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The Decontamination of Uranium from Fission Products by the Use of the Uranyl Oxalate Precipitation Reaction

Description: Abstract: "Decontamination factors of the order of 10-4 were obtained for Beta and Gamma emitters present as fission products when uranium was precipitated from 50 mC activity level solutions as uranyl oxalate under normal uranium yield conditions for three cycles (~60%). Factors of the order of 10-3 were obtained by the use of this reaction with similar solutions under relatively high uranium yield conditions for three cycles (~90%). The uranium peroxide precipitation reaction proved to be of no value on such solutions, yielding decontamination factors of only 17.1 Beta emitters and 1.2 for Gamma emitters for three cycles."
Date: May 10, 1951
Creator: Kelchner, B. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimation of Fission Product Beta Activity in Uranium Containing U-237 and UX

Description: Abstract: "It has been found that a mixture of acetone and ethyl ether containing nitric acid will wash uranium and 98 per cent of its natural daughters from a celluloss pulp column. Eight per cent of a "fission product" spike also comes through in this fraction but may be reduced by suitable modifications. A second development with two molar hydrochloric acid washes out 83 per cent of the original spike activities, and an additional three per cent is obtained by extruding the column, ashing, and counting the ash. A tentative procedure is given and recoveries tabulated."
Date: 1951
Creator: Meinhard, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Influence Function for the Beta Activity of Uranium(235) Fission Products

Description: Abstract: "Computations have been made of the total beta activity of the fission products arising from the slow neutron fission of U-235. A curve is given exhibiting the activity the activity per unit fission, for time intervals after fission ranging from 0.01 second to 10 years. This influence function is compared with some published experimental data and with the statistical curve of Way and Wigner. A curve facilitates estimation of the activity in the particular case where the fission rate has been constant throughout a known time interval. Finally, an influence function for the particular group of fission products consisting of complete and partial chains having volatile first members is given. This report is based on studies conducted for the Atomic Energy Commission under Contract AT-11-1-GEN-8."
Date: September 1, 1950
Creator: Thornton, J. Kendall. & Houghton, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Identification of Reaction Products Formed During Magnesium Reduction of Uranium Tetrafluoride: Report

Description: Abstract: "This report describes the results of X-ray diffraction examination of reaction products from a series of experiments performed by Mallinckrodt Chemical Works as an acid in understanding the process of bomb reduction of UF4. UF4 is initially reduced to UF3 by magnesium at 560 C., and subsequently to metal at 600 C. MgF2 from the initial reaction forms a coating on the magnesium which retards the final spontaneous reaction."
Date: May 15, 1953
Creator: Schwartz, C. M. & Vaughan, D. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The RBU Reactor-Burnup Code: Formulation and Operation Procedures

Description: Report discussing the computer program RBU, which calculates the neutron, reactivity, and isotopic history of a nuclear reactor in such a way as to facilitate the predictions of fuel costs and reactor performance. This report documents RBU's various calculations and operating procedures.
Date: July 1961
Creator: Triplett, J. R.; Merrill, E. T. & Burr, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploratory Scavenging Studies for the Decontamination of Redox Solutions

Description: From introduction: "This report is concerned with exploratory experiments designed to studies the efficiency of a number of scavengers for zirconium and niobium adsorption and to provide preliminary information on the best conditions to employ on the most satisfactory of those scavengers studied, namely Super Filtrol FO. The data in this report include data obtained through October, 1949, and are by no means considered to be final. The investigation is currently being actively continued."
Date: May 1, 1950
Creator: Roake, W. E. & Lowe, C. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Absorption and Translocation of Several Fission Elements by Russian Thistle

Description: Abstract: An investigation was conducted to determine the absorption and translocation of fission products by Russian thistle from a localized spot of contaminated soil. The amount and identity of the radioactive elements absorbed and translocated by the Russian thistle is given along with the location of these elements in the plants. Beta radioactivity to the amounts of 10 microcuries per gram caused no visible effects on the growth habits of sectioned material are included.
Date: June 8, 1950
Creator: Selders, A. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Source Strength Information for Shielding and Stack Effluent Calculations: a Standard Practices Guide

Description: Report presenting the curves and methods used "for determining gross fission product gamma energy in Mev/sec-watt, gross fission product beta decay in curies/sec-watt, delayed uranium fission neutrons in neutrons/sec-watt and N16 and N17 decay in photons/sec-cc of water" (p. 1).
Date: October 3, 1958
Creator: Jones, L. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EBR-2 Fisson-Product-Source Test No. 1

