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Financial Assistance: Ongoing Challenges and Guiding Principles Related to Government Assistance For Private Sector Companies

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The recent financial crisis resulted in a wide-ranging federal response that included providing extraordinary assistance to several major corporations. As a result of actions under the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) and others, the government was a shareholder in the American International Group Inc. (AIG); Bank of America; Citigroup, Inc. (Citigroup); Chrysler Group LLC (Chrysler); General Motors Company (GM); Ally Financial/GMAC, Inc. (GMAC); and Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (Enterprises). The government ownership interest in these companies resulted from financial assistance that was aimed at stabilizing the financial markets, housing finance, or specific market segments. This report (1) describes the government's ownership interest and evaluates the extent of government involvement in these companies, (2) discusses the government's management and monitoring of its investments and exit strategies, and (3) identifies lessons learned from the federal actions. This work was done in part with the Special Inspector General for the Troubled Asset Relief Program (SIGTARP) and involved reviewing relevant documentation related to these companies and the federal assistance provided. GAO interviewed officials at Treasury, Federal Reserve, Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), and the banking regulators, as well as the senior executives and relevant officials at the companies that received exceptional assistance."
Date: August 3, 2010
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Financial Assistance: Preliminary Observations on Assistance Provided to AIG

Description: Testimony issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) and the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) have made available over $182 billion in assistance to American International Group (AIG) to prevent its failure. However, questions have been raised about the goals of the assistance and how it is being monitored. Also, because AIG is generally known for its insurance operations, questions exist about the effect of the assistance on certain insurance markets. This statement provides preliminary findings on (1) the goals and monitoring of federal assistance to AIG and challenges to AIG's repayment of the assistance; and (2) the potential effects of the federal assistance on the U.S. commercial property/casualty insurance market. GAO's work on these issues is ongoing. To date, we have reviewed relevant documents on the assistance and ongoing operations of AIG, as well as documents issued by the Federal Reserve and Treasury. We also interviewed officials from these organizations as well as industry participants (competitors, brokers, and customers) and insurance regulators, among others."
Date: March 18, 2009
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DOE/EPSCoR Traineeship Program: Final report, 1994

Description: This report reviews the University of Wyoming`s approach to implementing the DOE Traineeship Program, and briefly describes the research performed by the DOE/EPSCoR Trainees during Years 2 and 3 of the Traineeship Program, 1992--1994, as of August 1994. These brief descriptions of individual research projects demonstrate the wide scope of energy-related research that the DOE-EPSCoR Traineeships have initiated in Wyoming. The availability of this funding has encouraged many talented students to continue their education in fields of interest to DOE. These additional graduate students have improved the educational atmosphere for everyone. The visibility of the DOE program has sharpened the focus of the science and engineering departments on the energy-related research of importance to Wyoming and DOE. The impact of the DOE Traineeships in Wyoming has been substantial and very positive. It has not only increased the number of students studying in energy-related disciplines, but has also increased the quality of their graduate research. The program has also increased the visibility of DOE in Wyoming and has helped focus attention on the energy and environmental graduate education which is so essential to the University and the State.
Date: December 31, 1994
Creator: Gern, W. & Steadman, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DOE/EPSCoR Traineeship Program: Progress report, academic year 1992--93. Annual report 1993

Description: This progress report reviews the University of Wyoming`s approach to implementing the DOE Traineeship Program, and briefly describes the research performed by the DOE/EPSCoR Trainees during the academic year, 1992--1993. These brief descriptions of individual research projects demonstrate the wide scope of energy-related research that the DOE-EPSCoR Traineeships have initiated in Wyoming. The availability of this funding has encouraged many talented students to continue their education in fields of interest to DOE. These additional bright, energetic graduate students have improved the educational atmosphere for everyone. The visibility of the DOE program has sharpened the focus of the science and engineering departments on the energy-related research of importance to Wyoming and DOE. The impact of the DOE Traineeships in Wyoming has been substantial and very positive. It has not only increased the number of students studying in energy-related disciplines, but has also increased the quality of their graduate research. The program has also increased the visibility of DOE in Wyoming and has helped focus attention on the energy and environmental graduate education which is so essential to the University and the State.
Date: December 31, 1993
Creator: Hodgson, D. & Steadman, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Inventor and innovator pilot project program. Final report

