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Justice Department''s Role in Cyber Incident Response

Description: This report outlines the federal framework for cyber incident response, highlighting the Department of Justice's (DOJ's) role in this response. It also discusses challenges for federal law enforcement and potential policy issues for Congress.
Date: August 23, 2017
Creator: Finklea, Kristin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FBI Director: Appointment and Tenure

Description: This report provides an overview of the development of the process for appointing the FBI Director, briefly discusses the history of nominations to this position, and identifies related congressional hearing records and reports.
Date: May 10, 2017
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FBI: Delivery of ATF Report on TWA Flight 800 Crash

Description: Correspondence issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on whether the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) delivered the Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms' (ATF) Trans World Airlines (TWA) flight 800 crash report to the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)."
Date: August 13, 1999
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FBI Trilogy: Responses to Posthearing Questions

Description: Correspondence issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "This report responds to a Congressional request for additional information related to the May 2, 2006 Congressional hearing entitled FBI Oversight. Our responses are based largely on information contained in our published report, entitled Federal Bureau of Investigation: Weak Controls over Trilogy Project Led to Payment of Questionable Contractor Costs and Missing Assets, GAO-06-306."
Date: June 9, 2006
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FBI Transformation: FBI Continues to Make Progress in Its Efforts to Transform and Address Priorities

Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "The September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks precipitated a shift in how the FBI uses its investigative resources to prevent future terrorist incidents. The attacks led to the FBI's commitment to reorganize and transform itself. Today's testimony discusses the FBI's progress in carrying out its transformation process. Specifically, it addresses FBI's (1) progress in developing a comprehensive transformation plan; (2) efforts to update its strategic plan; (3) development of a strategic human capital plan; (4) information technology management leadership and practices; and (5) realignment of staff resources to priority areas and the impact of the realignments on the FBI's drug and other criminal investigation programs."
Date: March 23, 2004
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FBI Reorganization: Initial Steps Encouraging but Broad Transformation Needed

Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "This testimony discusses the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) proposed reorganization and realignment plans. The FBI's plans are part of a broader effort to fundamentally transform the federal government in light of recent trends and long-range fiscal challenges. As it moves into the 21st century, the country faces several key trends, including global interdependence; diverse, diffuse, and asymmetrical security threats; rapidly evolving science and technologies; dramatic shifts in the age and composition of the population; important quality of life issues; and evolving government structures and concepts. The second phase of the reorganization focuses on major aspects of FBI's realignment efforts, including realigning staff, building analytical capacity, the National Infrastructure Protection Center, and recruiting. Other issues include (1) major communications and information technology improvements, (2) development of an internal control system that will ensure protection of civil liberties as investigative constraints are loosened, and (3) management of the ripple effect that changes at the FBI will have on other aspects of the law enforcement community. As the FBI moves to effectively meet the realities and challenges since September 11, it should reconsider employing the major elements of successful transformation efforts used by leading organizations. These elements include strategic planning; strategic human capital management; senior leadership and accountability, realignment of activities, processes, and resources; and internal and external collaboration. Continuous internal, and independent external, monitoring and oversight are essential to ensure that the implementation of the transformation stays on track and achieves its purpose of making the FBI more proactive in the fight against terrorism without compromising civil rights."
Date: June 21, 2002
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FBI Reorganization: Progress Made in Efforts to Transform, but Major Challenges Continue

Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the FBI needed to refocus its efforts to investigate those attacks and to detect and prevent possible future attacks. To do this the FBI has taken steps to change its priorities and sought to transform itself to more effectively address the potential terrorist threats. This testimony specifically addresses the FBI's (1) progress in updating its strategic plan; (2) development of a strategic human capital plan; (3) realignment of staff resources to priority areas; (4) reallocation of staff resources from its drug program; (5) efforts to recruit and hire new personnel to address critical staffing needs; (6) efforts to enhance its training program; and (7) implementation of new investigative authorities and internal controls to ensure compliance with the revised Attorney General's Guidelines on General Crimes, Racketeering Enterprise and Terrorism Enterprise Investigations and to help protect individual civil liberties."
Date: June 18, 2003
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FBI Accountability for Drugs Used in Special Operations: Deficiencies Identified and Actions Taken

