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Summary of Some Current and Possible Future Environmental Problems Related to Geology and Hydrology at Memphis, Tennessee

Description: From introduction: This report summarizes information concerning many aspects of the geology and hydrology at Memphis, Tennessee. It also outlines some of the current problems related to the local geology and hydrology or ones that may arise as a result of urbanization and industrialization of the area.
Date: October 1976
Creator: Parks, William S. & Lounsbury, Richard W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Static Electricity in Nature and Industry

Description: From Introduction: "In this bulletin "static electricity" is used in its commonly accepted meaning to include the various manifestations that result from the coming together or neutralization of positive and negative charges with have been separated by friction between unlike substances or otherwise. Although the scope of the this report is rather broad, it deals primarily with static electricity as a hazard. Casual and experimental observations recorded herein are thus given for a background and for the purpose of suggesting hazards not yet recognized."
Date: 1939
Creator: Guest, Paul G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hazards Evaluation Report Associated with the Operation of EBWR at 100 MW

Description: From Introduction: "This hazards report covers the basic modifications to the EBWR plant as designed to increase the present operating design rating of 20 Mwt to a new rating of 100 Mwt. it is written as a supplement to ANL-5781 (the original hazards report) and follows the outline of that report for purposes of cross reference."
Date: October 1960
Creator: Wimunc, E. A. & Harrer, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Design and Hazards Report-Boiling Reactor Experiment V (BORAX V)

Description: From introduction: "The report is preliminary. At the time of writing, the status of the BORAX V project is that design of the reactor buildings and plant, done in collaboration with the architect-engineer with the architect-engineer has been completed and construction has just started; however, the mechanical design of the fuel and cores is still tentative."
Date: February 1960
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hazards to Aircraft Due to Electrical Phenomena

Description: Note presenting the findings of a committee established to consider the general question of hazards to aircraft due to electrical phenomena and make recommendations as to what should be done to insure the least hazard. The two primary hazards focused on were electrostatic attraction to the earth and high-frequency discharges.
Date: March 1934
Creator: Special Committee on Hazards to Aircraft Due to Electrical Pheomena
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

First Quarter Hanford Seismic Report for Fiscal Year 2001

Description: Hanford Seismic Monitoring provides an uninterrupted collection of high-quality raw and processed seismic data from the Hanford Seismic Network (HSN) for the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors. Hanford Seismic Monitoring also locates and identifies sources of seismic activity and monitors changes in the historical pattern of seismic activity at the Hanford Site. The data are compiled, archived, and published for use by the Hanford Site for waste management, Natural Phenomena Hazards assessments, and engineering design and construction. In addition, the seismic monitoring organization works with the Hanford Site Emergency Services Organization to provide assistance in the event of a significant earthquake on the Hanford Site. The HSN and the Eastern Washington Regional Network (EWRN) consist of 41 individual sensor sites and 15 radio relay sites maintained by the Hanford Seismic Monitoring staff. For the HSN, there were 477 triggers during the first quarter of fiscal year (FY) 2001 on the data acquisition system. Of these triggers, 176 were earthquakes. Forty-five earthquakes were located in the HSN area; 1 earthquake occurred in the Columbia River Basalt Group, 43 were earthquakes in the pre-basalt sediments, and 1 was earthquakes in the crystalline basement. Geographically, 44 earthquakes occurred in swarm areas, 1 earthquake was on a major structure, and no earthquakes were classified as random occurrences. The Horse Heaven Hills earthquake swarm area recorded all but one event during the first quarter of FY 2001. The peak of the activity occurred over December 12th, 13th, and 14th when 35 events occurred. No earthquakes triggered the Hanford Strong Motion Accelerometers during the first quarter of FY 2001.
Date: February 27, 2001
Creator: Hartshorn, Donald C.; Reidel, Stephen P.; Rohay, Alan C. & Valenta, Michelle M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Operation Plan and Hazards Report - Operation BREN

