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Energy Program annual report

Description: The national economy is particularly dependent on efficient electrical generation and transportation. Electrical demand continues to grow and will increasingly rely on coal and nuclear fuels. The nuclear power industry still has not found a solution to the problem of disposing of the waste produced by nuclear reactors. Although coal is in ample supply and the infrastructure is in place for its utilization, environmental problems and improved conversion processes remain technical challenges. In … more
Date: February 1, 1988
Creator: Borg, I.Y. (ed.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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OTEC-1 Power System Test Program: test plan for first deployment

Description: This report describes in detail all tests planned for the first eight-month deployment of OTEC-1, a test facility constructed by the US Department of Energy in order to test heat exchangers for closed-cycle power plants using ocean thermal energy. Tests to be performed during the first-deployment period are aimed primarily at determining (1) the effectiveness of countermeasures in preventing biofouling of the heat exchanters, (2) the extent of environmental impacts associated with operation of … more
Date: March 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 7. Science Applications, Incorporated field test facility preliminary design

Description: This report contains the preliminary design of an SCEAS Engineering Test Facility (ETF). The ETF is a 3600 m/sup 2/ fluid roof greenhouse with an inflated plastic film roof to maintain a clean environment for the fluid roof and to protect the inner glazing from hail and other small missiles. The objective of the design was the faithful scaling of the commercial facility to ensure that the ETF results could be extrapolated to a commercial facility of any size. Therefore, all major features, incl… more
Date: January 1, 1985
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Design considerations for a steam-injection pilot with in-situ foaming

Description: This report reviews the necessary aspects of the planning, operation, evaluation, environmental impact and cost to implement a field pilot of steam injection with in-situ foaming. The Stanford University Petroleum Research Institute (SUPRI) is planning to implement such a pilot in Kern County, California. The cost of the pilot will be shared by the US Department of Energy and an oil company. Some important aspects of drilling and completion programs and their specifications, permits from regula… more
Date: August 1, 1982
Creator: Siddiqui, M.H.; Sanyal, S.K. & Horn, A.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluation of the solar building, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Final report, April 1974-September 1978

Description: During portions of the 1974-1975 and 1975-1976 winter heating seasons, a field evaluation was made of a solar-assisted heat pump heating system in a small commercial office building in Albuquerque, N.M. The system was comprised of one main water-to-water heat pump and five small water-to-air heat pumps. The liquid-type solar collector array had an area equivalent to about 10% of the building floor area. Other than the ethylene glycol/water solution circulated through the solar collector array, … more
Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: Gilman, S.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fifth in situ vitrification engineering-scale test of simulated INEL buried waste sites

Description: In September 1990, an engineering-scale in situ vitrification (ISV) test was conducted on sealed canisters containing a combined mixture of buried waste materials expected to be present at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) Subsurface Disposal Area (SDA). The test was part of a Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) program to assist INEL in treatability studies of the potential application of ISV to mixed transuranic wastes at the INEL SDA. The purpose of this test was to determine t… more
Date: June 1, 1992
Creator: Bergsman, T.M.; Shade, J.W. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)) & Farnsworth, R.K. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Prairie Canal Well No. 1, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. Volume II. Well test data. Final report

Description: The following are included in appendices: field test data, field non-edited data, raw data, tentative method of testing for hydrogen sulfide in natural gas using length of stain tubes, combined sample log, report on reservoir fluids study, well test analysis, analysis of solids samples from primary zone, chemical analysis procedures, scale and corrosion evaluation, laboratory report on scale deposits, and sand detector strip charts. (MHR)
Date: January 1, 1981
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development and field testing of a process for recovering heavy crude oil in the Carlyle pool-Allen County, Kansas using the Vapor Therm generator. Final report

Description: A Vapor Therm generator capable of producing steam and inert gases was built for conditions encountered in the Carlyle pool, and is capable of delivering heated gases at 900 psi and 700/sup 0/F. New wells were drilled in a five spot pattern with an inter-well distance of 208.7 ft. Logs and cores from these new wells were obtained and the subsurface reservoir was evaluated. Oil content of 1197 BSTO/Ac-Ft was encountered. This oil was 19.5/sup 0/ API with a viscosity of 1026 cps at 70/sup 0/F. Th… more
Date: September 1, 1980
Creator: Sperry, J.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Combustion characterization of beneficiated coal-based fuels

