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Investigation and evaluation of geopressured-geothermal wells

Description: Over the life of the project, 1143 wildcat wells were screened for possible use. Although many did not meet the program's requirement for sand development, a surprisingly large number were abandoned because of downhole mechanical problems. Only 94 of these wells were completed as commercial hydrocarbon producers. Five wells of opportunity were funded for testing. Of these, two were evaluated for their hydraulic energy, thermal energy, and recoverable methane, and three were abandoned because of… more
Date: September 1, 1980
Creator: Hartsock, J.H. & Rodgers, J.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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NO/sub 2/ levels in diesel exhaust

Description: The safe operation of diesel-powered equipment in underground mines is predicated on there being sufficient ventilation to dilute the exhaust such that none of the toxicants in the dilute mixture exceed allowable levels. In order to determine the ventilation requirement for an engine, it is necessary to measure levels of the various toxicants in the exhaust. Measurements in the past typically either have excluded nitrogen dioxide or have not provided information on nitrogen dioxide specifically… more
Date: January 1, 1978
Creator: Marshall, W.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Experimental results of direct containment heating by high-pressure melt ejection into the Surtsey vessel: The DCH-3 and DCH-4 tests

Description: Two experiments, DCH-3 and DCH-4, were performed at the Surtsey test facility to investigate phenomena associated with a high-pressure melt ejection (HPME) reactor accident sequence resulting in direct containment heating (DCH). These experiments were performed using the same experimental apparatus with identical initial conditions, except that the Surtsey test vessel contained air in DCH-3 and argon in DCH-4. Inerting the vessel with argon eliminated chemical reactions between metallic debris … more
Date: August 1, 1991
Creator: Allen, M.D.; Pilch, M.; Brockmann, J.E.; Tarbell, W.W. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Nichols, R.T. (Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)) & Sweet, D.W. (AEA Technology, Winfrith (United Kingdom))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Combustion of ultrafine coal/water mixtures and their application in gas turbines: Final report

Description: The feasibility of using coal-water fuels (CWF) in gas turbine combustors has been demonstrated in recent pilot plant experiments. The demands of burning coal-water fuels with high flame stability, complete combustion, low NO/sub x/ emission and a resulting fly ash particle size that will not erode turbine blades represent a significant challenge to combustion scientists and engineers. The satisfactory solution of these problems requires that the variation of the structure of CWF flames, i.e., … more
Date: October 1, 1987
Creator: Toqan, M.A.; Srinivasachar, S.; Staudt, J.; Varela, F. & Beer, J.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of automated welding process for field fabrication of thick walled pressure vessels. Technical progress report, second quarter, FY 1980, ending March 28, 1980

Description: Progress on a metallurgical contract is reported: (1) specifications of 2 1/4 chromium-1 molybdenum low alloy steel plate for a coal gasification project; (2) methods of welding and analyses of helium-argon mixtures for welding; and (3) tensile properties of welded joints. (LTN)
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Schneider, U.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Membrane-controlled processes for the energy-efficient conversion of sludges to fuels and marketable chemicals

Description: Studies were carried out on the concentration of primary and secondary sludges by ultrafiltration, and the operation of a membrane-assisted anaerobic digester to treat these sludges. Auxiliary devices including water-spilling and membrane solvent extraction were tested for their feasibility in the ehhancement of digester operations and the recovery of valuable byproducts. It was shown that membrane-facilitated digestion can increase the rate of these processes by a factor of ten, together with … more
Date: March 1, 1982
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Composition of gases vented from a condenser

Description: Designers of systems that involve condensers often need to predict the amount of process vapor that accompanies the noncondensable gases that are vented from the condensers. An approximation is given that appears to provide, in many cases, reasonably accurate values for the mole ratio of process vapor to noncondensable gases in the vented mixture. The approximation is particularly applicable to flash and direct-contact power systems for geothermal brines and ocean thermal energy conversion (OTE… more
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: Lyon, R.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Level 1 environmental assessment of cupola emissions at the Tioga Foundry

