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Particle physics: Themes and challenges

Description: I will devote this lecture to seven themes that express the essence of our understanding and our possibilities. These themes are: elementarity, symmetry, consistency, unity, identity, opportunity, and relevance.
Date: November 1, 1995
Creator: Quigg, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International scoping study: accelerator working group report

Description: During the past several years, an International Scoping Study (ISS) of a Neutrino Factory was carried out, with the aim of developing an internationally accepted baseline facility design. Progress toward that goal will be described. Many of the key technical aspects of a Neutrino Factory facility design are presently being investigated experimentally, and the status of these investigations will be mentioned. Plans for the recently launched International Design Study (IDS), which serves as a follow-on to the ISS, will be briefly described.
Date: September 30, 2006
Creator: Zisman, Michael & Zisman, M.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent results and future challenges for large scale Particle-In-Cell simulations of plasma-based accelerator concepts

Description: The concept and designs of plasma-based advanced accelerators for high energy physics and photon science are modeled in the SciDAC COMPASS project with a suite of Particle-In-Cell codes and simulation techniques including the full electromagnetic model, the envelope model, the boosted frame approach and the quasi-static model. In this paper, we report the progress of the development of these models and techniques and present recent results achieved with large-scale parallel PIC simulations. The simulation needs for modeling the plasma-based advanced accelerator at the energy frontier is discussed and a path towards this goal is outlined.
Date: May 1, 2009
Creator: Huang, C.; An, W.; Decyk, V.K.; Lu, W.; Mori, W.B.; Tsung, F.S. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Siting the International Linear Collider at Hanford

Description: Review of the proposed International Linear Collider, applications in high energy physics, and evaluation of the Hanford Site as a possible location for siting the facility.
Date: May 1, 2012
Creator: Kouzes, Richard T.; Asner, David M.; Brodzinski, Ronald L.; Fast, James E. & Miley, Harry S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS PROGRAM

Description: The High Energy Physics Group at the University of Arizona has conducted forefront research in elementary particle physics. Our theorists have developed new ideas in lattice QCD, SUSY phenomenology, string theory phenomenology, extra spatial dimensions, dark matter, and neutrino astrophysics. The experimentalists produced significant physics results on the ATLAS experiment at CERN's Large Hadron Collider and on the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. In addition, the experimentalists were leaders in detector development and construction, and on service roles in these experiments.
Date: July 29, 2013
Creator: Rutherfoord, John P.; Johns, Kenneth A.; Shupe, Michael A.; Cheu, Elliott C.; Varnes, Erich W.; Dienes, Keith et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heavy Quark Physics

Description: The results from the FOCUS experiment at Fermilab in which UPR participated. Plans for the BTeV experiment.
Date: December 1, 2003
Creator: Lopez, Angel M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Scientific Challenges for Understanding the Quantum Universe

Description: A workshop titled "Scientific Challenges for Understanding the Quantum Universe" was held December 9-11, 2008, at the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center-National Accelerator Laboratory. The primary purpose of the meeting was to examine how computing at the extreme scale can contribute to meeting forefront scientific challenges in particle physics, particle astrophysics and cosmology. The workshop was organized around five research areas with associated panels. Three of these, "High Energy Theoretical Physics," "Accelerator Simulation," and "Experimental Particle Physics," addressed research of the Office of High Energy Physics’ Energy and Intensity Frontiers, while the"Cosmology and Astrophysics Simulation" and "Astrophysics Data Handling, Archiving, and Mining" panels were associated with the Cosmic Frontier.
Date: October 16, 2009
Creator: Khaleel, Mohammad A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Closeout for U.S. Department of Energy Final Technical Report for University of Arizona grant DOE Award Number DE-FG03-95ER40906 From 1 February 1995 to 31 January 2004 Grant title: Theory and Phenomenology of Strong and Weak High Energy Physics (Task A) and Experimental Elementary Particle Physics (Task B)

Description: The following pages describe the high energy physics program at the University of Arizona which was funded by DOE grant DE-FG03-95ER40906, for the period 1 February 1995 to 31 January 2004. In this report, emphasis was placed on more recent accomplishments. This grant was divided into two tasks, a theory task (Task A) and an experimental task (Task B but called Task C early in the grant period) with separate budgets. Faculty supported by this grant, for at least part of this period, include, for the theory task, Adrian Patrascioiu (now deceased), Ina Sarcevic, and Douglas Toussaint., and, for the experimental task, Elliott Cheu, Geoffrey Forden, Kenneth Johns, John Rutherfoord, Michael Shupe, and Erich Varnes. Grant monitors from the Germantown DOE office, overseeing our grant, changed over the years. Dr. Marvin Gettner covered the first years and then he retired from the DOE. Dr. Patrick Rapp worked with us for just a few years and then left for a position at the University of Puerto Rico. Dr. Kathleen Turner took his place and continues as our grant monitor. The next section of this report covers the activities of the theory task (Task A) and the last section the activities of the experimental task (Task B).
Date: March 3, 2005
Creator: Rutherfoord, John; Toussaint, Doug & Sarcevic, Ina
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PRODUCTION OF S = 0, -1 RESONANT STATES IN K<sup>-</sup> p INTERACTIONS AT 2.45 GeV/c

