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Russia 2015 Human Rights Report

Description: This report outlines the human rights problems identified by the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor for Russia.
Date: 2015
Creator: United States. Department of State. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Russia 2012 Human Rights Report

Description: This report outlines the human rights problems identified by the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor for Russia.
Date: 2012
Creator: United States. Department of State. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Counterinsurgency Dilemma: The Causes and Consequences of State Repression of Human Rights in Civil Wars

Description: In this project a theory of adaptive differential insurgency growth by the mechanism of repression driven contagion is put forth to explain variation in the membership and spatial expansion of insurgencies from 1981 to 1999. As an alternative to the dominant structural approaches in the civil war literature, Part 1 of the study proposes an interactive model of insurgency growth based on Most and Starr's opportunity and willingness framework. The findings suggest that state capacity, via its impact on state repressive behavior, plays an important gatekeeping function in selecting which minor insurgencies can grow into civil war, but contributes little to insurgency growth directly. In Part 2 of the study, I directly examine variation in insurgency membership and geographical expansion as a function of repression driven contagion. I find that repression increases the overall magnitude of insurgency activity within states, while at the same time reducing the density of insurgency activity in any one place. Despite an abundance of low intensity armed struggles against a highly diverse group of regimes around the world, I find an extremely strong and robust regularity: where repression is low - insurgencies don't grow.
Date: May 2010
Creator: Quinn, Jason Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Description: The view of the Administration and others is that Iraqi factions, with U.S. and other help, will be able to work through the severe political disputes and ongoing violence, and will also be willing and able to resist increased Iranian influence in Iraq. The Administration states that U.S. training will continue using programs for Iraq similar to those with other countries in which there is no U.S. troop presence, and about 15,000 U.S. personnel, including contractors, remain in Iraq under State Department authority to exert U.S. influence. Continuing the security relationship in the absence of U.S. troops in Iraq, and developing the civilian bilateral relationship, was the focus of the U.S. visit of Prime Minister Maliki on December 12, 2011.
Date: January 24, 2012
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Description: This report discusses Iraq's political system that is increasingly characterized by peaceful competition and formation of cross-sectarian alliances. However, ethnic and sectarian political and sometimes violent infighting continues, often involving the questionable use of key levers of power and legal institutions. This infighting-and the belief that holding political power may mean the difference between life and death for the various political communities-significantly delayed agreement on a new government that was to be selected following the March 7, 2010, national elections for the Council of Representatives (COR, parliament)
Date: December 27, 2011
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Description: This report discusses Iraq's political system that is increasingly characterized by peaceful competition and formation of cross-sectarian alliances. However, ethnic and sectarian political and sometimes violent infighting continues, often involving the questionable use of key levers of power and legal institutions. This infighting-and the belief that holding political power may mean the difference between life and death for the various political communities-significantly delayed agreement on a new government that was to be selected following the March 7, 2010, national elections for the Council of Representatives (COR, parliament)
Date: September 30, 2011
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

"Leahy Law" Human Rights Provisions and Security Assistance: Issue Overview

Description: This report provides background on the Leahy laws, including a brief history of their legislative development; an overview guide to the standards and processes used to "vet"--that is, review and clear--foreign military and other security forces for gross violations of human rights; and a brief review of salient issues regarding the provisions of the laws and their implementation.
Date: January 29, 2014
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.; Beittel, June S.; Ploch Blanchard, Lauren & Rosen, Liana
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congress and U.S. Policy on North Korean Human Rights and Refugees: Recent Legislation and Implementation

Description: This report discusses U.S. policy and legislation in response to Pyongyang's human rights record. North Korea's systematic violation of its citizens' human rights and the plight of North Koreans trying to escape their country have been well documented in multiple reports issued by governments and other international bodies.
Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Perspectives on Enhanced Interrogation Techniques

Description: This report briefly summarizes what constituted Enhanced Interrogation Techniques (EITs), provides background on their adoption and use, and discusses differing views on three questions that underpin discussion and debate of this topic.
Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Miles, Anne D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Joint Combined Exchange Training (JCET) and Human Rights: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 allows U.S. special operations forces (SOF) to train under the Joint Combined Exchange Training (JCET) program in foreign countries, and does not prohibit training in nations where human rights violations have been reported. Such training includes instructing host government military units in lethal and nonlethal skills. Controversy has erupted over JCET missions in countries whose militaries are suspected or known to have committed human rights abuses. This report describes relevant legislation, SOF, JCET, alleged human rights abuses, and recent congressional initiatives and discusses further options and issues.
Date: January 26, 1999
Creator: Story, William C., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Being LGBT in Asia: Vietnam Country Report

Description: Report based on regional discussions describing the legal and social environment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Vietnam including background and contextual information, relevant organizations in the country, and associated reference information.
Date: 2014
Creator: Hanh, Dinh Hong & Tung, Tran Khac
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Being LGBT in Asia: Indonesia Country Report

Description: Report based on regional discussions describing the legal and social environment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Indonesia including background and contextual information, relevant organizations in the country, and associated reference information.
Date: 2014
Creator: {{{name}}}
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Being LGBT in Asia: China Country Report

Description: Report based on regional discussions describing the legal and social environment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in China including background and contextual information, relevant organizations in the country, and associated reference information.
Date: 2014
Creator: {{{name}}}
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Being LGBT in Asia: Mongolia Country Report

Description: Report based on regional discussions describing the legal and social environment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Mongolia including background and contextual information, relevant organizations in the country, and associated reference information.
Date: 2014
Creator: {{{name}}}
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Being LGBT in Asia: {{{country}}} Country Report

Description: Report based on regional discussions describing the legal and social environment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Cambodia including background and contextual information, relevant organizations in the country, and associated reference information.
Date: 2014
Creator: {{{name}}}
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Being LGBT in Asia: Nepal Country Report

Description: Report based on regional discussions describing the legal and social environment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Nepal including background and contextual information, relevant organizations in the country, and associated reference information.
Date: 2014
Creator: Pokhrel, Adheep & Shrestha, Bharat Man
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Human Rights in China and U.S. Policy: Issues for the 115th Congress

Description: This report discusses U.S. policy toward China in regards to the many human rights abuses found there. A selection of the top areas human rights violations in China are discussed such as internet control. religious freedom, the criminal justice system, family planning policies, and the persecution of ethnic minorities. This is followed by a discussion of U.S. efforts and policies aimed at ending or decreasing human rights abuses in China.
Date: July 17, 2017
Creator: Lum, Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Threats to Compliance with International Human Rights Law

Description: In this project I investigate the factors shaping compliance with international human rights agreements and I provide a definition of compliance, which goes beyond “ratification.” I argue that compliance is a multistage process, built upon three different steps: ratification/accession, implementation, and what I call “compliant behavior.” As an alternative to the dominant structural and normative explanation of compliance, I suggest that the factors affecting compliance are not only endogenous to state characteristics, such as the democratic/non-democratic nature of governments, but also exogenous, such as the perceived level of threat to national security. I offer a twofold theory that looks at leaders’ behavior under conditions of stability and instability and I suggest that under certain circumstances that threaten and pressure government leaders, state compliance with international human rights law becomes more costly. I suggest that regardless of regime type, threats shape leaders’ behavior toward international law; states are faced with the choice to abide by international obligations, protecting specific human rights, and the choice to protect their national interests. I argue that when the costs associated with compliance increase, because leaders face threats to their power and government stability, threats become the predictor of non-compliant behavior regardless of the democratic or non-democratic nature of the regime.
Date: December 2011
Creator: Aloisi, Rosa
Partner: UNT Libraries