Description: Sampling and analysis was undertaken to characterize and quantify particulate, organic and inorganic chemical concentrations in gaseous effluents downstream of an afterburner (AFB) or stack air addition (SAA) system in a cupola at the Tioga Casting Company in Owego, New York. The US Environmental Protection Agency/Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (EPA/IERL) Level 1 environmental assessment procedures were used to determine if the level of pollutants present differed when using the A… more
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Menzies, K. T.; Adams, J. W. & Thrun, K. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Energy from true in-situ processing of Antrim shale: methane burner ignition system

Description: A rugged yet simple burner that can be easily ignited and reignited is a necessity if in situ thermal methods of energy extraction are to be feasible. During extraction trials at the Dow Chemical Company's oil shale site at Peck, Michigan such a burner was utilized. The performance of the TOR Development burner and ignitor system proved to be reliable and practical under field conditions. However, some recently discovered measures are crucial in protecting the burner and associated downhole har… more
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: VanDerPloeg, M.L. & Pihlaja, R.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Transuranic drum hydrogen explosion tests

Description: Radiolysis of transuranic (TRU) waste can produce flammable ({gt}4%) mixtures of hydrogen gas in 55 gallon vented waste storage drums. Explosion testing was conducted at the E. I. duPont Explosion Hazards Laboratory to determine the minimum concentration at which a drum lid removal occurs. A secondary objective was to investigate the maximum pressure and rate of pressure rise as a function of hydrogen concentration. Prior to beginning any drum explosion tests, small-scale pressure vessel tests … more
Date: June 1, 1991
Creator: Dykes, K.L. & Meyer, M.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Multiple-tracer gas analyzer

Description: A multi-gas tracer system has been designed, built, and used on an explosively fractured oil shale rubble bed. This paper deals exclusively with the hardware, software, and overall operation of the tracer system. This system is a field portable, self-contained unit, which utilizes a mass spectrometer for gas analysis. The unit has a 20 channel sample port capability and is controlled by a desk top computer. The system is configured to provide a dynamic sensitivity range of up to six orders of m… more
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Uhl, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sulfur gas geochemical detection of hydrothermal systems. Final report

Description: The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether a system of exploration using sulfur gases was capable of detecting convecting hydrothermal systems. Three surveying techniques were used at the Roosevelt Hot Springs KGRA in Utah. These were (a) a sniffing technique, capable of instantaneous determinations of sulfur gas concentration, (b) an accumulator technique, capable of integrating the sulfur gas emanations over a 30 day interval, and (c) a method of analyzing the soils for vaporo… more
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Rouse, G.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Solvolytic liquefaction of wood under mild conditions

Description: Conversion of wood to liquid products requires cleavage of bonds which crosslink the wood structure. This study examines a low-severity wood solubilization process utilizing a solvent medium consisting of a small amount of sulfuric acid and a potentially wood-derivable alcohol. In one half hour of reaction time at 250/sup 0/C under 15 psia starting nitrogen pressure, over 95% of the wood (maf) was rendered acetone-soluble. The product is a soft, black, bitumen-like solid at room temperature but… more
Date: April 1, 1982
Creator: Yu, S.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Coal conversion and biomass conversion: Volume 1: Final report on USAID (Agency for International Development)/GOI (Government of India) Alternate Energy Resources and Development Program

Description: The United States Agency for International Development (AID), in joint collaboration with the Government of India (GOI), supported a research and development program in Alternate Energy Resources during the period March 1983 to June 1987. The primary emphasis of this program was to develop new and advanced coal and biomass conversion technologies for the efficient utilization of coal and biomass feedstocks in India. This final ''summary'' report is divided into two volumes. This Report, Volume … more
Date: June 30, 1987
Creator: Kulkarni, A. & Saluja, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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EBR-II Cover Gas Cleanup System upgrade distributed control and front end computer systems

Description: The Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) Cover Gas Cleanup System (CGCS) control system was upgraded in 1991 to improve control and provide a graphical operator interface. The upgrade consisted of a main control computer, a distributed control computer, a front end input/output computer, a main graphics interface terminal, and a remote graphics interface terminal. This paper briefly describes the Cover Gas Cleanup System and the overall control system; gives reasons behind the computer syst… more
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Carlson, R.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical and isotopic data for water from thermal springs and wells of Oregon

