: Description of the Benchmark Test Cases and Phases

Description: The continued development of High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors (HTGRs) requires verification of design and safety features with reliable high fidelity physics models and robust, efficient, and accurate codes. The uncertainties in the HTR analysis tools are today typically assessed with sensitivity analysis and then a few important input uncertainties (typically based on a PIRT process) are varied in the analysis to find a spread in the parameter of importance. However, one wish to apply a more fundamental approach to determine the predictive capability and accuracies of coupled neutronics/thermal-hydraulics and depletion simulations used for reactor design and safety assessment. Today there is a broader acceptance of the use of uncertainty analysis even in safety studies and it has been accepted by regulators in some cases to replace the traditional conservative analysis. Finally, there is also a renewed focus in supplying reliable covariance data (nuclear data uncertainties) that can then be used in uncertainty methods. Uncertainty and sensitivity studies are therefore becoming an essential component of any significant effort in data and simulation improvement. In order to address uncertainty in analysis and methods in the HTGR community the IAEA launched a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on the HTGR Uncertainty Analysis in Modelling early in 2012. The project is built on the experience of the OECD/NEA Light Water Reactor (LWR) Uncertainty Analysis in Best-Estimate Modelling (UAM) benchmark activity, but focuses specifically on the peculiarities of HTGR designs and its simulation requirements. Two benchmark problems were defined with the prismatic type design represented by the MHTGR-350 design from General Atomics (GA) while a 250 MW modular pebble bed design, similar to the INET (China) and indirect-cycle PBMR (South Africa) designs are also included. In the paper more detail on the benchmark cases, the different specific phases and tasks and the latest status and ...
Date: October 1, 2012
Creator: Reitsma, Frederik; Strydom, Gerhard; Tyobeka, Bismark & Ivanov, Kostadin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Friction Factor Measurements in an Equally Spaced Triangular Tube Array

Description: Friction factor data for adiabatic cross-flow of water in a staggered tube array was obtained over a Reynolds number range (based on hydraulic diameter and gap velocity) of about 10,000 to 250,000. The tubes were 12.7mm (0.5 inch) outer diameter, in a uniformly spaced triangular arrangement with a pitch-to-diameter ratio of 1.5. The friction factor was compared to several literature correlations, and was found to be best matched by the Idelchik correlation. Other correlations were found to vary significantly from the test data. Based on the test data, a new correlation is proposed for this tube bundle geometry which covers the entire Reynolds number range tested.
Date: March 19, 2007
Creator: Vassallo P, Symolon P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Conductivity Relationship for Steady-state Unsaturated Flow Processes under Optimal Flow Conditions

Description: Optimality principles have been used for investigating physical processes in different areas. This work attempts to apply an optimal principle (that water flow resistance is minimized on global scale) to steady-state unsaturated flow processes. Based on the calculus of variations, we show that under optimal conditions, hydraulic conductivity for steady-state unsaturated flow is proportional to a power function of the magnitude of water flux. This relationship is consistent with an intuitive expectation that for an optimal water flow system, locations where relatively large water fluxes occur should correspond to relatively small resistance (or large conductance). Similar results were also obtained for hydraulic structures in river basins and tree leaves, as reported in other studies. Consistence of this theoretical result with observed fingering-flow behavior in unsaturated soils and an existing model is also demonstrated.
Date: September 15, 2010
Creator: Liu, H. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

HYDRAULIC CYCLONES FOR THORIUM OXIDE PARTICLE SIZE CLASSIFICATION

Description: Results are reported concerning studies of hydraulic cyclones (hydroclones) for application to particle size classification of ThO/sub 2/. Tests were run with a 0.50-in. diam. hydroclone. It was shown that a single pass through this hydroclone would reduce the material greater than 10 mu from 12 wt.% to less than 1% while the mean diameter was reduced from 1.7 to 0.9 mu . When the overflow (fine) fraction was again pumped through the hydroclone, the overflow solids from the second pass were 98 wt.% less than 2 mu in diameter. The mean diameter was reduced from 0.9 mu to about 0.7 mu by the second pass. A yield of 5 to 7 wt.% of solids (to the overflow streamn) and a ratio of overflow to feed volume of 0.25-0.30 were observed during the hydroclone tests. Although this low yield is undesirable, recommendations are made that would increase the yield sufficiently to make desirable the incorporation of hydroclones in the ThO/sub 2/ production flow sheet. (auth)
Date: February 1, 1958
Creator: Bennett, L.L. & Thomas, D.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Use of High Magnetic Fields to Improve Material Properties for Hydraulics, Automotive and Truck Components

Description: In this CRADA, research and development activities were successfully conducted on magnetic processing effects for the purpose of manipulating microstructure and the application specific performance of three alloys provided by Eaton (alloys provided were: carburized steel, plain low carbon steel and medium carbon spring steel). Three specific industrial/commercial application areas were considered where HMFP can be used to provide significant energy savings and improve materials performance include using HMFP to: 1.) Produce higher material strengths enabling higher torque bearing capability for drive shafts and other motor components; 2.) Increase the magnetic response in an iron-based material, thereby improving its magnetic permeability resulting in improved magnetic coupling and power density, and 3.) Improve wear resistance. The very promising results achieved in this endeavor include: 1.) a significant increase in tensile strength and a major reduction in volume percent retained austenite for the carburized alloy, and 2.) a substantial improvement in magnetic perm respect to a no-field processed sample (which also represents a significant improvement over the nominal conventional automotive condition of no heat treatment). The successful completion of these activities has resulted in the current 3-year CRADA No. NFE-09-02522 Prototyping Energy Efficient ThermoMagnetic and Induction Hardening for Heat Treat and Net Shape Forming Applications .
Date: August 1, 2010
Creator: Ludtka, Gerard Michael; Mackiewicz-Ludtka, Gail; Wilgen, John B; Kisner, Roger A & Ahmad, Aquil
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A New Parameter to Assess Hydromechanical Effect in Single-hole Hydraulic Testing and Grouting

Description: Grouting or filling of the open voids in fractured rock is done by introducing a fluid, a grout, through boreholes under pressure. The grout may be either a Newtonian fluid or a Bingham fluid. The penetration of the grout and the resulting pressure profile may give rise to hydromechanical effects, which depends on factors such as the fracture aperture, pressure at the borehole and the rheological properties of the grout. In this paper, we postulate that a new parameter, {angstrom}, which is the integral of the fluid pressure change in the fracture plane, is an appropriate measure to describe the change in fracture aperture volume due to a change in effective stress. In many cases, analytic expressions are available to calculate pressure profiles for relevant input data and the {angstrom} parameter. The approach is verified against a fully coupled hydromechanical simulator for the case of a Newtonian fluid. Results of the verification exercise show that the new approach is reasonable and that the {angstrom}-parameter is a good measure for the fracture volume change: i.e., the larger the {angstrom}-parameter, the larger the fracture volume change, in an almost linear fashion. To demonstrate the application of the approach, short duration hydraulic tests and constant pressure grouting are studied. Concluded is that using analytic expressions for penetration lengths and pressure profiles to calculate the {angstrom} parameter provides a possibility to describe a complex situation and compare, discuss and weigh the impact of hydromechanical couplings for different alternatives. Further, the analyses identify an effect of high-pressure grouting, where uncontrolled grouting of larger fractures and insufficient (or less-than-expected) sealing of finer fractures is a potential result.
Date: September 1, 2007
Creator: Rutqvist, Jonny; Fransson, A.; Tsang, C.-F.; Rutqvist, J. & Gustafson, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department