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Hawaiian Volcanoes During 1955

Description: From introduction: "This report continues the systematic account of conditions at Hawaiian volcanoes begun in earlier reports of this series."
Date: 1964
Creator: Macdonald, Gordon A. & Eaton, Jerry P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) Scenario Analysis: Quantitative Estimates Used to Facilitate Working Group Discussions (2008-2010)

Description: This report provides details on the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) Scenario Analysis to identify potential policy options and evaluate their impact on reaching the 70% HECI goal, present possible pathways to attain the goal based on currently available technology, with an eye to initiatives under way in Hawaii, and provide an 'order-of-magnitude' cost estimate and a jump-start to action that would be adjusted with a better understanding of the technologies and market.
Date: March 1, 2012
Creator: Braccio, R.; Finch, P. & Frazier, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Making Paradise More Affordable with Weatherization: Weatherization Assistance Close-Up Fact Sheet

Description: Hawaii demonstrates its commitment to technology and efficiency through the Weatherization Program. Weatherization uses advanced technologies and techniques to reduce energy costs for low-income families by increasing the energy efficiency of their homes.
Date: October 10, 2001
Creator: D&R International
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Renewable Energy Permitting Barriers in Hawaii: Experience from the Field

Description: This white paper presents a summary of the solicited input from permitting agencies and renewable energy developers on the permitting process in Hawaii to provide stakeholders in Hawaii, particularly those involved in permitting, with information on current permitting barriers that renewable energy developers are experiencing.
Date: March 1, 2013
Creator: Busche, S.; Donnelly, C.; Atkins, D.; Fields, R. & Black, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of Model Results and Measured Performance of Net-Zero Energy Homes in Hawaii: Preprint

Description: The Kaupuni community consists of 19 affordable net-zero energy homes that were built within the Waianae Valley of Oahu, Hawaii in 2011. The project was developed for the native Hawaiian community led by the Department of Hawaiian Homelands. This paper presents a comparison of the modeled and measured energy performance of the homes. Over the first year of occupancy, the community as a whole performed within 1% of the net-zero energy goals. The data show a range of performance from house to house with the majority of the homes consistently near or exceeding net-zero, while a few fall short of the predicted net-zero energy performance. The impact of building floor plan, weather, and cooling set point on this comparison is discussed. The project demonstrates the value of using building energy simulations as a tool to assist the project to achieve energy performance goals. Lessons learned from the energy performance monitoring has had immediate benefits in providing feedback to the homeowners, and will be used to influence future energy efficient designs in Hawaii and other tropical climates.
Date: March 1, 2013
Creator: Norton, P.; Kiatreungwattana, K. & Kelly, K. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[News Script: Pearl Harbor]

Description: Script from the WBAP-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering a news story about memorial services in Dallas for the 21st anniversary of Pearl Harbor.
Date: December 7, 1962
Creator: WBAP-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

US hydropower resource assessment for Hawaii

Description: US DOE is developing an estimate of the undeveloped hydropower potential in US. The Hydropower Evaluation Software (HES) is a computer model developed by INEL for this purpose. HES measures the undeveloped hydropower resources available in US, using uniform criteria for measurement. The software was tested using hydropower information and data provided by Southwestern Power Administration. It is a menu-driven program that allows the PC user to assign environmental attributes to potential hydropower sites, calculate development suitability factors for each site based on the environmental attributes, and generate reports. This report describes the resource assessment results for the State of Hawaii.
Date: September 1, 1996
Creator: Francfort, J.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Surveys of forest bird populations found in the vicinity of proposed geothermal project subzones in the district of Puna, Hawaii

Description: This report presents data on the distribution and status of forest bird species found within the vicinity of proposed geothermal resource development on the Island of Hawaii. Potential impacts of the proposed development on the native bird populations found in the project are are addressed.
Date: October 1, 1994
Creator: Jacobi, J.D.; Reynolds, M.; Ritchotte, G.; Nielsen, B.; Viggiano, A. & Dwyer, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Direct Measurement of the Combined Effects of Lichen, Rainfall, and Temperature On silicate Weathering

Description: A key uncertainty in models of the global carbonate-silicate cycle and long-term climate is the way that silicates weather under different climatologic conditions, and in the presence or absence of organic activity. Digital imaging of basalts in Hawaii resolves the coupling between temperature, rainfall, and weathering in the presence and absence of lichens. Activation energies for abiotic dissolution of plagioclase (23.1{+-} 2.5 kcal/mol) and olivine (21.3 {+-} 2.7 kcal/mol) are similar to those measured in the laboratory, and are roughly double those measured from samples taken underneath lichen. Abiotic weathering rates appear to be proportional to rainfall. Dissolution of plagioclase and olivine underneath lichen is far more sensitive to rainfall.
Date: July 14, 2000
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hawaii energy strategy project 2: Fossil energy review. Task 2: Fossil energy in Hawaii

Description: In Task 2, the authors establish a baseline for evaluating energy use in Hawaii, and examine key energy and economic indicators. They provide a detailed look at fossil energy imports by type, current and possible sources of oil, gas and coal, quality considerations, and processing/transformation. They present time series data on petroleum product consumption by end-use sector, though they caution the reader that the data is imperfect. They discuss fuel substitutability to identify those end-use categories that are most easily switched to other fuels. They then define and analyze sequential scenarios of fuel substitution in Hawaii and their impacts on patterns of demand. They also discuss energy security--what it means to Hawaii, what it means to neighboring economies, whether it is possible to achieve energy security. 95 figs., 48 tabs.
Date: December 1, 1993
Creator: Breazeale, K.; Yamaguchi, N.D. & Keeville, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final Report - The Xanthophyll Cycle

Description: The xanthophyll cycle is a ubiquitous activity in higher plants. A major function of the cycle is to protect the photosynthetic system from the potentially damaging effects of high light by dissipating excess energy that might otherwise damage the photosynthetic apparatus harmlessly as heat by a process termed non-photochemical quenching (NFQ). This research focused on investigating the dynamics of the relationship between PsbS, subunit PSII protein required for NPQ, and zeaxanthin by perturbing the natural relationship of these components by overexpression of PsbS, violaxanthin de-epoxidase (VDE), and PsbS-VDE in tobacco. The effects of these treatments showed that the relationship between NPQ and zeaxanthin formation is more complex than previously indicated from studies carried out under high light. It is postulated that the xanthophyll cycle functions as a type of signal-transduction system within the thylakoid membrane. Recent studies in model lipid systems demonstrated that zeaxanthin exerts feedback inhibition on violaxanthin de-epoxidase. This feedback inhibition is consistent with the lipid phase functioning as a modulating factor in the dynamics of the cycle's operation. While this research and those in other laboratories have defined both the biochemistry and molecular mechanism of the cycle's operation, especially for violaxanthin de-epoxidase, there is yet insufficient knowledge that explains the ubiquitous presence of the cycle in all higher plants and a related cycle in diatoms. Antisense VDE tobacco plants (work carried out under another grant) withstood the high-light environment in Hawaii over one generation. Thus, it is speculated that the protective system was essential for survival in earth's high-light earth environment over multiple generations. The proposed signal transduction protective system, however, may explain the ability of the protective system to modulate or adapt to a range of environments.
Date: April 21, 2005
Creator: Yamamato, Harry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department