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Agricultural Marketing Assistance Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments

Description: Marketing assistance loans for the major crops were designed to facilitate orderly marketing by providing short-term financing so that farmers could pay their bills right after harvest and spread their sales over the entire marketing year. However, the persistence of very low commodity prices transformed the loan program into a major vehicle of farm income support. Marketing loan program benefits (primarily loan deficiency payments, LDPs) to farmers amounted to about $5.9 billion in 1999, and will exceed $6.5 billion in 2000. Such levels of use and high costs have revealed several administrative problems and given rise to several policy issues. Some policy makers have favored broadening the scope and enhancing the benefits of the program to achieve greater farm income support. Anticipated adverse market impacts have discouraged adoption of these proposals to date. A persistent policy issue is the payment limitation on marketing loan gains.
Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Agricultural Marketing Assistance Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments

Description: Marketing assistance loans for the major crops were designed to facilitate orderly marketing by providing short-term financing so that farmers could pay their bills right after harvest and spread their sales over the entire marketing year. However, the persistence of very low commodity prices transformed the loan program into a major vehicle of farm income support. Marketing loan program benefits (primarily loan deficiency payments, LDPs) to farmers amounted to about $5.9 billion in 1999, and will exceed $6.5 billion in 2000. Such levels of use and high costs have revealed several administrative problems and given rise to several policy issues. Some policy makers have favored broadening the scope and enhancing the benefits of the program to achieve greater farm income support. Anticipated adverse market impacts have discouraged adoption of these proposals to date. A persistent policy issue is the payment limitation on marketing loan gains.
Date: December 13, 2000
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

Description: This report focuses on the current situation faced by the Detroit 3, key aspects of their current crisis, including possible consequences of a failure of one or more companies, and some aspects of legislative actions that have been considered to bridge their financial conditions to a more stable situation.
Date: May 29, 2009
Creator: Canis, Bill; Bickley, James M.; Chaikind, Hinda; Pettit, Carol A.; Purcell, Patrick; Rapaport, Carol et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

Description: This report looks at TARP and federal government assistance to General Motors, Chrysler, and Ford Motors. In particular, the history of these transactions and how they were affecte by Congress, Senate, President Bush, and President Obama.
Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Cooney, Stephen; Bickley, James M.; Chaikind, Hinda; Pettit, Carol A.; Purcell, Patrick; Rapaport, Carol et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Economic Stimulus: Issues and Policies

Description: Recent policies have sought to contain damages spilling over from housing and financial markets to the broader economy, including monetary policy, which is the responsibility of the Federal Reserve, and fiscal policy, including a tax cut in February 2008 of $150 billion and two extensions of unemployment compensation in June and November of 2008. This report discusses this problem as well as certain interventional measures that the government has taken and is considering taking to combat it, including various fiscal stimulus packages.
Date: July 6, 2009
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.; Hungerford, Thomas L. & Labonte, Marc
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Federal Credit Reform: Implementation of the Changed Budgetary Treatment of Direct Loans and Loan Guarantees

Description: On November 5, 1990, the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-508) was signed into law. P.L. 101-508 added Title V to the Congressional Budget Act. Title V, also called the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (the FCRA), changed how the unified budget reports the cost of federal credit activities (i.e., federal direct loans and loan guarantees). Before the fiscal year 1992 (FY1992), for a given fiscal year, the budgetary cost of a new direct loan or loan guarantee was the net cash flow for that fiscal year.
Date: June 23, 2003
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Federal Student Loan Forgiveness and Loan Repayment Programs

Description: This report discusses loan forgiveness and loan repayment benefits that provide debt relief to borrowers of federal student loans who make an active choice to enter public service or obtain employment in particular professions, occupations, or specialties, or to repay their loans according to an income-dependent repayment plan.
Date: July 22, 2014
Creator: Hegji, Alexandra; Smole, David P. & Heisler, Elayne J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Student Loan Forgiveness Programs

Description: This report will provide an overview of the current major federal loan forgiveness programs administered by the U.S. Department of Education (ED). It will also briefly summarize some of the other major federal loan forgiveness programs. Finally, it will discuss policy issues and legislation.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Student Loans, Student Aid, and FY2008 Budget Reconciliation

Description: This report reviews and briefly describes the major proposals contained in both the House-passed and Senate-passed versions of H.R. 2669 to achieve savings in mandatory spending through changes to federal student loan programs and to enhance student aid benefits or make other changes to existing federal student aid programs. It also reviews and describes the major changes enacted under P.L. 110-84 that are projected to achieve savings in mandatory spending and those that establish new or enhanced student aid benefits or that otherwise amend pre-existing federal student aid programs.
Date: October 23, 2007
Creator: Stoll, Adam; Smole, David P. & Mercer, Charmaine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Student Loans, Student Aid, and FY2008 Budget Reconciliation

Description: This report reviews and briefly describes the major changes proposed in H.R. 2669 to federal student loan and other federal student aid programs that would achieve savings in mandatory spending or that would result in changes to existing federal student aid programs.
Date: July 6, 2007
Creator: Stoll, Adam; Smole, David P. & Mercer, Charmaine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Student Loans, Student Aid, and FY2008 Budget Reconciliation

Description: This report reviews and briefly describes the major proposals that would change the federal student loan programs to achieve savings in mandatory spending and the proposals that would enhance student aid benefits or result in changes to existing federal student aid programs.
Date: July 18, 2007
Creator: Stoll, Adam; Smole, David P. & Mercer, Charmaine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of the Tax Exclusion for Canceled Mortgage Debt Income

Description: Mortgage debt cancellation can occur when lenders restructure loans, reducing principal balances, or sell properties, either in advance, or as a result, of foreclosure proceedings. Exceptions have been available for taxpayers who are insolvent or in bankruptcy, among others- these taxpayers may exclude canceled mortgage debt income under existing law.
Date: September 3, 2015
Creator: Keightley, Mark P. & Lunder, Erika
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Status of the Federal Perkins Loan Program: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report answers several frequently asked questions regarding the current and future status of the Federal Perkins Loan program, which authorizes the allocation of federal funds to institutions of higher education to assist them in capitalizing revolving loan funds for the purpose of making low-interest loans to students with exceptional financial need.
Date: March 26, 2015
Creator: Hegji, Alexandra
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Subsidy Cost of Federal Credit: Cost to the Government or Fair Value Cost?

Description: Since the mid-1980s, budget experts have debated whether the best method of measuring the subsidy cost of federal credit (direct loans and loan guarantees) is the cost to the government or the fair value cost. This report presents a chronology of this still unresolved debate, which dates from the mid-1980s.
Date: April 25, 2012
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

Description: This report reviews the U.S. automotive industry at present, aspects of the industry's financial situation, and relief options. It includes an analysis of the current situation in the U.S. automotive market, including efforts to address problems of long-term competitiveness and the impact of the industry on the broader U.S. economy. It focuses on financial issues, including credit questions, and legal and financial aspects of government-offered loans or loan guarantees. This further includes consideration of legacy issues, specifically pension and health care responsibilities of the Detroit 3. It also reviews potential solutions to the financial crisis, including options of government receivership and participation management, and various forms of bankruptcy. Finally, the report reviews stipulations that Congress might impose on auto manufacturers as conditions of providing assistance.
Date: December 3, 2008
Creator: Cooney, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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