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Verbal Reinforcement of Self-Referent Affective Responses of Transitional Care Patients on a Modified Taffel Task

Description: The hypothesis of this study is: Transitional care patients reinforced for displaying a particular affective verbal habit (either positive or negative) opposite their original affective verbal habit (either negative or positive) will increase their tendency to display the reinforced affective verbal habit.
Date: August 1969
Creator: Lane, James R.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Habit-Forming Agents: Their Indiscriminate Sale and Use a Menace to the Public Welfare

Description: Report discussing the growth of drug addiction in the United States due chiefly to the consumption of drugs originally intended for medicinal purposes. Soothing syrups, soft drinks, medications for the nose and lungs, and remedies for headaches and epilepsy are the primary sources of habit-forming substances. In addition, medicines purporting to cure tobacco and drug addiction have, in many cases, also been found to contain addictive agents.
Date: 1910
Creator: Kebler, Lyman F. (Lyman Frederic), b. 1863
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Crystallography of the Delta to Alpha Martensitic Transformation in Plutonium Alloys

Description: A new stress-accommodating crystallographic mechanism of the {delta} {yields} {alpha} martensitic transformation in plutonium alloys is proposed. According to this mechanism, an orientation variant of the {alpha} phase is produced by a combination of a homogeneous strain and shuffling of the alternating close-packed (111){sub {delta}} planes. It is shown that the formation of stable transformation-induced twins whose twin plane orientations and twin shear directions do not depend on the small variations of the crystal lattice parameters is the preferred stress-accommodating mode. Only these stable twins have dislocation-free twin boundaries while the twin boundaries of all others are decorated by ultra-dense distribution of partial dislocations. The theory predicts a crystal lattice rearrangement mechanism involving the (205){sub {alpha}} ((01{bar 1}){sub {delta}}) stable twins. The corresponding Invariant Plane Strain solutions, with special emphasis on two simplest shuffling modes, the single and double elementary modes, are presented and compared with the existing experimental observations. It is shown that the habit plane orientation is highly sensitive to the input values of the crystal lattice parameters and especially to the accuracy of the measured volume change in the {delta}{yields}{alpha} transformation. An analysis of these effects on the habit plane orientation and orientation relations is also presented.
Date: July 15, 2004
Creator: Jin, Y; Wang, Y; Khachaturyan, A; Krenn, C & Schwartz, A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Orientation relationship, plasticity, twin relationship, and interfacial structure of the ???' isothermal martensitic transformation in Pu-Ga alloys

Description: The orientation relationship, habit plane, parent-product interface at the atomic level, twin relationship, and plastic deformation resulting from the {delta} {yields} {alpha}{prime} isothermal martensitic transformation in Pu-Ga alloys are examined using optical microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and finite element calculations. The {delta} {yields} {alpha}{prime} transformation exhibits a {approx}20% volume collapse when the face-centered cubic {delta} phase transforms to the monoclinic {alpha}{prime} phase, which results in unique and intriguing crystallography and morphology. Here, we show that the orientation relationship is very close to that previously reported by Zocco et al. (1990), but has small rotational misalignments between the two phases both parallel and perpendicular to the [110]{sub {delta}} {parallel}[100]{sub {alpha}{prime}} direction. The amount of plastic deformation is exceedingly large due to the {approx}20% volume collapse and transmission electron microscopy is used to quantify the difference in dislocation density between untransformed {delta}-matrix and regions of {delta} adjacent to the transformed {alpha}{prime}. The twins contained in {alpha}{prime} plates are shown to have a (205){sub {alpha}} orientation as the lattice invariant deformation and are found to be composed of two alternating variants that share a common <020>{sub {alpha}{prime}} direction, but differ by a 60 degree rotation about <020>{sub {alpha}{prime}}. A combination of electron diffraction and optical microscopy has been employed to examine the macroscopic habit plane and the analysis suggests that a large fraction of the observed habit planes are on or near {l_brace}111{r_brace}{sub {delta}}. Finally, high resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals that the interface is faceted on {l_brace}111{r_brace}{sub {delta}}, exhibiting a series of terrace and ledges.
Date: January 24, 2006
Creator: Moore, K; Krenn, C; Wall, M & Schwartz, A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of hydride precipitation and reorientation in spent-fuel cladding.

Description: The morphology, number density, orientation, distribution, and crystallographic aspects of Zr hydrides in Zircaloy fuel cladding play important roles in fuel performance during all phases before and after discharge from the reactor, i.e., during normal operation, transient and accident situations in the reactor, temporary storage in a dry cask, and permanent storage in a waste repository. In the past, partly because of experimental difficulties, hydriding behavior in irradiated fuel cladding has been investigated mostly by optical microscopy (OM). In the present study, fundamental metallurgical and crystallographic characteristics of hydride precipitation and reorientation were investigated on the microscopic level by combined techniques of OM and transmission electron and scanning electron microscopy (TEM and SEM) of spent-fuel claddings discharged from several boiling and pressurized water reactors (BWRs and PWRs). Defueled sections of standard and Zr-lined Zircaloy-2 fuel claddings, irradiated to fluences of {approx}3.3 x 10{sup 21} n cm{sup {minus}2} and {approx}9.2 x 10{sup 21} n cm{sup {minus}2} (E > 1 MeV), respectively, were obtained from spent fuel rods discharged from two BWRs. Sections of standard and low-tin Zircaloy-4 claddings, irradiated to fluences of {approx}4.4 x 10{sup 21} n cm{sup {minus}2}, {approx}5.9 x 10{sup 21} n cm{sup {minus}2}, and {approx}9.6 x 10{sup 21} n cm{sup {minus}2} (E > 1 MeV) in three PWRs, were also obtained. Microstructural characteristics of hydrides were analyzed in as-irradiated condition and after gas-pressurization-burst or expanding-mandrel tests at 292-325 C in Ar for some of the spent-fuel claddings. Analyses were also conducted of hydride habit plane, morphology, and reorientation characteristics on unirradiated Zircaloy-4 cladding that contained dense radial hydrides. Reoriented hydrides in the slowly cooled unirradiated cladding were produced by expanding-mandrel loading.
Date: November 14, 2000
Creator: Chung, H. M.; Strain, R. V. & Billone, M. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department