Description: The corrective measures technology task for humid sites consists of three subtasks. The first subtask has the objective of demonstrating that grout injection into closed burial trenches can achieve the hydrologic isolation of buried wastes. From laboratory testing of seven grout formulations, two promising grouts, 7.6% sodium silicate and 11.7% acrylamide, were selected for field demonstration by injection into 1:10-scale burial trenches. Both grouts effected a several orders of magnitude reduction in the mean hydraulic conductivity of the trench. The trench chemical treatment subtask has the objective of demonstrating the caustic soda injection into a closed trench's backfill and surrounding soil can achieve a fixation of radiostrontium from further ground water contamination. Monitoring of ground waters in and around the treated trench indicate a continued fixation of radiostrontium from further leaching. Soil samples were taken from the trench and found to contain /sup 90/Sr coprecipitated with calcium carbonate. The final subtask has the objective of demonstrating that the detection and treatment of ground water seeps can achieve a significant reduction in radiostrontium contamination of surface water. The utility of measuring /sup 90/Sr in ground water samples by Cerenkov radiation detection was found to be analytically equivalent to but considerably less expensive and time consuming than the standard radiochemical method.
Date: January 1, 1983
Creator: Spalding, B.P.
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