Description: The Commission for Economic Development in Orem (CEDO) has completed its pilot project: setting up an inventor organization, providing knowledgeable speakers for monthly meetings, and trying to assess and meet the needs of that group. Utah Valley Community College provided space for monthly inventor meetings. It was decided that the monthly meetings would be held as two-hour mini seminar sessions with qualified speakers. The college provided continuing education units free for attendance at the meetings. Results of two surveys of the group were analyzed. A meeting was held between CEDO and the college`s Dean of the School of Business where it was decided that the group should be continued. The college will continue providing space for the monthly meetings and assisting with the attraction of additional qualified speakers. CEDO will continue to locate speakers, put on the monthly meetings publish the monthly newsletter and provide information and assistance for the group. It has been determined by CEDO that having a ``group`` with monthly speakers is only a pacification of the needs of inventors and innovators. This group is in dire need of specialized inventor ASSISTANCE on a no-cost or low-cost basis.
Date: August 30, 1991
Creator: Squire, D. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Inventor and innovator pilot project program

Description: The Commission for Economic Development in Orem (CEDO) has completed its pilot project: setting up an inventor organization, providing knowledgeable speakers for monthly meetings, and trying to assess and meet the needs of that group. Utah Valley Community College provided space for monthly inventor meetings. It was decided that the monthly meetings would be held as two-hour mini seminar sessions with qualified speakers. The college provided continuing education units free for attendance at the meetings. Results of two surveys of the group were analyzed. A meeting was held between CEDO and the college's Dean of the School of Business where it was decided that the group should be continued. The college will continue providing space for the monthly meetings and assisting with the attraction of additional qualified speakers. CEDO will continue to locate speakers, put on the monthly meetings publish the monthly newsletter and provide information and assistance for the group. It has been determined by CEDO that having a group'' with monthly speakers is only a pacification of the needs of inventors and innovators. This group is in dire need of specialized inventor ASSISTANCE on a no-cost or low-cost basis.
Date: August 30, 1991
Creator: Squire, D.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Report on the Taos round table: Oil and money in the next decade

Description: This report summarizes the content of the conference held May 8--10, 1992 in Taos, Mexico. The conference explored the topic ``what is required from the world oil and gas community and what does it cost?`` The topics included areas of growth potential, changing demand patterns for refined product, and cost of pollution regulations. The conference then explored the requirements from the oil exploration and production sector, the requirements from the financial community and the priorities which should be set, and finally what strategy should be developed for survival growth and profitability in the next decade.
Date: December 31, 1992
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Student science enrichment training program: Progress report, June 1, 1988--May 31, 1989

Description: This is a status report on a Student Science Enrichment Training Program held at the campus of Claflin College, Orangeburg, SC. The topics of the report include the objectives of the project, participation experienced, financial incentives and support for the program, curriculum description, and estimated success of the program in stimulating an occupational interest in science and research fields by the students.
Date: April 21, 1989
Creator: Sandhu, S.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tomorrow`s energy today for cities and counties: Energy efficiency strengthens local economies

Description: Your town can use energy efficiency as part of a program to stimulate local economic development. Energy efficiency affects economic growth because energy is used by every part of a community`s economy, including producers, distributors, and marketers of goods and services. But the all-encompassing effects of energy on your local economy are not always obvious. In general, energy costs have two types of effects--direct and indirect. These are explained. The energy efficiency program in Osage, Iowa has helped meet the needs of local businesses by providing technical assistance and low-cost loans. Osage`s municipally owned utility has provided an energy audit at no cost to nearly every business in town. Low-cost loans helped Osage`s businesses pay for energy-efficient measures. Usually, the loans were for projects that pay back the loan principal from the energy savings within a few years. As a result of the energy efficiency program, per capita electricity consumptions in Osage is 25% less than that for the rest of Iowa. In fact, the Osage utility has been able to reduce electricity rates by 19% during the last 8 years and natural gas rates by 5% during the last 5 years. The average home owners saves almost $200 a year in energy bills, and many local businesses save much more.
Date: September 1, 1995
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Directory of financing sources for foreign energy projects

Description: The Office of National Security Policy has produced this Directory of Financing Sources for Foreign Energy Projects. The Directory reviews programs that offer financing from US government agencies, multilateral organizations, public, private, and quasi-private investment funds, and local commercial and state development banks. The main US government agencies covered are the US Agency for International Development (USAID), the Export-Import Bank of the US (EXIM Bank), Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense, and the US Trade and Development Agency (TDA). Other US Government Sources includes market funds that have been in part capitalized using US government agency funds. Multilateral organizations include the World Bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC), Asian Development Bank (ADB), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and various organizations of the United Nations. The Directory lists available public, private, and quasi-private sources of financing in key emerging markets in the Newly Independent States and other developing countries of strategic interest to the US Department of Energy. The sources of financing listed in this directory should be considered indicative rather than inclusive of all potential sources of financing. Initial focus is on the Russian Federation, Ukraine, india, China, and Pakistan. Separate self-contained sections have been developed for each of the countries to enable the user to readily access market-specific information and to support country-specific Departmental initiatives. For each country, the directory is organized to follow the project life cycle--from prefeasibility, feasibility, project finance, cofinancing, and trade finance, through to technical assistance and training. Programs on investment and export insurance are excluded.
Date: September 1, 1995
Creator: La Ferla, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The changing role of the National Laboratories in materials research

