Description: Abstract: A comprehensive study was made of various fractionation systems for the fractional separation of barium-radium mixtures. The most efficient and simplest fractionation scheme was chosen on the basis of the thermodynamics of separating the constituents of mixed crystals and of the combining fractions in a system of repeating composition. This scheme was applied to the separation of barium and radium by utilizing the countercurrent batch fractionation of the chromates. The chromate procedure was evaluated by a comparison with the classic methods which employ the fractional crystallization of the halides. The chromate method is more practical on the basis of radium enrichment per fractionation step, control of precipitating conditions, simplicity, and speed of operation.
Date: April 1, 1951
Creator: Salutsky, Murrell Leon; Stites, J. G. & Joy, E. F.
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Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department