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The Regulation of HMG-CoA Reductase by Enzyme-Lipid Interactions

Description: The temperature-dependent catalytic activity of rat liver 3-hydroxy-3 -methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA reductase) displays the nonlinear Arrhenius behavior characteristic of many membrane-bound enzymes. A two-conformer equilibrium model has been developed to characterize this behavior. In the model, HMG-CoA reductase undergoes a conformational change from a low specific activity to a high specific activity form. This conformation change is apparently driven by a temperature-dependent phase transition of the membrane lipids. It has been found that this model accurately describes the data from diets including rat chow, low-fat, high-carbohydrate, and diets supplemented with fat, cholesterol or cholestyramine. The effects characterized by the model are consistent with the regulation of HMG-CoA reductase by enzyme-lipid interactions.
Date: May 1981
Creator: Smith, Vana L.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Purification of HMG-CoA Reductase and Regulation by Protein-Lipid Interactions

Description: The enzyme 3-Hydroxy-3- Methylglutaryl Coenzyme A Reductase catalyzes the rate limiting step of hepatic cholesterol biosynthesis and is unique among the enzymes in the early part of the pathway in that it is membrane bound. This gives rise to potential regulation of the enzyme through interactions with the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. A purification procedure has been developed which consistently produces enzyme of high specific activity. In order to fully characterize the interactions between HMG-CoA reductase and the lipids in its immediate environment, HMG-CoA reductase was purified to homogeneity and shown to be a protein-lipid complex.
Date: December 1982
Creator: Brent, Lynn G. (Lynn Gran)
Partner: UNT Libraries