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Lessons from the Grain-Rust Epidemic of 1904

Description: Report discussing the consequences of the leaf rust (also known as grain-rust) epidemic of 1904 in the American Midwest and lessons for future crops. Topics discussed include seed selection and rust resistant varieties.
Date: 1905
Creator: Carleton, Mark Alfred, 1866-1925
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some Insects Injurious to Stored Grain

Description: Report discussing insects which commonly cause damage to grain being kept in storage. Three of these insects -- the granary weevil, rice weevil and Angoumois grain moth -- develop and live within the kernels until they reach maturity while the other insects feed on grain in both its kernel and processed forms.
Date: 1897
Creator: Chittenden, F. H. (Frank Hurlbut), 1858-1929
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Destroy the Common Barberry

Description: Discusses the importance of eradicating the common barberry bush in order to prevent the spread of the disease black stem rust to wheat, oats, barley, rye, and wild grasses. Farmers are advised to dig up all common barberry bushes; however, Japanese barberry bushes are harmless and can remain, or farmers may even replace common barberry bushes with Japanese barberry bushes.
Date: May 1919
Creator: E. C. (Elvin Charles) Stakman, 1885-1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Destroy the Common Barberry

Description: Discusses the importance of eradicating the common barberry bush in order to prevent the spread of the disease black stem rust to wheat, oats, barley, rye, and wild grasses. Farmers are advised to dig up all common barberry bushes; however, Japanese barberry bushes are harmless and can remain, or farmers may even replace common barberry bushes with Japanese barberry bushes.
Date: August 1919
Creator: E. C. (Elvin Charles) Stakman, 1885-1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Destroy the Common Barberry

Description: Revised edition. Report discussing the importance of eradicating the common barberry bush in order to prevent the spread of the disease black stem rust to wheat, oats, barley, rye, and wild grasses. Farmers are advised to dig up all common barberry bushes; however, Japanese barberry bushes are harmless and can remain, or farmers may even replace common barberry bushes with Japanese barberry bushes.
Date: 1923
Creator: E. C. (Elvin Charles) Stakman, 1885-1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cereal Smuts and the Disinfection of Seed Grain

Description: "This bulletin is published for the purpose of providing a condensed but complete source of up-to-date information for practical use in controlling cereal smuts by means of the most generally approved methods for the disinfection of seed grain.... Corn, wheat, rye, barley, oats, sorghum (including kafir and broom corn), and millet smuts are described and illustrated with photographs." -- p. 2
Date: 1918
Creator: Humphrey, H. B. (Harry Baker), 1873-1955 & Potter, Alden A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Corn and Cotton Wireworm in Its Relation to Cereal and Forage Crops, with Control Measures

Description: "The object of this bulletin is to set forth in a popular form what is known of the habits of the destructive corn and cotton wireworm, in order that farmers and planters may more effectively carry out control measures and be able better to handle infested areas that the injury may be reduced to a minimum." -- title page.
Date: 1916
Creator: Gibson, Edmund H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

How to Control Billbugs Destructive to Cereal and Forage Crops

Description: "Billbugs destroy or injure corn, wheat, rye, barley, oats, timothy, blue grass, Bermuda grass, Johnson grass, rice, sugar cane, peanuts and chufa. The best-known form of injury is corn leaf perforation. The principal losses are caused by combined injury by the adult billbugs and their young or larvae. The heaviest losses are probably in hay and pasturage. Billbugs have only one generation yearly and are generally dependent on grass sods or wild sedges and rushes. Corn, sugar cane, chufa, and timothy probably are our only crops in which they can perpetuate themselves within the plant tissues. Clean cultivation, especially the complete elimination of wild sedges and rushes, suitable crop rotations, summer or early fall breaking of cultivated or infested wild sods, early planting of crops menaced by billbugs, and the protection of birds, especially ground feeders, including the bobwhite and the shore birds, are efficient methods for preventing crop losses by billbugs. Parasites are valuable natural checks, but their work follows, rather than prevents, crop loss. Therefore, do not rely upon them to the neglect of control measures, or the results may be disastrous. Cooperate with your neighbors in active measures for destroying the billbugs." -- p. 2
Date: 1919
Creator: Satterthwait, A. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

How to Control Billbugs Destructive to Cereal and Forage Crops

Description: Revised edition. "Billbugs destroy or injure corn, wheat, rye, barley, oats, timothy, blue grass, Bermuda grass, Johnson grass, rice, sugar cane, peanuts and chufa. The most conspicuous damage by the adult billbugs is done to young corn plants. The most costly damage is undoubtedly that done by the larvae or grubs in cutting the underground portions of plants, especially those grown for hay and pasture. Billbugs have only one generation yearly and are generally dependent on grass sods or wild sedges and rushes. Corn, sugarcane, chufa, and timothy probably are the only crops in which they can perpetuate themselves within the plant tissues. The other host plants admit of inside feeding only during the early part of the grub stage, after which feeding is completed among the fibrous roots. Parasites are valuable natural checks, but their work follows, rather than prevents, crop loss. Clean cultivation, especially the complete elimination of wild sedges and rushes; suitable crop rotations; summer or early fall breaking of cultivated or infested wild sods; early planting of crops menaced by billbugs; and the protection of birds, especially ground feeders, including the bobwhite and the shore birds, are efficient means of preventing crop losses from billbugs. Hand picking has occasionally resulted in effectual control of billbug outbreaks in cornfields and on special turf. Cooperate with your neighbors in active measures for destroying the billbugs." -- p. ii
Date: 1932
Creator: Satterthwait, A. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Chinch Bug and Its Control

Description: This bulletin discusses the chinch bug, an insect which destroys corn, wheat, oats, and forage sorghums in the United States. The chinch bug's life cycle and habits are discussed as well as conditions favorable to chinch bug outbreads and control measures.
Date: 1922
Creator: Horton, J. R. & Satterthwait, A. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

How to Detect Outbreaks of Insects and Save the Grain Crops

Description: Report giving an overview of insects which commonly affect cereal grain: the Hessian fly, chinch bug, army worm, cutworms, grasshoppers, white grubs, billbugs, corn root-aphis, and wireworms. Discussion focuses on methods for preventing outbreaks of these harmful insects. Fall plowing is considered the most effective preventive measure.
Date: 1917
Creator: Walton, William Randolph, 1873-1952c
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department