Description: The role of the National Laboratories is summarized from the era of post World War II to the present time. The U.S. federal government policy for the National Laboratories and its influence on their materials science infrastructure is reviewed with respect to: determining overall research strategies, various initiatives to interact with industry (especially in recent years), building facilities that serve the nation, and developing leading edge research in the materials sciences. Despite reductions in support for research in the U.S. in recent years, and uncertainties regarding the specific policies for R&D in the U.S., there are strong roles for materials research at the National Laboratories. These roles will be centered on the abilities of the National Laboratories to field multidisciplinary teams, the use of unique cutting edge facilities, a focus on areas of strength within each of the labs, increased teaming and partnerships, and the selection of motivated research areas. It is hoped that such teaming opportunities will include new alliances with China, in a manner similar, perhaps, to those recently achieved between the U.S. and other countries.
Date: June 2, 1995
Creator: Wadsworth, J. & Fluss, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solar photovoltaics for development applications

Description: This document introduces photovoltaic technology to individuals and groups specializing in development activities. Examples of actual installations illustrate the many services supplied by photovoltaic systems in development applications, including water pumping, lighting, health care, refrigeration, communications, and a variety of productive uses. The various aspects of the technology are explored to help potential users evaluate whether photovoltaics can assist them in achieving their organizational goals. Basic system design, financing techniques, and the importance of infrastructure are included, along with additional sources of information and major US photovoltaic system suppliers.
Date: August 1, 1993
Creator: Shepperd, L. W. & Richards, E. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Affordable housing through energy efficiency: The Northgate story

Description: In this paper we evaluate a comprehensive retrofit and rehabilitation effort to improve the comfort, affordability, and energy efficiency of 336 low-income housing units. The units had complete shell retrofits, including new siding, air-infiltration barriers, new windows and doors, and both roof and foundation insulation. In addition, the existing electric-baseboard heating system was replaced with a new gas-fired boiler for each apartment. New programmable thermostats, refrigerators, and tenant education were also included in the retrofit package. The evaluation of the project included pre- and post-retrofit utility bill analysis, computer simulation to evaluate the cost and saving of the individual measures, and a comprehensive survey of the residents regarding their comfort, behavior, and satisfaction with the retrofits. The analysis has shown energy savings of more than 20% for the shell measures, with a reduction in utility bills of nearly 50% from the combined measures. The resident survey shows high tenant satisfaction with the retrofits.
Date: March 1, 1992
Creator: Diamond, R. C.; McAllister, J. A.; Feustel, H. E.; Patullo, C. & Buckley, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The use of energy management and control systems for retrofit performance monitoring in the LoanSTAR program. Final report

Description: Monitoring of building energy consumption, operation, and weather variables are important parts of retrofit evaluation projects. However, effective monitoring can be quite expensive. In this report, we investigate the feasibility of using a building`s existing energy management and control system (EMCS) for gathering some or all of this required data, rather than installing dedicated data-logging equipment. Three case studies in the Texas LoanSTAR retrofit monitoring program were used to explore the current applicability of existing EMCSs for monitoring, and to identify areas requiring additional development It was found that data could be retrieved in each case; without installing any additional hardware or software in two of the three sites, and with the addition of only a few sensors and a minor software modification in the third. However, the process of using the EMCS for monitoring was inconvenient in several respects. It was determined that the process could be greatly simplified if EMCS manufacturers ensured that their software averaged data over an hourly interval and reliably reported them at the end of each hour, used concise and consistent formats for requesting and reporting the data, and provided a simple means of displaying or transmitting the data.
Date: April 1, 1992
Creator: Heinemeier, K. E.; Akbari, H.; Claridge, D.; Haberl, J.; Poynor, B. & Belur, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Status Report on the National Weatherization Evaluation

Description: This poster abstract for the conference on the Energy Efficiency in Buildings provides a status report on the national evaluation of DOE`s low-income Weatherization Assistance Program. In 1990, the US Department of Energy (DOE) initiated a national evaluation of its low-income Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP). The evaluation plan calls for three ``impact`` studies and two ``policy`` studies to be carried out over a 3 1/2-year period. The three impact studies focus on the energy savings and cost-effectiveness of the program in key WAP markets are included in the plan. The two policy studies address additional aspects of the program, but are not designed to provide estimates of energy savings or cost-effectiveness.
Date: July 1, 1992
Creator: Brown, Marilyn A. & Beschen, Darrell A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Small Business Innovation Research: Abstracts of Phase 1 awards, 1994