Description: Correspondence issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the weaknesses in the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) controls over seized drugs that are used in reverse undercover operations (RUO) by the Miami Field Office."
Date: December 2, 1999
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FBI Counterterrorism: Vacancies Have Declined, but FBI Has Not Assessed the Long-Term Sustainability of Its Strategy for Addressing Vacancies

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "From fiscal years 2005 through 2011, the Federal Bureau of InvestigationÂ’s (FBI) human capital strategies contributed to reductions in the vacancy rate for all positions in the Counterterrorism Division (CTD) from 26 percent to 6 percent. Most vacancies were caused by transfers to other parts of the FBI. While overall vacancies declined, trends in vacancies varied by position. For example, vacancies for special agents and professional staff generally decreased each year while vacancies for intelligence analysts varied during the same time period."
Date: April 16, 2012
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FBI Transformation: Data Inconclusive on Effects of Shift to Counterterrorism-Related Priorities on Traditional Crime Enforcement

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "As a result of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has committed to a transformation to increase its focus on national security. The FBI has shifted agent resources to its top priorities of counterterrorism, counterintelligence, and cyber crime. Some of these agent resources were shifted away from drug, white-collar, and violent crime enforcement programs. The FBI's drug program has sustained, by far, the largest reduction in FBI agent workforce--about 550 positions, or more than 80 percent of the nonsupervisory field agents who were permanently reprogrammed. In addition, the FBI has had a continuing need to temporarily redirect agents from drug, white-collar, and violent crime enforcement to address counterterrorism-related workload demands. While GAO and other organizations have focused considerable attention on the progress of the FBI's transformation, this report addresses questions about the extent to which the shift in resources has affected federal efforts to combat drug, white-collar, and violent crime and whether other agencies, including the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in the drug enforcement area, are filling gaps created by FBI resource shifts."
Date: August 31, 2004
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FBI Intelligence Investigations: Coordination Within Justice on Counterintelligence Criminal Matters Is Limited

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "This report reviews the coordination efforts involved in foreign counterintelligence investigations where the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act has been or may be employed. The act established (1) requirements and a process for seeking electronic surveillance and physical search authority in national security investigations seeking foreign intelligence and counterintelligence information within the United States and (2) the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, which has jurisdiction to hear applications for and grant orders approving Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act surveillance and searches. GAO found that coordination between the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Department of Justice's (DOJ) Criminal Division has been limited in those foreign counterintelligence cases in which criminal activity is indicated and surveillance and searches have been, or may be, employed. A key factor inhibiting this coordination is the concern over how the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court or another federal court might rule on the primary purpose of the surveillance or search in light of such coordination. In addition, the FBI and the Criminal Division differ on the interpretations of DOJ's 1995 procedures concerning counterintelligence investigations. In January 2000, the Attorney General issued additional procedures to address these coordination concerns. These procedures, among other things, required the FBI to submit case summaries to the Criminal Division and established a protocol for briefing Criminal Division officials about those investigations. In addition, the FBI established two mechanisms to ensure compliance with the Attorney General's 1995 procedures. These mechanisms include (1) requiring the Office of Intelligence Policy and Review to notify the FBI and the Criminal Division of investigations it believes meets the requirements of the 1995 procedures and (2) establishing a core group of high-level officials to oversee coordination issues. However, these efforts have not been institutionalized in ...
Date: July 16, 2001
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FBI Transformation: Human Capital Strategies May Assist the FBI in Its Commitment to Address Its Top Priorities

Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "The September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks precipitated a shift in how the FBI uses its investigative and intelligence resources to prevent future terrorist incidents. The attacks led to the FBI's commitment to transform and reorganize itself. Today's testimony discusses (1) the FBI's progress in transforming to focus on counterterrorism and intelligence-related priorities, (2) competition the FBI faces from other agencies and the private sector for intelligence staff, and (3) human capital flexibilities that may enhance the FBI's ability to address its priorities."
Date: June 3, 2004
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

