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Development of Coal Combustion Sensitivity Tests for Smoke Detectors

Description: Standard smoldering and flaming combustion tests using small coal samples have been developed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines as a method to evaluate the response of a smoke detector. The tests are conducted using a standard smoke box designed and constructed according to Underwriters Laboratories. The tests provide a standard, easily reproducible smoke characteristic for smoldering and flaming coal combustion, based upon a comparison of the smoke optical density and the response of a standard ionization chamber to the smoke. With these standard tests, the range of threshold limits for the response of a smoke detector and the detector's reliability can be evaluated for nearly identical smoke visibility and smoke physical characteristics. The detector's threshold response limits and reliability need to be well defined prior to the instrument's use as part of a mine fire warning system for improved mine safety.
Date: 1995
Creator: Edwards, John C. & Morrow, Gerald S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluating Thermal Fire Detection Systems: English Units

Description: Abstract: This report presents a methodology for evaluating heat detection systems installed in buildings. Previous work for use primarily in designing new thermal fire detection systems was used as a starting point. The previous work was enhanced and supplemented to make it more useful for evaluating existing systems. The resulting equations were programmed into a user interactive computer program. This program is available in both BASIC and FORTRAN and will run on mainframes as well as personal computers. In addition, a modified version of the FORTRAN program was used to develop an extensive set of tables listing detector activation times for given building geometries, detector characteristics, and fire growth rates. These tables are useful for quick evaluation of alternative heat detector installations. Finally practical examples are included to illustrate the use of the tables and computer programs.
Date: April 1986
Creator: Stroup, David W.; Evans, David D. & Martin, Phyllis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluating Thermal Fire Detection Systems: SI Units

Description: Abstract: This report presents a methodology for evaluating heat detection systems installed in buildings. Previous work for use primarily in designing new thermal fire detection systems was used as a starting point. The previous work was enhanced and supplemented to make it more useful for evaluating existing systems. The resulting equations were programmed into a user interactive computer program.' This program is available in both BASIC and FORTRAN and will run on mainframe as well as personal computers. In addition, a modified version of the FORTRAN program was used to develop an extensive set of tables listing: detector activation times for given building geometries, detector characteristics, and fire growth rates. These tables are useful for quick evaluation of alternative heat detector installations. Finally, practical examples are included to illustrate the use of the tables and computer programs.
Date: April 1986
Creator: Stroup, David W.; Evans, David D. & Martin, Phyllis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

W-026, acceptance test report fire alarm system (submittal number 1571.1)

Description: This Acceptance Test Report was written by 3-D Protection Systems, Inc., and PCL Construction. WRAP I Facility Engineering, Solid Waste Fire Safety, Kaiser Acceptance Inspector and Hanford Fire Department personnel witnessed this test. All exceptions were resolved. The resolutions are attached. Contractor`s Material and Test Certificates are attached. Results from Solid Waste Industrial Hygiene sound level surveys are also included.
Date: December 16, 1996
Creator: Watson, T.L., Westinghouse Hanford
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Acceptance test report, plutonium finishing plant life safety upgrade

Description: This acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) has been prepared to demonstrate that modifications to the Fir Protection systems function as required by project criteria. The ATP will test the Fire Alarm Control Panels, Flow Alarm Pressure Switch, Heat Detectors, Smoke Detectors, Flow Switches, Manual Pull Stations, and Gong/Door By Pass Switches.
Date: December 2, 1994
Creator: Hodge, S.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

LLNL Fire Protection Engineering Standard 5.8 Facility Survey Program

Description: This standard describes the LLNL Fire Protection Facility Survey Program. The purpose of this standard is to describe the type of facility surveys required to fulfill the requirements of DOE Order 420.1B, Facility Safety. Nothing in this standard is intended to prevent the development of a FHA using alternative approaches. Alternate approaches, including formatting, will be by exception only, and approved by the Fire Marshal/Fire Protection Engineering Subject Matter Expert in advance of their use.
Date: January 4, 2012
Creator: Sharry, J A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