Description: Report discussing "descriptions of the HPRR and the Co^60 source, their operating procedures, the manner in which they will be used, and possible hazards are included."
Date: January 1962
Creator: Sanders, F. W.; Haywood, F. F.; Lunin, M. I.; Gilley, L. W.; Cheka, J. S. & Ward, D. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: This report endeavors to point out the radiation hazards involved with respect to the patient undergoing oral roentgenography. The dose rate can be as high as 280 r/min. Very definite hematological changes have been observed and are being thoroughly investigated. Recommendations have been suggested to eliminate overexposures.
Date: July 16, 1952
Creator: Nolan, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Identifying Chemical Reactivity Hazards: Preliminary Screening Method

Description: "The purpose of this alert is to introduce small and medium-sized facilities to a simple method developed by the Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS), to screen facilities for chemical reactivity hazards."
Date: May 2004
Creator: United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Explosion Hazards in Storage-Battery Rooms

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing the safety and explosion hazards present in storage-battery rooms. Descriptions of storage-battery rooms and methods of ventilation are presented. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: 1940
Creator: Jones, G. W.; Campbell, John; Dillon, R. E. & Benson, O. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electrical Potential Transfer Through Grounding and the Concern for Facility and Worker Safety

Description: Electrical grounding is probably the most over-looke~ ignored, and misunderstood part of electrical energy source circuits. A faulty ground circuit am have lethal potential to the worker, can damage electrical equipment" or components, and can lead to higher consequences. For example, if the green-wire ground return circuit (in a three-wire power circuit) is fhulty or is open (someone cut the prong, etc.) a person can receive an electrical shock by touching the conductive enclosure, and the result can be lethal. If high explosives are involved m the process, sneak electrical energy paths may cause electrical threats that lead to ignition, which results to higher damage consequences. Proper electrical grounding is essential to mitigate the electrical hazard and improve work place safety. A designer must ask the question, "What grounding is proper?" continuously through a process design and in its application. This question must be readdressed with any process change, including tiom layout, equipment, or procedure changes. Electrical grounding varies ilom local work area grounding to the multi-point grounding found in large industrial areas. These grounding methods become more complex when the designer adds bonding to the grounding schemes to mitigate electrostatic discharge (ESD) and surfkce potentials resulting from lightning currents flowing through the facility structure. Figure 1 shows a typical facility power distribution circuit and the current flow paths resulting ffom a lightning discharge to a facility. This paper discusses electrical grounding methods and their characteristics and identifies potential sneak paths into a process for hazardous electrical energy.
Date: September 13, 1998
Creator: Konkel, Herbert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Laser Safety and Hazardous Analysis for the ARES (Big Sky) Laser System

Description: A laser safety and hazard analysis was performed for the ARES laser system based on the 2000 version of the American National Standards Institute's (ANSI) Standard Z136.1,for Safe Use of Lasers and the 2000 version of the ANSI Standard Z136.6, for Safe Use of Lasers Outdoors. The ARES laser system is a Van/Truck based mobile platform, which is used to perform laser interaction experiments and tests at various national test sites.
Date: January 1, 2003
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electrostatic spark ignition-source hazard in airplane crashes

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the hazard of igniting airplane crash fires by electrostatic sparks, which are generated when detached airplane parts fly through clouds of dust and fuel mist. Within the limits of variables studied, the rates with which airplane wreckage collected a charge were directly proportional to the rate at which clay dust or fuel mist was intercepted. Results regarding the experimental charging of airplane parts, electrostatic ignition hazard, and investigation of protective coating are provided.
Date: October 1953
Creator: Busch, Arthur M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: It is well known that for many years x-rays have been used in the dental profession as a potent diagnostic tool. Deprived of this means of exploration, the dentist and patient alike would be at a great disadvantage. In spite of the necessity of x-rays in the dental field, little has been done, however, to protect the patient and the dentist from unnecessary exposure. X-rays cannot immediately be felt or seen, and therein lies the hazard attending their use. What cannot be sensed is often ignored, and through unconcern and neglect an exposure resulting in biological impairment or damage may result. It was felt therefore, that the potential hazard occurring during oral roentgenography should be investigated and that the results of the investigation would be of interest to the dental profession. Radiation survey results are shown for six dentists' offices in the San Francisco Bay area.
Date: November 26, 1952
Creator: Nolan, W. E. & Patterson, H. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effective Disaster Warnings - Report by the Working Group on Natural Disaster Information Systems Subcommittee on Natural Disaster Reduction