Description: This three-year research project at Combustion Engineering, Inc. (CE) will assess the potential economic and environmental benefits derived from coal beneficiation by various advanced cleaning processes. The objectives of this program include the development of a detailed generic engineering database, comprised of fuel combustion and ash performance data on beneficiated coal-based fuels (BCFs), which is needed to permit broad application. This technical database will provide detailed informatio… more
Date: December 1, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Asphalt Emulsion Radon Barrier Systems for Uranium Mill Tailings: An Overview of the Technology

Description: Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), under contract to the US Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRAP) office, has developed an asphalt emulsion cover system to reduce the release of radon from uranium mill tailings. The system has been field tested at Grand Junction, Colorado. Results from laboratory and field tests indicate that this system is effective in reducing radon release to near-background levels (<2.5 pCi m/sup -2/s/sup -1/) and has the propert… more
Date: March 1, 1984
Creator: Baker, E.G.; Hartley, J.N.; Freeman, H.D.; Gates, T.E.; Nelson, D.A. & Dunning, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The potential of passive-remote Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy to detect organic emissions under the Clean Air Act

Description: The Clean Air Act of 1990 regulates the emission of 198 air toxics. Currently, there is no existing technology by which a regulatory agency can independently determine if a facility is in compliance. We have successfully tested the ability of passive-remote Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy to detect chemical plumes released in the field. Additional laboratory releases demonstrated that FTIR spectroscopy can detect target analytes in mixtures containing components which have overla… more
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Demirgian, J.C.; Hammer, C.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)) & Kroutil, R.T. (Chemical Research, Development and Engineering Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Water chemistry and phytoplankton field and laboratory procedures

Description: The purpose of this manual is to serve as a guide for persons using these techniques in water quality studies and as a written record of the methods used in this laboratory at this time. It is anticipated that the manual will be updated frequently as new methods are added and the present ones are further refined. The present methods are all used routinely and have been in regular use for a year or longer. This manual is specifically written as a guide for the collection and analysis of lake wat… more
Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: Davis, C.O. & Simmons, M.S. (eds.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Field experiment of steam drive with in-situ foaming. Annual report, October 1, 1982-September 30, 1983

Description: Following the introduction this report contains the following two sections: (1) field work completed to date; and (2) results and conclusions to date. Field work covers: (1) review of past efforts; (2) well to well tracer testing: (3) injection program; (4) logging program; (5) pressure falloff testing; and (6) injectivity profiles. Results and conclusions cover: (1) injection pressure; (2) temperature at the producers; (3) injectivity profiles; (4) tracer studies; (5) carbon/oxygen logging; (6… more
Date: June 1, 1984
Creator: Brigham, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Develop real-time dosimetry concepts and instrumentation for long-term missions. Technical progress report, February 1981 to February 1982

Description: Major objectives in the process of developing a rugged portable instrument to evaluate dose and dose equivalent have been achieved. A tissue-equivalent proportional counter simulating a 2 micrometer spherical tissue volume has operated satisfactorily for over a year. The basic elements of the electronic system have been designed and tested. And finally, the most suitable mathematical technique for evaluating dose equivalent with a portable instrument has been selected. Design and fabrication of… more
Date: May 1, 1982
Creator: Braby, L.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Monitoring instrument field experiments at Oregon Institute of Technology

Description: The field tests were conducted under reducing and oxidizing conditions. Corrosion rates with zero oxygen were about 1.1 mils per year (mpy) for both copper and steel coupons, which is quite low for carbon steel. There was a problem controlling the oxygen level in the oxygenated experiments; however, it was found that corrosion rates increased with the presence of oxygen. Corrosion rates for the steel and copper coupons were 4 and 2 mpy, respectively; copper coupled to cast iron corroded at 8 mp… more
Date: September 1, 1980
Creator: Danielson, M. J. & Smith, R. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Dispersion experiments using short-term releases of an atmospheric tracer