GAO's Work at the FBI: Access to Data, Documents, and Personnel

Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "GAO has issued about 50 products during the last five years that include information on the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) operations and activities. When GAO initiates work with federal agencies, it formally notifies key officials about the planned review and meets with them to discuss objectives. In the course of its work, GAO routinely receives large amounts of information, some of it highly sensitive, and has an excellent record when it comes to safeguarding sensitive and classified information. This testimony discusses (1) GAO's statutory access authority to federal records and (2) access problems with the FBI. GAO has broad statutory right of access to agency records in order to conduct audits and evaluations. If agencies do not make information available in a reasonable time, GAO has the authority to demand access by sending the head of the agency a letter stating GAO's authority and its reasons for needing the information. The agency has 20 days to respond, after which the Comptroller General may file a report with the President, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the head of the agency, and Congress. If the agency still has not granted access within another 20 days, the Comptroller General can bring suit in federal district court unless (1) the records relate to activities the President has designated as foreign intelligence or counter-intelligence activities, (2) the records are specifically exempt from disclosure by statute, or (3) the President or the OMB Director certifies that the information being requested is covered by one of the two exemptions listed in the Freedom of Information Act and that disclosure reasonably could be expected to impair substantially the operations of the government. One of the greatest problems GAO has had ...
Date: June 20, 2001
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Grizzly Steppe - Russian Malicious Cyber Activity

Description: "This document provides technical details regarding the tools and infrastructure used by the Russian civilization and military intelligence Services (RIS) to compromise and exploit network and endpoints associated with the U.S. election, as well as a range of U.S. Government, political, and private sector entities."
Date: December 29, 2016
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[News Script: News briefs - Philbrick]

Description: Script from the WBAP-TV station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering a news story about Herbert A. Philbrick, a former spy, arriving in Dallas to speak at SMU and at the State Fair auditorium.
Date: February 21, 1954
Creator: WBAP-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

The Integral Role of Training in the Implementation of Hate Crime Legislation

Description: This research focuses on the association between law enforcement training and implementation of hate crime legislation. The Anti-Defamation League's state hate crime statutory provisions and the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Hate Crime Reporting by States data are examined. Section one includes the following: What Constitutes Hate?, The History of Hate Crime Legislation, and Issues Facing Hate Crime Legislation. Section two surveys literature on both Hate Crime Legislation and the training of law enforcement officers. Section three discusses the Anti-Defamation League and FBI data in detail and explains the methods used to test the association between law enforcement training and reporting of hate crime legislation. Findings yield a statistically significant association between law enforcement training and reporting of hate crime legislation.
Date: May 2001
Creator: Broadhurst, Monica DeAnn
Partner: UNT Libraries

Political Misuse of Domestic Intelligence: A Case Study on the FBI

Description: Domestic intelligence is very important in preventing disorder while ensuring unity and security during a time of national crisis. However, if uncontrolled, domestic intelligence can be subject to political misuse, which causes serious damage both to individuals and to democratic institutions. There are various theoretical explanations for political misuse of domestic intelligence. The political use of domestic intelligence is best explained by the sociological theory of unfulfilled needs. On the other hand, political counterintelligence can be best explained by Threat Theory. In order for a domestic intelligence organization to be effective, its organizational discretion must be limited by establishing clear legislation that is not secret, on the focus, limits, and techniques of domestic intelligence. This system must be supported by a multi-level control mechanism.
Date: August 2002
Creator: Pacci, Mehme
Partner: UNT Libraries

[News Clip: Maxwell / FBI]

Description: B-roll video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story.
Date: October 2, 1979, 5:00 p.m.
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[News Clip: Kelly Cox]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story. This story aired at 6:00 P.M.
Date: August 18, 1997
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections