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Sample Collector and Counter

Description: From abstract: "An apparatus is described which automatically separates a flow of drops into a series of equal samples."
Date: July 27, 1954
Creator: Deal, James B., Jr. & Buchen, John F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air-water analogy and the study of hydraulic models

Description: From Summary: "The author first sets forth some observations about the theory of models. Then he established certain general criteria for the construction of dynamically similar models in water and in air, through reference to the perfect fluid equations and to the ones pertaining to viscous flow. It is, in addition, pointed out that there are more cases in which the analogy is possible than is commonly supposed."
Date: July 1, 1953
Creator: Supino, Giulio
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: Direct alpha counting to determine fissile material in dilnte solutions of high total solids content is likely to be inaccurate due to the difficulty of preparing thin sources. This report describes a neutron-activation analysis method which eliminates this risk. Results obtained by the neutronactivation analysis for U/sup 238/ in solution are compared with results obtained from other methods. The standard deviation and sensitivity are shown. (auth)
Date: August 1, 1957
Creator: Brown, P.E.; Davis, D.M. & Henley, L.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On a function-theory method for obtaining potential-flow patterns of a compressible fluid

Description: Report presenting a method for obtaining exact potential-flow patterns in a compressible fluid. The method is based on a complex-function theory developed for the solutions of the simultaneous first-order partial differential equations in the hodograph variables.
Date: July 1943
Creator: Gelbart, Abe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On subsonic compressible flows by a method of correspondence II : application of methods to studies of flow with circulation about a circular cylinder

Description: A general method for studying the flow of a compressible fluid around a closed body was discussed in Part I of this report. Here, application is made to the specific case in which the linearized equation of state is used. For a given incompressible flow around a specific profile, a corresponding compressible flow is found. The flow at infinity remains unchanged. Detailed studies are made of the flow with circulation around a unit circle, and velocity distributions are found for a wide range of Mach number and angle of attack. Comparisons are made with other methods.
Date: April 1947
Creator: Gelbart, Abe & Bartnoff, Shepard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cryogenic Fluids Density Reference System: Provisional Accuracy Statement (1980)

Description: Abstract: The improved Density Reference System, the reference densimeter, and the method of determining sample density are described. The uncertainty of the density reference system is + 0.055%. The contribution from the estimated systema -ic error in density was + 0.022%. The estimated uncertainty caused by random error is three times the standard deviation of 0.011% and is based on sixty-three measurements of the densities of saturated liquid methane. The total density uncertainty is taken to be the sum of the systematic and random errors. This applies to the density range of 400 to 480 kg/m at pressures from 0.8 to 4 bar absolute and temperatures between 109 and 128 K. This accuracy statement is expected to apply over ranges of at least 400 to 1000 kg/m3 in density, 77 to 300 K in temperature, and 0.8 to 7 bar in pressure though the accuracy over these ranges has not been verified.
Date: April 1981
Creator: Siegwarth, J. D. & LaBrecque, J. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: Numerical studies of laminar natural convection at high Ra numbers in shallow enclosures are reported. In these studies the working fluid is allowed to interact with the horizontal walls. It is shown that even a small amount of heat loss from these walls can lead to a flow structure qualitatively different from the more commonly studied situation where the horizontal walls are adiabatic. This is particularly important in applications where the mass transfer and flow structure are of interest. The results highlight the difficulty in practice of both approximating the adiabatic horizontal wall condition, and interpreting experimental data.
Date: May 1, 1983
Creator: Gadgil, A. & Shiralkar, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental Impacts of Synthetic Based Drilling Fluids

Description: This report covers the observed environmental impacts of synthetic based drilling fluids (SBF) that are used in deepwater oil drilling. It is found that SBF tends to accumulate in the sediment which tends to exhibit low toxicity and effects the living organisms in various ways.
Date: August 2000
Creator: Neff, J. M.; McKelvie, S. & Ayers, R.C., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fluidelastic Instability in Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers: A Framework for a Prediction Method