Description: This report describes and recommends ways to improve alert systems in order to reduce loss of lives, property, and economic activity caused by natural and man-made disasters.
Date: November 2000
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Subcommittee on Natural Disaster Reduction.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Sandia Lightning Simulation Facility Building 888. Hazards assessment document

Description: The Department of Energy Order 5500.3A requires facility-specific hazards assessments be prepared, maintained, and used for emergency planning purposes. This hazards assessment document describes the chemical and radiological hazards associated with the Sandia Lightning Simulation Facility, Building 888. The entire inventory was screened according to the potential airborne impact to onsite and offsite individuals. The air dispersion model, ALOHA, estimated pollutant concentrations downwind from the source of a release, taking into consideration the toxicological and physical characteristics of the release site, the atmospheric conditions, and the circumstances of the release. The greatest distance at which a postulated facility event will produce consequences exceeding the Early Severe Health Effects threshold is 23 meters. The highest emergency classification is a Site Area Emergency. The Emergency Planning Zone is 65 meters.
Date: October 1, 1994
Creator: Banda, Z. & Barnett, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of Nuclear Facility Decommissioning Projects program

Description: The objective of the Evaluation of Nuclear Facility Decommissioning Projects (ENFDP) program is to provide the NRC licensing staff with data which will allow an assessment of radiation exposure during decommissioning and the implementation of ALARA techniques. The data will also provide information to determine the funding level necessary to ensure timely and safe decommissioning operations. Actual decommissioning costs, methods and radiation exposures are compared with those estimated by the Battelle-PNL and ORNL NUREGs on decommissioning. Exposure reduction techniques applied to decommissioning activities to meet ALARA objectives are described. The lessons learned concerning various decommissioning methods are evaluated.
Date: September 9, 1983
Creator: Baumann, B.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Actinide partitioning-transmutation program final report. VI. Short-term risk analysis of reprocessing, refabrication, and transportation: summary

Description: A Partitioning-Transmutation (PT) fuel cycle is being compared to a Reference cycle employing conventional fuel-material recovery methods. The PT cycle uses enhanced recovery methods so that most of the long-lived actinides are recycled to nuclear power plants and transmuted thereby reducing the waste toxicity. This report compares the two fuel cycles on the basis of the short-term radiological and nonradiological risks. The accidental radiological risk to the public is analyzed by estimating the probabilities of sets of accidents; the consequences are calculated using the risk, which is RAC code. Routine radiological risks to the public are estimated from the calculated release amounts, also using the CRAC code. Radiological occupational risks are determined from prior experience, projected standards, and estimates of accident risk. Nonradiological risks are calculated from the number of personnel involved, historical experience, and epidemiological studies. Result of this analysis is that the short-term risk of PT is 2.9 times greater than that of the Reference cycle, primarily due to the larger amount of industry. The nonradiological risk which is about 150 times greater than the radiological risk. If the radiological risk is consdered alone, the ratio of PT to Reference risk is 3, composed as follows: radiological operations affecting the public 5, radiological operations affecting the workers 1.7, and radiological accidents affecting the public 1.4, all in the order of decreasing risk. The absolute risk as estimated for the fuel cycle portions considered in this report is 0.91 fatality/GWe-year for the PT cycle and 0.34 fatality/GWe-year for the reference cycle; this compares with 1.5 for nuclear and 150 for coal. All of the risks assumed here are associated with the production of one billion watts of electricity (GWe) per year.
Date: March 1, 1980
Creator: Fullwood, R. & Jackson, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department