Description: The thermal springs of Oregon range in composition from dilute NaHCO/sub 3/ waters to moderately saline CO/sub 2/-charged NaCl-NaHCO/sub 3/ waters. Most of the thermal springs are located in southeastern or southcentral Oregon, with a few in northeastern Oregon and near the contact of the Western Cascades with the High Cascades. Thermal springs in the central and northern parts of the Cascades generally issue moderately saline NaCl waters. Farther south in the Cascades, the thermal waters are h… more
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: Mariner, R.H.; Swanson, J.R.; Orris, G.J.; Presser, T.S. & Evans, W.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effect of Background Emissivity on Gas Detection in Thermal Hyperspectral Imagery

Description: Detecting and identifying weak gaseous plumes using thermal imaging data is complicated by many factors. These include variability due to atmosphere, ground and plume temper- ature, and background clutter. This paper presents an analysis of one formulation of the physics-based radiance model, which describes at-sensor observed radiance. The background emissivity and plume/ground temperatures are isolated, and their effects on net chemical signal are described. This analysis shows that the plume… more
Date: October 2, 2008
Creator: Walsh, Stephen J.; Tardiff, Mark F.; Chilton, Lawrence K. & Metoyer, Candace N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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SIEMENS ADVANCED QUANTRA FTICR MASS SPECTROMETER FOR ULTRA HIGH RESOLUTION AT LOW MASS

Description: The Siemens Advanced Quantra Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance (FTICR) mass spectrometer was evaluated as an alternative instrument to large double focusing mass spectrometers for gas analysis. High resolution mass spectrometers capable of resolving the common mass isomers of the hydrogen isotopes are used to provide data for accurate loading of reservoirs and to monitor separation of tritium, deuterium, and helium. Conventional double focusing magnetic sector instruments have a resolut… more
Date: July 8, 2008
Creator: Spencer, W & Laura Tovo, L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HEADSPACE GAS EVALUATION OF WELDED PLUTONIUM STORAGE CONTAINERS

Description: The Can Puncture Device (CPD) serves as a containment vessel during the puncture of nested 3013 containers as part of surveillance operations in K-Area. The purpose of the CPD sampling process is to determine the original pressure and composition of gases within the inner 3013 container. The relation between the composition of the gas sample drawn from the CPD and that originally in the inner 3013 container depends on the degree of mixing that occurs over the interval of time from the puncture … more
Date: April 1, 2008
Creator: Hardy, B; Stephen Harris, S; Matthew Arnold, M & Steve Hensel, S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Biomass Gasification Research Facility Final Report

Description: While thermochemical syngas production facilities for biomass utilization are already employed worldwide, exploitation of their potential has been inhibited by technical limitations encountered when attempting to obtain real-time syngas compositional data required for process optimization, reliability, and syngas quality assurance. To address these limitations, the Gas Technology Institute (GTI) carried out two companion projects (under US DOE Cooperative Agreements DE-FC36-02GO12024 and DE-FC3… more
Date: September 30, 2007
Creator: Snyder, Todd R.; Bush, Vann; Felix, Larry G.; Farthing, William E. & Irvin, James H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project

Description: This is the fourth quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period of April 1, 2003 to June 30, 2003. However, IEUA is preparing a Supplemental report that will be mailed to the Department of Energy (DOE) by August 1, 2003, that provides additional information regarding IEUA's plan to expedite certain project activities. The report has been prepared in accordance with th… more
Date: July 28, 2003
Creator: Clifton, Neil; Whitman, Eliza Jane & Zughbi, Jamal A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hollow Waveguide Gas Sensor for Mid-Infrared Trace Gas Analysis

Description: A hollow waveguide mid-infrared gas sensor operating from 1000 cm{sup -1} to 4000 cm{sup -1} has been developed, optimized, and its performance characterized by combining a FT-IR spectrometer with Ag/Ag-halide hollow core optical fibers. The hollow core waveguide simultaneously serves as a light guide and miniature gas cell. CH{sub 4} was used as test analyte during exponential dilution experiments for accurate determination of the achievable limit of detection (LOD). It is shown that the optim… more
Date: July 12, 2007
Creator: Kim, S.; Young, C.; Chan, J.; Carter, C. & Mizaikoff, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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