Description: A framework for a method to predict fluid-elastic instability in heat exchanger tube bundles is presented. The method relies on a three-dimensional, cylindrical coordinate, thermal-hydraulic analysis code to obtain a representation of the three-dimensional flow distribution within the heat exchanger. With this information, local cross-flow velocities corresponding to each tube in the exchanger are obtained by interpolation and resultant cross-flow velocity distributions are computed. With a knowledge of the vibration mode shapes and frequencies, reduced effective cross-flow velocities are then computed for each tube. A comparison with experimental results shows excellent agreement: the tubes with high values of predicted reduced effective cross-flow velocity are the same tubes that first experience fluid-elastic instability in the flow tests and vibrate most violently; also, the simulation correctly predicts that the tubes directly exposed to the flow from the inlet nozzle have a low potential for fluid-elastic instability. Very good agreement is also shown in the comparison of the predicted reduced effective cross-flow velocities with the critical value obtained from a design guide. In summary, the feasibility of developing a heat exchanger tube vibration prediction method, based on a computer simulation of flow distribution, is demonstrated. Such a method would have immediate application in design optimization. However, further development and evaluation are required.
Date: December 1982
Creator: Wambsganss, M. W.; Yang, C. I. & Halle, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Shellside Waterflow Pressure Drop and Distribution in Industrial-Size Test Heat Exchanger

Description: The shellside pressure drop between the inlet and outlet nozzles as well as the pressure drops through individual sections of different shell-and-tube test-exchanger configurations are measured under water flow. The segmentally baffled test exchanger is nominally 0.6 m (2 ft) in diameter, 3.7 m (12 ft) long and contains a tube bundle of 19 mm (0.75 in.) outside-diameter tubes. Results are reported of 24 test cases obtained from various combinations of parameters: 30 degrees triangular or 90 degrees square tube layout patterns (all on a 1.25 pitch-to-diameter ratio), numbers of cross-passes, sizes of nozzles, plain or finned tubes, and full or special fix tube bundles. The exponential change of pressure drop as a function of flow-rate is also investigated and an attempt is made to calculate nozzle losses.
Date: January 1983
Creator: Halle, Henry & Wambsganss, M. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Seismic Determination of Reservoir Heterogeneity: Application to the Characterization of Heavy Oil Reservoirs

Description: The objective of the project was to examine how seismic and geologic data could be used to improve characterization of small-scale heterogeneity and their parameterization in reservoir models. Performed a theoretical and numerical study to examine which subsurface features the surface seismic method actually resolves.
Date: March 12, 2003
Creator: Imhof, Matthias G. & Castle, James W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On flow of electrically conducting fluids over a flat plate in the presence of a transverse magnetic field

Description: Report presenting a study of the use of a magnetic field to control the motion of electrically conducting fluids. Results indicated that the skin friction and heat-transfer rate are reduced when the transverse magnetic field is fixed relative to the plate and increased when fixed relative to the fluid.
Date: May 1957
Creator: Rossow, Vernon J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Time Scaling of the Rates of Produced Fluids in Laboratory Displacements

Description: In this report, the use of an asymptotic method, based on the time scaling of the ratio of produced fluids, to infer the relative permeability exponent of the displaced phase near its residual saturation, for immiscible displacements in laboratory cores was proposed. Sufficiently large injection rates, the existence of a power law can be detected, and its exponent inferred, by plotting in an appropriate plot the ratio of the flow rates of the two fluids at the effluent for some time after breakthrough.
Date: February 27, 2001
Creator: Laroche, Catherine; Chen, Min; Yortsos, Yanis C. & Kamath, Jairam
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

How the Performance of a Superconducting Magnet is affected by theConnection between a small cooler and the Magnet