Description: The Mesoscale Atmospheric Transport Studies (MATS) experiments were undertaken to provide a data base for determining the accuracy of mesoscale atmospheric dispersion model predictions for short term releases. This paper describes the MATS experiments and compares observed dispersion parameters with theory. The movement of the sulfur hexaflouride cloud has been compared with wind sensors placed at several different elevations. The observed sigma-y values are also compared with theory and found … more
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Weber, A H & Kurzeja, R J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Field evaluation of ground water sampling devices for volatile organic compounds

Description: Previous studies conducted under laboratory conditions demonstrated that the type of device used to sample ground water contaminated with volatile organic compounds can significantly influence and analytical results. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, under field conditions, both commercial and developmental ground water sampling devices as part of an ongoing ground water contamination investigation and remediation program at the Savannah River Plant (SRP). Ground water samples were col… more
Date: January 1, 1986
Creator: Muska, C. F.; Colven, W. P.; Jones, V. D.; Scogin, J. T.; Looney, B. B. & Price, V. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Ground wave propagation of a video pulse source: Part 2

Description: In a previous paper we developed a simple model describing the far-field from a video-pulse source near the ground and for grazing incidence. We report here on a recent field test in which we attempted to verify the model. Our results show quantitative agreement with the model for most of the tested parameter space. We have also extended our model to include all elevation angles, including up to vertical. The computed engagement envelope shows three distinct regions: At grazing angles the field… more
Date: July 19, 1991
Creator: Dreyer, K. A. & Buettner, H. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Environmental behavior of technetium in soil and vegetation: implications for radiological impact assessment

Description: Significant radiological exposures have been estimated for hypothetical atmospheric releases of Tc-99 from gaseous diffusion facilities when vegetation-to-soil concentration ratios representative of laboratory experiments are substituted for generic default values assumed in current regulatory models. To test the relevancy of these laboratory ratios, field investigations were conducted to obtain measurements of the vegetation-to-soil concentration ratio for Tc-99 in samples collected near opera… more
Date: April 1, 1982
Creator: Hoffman, F. O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development and evaluation of a meter for measuring return line fluid flow rates during drilling

Description: The most costly problem routinely encountered in geothermal drilling is lost circulation, which occurs when drilling fluid is lost to the formation rather than circulating back to the surface. The successful and economical treatment of lost circulation requires the accurate measurement of drilling fluid flow rate both into and out of the well. This report documents the development of a meter for measuring drilling fluid outflow rates in the return line of a drilling rig. The meter employs a rol… more
Date: June 1, 1992
Creator: Loeppke, G. E.; Schafer, D. M.; Glowka, D. A.; Scott, D. D.; Wernig, M. D. & Wright, E. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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500-kW DCHX pilot-plant evaluation testing

Description: Field tests with the 500 kW Direct Contact Pilot Plant were conducted utilizing brine from well Mesa 6-2. The tests were intended to develop comprehensive performance data, design criteria, and economic factors for the direct contact power plant. The tests were conducted in two phases. The first test phase was to determine specific component performance of the DCHX, turbine, condensers and pumps, and to evaluate chemical mass balances of non-condensible gases in the IC/sub 4/ loop and IC/sub 4/… more
Date: October 1, 1981
Creator: Hlinak, A.; Lee, T.; Loback, J.; Nichols, K.; Olander, R.; Oshmyansky, S. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Novel experiments for understanding the shallow-land burial of low-level radioactive wastes

Description: Three field experiments that will provide data on water movement in SLB facilities are described. The experiments are designed to measure water movement, to quantify techniques to control water movement and to determine the effects of surface moisture content fluctuations on liquid and vapor movement back to the surface.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: DePoorter, G. L.; Abeele, W. V.; Hakonson, T. E.; Burton, B. W. & Perkins, B. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Field testing of fugitive dust control techniques at a uranium mill tailings pile - 1982 Field Test, Gas Hills, Wyoming.

Description: A field test was conducted on a uranium tailings pile to evaluate the effectiveness of 15 chemical stabilizers for control of fugitive dust from uranium mill tailings. A tailings pile at the Federal American Partners (FAP) Uranium Mill, Gas Hills, Wyoming, was used for the field test. Preliminary laboratory tests using a wing tunnel were conducted to select the more promising stabilizers for field testing. Fourteen of the chemical stabilizers were applied with a field spray system pulled behind… more
Date: December 1, 1983
Creator: Elmore, M.R. & Hartley, J.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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