WASTE HANDLING BUILDING FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT

Description: The Waste Handling Building Fire Protection System provides the capability to detect, control, and extinguish fires and/or mitigate explosions throughout the Waste Handling Building (WHB). Fire protection includes appropriate water-based and non-water-based suppression, as appropriate, and includes the distribution and delivery systems for the fire suppression agents. The Waste Handling Building Fire Protection System includes fire or explosion detection panel(s) controlling various detectors, system actuation, annunciators, equipment controls, and signal outputs. The system interfaces with the Waste Handling Building System for mounting of fire protection equipment and components, location of fire suppression equipment, suppression agent runoff, and locating fire rated barriers. The system interfaces with the Waste Handling Building System for adequate drainage and removal capabilities of liquid runoff resulting from fire protection discharges. The system interfaces with the Waste Handling Building Electrical Distribution System for power to operate, and with the Site Fire Protection System for fire protection water supply to automatic sprinklers, standpipes, and hose stations. The system interfaces with the Site Fire Protection System for fire signal transmission outside the WHB as needed to respond to a fire emergency, and with the Waste Handling Building Ventilation System to detect smoke and fire in specific areas, to protect building high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters, and to control portions of the Waste Handling Building Ventilation System for smoke management and manual override capability. The system interfaces with the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) Operations Monitoring and Control System for annunciation, and condition status.
Date: June 21, 2000
Creator: Bigbee, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cold Vacuum Dryer (CVD) Facility Fire Protection System Design Description (SYS 24)

Description: This system design description (SDD) addresses the Cold Vacuum Drying (CVD) Facility fire protection system (FPS). The primary features of the FPS for the CVD are a fire alarm and detection system, automatic sprinklers, and fire hydrants. The FPS also includes fire extinguishers located throughout the facility and fire hydrants to assist in manual firefighting efforts. In addition, a fire barrier separates the operations support (administrative) area from the process bays and process bay support areas. Administrative controls to limit combustible materials have been established and are a part of the overall fire protection program. The FPS is augmented by assistance from the Hanford Fire Department (HED) and by interface systems including service water, electrical power, drains, instrumentation and controls. This SDD, when used in conjunction with the other elements of the definitive design package, provides a complete picture of the FPS for the CVD Facility.
Date: October 17, 2000
Creator: SINGH, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Report on full-scale horizontal cable tray fire tests, FY 1988

Description: In recent years, there has been much discussion throughout industry and various governmental and fire protection agencies relative to the flammability and fire propagation characteristics of electrical cables in open cable trays. It has been acknowledged that under actual fire conditions, in the presence of other combustibles, electrical cable insulation can contribute to combustible fire loading and toxicity of smoke generation. Considerable research has been conducted on vertical cable tray fire propagation, mostly under small scale laboratory conditions. In July 1987, the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory initiated a program of full scale, horizontal cable tray fire tests, in the absence of other building combustible loading, to determine the flammability and rate of horizontal fire propagation in cable tray configurations and cable mixes typical of those existing in underground tunnel enclosures and support buildings at the Laboratory. The series of tests addressed the effects of ventilation rates and cable tray fill, fire fighting techniques, and effectiveness and value of automatic sprinklers, smoke detection and cable coating fire barriers in detecting, controlling or extinguishing a cable tray fire. This report includes a description of the series of fire tests completed in June 1988, as well as conclusions reached from the test results.
Date: September 1, 1988
Creator: Riches, W.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fire Protection Review: Ross Aviation, Albuquerque, New Mexico

Description: The purpose of this survey was to review the facility fire protection program and to make recommendations or to identify areas according to the following criteria established by the US Department of Energy: Recommendations which would be made as the result of a Highly Protected Risk (HPR) fire inspection of an industrial facility. (This would include human element'' recommendations.) Identification of areas where provision of automatic protection would limit a fire or explosion loss to $1,000,000. Identification of Maximum Foreseeable Loss (MFL) areas where loss potential exceeds $50,000,000 assuming a failure of automatic protection systems and subsequent reliance only on separation, fire walls, or value limitations. In private industry, the effect of insured losses on continuity of operations is referred to as Business Interruption and is usually expressed in monetary terms to cover continuing expense and loss of profit until such time as repairs are made and production is resumed. Loss of use of facility of this type does not lend itself to expression in monetary terms. Surveys of other facilities resulted in a classification system for buildings which provide an indication of the importance of the building to the fulfillment of the mission of the facility. Recommendations in this report reflect to some degree the relative importance of the facility and the time to restore it to useful condition in the event a loss were to occur.
Date: February 1, 1991
Creator: Ramsey, S.E. & Sharland, J.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Repository Subsurface Preliminary Fire Hazard Analysis