Description: As low temperature cryocoolers become more frequently used to cool superconducting magnets, it becomes increasingly apparent that the connection between the cooler and the magnet has an effect on the design and performance of the magnet. In general, the use of small coolers can be considered in two different temperature ranges; (1) from 3.8 to 4.8 K for magnet fabricated with LTS conductor and (2) from 18 to 35 K for magnets fabricated using HTS conductor. In general, both temperature ranges call for the use of a two-stage cooler. The best method for connecting a cooler to the magnet depends on a number of factors. The factors include: (1) whether the cooler must be used to cool down the magnet from room temperature, (2) whether the magnet must have one or more reservoirs of liquid cryogen to keep the magnet cold during a loss of cooling, and (3) constraints on the distance from the cooler cold heads and the magnet and its shield. Two methods for connecting low temperature coolers to superconducting magnets have been studied. The first method uses a cold strap to connect the cold heads directly to the loads. This method is commonly used for cryogen-free magnets. The second method uses a thermal siphon and liquid cryogens to make the connection between the load being cooled and the cold head. The two methods of transferring heat from the magnet to the cooler low temperature cold head are compared for the two temperature ranges given above.
Date: September 8, 2005
Creator: Green, Michael A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: A prototype liquid xenon {gamma}-camera has been constructed and preliminary results obtained. The sensitive volume is 7 c x 7 cm in area and 1.5 cm thick. Orthogonal coordinates for each interacting {gamma}-ray are provided by 24 anode wires 5 {micro} in diameter spaced 2.8 mm apart and 24 cathode strips.
Date: December 1, 1972
Creator: Zaklad, Haim; Derenzo, Stephen E.; Muller, Richard A. & Smits,Robert G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phenylnaphthalene Derivatives as Heat Transfer Fluids for Concentrating Solar Power: Loop Experiments and Final Report

Description: ORNL and subcontractor Cool Energy completed an investigation of higher-temperature, organic thermal fluids for solar thermal applications. Although static thermal tests showed promising results for 1-phenylnaphthalene, loop testing at temperatures to 450 C showed that the material isomerized at a slow rate. In a loop with a temperature high enough to drive the isomerization, the higher melting point byproducts tended to condense onto cooler surfaces. So, as experienced in loop operation, eventually the internal channels of cooler components such as the waste heat rejection exchanger may become coated or clogged and loop performance will decrease. Thus, pure 1-phenylnaphthalene does not appear to be a fluid that would have a sufficiently long lifetime (years to decades) to be used in a loop at the increased temperatures of interest. Hence a decision was made not to test the ORNL fluid in the loop at Cool Energy Inc. Instead, Cool Energy tested and modeled power conversion from a moderate-temperature solar loop using coupled Stirling engines. Cool Energy analyzed data collected on third and fourth generation SolarHeart Stirling engines operating on a rooftop solar field with a lower temperature (Marlotherm) heat transfer fluid. The operating efficiencies of the Stirling engines were determined at multiple, typical solar conditions, based on data from actual cycle operation. Results highlighted the advantages of inherent thermal energy storage in the power conversion system.
Date: February 1, 2013
Creator: McFarlane, Joanna; Bell, Jason R; Felde, David K; Joseph III, Robert Anthony; Qualls, A L & Weaver, Samuel P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Enhanced Wellbore Stabilization and Reservoir Productivity with Aphron Drilling Fluid Technology

Description: The rate and amplitude of pressure transmission of various drilling fluids--particularly aphron drilling fluids--are measured in a long conduit and in sand packs to determine how pressure transmissibility can affect fluid invasion.
Date: July 31, 2004
Creator: Belkin, Arkadiy & Growcock, Fred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Enhanced Wellbore Stabilization and Reservoir Productivity with Aphron Drilling Fluid Technology

Description: Core Leak-off tests are commonly used to ascertain the ability of a drilling fluid to seal permeable rock under downhole conditions. Unfortunately, these tests are expensive and require a long time to set up. To monitor fluid invasion trends and to evaluate potential treatments for reducing fluid invasion on location, a simpler screening test is highly desirable. The Capillary Suction Time (CST) Test has been used since the 1970's as a fast, yet reliable, method for characterizing fluid filterability and the condition of colloidal materials in water treatment facilities and drilling fluids. For the latter, it has usually been applied to determine the state of flocculation of clay-bearing fluids and to screen potential shale inhibitors. In this work, the CST method was evaluated as a screening tool for predicting relative invasion rates of drilling fluids in permeable cores. However, the drilling fluids examined--DRILPLEX, FLOPRO, and APHRON ICS--are all designed to generate low fluid loss and give CST values that are so high that fluid invasion comes to be dominated by experimental artifacts, such as fluid evaporation. As described in this work, the CST procedure was modified so as to minimize such artifacts and permit differentiation of the fluids under investigation.
Date: December 30, 2004
Creator: Hoff, Tatiana & Growcock, Fred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department