Description: The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program enables DOE to obtain effective, innovative solutions to important problems through the private sector, which has a commercial incentive to pursue the resulting technology and bring it to the marketplace. The growing number of awardees, many of them started in business in response to SBIR solicitations, is becoming a significant resource for the solution of high risk, high technology problems for the Department. As detailed here, this publication describes the technical efforts for SBIR Phase 1 awards in 1994. It is intended for the educated layman, and may be of particular interest to potential investors who wish to get in on the ground floor of exciting opportunities. Contained in this booklet are abstracts of the Phase 1 awards made in FY 1994 under the DOE SBIR program. The 212 Phase 1 projects described here were selected in a highly competitive process from a total of 2,276 grant applications received in response to the 1994 DOE annual SBIR Solicitation. The selections for awards were made on scientific and technical merit, as judged against the specific criteria listed in the Solicitation. Conclusions were reached on the basis of detailed reports returned by reviewers drawn from DOE laboratories, universities, private industry, and government. (Any discrepancies noted in prior DOE releases naming the firms selected for awards are due either to the firm changing its name after the award selection or to the firm not proceeding to a signed grant.) It is expected that between one-third and one-half of the Phase 1 projects will be continued into Phase 2. The work described in the abstracts is novel, high-risk research, but the benefits will also be potentially high if the objectives are met. Brief comments on the potential applications are given after each abstract. Individuals and organizations with ...
Date: December 31, 1994
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy-related laboratory equipment (ERLE) guidelines

Description: This document describes the Used Energy-Related Laboratory Equipment grants, and eligibility and procedures for participation. The document contains tables identifying typical equipment that may be requested, where to review ERLE equipment lists, and where to mail applications, a description of the eligible equipment grants access data system, and a copy of the ERLE grant application and instructions for its completion and submission.
Date: January 1, 1995
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Impact evaluation of adjustable speed drives installed at Hewlett- Packard Company under the Energy $avings Plan

Description: This impact evaluation of adjustable speed drives (ASDS) that were recently installed at Hewlett-Packard Company (HP) was conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) as part of an evaluation of its Energy savings Plan (E$P) Program. The Program makes acquisition payments to firms that install energy conservation projects in their industrial processes. The objective of this impact evaluation was to assess how much electrical energy is being saved at HP as a result of the E$P and to determine how much the savings cost Bonneville and the region. The impact of the project was evaluated with a combination of engineering analysis, financial analysis, interviews, and submittal reviews (HP`s Proposal and Completion Report). The project consisted of installing 24 ASDs on 24 variable air volume system supply- and return-fans at HP`s Vancouver, Washington manufacturing facility. A secondary benefit to adding the ASDs was the ability to program in a night-setback feature. This feature was always present in the existing central computer system but was not used because of the lack of ASDs. Based on this impact evaluation, energy savings from this project are expected to be 2,582,900 kilowatt-hours/year (kWh/yr), or 0.30 average megawatts. The project cost $252,068 to install, and HP received payment of $201,654 (1992 dollars) from Bonneville for the acquisition of energy savings. The real levelized cost of these energy savings to Bonneville is 7.0 mills/kwh (in 1992 dollars) over the project`s assumed 15-year life, and the real levelized cost to the region is 10.8 mills/kwh in 1992 dollars, not including transmission and distribution effects. This project would not have been implemented without the acquisition payment from Bonneville.
Date: September 1, 1993
Creator: Sullivan, G. P.; Daellenbach, K. K. & Spanner, G. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of Energy Procurement and Financial-Assistance Career Guide

Description: This guide supports the Procurement Career Management and Development Program which is administered by the Procurement Career Management and Development Board. Objectives are: (a). To meet current and future DOE-wide needs for procurement and financial-assistance people and to provide capable replacements for key procurement and financial-assistance positions on a planned, systematic basis. (b). To attract, select, develop and retain, on a long-term career basis, a higly qualified workforce capable of performing current and future DOE procurement and financial assistance functions. (c) To increase the proficiency of DOE procurement and financial-assistance people in their present positions and to give talented people opportunities for broadening experiences and progression commensurate with their abilities. (d) To stimulate self-development. The program applies to all procurement and financial-assistance people, or those who perform key related function, in DOE who are serving under career or career-conditional appointments in the competitive service.
Date: May 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department