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Energy Program annual report

Description: The national economy is particularly dependent on efficient electrical generation and transportation. Electrical demand continues to grow and will increasingly rely on coal and nuclear fuels. The nuclear power industry still has not found a solution to the problem of disposing of the waste produced by nuclear reactors. Although coal is in ample supply and the infrastructure is in place for its utilization, environmental problems and improved conversion processes remain technical challenges. In … more
Date: February 1, 1988
Creator: Borg, I.Y. (ed.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis

Description: This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer's surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappag… more
Date: March 1, 1992
Creator: Greene, D.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)) & Duleep, K.G. (Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Review of proposed EPA ambient lead criteria standard document. Final report. Task assignment No. 10

Description: The proposed October 1983 EPA ambient lead criteria document, Air Quality Criteria for Lead is reviewed from the perspective of DOE's policies and programs and addresses potential impacts on energy production and energy-intensive industries. Following an introduction, the study is organized in five subsequent sections. Section 2.0 addresses environmental and health effects of exposure to lead. Section 3.0 reviews sources of lead emissions. Section 4.0 presents information on lead concentrations… more
Date: March 4, 1984
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Petroleum marketing monthly, October 1991. [Contains glossary]

Description: This report is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiner's acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor … more
Date: October 10, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An outdoor test facility for the large-scale production of microalgae

Description: The goal of the US Department of EnergySolar Energy Research Institute's Aquatic Species Program is to develop the technology base to produce liquid fuels from microalgae. This technology is being initially developed for the desert Southwest. As part of this program an outdoor test facility has been designed and constructed in Roswell, New Mexico. The site has a large existing infrastructure, a suitable climate, and abundant saline groundwater. This facility will be used to evaluate productivit… more
Date: March 1, 1988
Creator: Johnson, D.A.; Weissman, J. & Goebel, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Research guidance studies to assess gasoline from coal by methanol-to-gasoline and Sasol-type Fischer--Tropsch technologies

Description: The primary purpose of this study is to provide a technical and economic comparison between the commercial Fischer-Tropsch technology and the new Mobil methanol-to-gasoline technology for the production of motor gasoline. Several technical sensitivity cases are also part of the study and will be included in the final report. Two conceptual plant complexes - Base Case I: Mobil Technology and Base Case II: Fischer-Tropsch Technology--have been developed. They are self-supporting, grass roots faci… more
Date: September 1, 1977
Creator: Schreiner, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Two-stage process for conversion of synthesis gas to high quality transportation fuels. Quarterly report, 8 June-30 September 1983

Description: The design of two large hot-flow models, to be used for slurry bubble-column hydrodynamic studies, is described. Scoping experiments were performed in smaller models to study the effects of feed-gas distributor type, column diameter, and liquid medium on gas holdup and bubble sizes. In addition, a literature review of bubble-column hydrodynamics is presented. Modifications to improve the operation and flexibility of the existing two stage pilot plant have been designed and construction initiate… more
Date: November 1, 1983
Creator: Kuo, J.C.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Emergency fuels utilization guidebook. Alternative Fuels Utilization Program

Description: The basic concept of an emergency fuel is to safely and effectively use blends of specification fuels and hydrocarbon liquids which are free in the sense that they have been commandeered or volunteered from lower priority uses to provide critical transportation services for short-duration emergencies on the order of weeks, or perhaps months. A wide variety of liquid hydrocarbons not normally used as fuels for internal combustion engines have been categorized generically, including limited infor… more
Date: August 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Final report to the President on oil supply shortages during 1979

Description: Stockpile levels at the beginning of 1979, imports during the first half of the year, and inventory management were primarily responsible for the oil supply shortage in the spring and summer of 1979. There was a 3.1% reduction in oil supply in May to July of 1979 relative to the same period in 1978, and a 0.2% reduction relative to 1977. The reduction in available oil between 1979 and previous years was even greater than the reduction in supply. Domestic production of crude oil declined between… more
Date: July 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chief financial officer's task force on rationing feasibility, cost and schedule. Final report

Description: The purpose of this memorandum is to report our realistic assessment of the feasibility, cost, and time frame for bringing a rationing program to 90-day readiness. The basic aspects of the nature of the rationing plan are discussed. The plan has been changed in several respects in response to comments from the Congress, the general public and the ECC, since the previous version was rejected by the Congress in May 1979. Three changes in particular impact the preimplementation process: The range … more
Date: March 5, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluation of processes for producing gasoline from wood. Final report

Description: Three processes for producing gasoline from wood by pyrolysis have been investigated. Technical and economic comparisons among the processes have been made, based on a hypothetical common plant size of 2000 tons per day green wood chip feedstock. In order to consider the entire fuel production process, the energy and cost inputs for producing and delivering the feedstock were included in the analysis. In addition, perspective has been provided by comparisons of the wood-to-gasoline technologies… more
Date: May 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Characterization and Research Investigation of Methanol and Methyl Fuels. Final Progress Report

