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EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF THE RADIATION PROTECTION AFFORDED BY TYPICAL OAK RIDGE HOMES AGAINST DISTRIBUTED SOURCES

Description: The protection afforded against simulated fall-out radiation has been evaluated for several typical homes in the Oak Ridge area. Nine houses were chosen to represent a variety of construction materials, topographical conditions and sizes; they included three types of Oak Ridge Cemesto houses, one concrete-block house with a basement fall-out shelter, and two wood-frame houses. The protection factor (ratio of open-field exposure dose rate to exposure dose rate in the house) in all these houses ranged from 2 to 5 on the main floor and from 5 to 30 in the basements, except in the fall-out shelter, where the protection factor was greater than 100. The analysis showed that sloping lots. common to Oak Ridge, do not appreciably affect the protection factor for the main floor. Owing to the generally increased exposure of the basement walls on such lots, the protection factors in the basements were typically lower than in similar basements built on level lots. (auth)
Date: January 1, 1960
Creator: Strickler, T.D. & Auxier, J.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ARMY GAS-COOLED REACTOR SYSTEMS PROGRAM. GCRE-I HAZARDS SUMMARY REPORT. ADDENDUM III

Description: The hazards evaluation was modified to reflect certain changes made to the equipment as a result of operating experience. These changes included: the addition of a startup interlock circuit; the modification of a startup interlock circuit; several minor modifications to the control rod actuators; and the addition of the tube-sheet cooling system. (M.C.G.)
Date: May 1, 1960
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ECOLOGICAL SAMPLING AND METEOROLOGICAL CALCULATION OF FALLOUT ON FORESTS NEAR OAK RIDGE

Description: Spatial patterns of radioactive contuamination on forest foliage were measured by gamma spectrometry and are discussed with respect to local vs. world- wide origin of the fallout and implications for ecology, health physics, and management of nuclear facilities. In September 1959, I/sup 131/ on dogwood leaf samples varied from over 500 mu mu c/g dry wt near Oak Ridge National Laboratory stacks to 1 to 7 mu mu c/g near the margins of the Oak Ridge Reservation. Stack fallout tended to occur closer to the source than was calculated from hourly wind data by an IBM 610 computer program based on Culkowski' s adaptation of the SuttonChamberlain theory of atmospheric diffusion and deposition. Over most of the Reservation levels of Ru/sup 106/ Cs/sup 137/ Zr/sup 9/ >s/sup 5/Nb/sup 95/ and Ce/sup 144/ were similar to levels found elsewhere (2 to 9, 1 to 3, 2 to 9, and 10 to 20 mu mu c/g respectively) and were presumably controlled by weapons fallout. Higher levels were found in small areas and indicate the need for attention to localized contamination, even though indirect estilevels considered hazardous from the standpoint of health physics. (auth)
Date: September 20, 1961
Creator: Olson, J.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

RADIATION HAZARDS ENCOUNTERED IN ARC MELTING THORIUM

Description: A project to provide information on the hazards associated wlth arc melting of Th is described. A general airsampling analysis was made to determine the separation, concentration, and distribution of Th daughter (decay) products throughout arc melting, machining, and forging processes found in a handling facility. The value of well coordinated health physics program is stressed in connection with potential health hazards and personnel protection. Building, equipment, and exhaust ventilation requirements for such a facility are discussed, along wlth special handling methods. (auth)
Date: November 1, 1960
Creator: Lowery, R.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

MECHANISMS OF FRACTIONATION

Description: The mechanisms involved in fractionation as measured in samples obtained early from drone planes during the cloud rise or from manned aircraft a few hours later are discussed. A key problem in fractionation is the formation of the precipitate in the cloud, and an attcmpt is made to describe this mechanism. (W.D.M.)
Date: November 16, 1953
Creator: Magee, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department