Description: This fire hazard analysis identifies preliminary design and operations features, fire, and explosion hazards, and provides a reasonable basis to establish the design requirements of fire protection systems during development and emplacement phases of the subsurface repository. This document follows the Technical Work Plan (TWP) (CRWMS M&O 2001c) which was prepared in accordance with AP-2.21Q, ''Quality Determinations and Planning for Scientific, Engineering, and Regulatory Compliance Activities''; Attachment 4 of AP-ESH-008, ''Hazards Analysis System''; and AP-3.11Q, ''Technical Reports''. The objective of this report is to establish the requirements that provide for facility nuclear safety and a proper level of personnel safety and property protection from the effects of fire and the adverse effects of fire-extinguishing agents.
Date: July 30, 2001
Creator: Logan, Richard C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CLASSIFICATION OF THE MGR FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM

Description: The purpose of this analysis is to document the Quality Assurance (QA) classification of the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) subsurface fire protection system structures, systems and components (SSCs) performed by the MGR Safety Assurance Department. This analysis also provides the basis for revision of YMP/90-55Q, Q-List (YMP 1998). The Q-List identifies those MGR SSCs subject to the requirements of DOE/RW-0333P, ''Quality Assurance Requirements and Description'' (QARD) (DOE 1998).
Date: August 31, 1999
Creator: Garrett, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CLASSIFICATION OF THE MGR SITE FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM

Description: The purpose of this analysis is to document the Quality As.surance (QA) classification of the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) site fire protection system structures, systems and components (SSCs) performed by the MGR Safety Assurance Department. This analysis also provides the basis for revision of YMP/90-55Q, Q-List (YMP 1998). The Q-List identifies those MGR SSCs subject to the requirements of DOE/RW-0333P7 ''Quality Assurance Requirements and Description'' (QARD) (DOE 1998b).
Date: August 31, 1999
Creator: Ziegler, J.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary of fire protection programs of the United States Department of Energy

Description: This edition of the Annual Summary of DOE Fire Protection Programs continues the series started in 1972. Since May 1950, an annual report has been required from each field organization. The content has varied through the years and most of the accident data reporting requirements have been superseded by the Computerized Accident/Incident Reporting System administered by EG G, Idaho. However, this report is the sole source of information relating to fire protection programs, and to the actions of the field offices and to headquarters that are of general fire protection interest.
Date: October 1, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fire science at LLNL: A review

Description: This fire sciences report from LLNL includes topics on: fire spread in trailer complexes, properties of welding blankets, validation of sprinkler systems, fire and smoke detectors, fire modeling, and other fire engineering and safety issues. (JEF)
Date: March 1, 1990
Creator: Hasegawa, H.K. (ed.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[News Clip: Fire proof home]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story. This story aired at 10 P.M.
Date: December 19, 1983
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

An improved prototype ignition suppression device for underground electrical face cutting equipment

Description: An improved ignition suppression device was investigated by the Mine Safety and Health Administration. The device, developed by the Industrial Safety Division, is designed to be installed on the boom of a continuous mining machine and would function to suppress frictionally induced methane ignitions in the face areas of underground coal mines. It was anticipated that the basic device could be modified to accommodate other types of electrical face cutting equipment with minimal design changes. Ultraviolet (UV) detection is used to sense the developing fireball and suppression is achieved by explosively rupturing steel canisters filled with an extinguishing agent. Canisters are enclosed in specially designed baffled mufflers which serve to abate high impulse noise and afford protection against roof falls and other physical abuse. The devices proved successful in suppressing simulated frictional ignitions in a limited number of gallery tests incorporating a mock-up cutter head of a continuous mining machine.
Date: January 1, 1988
Creator: Luzik, S.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department