Description: Work on several aspects of using pure methanol as an alternate fuel are reported. A stock (OEM) Pinto engine mounted on a dynamometer was used to compare methanol with Indolene in terms of power, efficiency, and emissions for a variety of speeds and loads. Although the engine was designed for use with gasoline, it was found that methanol was generally superior in power, thermal efficiency and reduced emissions with the exception of aldehydes. Three different fuel metering systems were tested fo… more
Date: January 1, 1977
Creator: Pefley, R. K.; Browning, L. H.; Hornberger, M. L.; Likos, W. E.; McCormack, M. C. & Pullman, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Emissions of greenhouse gases from the use of transportation fuels and electricity

Description: This report presents estimates of full fuel-cycle emissions of greenhouse gases from using transportation fuels and electricity. The data cover emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), methane, carbon monoxide, nitrous oxide, nitrogen oxides, and nonmethane organic compounds resulting from the end use of fuels, compression or liquefaction of gaseous transportation fuels, fuel distribution, fuel production, feedstock transport, feedstock recovery, manufacture of motor vehicles, maintenance of tr… more
Date: November 1, 1991
Creator: DeLuchi, M.A. (California Univ., Davis, CA (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemistry and morphology of coal liquefaction. Quarterly report, October 1-December 31, 1981

Description: Progress reports are presented for the following six tasks: (1) selective synthesis of gasoline range components from synthesis gas; (2) electron microscopy studies of coal during hydrogenation; (3) catalysed low temperature hydrogenation of coal; (4) selctive hydrogenation, hydrogenolysis and alkylation of coal and coal liquids by organo-metallic systems; (5) chemistry of coal solubilization and liquefaction; (6) coal conversion catalysts-deactivation studies. Highlights are as follows: (1) In… more
Date: December 1, 1981
Creator: Heinemann, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Transportation energy data book: Edition 12

Description: The Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 12 is a statistical compendium prepared and published by Oak Ridge National Laboratory under contract with the Office of Transportation Technologies in the Department of Energy. Designed for use as a desk-top reference, the data book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information that characterize transportation activity, and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. The purpose of this document is to … more
Date: March 1, 1992
Creator: Davis, S.C. & Morris, M.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Remediation of a gasoline spill by soil vapor extraction, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

Description: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is located approximately 40 miles east of San Francisco in the southeastern portion of the Livermore Valley near Livermore, California. In 1979, an underground gasoline tank was found to be leaking. The spill occurred near Building 403 in the southeast corner of LLNL. The initial investigation confirmed the presence of gasoline contamination in both the soil and ground water. The water table is at a depth of approximately 100 feet. A pilot study on … more
Date: September 1, 1991
Creator: Cook, G.E.; Oberdorfer, J.A. (San Jose State Univ., CA (United States)) & Orloff, S.P. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Economics and siting of Fischer-Tropsch coal liquefaction

Description: The capital intensity and low conversion efficiency of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis makes it noncompetitive with conventional petroleum in the midterm (e.g., 5 to 10 years) under normal economic conditions. However, if crude oil prices rise to higher levels (e.g., $25 to $30/bbl), coal liquefaction processes may prove to be economical. It appears that several other processes under development may become economically attractive before Fischer-Tropsch, although Fischer-Tropsch is the only proven com… more
Date: July 1, 1979
Creator: Henry, J.P. Jr.; Ferreira, J.P.; Benefiel, J. & Fassett, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Gasoline from coal in the state of Illinois: feasibility study. Volume I. Design. [KBW gasification process, ICI low-pressure methanol process and Mobil M-gasoline process]

Description: Volume 1 describes the proposed plant: KBW gasification process, ICI low-pressure methanol process and Mobil M-gasoline process, and also with ancillary processes, such as oxygen plant, shift process, RECTISOL purification process, sulfur recovery equipment and pollution control equipment. Numerous engineering diagrams are included. (LTN)
Date: January 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Energy availabilities for state and local development: 1974 data volume

Description: This report is one of a continuing series developed by ORNL with financial support from the Economic Development Administration to present the supply, demand, and net imports of seven fuel types for four final consuming sectors of BEAs, states, census regions, and the nation in 1973. The data are formatted to present regional energy availability from primary extraction as well as from regional transformation processes. As constructed, the tables depict energy balances between availability and u… more
Date: November 1, 1977
Creator: Vogt, D. P.; Rice, P. L. & Pai, V. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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State energy price system. Volume II: data base development

Description: This volume documents the entire data development process in sufficient detail to permit critical assessment of the data base. However, since a methodological discussion is included in Chapter 3 of Volume I, it is not repeated here. The data base development process was conducted in a fuel-by-fuel fashion, following the general sequence of electricity, natural gas, coal, distillate fuel, motor gasoline, diesel, kerosene, jet fuel, residual fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas. For each of the fuel… more
Date: June 1, 1982
Creator: Fang, J. M.; Nieves, L. A.; Sherman, K. L. & Hood, L. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Draft regulatory analysis: notice of proposed rulemaking motor gasoline allocation revisions

Description: The Draft Regulatory Analysis is prepared for those proposed regulations which either may have a major impact on the general economy, individual industries, or geographic regions and levels of government, or may be significant in that they affect important DOE policy concerns and are the object of public interest. The problems and proposed solutions for the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and Public Hearings on the Motor Gasoline Allocation Program are examined. The ERA's mandate for this program… more
Date: June 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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