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The Federal Rulemaking Process: An Overview

Description: The purpose of this report is to provide Congress with an overview of the federal rulemaking process and a brief discussion of the major laws and executive orders that prescribe the procedures agencies are to apply when promulgating regulations.
Date: February 22, 2011
Creator: Copeland, Curtis W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Requirements on Private Health Insurance Plans

Description: This report discusses federal requirements for private health insurance (PHI) plans. The first part of this report provides background information about health plans sold in the PHI market and briefly describes state and federal regulation of private plans. The second part summarizes selected federal requirements and indicates each requirement's applicability to one or more of the following types of private health plans: individual, small group, large group, and self-insured.
Date: May 1, 2018
Creator: Mach, Annie L. & Fernandez, Bernadette
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Brief Summaries of Federal Animal Protection Statutes

Description: This report contains brief summaries of federal animal protection statutes, listed alphabetically. It includes statutes that allow the disabled to use service animals, statutes aimed at acts of animal rights advocates (the Animal Enterprise Protection Act of 1992, and the Recreational Hunting Safety and Preservation Act of 1994), as well as other statutes concerning animal protection and conservation.
Date: August 15, 2008
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Illegal Logging: Background and Issues

Description: This report discusses illegal logging, which is addressed by Congress in the 2008 farm bill (P.L. 110-234). A provision in the law amends the Lacey Act to include plants traded in violation of foreign laws. This was primarily intended to deter imports of illegally-obtained timber from foreign countries.
Date: June 9, 2008
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Trump Administration and the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions

Description: This report provides an overview of the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions, discusses the additional significance of the Unified Agenda in the Trump Administration, provides summary information about content of the 2017 Update, and discusses what additional information can be expected in the subsequent edition of the Agenda.
Date: November 29, 2017
Creator: Carey, Maeve P. & Francis, Kathryn A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Leahy-Smith America Invents Act: Innovation Issues

Description: This report provides an overview of the the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA). It begins by offering a brief overview of the patent system, then identifies and reviews the specific components of this legislation in greater detail. The report closes with further considerations.
Date: January 15, 2014
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Implementation of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA, P.L. 111-353)

Description: This report documents the scheduled timeline for action on selected FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) provisions, as specified in the enacted law, and FDA-reported actions taken to date, based on available FDA press releases and publicly available progress reports.
Date: September 22, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

What Can the New President Do About the Effective Dates of Pending Regulations?

Description: This report discusses legal questions and relevant cases related to a new presidents power to freeze implementation of pending regulation temporarily while it is reviewed by the new administration for compatibility with his policy goals.
Date: January 18, 2017
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

"Chevron" Deference: A Primer

Description: This report discusses the Chevron decision (which set up the current process for judicial review of regulatory agencies), explains the circumstances in which the Chevron doctrine applies, explores how courts apply the two steps of Chevron, and highlights some criticisms of the doctrine, with an eye towards the potential future of Chevron deference.
Date: September 19, 2017
Creator: Brannon, Valerie C. & Cole, Jared P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Credit Rating Agencies: Current Federal Oversight and Congressional Concerns

Description: Credit rating agencies rate the creditworthiness of public companies so that the public will have an objective opinion as to the risk of investment. These ratings have become an important component of the financial reputation of a rated company. However, especially since the bankruptcies of Enron and WorldCom, whose debt had been rated investment grade, there has been concern that perhaps credit rating agencies should be regulated.
Date: August 1, 2005
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Who Regulates Whom and How? An Overview of U.S. Financial Regulatory Policy for Banking and Securities Markets

Description: This report provides an overview of the regulatory policies of the agencies that oversee banking and securities markets and explains which agencies are responsible for which institutions, activities, and markets. Some agencies regulate particular types of institutions for risky behavior or conflicts of interest, some agencies promulgate rules for certain financial transactions no matter what kind of institution engages in them, and other agencies enforce existing rules for some institutions, but not for others. These regulatory activities are not necessarily mutually exclusive.
Date: January 30, 2015
Creator: Murphy, Edward V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Financial Services Regulatory Consolidation: Structural Response to the 2007-2009 Financial Crisis

Description: This report provides a brief history and overview of the U.S. federal financial services regulatory structure and examines the regulatory structural changes the three major federal government proposals would make to remedy the causes of the financial crisis. It concludes with a discussion of some possible implications of reform.
Date: April 12, 2010
Creator: Eubanks, Walter W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Food Recalls and Other FDA Administrative Enforcement Actions

Description: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ensures the safety of all food except for meat, poultry, and certain egg products over which the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has regulatory oversight. Under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), the FDA has the authority to regulate the manufacturing, processing, and labeling of food, with the primary goal of promoting food safety. This report focuses on the FDA's statutory authority to initiate the following administrative enforcement actions: inspections, warning letters, recalls, suspension of registration, administrative detention, and related legal issues.
Date: November 20, 2014
Creator: Lanza, Emily M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Financial Regulatory Reform: Consumer Financial Protection Proposals

Description: This report provides a brief summary of the Consumer Financial Protection Agency Act of 2009 (the CFPA Act or the Act) and delineates some of the substantive differences between it and H.R. 4173, Title IV, as it passed the House, and S. 3217, Title X, as it passed the Senate. It then analyzes some of the policy implications of the proposal, focusing on the separation of safety and soundness regulation from consumer protection, financial innovation, and the scope of regulation. The report then raises some questions regarding state law preemption, sources of funding, and rulemaking procedures that the Act does not fully answer.
Date: May 26, 2010
Creator: Carpenter, David H. & Jickling, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department