Description: A fission-product source (FPS) was irradiated in EBR-II to provide data for calibrating the facility's fuel-element rupture detector (FERD), which is a delayed-neutron monitor, and germanium-lithium argon-scanning system (GLASS), a fission-gas-activity monitor. A metal alloy source, Ni-3.2 wt.% uranium, provided quantitative recoil release of the fission-product nuclides. The source alloy, in tubular form, was irradiated as core-region segments of 18 capsules in the FPS subassembly. The irradiation showed that the response of the FERD was linear with increasing reactor power. The magnitude of the FERD signal was dependent on local fission rate for the FPS and the flow path of the sodium carrying the delayed-neutron emitters. The relatively high fission-gas activity released by the FPS allowed accurate calibration of the GLASS under several modes of operation and provided data for verifying a gas-release model for the reactor.
Date: August 1978
Creator: Strain, R. V.; Fogle, G. L.; Thresh, H. R.; Heinrich, R. R.; Freyer, R. M.; So, B. Y. C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Report on the Possible Effects on the Surrounding Population of an Assumed Release of Fission Products into the Atmosphere from a 300 Megawatt Nuclear Reactor Located at Lagoona Beach, Michigan

Description: Report issued by the APDA over studies conducted on the release of radioactive particles near Lagoona Beach, Michigan in 1955. "The possible effects on the surrounding population of a release of fission products at the Lagoona Beach site" (p. 1) are discussed. This report includes tables, maps, and illustrations.
Date: July 1957
Creator: Gomberg, H. J.; Bassett, Thomas; Velez, Carlos & Donnell, Alton P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

REACTOR CHEMISTRY DIVISION ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT FOR PERIOD ENDING JANUARY 31, 1962

Description: Separate abstracts were prepared for thirty-one of the thirty-three sections. Of the sections not abstracted, the one entitled Fission Product Transport'' contained no information, the other, Transport of Noble Gases in Graphite'' is available in a more complete form as ORNLTM-I35 (NSA 16: 9209) (J.R.D.)
Date: May 11, 1962
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A SURVEY AND EVALUATION OF U$sup 233$ FISSION YIELD DATA

Description: A survey of the pertinent literature was made to ascertain the status of data on U/sup 233/ fission-product yields. The various experimental determinations were evaluated, and the most recent mass-spectrometric results were used as a basis for deriving a set of preferred yields. These yields were compared with values reported in two other recent compilations, and for yields >1%, the three setrs agreed with each other to an average precision of <5%. It was concluded that recent measurements have somewhar improved the reliability of U/sup 233/ fission yield data, but some recommendations for additional experimental work were made (auth)
Date: July 13, 1962
Creator: Ferguson, R.L. & O'Kelley, G.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Production Separations of Fission-Product Groups for the Radioisotope Program

Description: Report issued by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory discussing the production separation for the radioisotope program. As stated in the abstract, "a general description is given of five years' experience in routine production of fission products of high concentration and high activity levels for the radioisotope program. Details of construction and production processes are given for two systems which were built on ion-exchange principle" (p. 2). This report includes illustrations, and photographs.
Date: August 13, 1952
Creator: Schallert, P. O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fixation of Mixed Fission Product Activity by Soils of the Savannah River Project

Description: From introduction: "A study of the fission product activity-fixing properties of the Savannah River Project soils was undertaken by this site to provide data for the planning of the waste disposal program for the Savannah River Project."
Date: February 23, 1952
Creator: Tesdahl, T. C.; Lowe, C. S.; Mead, F. C. & Murphy, E. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculations on U235 Fission Product Decay Chains

Description: Report of equations for calculating decay of U235. The introduction states" Calculations have been made on the U235 fission product decay schemes. The results for a typical example, that of a reactor operating at 1000 kilowatts for 180 days, have been tabulated and graphed. General formulae have been used so that the results can be applied for any power level and any time of irradiation" (p. 2).
Date: May 1952
Creator: Faller, I. L.; Chapman, T. S. & West, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fission Product Analysis of Urine

Description: The following report describes a chemical procedure to analyze fission products and long-lived rare earths in both untreated urine samples and the supernates from the precipitation steps in the TTA procedure for plutonium.
Date: May 31, 1950
Creator: Thorburn, R. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Xe-135 Production from Cf-252

Description: 135Xe is a good indicator that fission has occurred and is a valuable isotope that helps enforce the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. Due to its rather short half life and minimal commercial interest, there are no known sources where 135Xe can be purchased. Readily available standards of this isotope for calibrating collection and analytical techniques would be very useful. 135Xe can be produced in the fissioning of actinide isotopes, or by neutron capture on 134Xe. Since the neutron capture cross section of 134Xe is 3 mB, neutron capture is a low yield, though potentially useful, production route. 135Xe is also produced by spontaneous fission of 252Cf. 252Cf has a spontaneous fission rate of about 6 x 1011 s-1g-1. The cumulative yield from the spontaneous fission of 252Cf is 4.19%; and the competing neutron capture reaction that depletes 135Xe in thermal reactor systems is negligible because the neutron capture cross-section is low for fast fission neutrons. At the INL, scientists have previously transported fission products from an electroplated 252Cf thin source for the measurement of nuclear data of short-lived fission products using a technique called He-Jet collection. We have applied a similar system to the collection of gaseous 135Xe, in order to produce valuable standards of this isotope.
Date: March 1, 2012
Creator: McGrath, C. A.; Houghton, T. P.; Pfeiffer, J. K. & Hague, R. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department