Description: About 70,000 pictures of 2.45-GeV/c K{sup -}-p interactions have been obtained in the present 72-inch hydrogen bubble-chamber experiment. Approximately 24,000 events of all topologies except 1-, 2-, and 3-prong events have been measured, and 50% have been remeasured. They report here on a study of the production of known resonances in the reactions: (1) K{sup -} + p {yields} {Lambda} + {pi}{sup +} + {pi}{sup -}; (2) K{sup -} + p {yields} {Lambda} + {pi}{sup +} + {pi}{sup 0} + {pi}{sup -}. The cross section for production and number of events in reactions (1) and (2) are given in Table I.
Date: July 7, 1964
Creator: Ross, Ronald R.; Friedman, Jerome H.; Siegel, Daniel M.; Flatte,Stanley; Alvarez, Luis W.; Barbaro-Galtieri, Angela et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NEW ACCELERATION METHODS

Description: But a glance at the Livingston chart, Fig. 1, of accelerator particle energy as a function of time shows that the energy has steadily, exponentially, increased. Equally significant is the fact that this increase is the envelope of diverse technologies. If one is to stay on, or even near, the Livingston curve in future years then new acceleration techniques need to be developed. What are the new acceleration methods? In these two lectures I would like to sketch some of these new ideas. I am well aware that they will probably not result in high energy accelerators within this or the next decade, but conversely, it is likely that these ideas will form the basis for the accelerators of the next century. Anyway, the ideas are stimulating and suffice to show that accelerator physicists are not just 'engineers', but genuine scientists deserving to be welcomed into the company of high energy physicists. I believe that outsiders will find this field surprisingly fertile and, certainly fun. To put it more personally, I very much enjoy working in this field and lecturing on it. There are a number of review articles which should be consulted for references to the original literature. In addition there are three books on the subject. Given this material, I feel free to not completely reference the material in the remainder of this article; consultation of the review articles and books will be adequate as an introduction to the literature for references abound (hundreds are given). At last, by way of introduction, I should like to quote from the end of Ref. 2 for I think the remarks made there are most germane. Remember that the talk was addressed to accelerator physicists: 'Finally, it is often said, I think by physicists who are not well-informed, that accelerator builders ...
Date: July 1, 1984
Creator: Sessler, A.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Directory and survey of particle physicists

Description: In order to develop a clearer understanding of the demographics of the U.S. particle physics workforce, the US Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, and the Division of Particles and Fields of the American Physical Society commissioned a survey and census of particle physicists employed in the United States. This survey and census were conducted in 1995, with an update of the census in April 1997. The agencies and the scientific community were represented for the 1995 efforts by Dr. Robert Woods (DOE), Dr. William Chinowsky (NSF), and Prof. Uriel Nauenberg (DPF); for the current census, by Dr. Robert Diebold (DOE), Dr. Marvin Goldberg (NSF), and Dr. Patricia Rankin (NSF). The survey/census were carried out with the assistance of the Particle Data Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. In order to obtain an accurate study of the current workforce and of future needs, we requested that all HEP physicists fill out and return the 1995 survey. There were 2494 respondents. For the 1997 census, a representative of each university and laboratory was asked to provide information on all persons at that institution who spend at least 50% of their research time on particle physics. In some cases this includes accelerator physicists. The total number of physicists in the 1997 census is 3492 from 155 institutions in the United States. The full survey questionnaires are shown. The primary one was addressed to individual particle physicists, while the secondary one was addressed to principal investigators and sought information about people leaving the field. There are many possible tables and plots from this survey, with a variety of correlations. Those chosen are representative of a cross-section of the demographic results. It should be emphasized that this survey was a snapshot in time, and does not have the same capabilities as would a ...
Date: April 1, 1997
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High Energy Physics Division semiannual report of research activities, January 1, 2002 - June 30, 2002.

Description: This report describes the research conducted in the High Energy Physics Division of Argonne National Laboratory during the period of January 1 through June 30, 2002. Topics covered here include experimental and theoretical particle physics, advanced accelerator physics, detector development, and experimental facilities research. Lists of Division publications and colloquia are included.
Date: January 31, 2003
Creator: Spinka, H. M.; Nodulman, L. J.; Goodman, M. C.; Repond, J.; Cadman, R.; Ayres, D. S. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The D0 Detector for Run II

Description: The general purpose D0 collider detector at the Fermilab Tevatron has undergone major upgrades for Run II. We describe the current status and performance of the D0 detector.
Date: October 18, 2002
Creator: Babukhadia, Levan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department