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Improper Payments Information Act of 2002: Background, Implementation, and Assessment

Description: This report discusses the Improper Payments Information Act (IPIA), which signed into law in 2002 requires agencies to identify each year programs and activities vulnerable to significant improper payments, to estimate the amount of overpayments or underpayments, and to report to Congress on steps being taken to reduce such payments.
Date: May 7, 2010
Creator: Hatch, Garrett & McMurtry, Virginia A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Improper Payments Information Act of 2002: Background, Implementation, and Assessment

Description: This report discusses the Improper Payments Information Act (IPIA). Signed into law in 2002, the law requires agencies to identify each year programs and activities vulnerable to significant improper payments, to estimate the amount of overpayments or underpayments, and to report to Congress on steps being taken to reduce such payments.
Date: July 27, 2010
Creator: Hatch, Garrett & McMurtry, Virginia A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Improper Payments Information Act of 2002: Background, Implementation, and Assessment

Description: This report discusses the Improper Payments Information Act (IPIA), which signed into law in 2002 requires agencies to identify each year programs and activities vulnerable to significant improper payments, to estimate the amount of overpayments or underpayments, and to report to Congress on steps being taken to reduce such payments.
Date: October 8, 2009
Creator: Hatch, Garrett & McMurtry, Virginia A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Improper Payments Information Act of 2002: Background, Implementation, and Assessment

Description: This report discusses the Improper Payments Information Act (IPIA), which was signed into law in 2002 with the intention of increasing financial accountability in the federal government, thereby reducing wasteful spending.
Date: October 4, 2010
Creator: Hatch, Garrett & McMurtry, Virginia A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Techniques for Preventing a Budget Sequester

Description: This report briefly describes the budget sequestration process, including the ways in which a sequester could be avoided under the regular process, and then discusses in more detail various techniques that have been used since FY1991 to prevent a sequester by intervening in the regular process.
Date: March 8, 2002
Creator: Keith, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Consolidated Appropriations Act for FY2008: Brief Overview

Description: The Consolidated Appropriations Act for FY2008 (P.L. 110-161) was the measure used by Congress and the President to wrap up action on the regular appropriations acts in late 2007, at the end of the first session of the 110th Congress. This report provides a brief overview of the measure, including a discussion of the context for legislative action, the legislative history of the bill, a summary of its structure and content, and information on the use of across-the-board spending cuts to offset part of its cost.
Date: January 4, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Consolidated Appropriations Act for FY2008: Brief Overview

Description: The Consolidated Appropriations Act for FY2008 was the measure used by Congress and the President to wrap up action on the regular appropriations acts in late 2007, at the end of the first session of the 110th Congress. This report provides a brief overview of the measure, including a discussion of the context for legislative action, the legislative history of the bill, a summary of its structure and content, and information on the use of across-the-board spending cuts to offset part of its cost.
Date: December 28, 2007
Creator: Keith, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The FY2014 Government Shutdown: Economic Effects

Description: This report discusses the effects of the FY2014 government shutdown on economic output. It also reviews third-party estimates of the effects of the shutdown on the economy. The Congressional Research Service (CRS) does not plan to provide an independent estimate of the economic impact of the shutdown.
Date: September 11, 2015
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The FY2014 Government Shutdown: Economic Effects

Description: This report discusses the effects of the FY2014 government shutdown on the economy. It also reviews third-party estimates of the effects of the shutdown on the economy, which predicted a reduction in gross domestic product (GDP) growth of at least 0.1 percentage points for each week of the shutdown, with a cumulative effect of up to 0.6 percentage points in the fourth quarter of 2013.
Date: November 1, 2013
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Sequestration at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): Air Traffic Controller Furloughs and Congressional Response

Description: This report provides a brief overview of FAA's implementation of the sequester in April 2013, as it relates to air traffic control operations and staff furloughs. It then considers the congressional response, including the potential impact of the funds transfers authorized under P.L. 113-9 on FAA's Airport Improvement Program (AIP).
Date: May 7, 2013
Creator: Elias, Bart; Brass, Clinton T. & Kirk, Robert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

History of the Joint Committee on Reduction of Non-Essential Federal Expenditures (1941- 1974), with Observations on Oversight Today

Description: This report traces the history of the joint committee and describes the subject matter of some of its principal work products. The report concludes with some considerations involved with the creation of a committee - the purpose of which is to assist Congress in reducing federal spending - and with a brief examination of committee oversight authority extant in House and Senate committees and of alternative mechanisms for cutting spending.
Date: October 26, 2010
Creator: Koempel, Michael L.; Murray, Justin & Tabit, Brian P.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Description: Federal spending is divided into three broad categories: discretionary spending, mandatory spending, and net interest. Federal spending has outrun federal revenues for the last 10 fiscal years. In the long term, projections suggest that if current policies remain unchanged, the United States faces a major fiscal imbalance, largely due to rising health care costs and impending Baby Boomer retirements. Because discretionary spending is a smaller proportion of total federal outlays compared to mandatory spending, some budget experts contend that any significant reductions in federal spending must include cuts in entitlement spending. Other budget and social policy experts contend that cuts in entitlement spending could compromise their goals: the economic security of the elderly and the poor.
Date: March 23, 2012
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Spending Pipeline: Stages of Federal Spending

Description: Federal government spending involves a multi-step process in which budget authority is enacted and obligated, and outlays are generated. Budget authority is enacted in law; it provides federal agencies the legal basis to incur obligations. Obligations, which reflect such activities as employing personnel, entering into contracts, and submitting purchase orders, establish financial liabilities of the federal government. Outlays are payments that liquidate these obligations. This multi-step process can be illustrated as a spending pipeline
Date: April 23, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Description: This report looks at mandatory spending and how it has grown over time relative to total federal spending and the size of the U.S. economy. It also analyzes future mandatory spending levels and how they are projected to impact the federal budget.
Date: February 16, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. A. & Levit, Mindy R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Biennial Budgeting: Options, Issues, and Previous Congressional Action

Description: This report provides background on options, issues, and previous congressional action related to biennial budgeting. It includes descriptions of the types of biennial budgeting, general arguments favoring and opposing biennial budgeting, biennial budgeting at the state level, and relevant Congressional actions.
Date: February 2, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Across-the-Board Spending Cuts in End-of Session Appropriations Acts

Description: This report examines the use of across-the-board spending cuts in the end-of-session appropriations acts for FY2000-FY2006 identified above, assessing the budgetary context leading to the spending cut, recounting the legislative action on the spending cut provision, and reviewing the provision’s design and implementation.
Date: December 13, 2007
Creator: Keith, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Environmental Protection Agency: FY2007 Appropriations Highlights

Description: This report presents a table detailing EPA appropriations for FY2006 and FY2007. Among individual activities, both the full House and the Senate Appropriations Committee approved decreases and increases throughout EPA's eight appropriations accounts in their respective versions of H.R. 5386, when compared with the President's FY2007 request and the FY2006 appropriation.
Date: January 3, 2007
Creator: Bearden, David M. & Esworthy, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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