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Mixing quality characterization in separations process tanks

Description: An experimental study has been performed on distribution of a dilute immiscible organic liquid dispersed in an aqueous phase contained baffled, paddle-agitated vessel, fitted with cooling coils. Acceptable total liquid levels in the vessel and minimum impeller speed were established for plant scale operation. Axial and radial distributions of the dispersed organic phase as functions of total liquid height, impeller speed, and the number of impellers were examined and some recurring trends were identified. Four stages of dispersion of organic phase in predominantly aqueous phase were identified with increasing rotational speed of impeller(s). The stages were: (1) non-dispersion stage in which the organic layer was undisturbed, (2) the organic layer was decreasing with impeller speed until complete but nonuniform dispersion was attained, (3) the non-uniformity of the completely dispersed mixture decreased with increasing rotational speed of impeller(s), and (4) a grossly uniform dispersion in which the local volume fraction of dispersed phase (organic) in mixture was the same throughout the vessel. Scale-up relations were developed for reproducing a defined mixing quality on two geometrically similar scales of operation, for the attainable condition of complete but non-uniform dispersion. The mixing quality was observed to decrease with increasing liquid depth over acceptable range, but variations in the overall concentration of organic liquid appeared to have only slight effect on the mixing quality.
Date: January 31, 1995
Creator: Hassan, N.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Injection of Treated Wastewater for Ground-Water Recharge in the Palo Alto Baylands, California, Hydraulic and Chemical Interactions--Preliminary Report

Description: From Purpose and Scope: The objectives of this study are: (1) to define, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the clogging processes associated with injection, and (2) to determine the three-dimensional migration paths of injection water and native ground water.
Date: September 1983
Creator: Hamlin, Scott N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of Ascorbic Acid Method to Uranium in Salvage Solutions

Description: Abstract: The erroneously high values for uranium content of salvage solutions as determined by the ether extraction-ascorbic acid procedure have been demonstrated to be due to the presence of colored organic materials in these solutions. Evaporation of such solutions to fumes of HC104 before extraction has been shown to be completely successful in preventing such interference while pretreatment with activated carbon is sufficiently successful for application in Control laboratories. Complete procedures for application of either protreatment and results of such application to composite salvage solutions received over a six-month period are included.
Date: June 11, 1947
Creator: Rothenberger, C. D. & Grimes, W. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Miniature Mixer Settler

Description: Unit developed at Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory for extraction and overcomes the disadvantages of the batch countercurrent units currently in use.
Date: January 5, 1956
Creator: Alter, H. Ward
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculated Equilibrium Distributions for the Uranyl Nitrate - Tributyl Phosphate - Dilute Nitric Acid System for Temperatures Between 25 and 75 C

Description: Report discussing the "equilibrium uranium distribution between an aqueous nitric acid solution and a 30 per cent by volume solution of tributyl phosphate in a hydrocarbon diluent" (p. 2). This includes the necessary equations.
Date: August 12, 1960
Creator: Wilburn, N. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Factors Affecting the Extraction of Uranium with Dibutyl Carbitol

Description: Abstract: "This is a compilation of the material in several reports on the extraction of uranium from aqueous solutions with dibutyl carbitol. Data is presented concerning the optimum conditions for the extraction of the uranium and elimination of impurities."
Date: July 8, 1946
Creator: Weaver, Boyd S. & Larson, C. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Peeler Extraction of a Synchrocyclotron Beam

Description: This report follows the study of a perturbation in the fringing magnetic field of a synchrocyclotron, using the computed unperturbed orbits of the modified Berkeley 184-inch synchrocyclotron, and introduces the peeler extraction to overcome limitations by using a perturbation that recedes with increasing radial amplitude.
Date: August 8, 1957
Creator: Slobodrian, R. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Isolation and Properties of Curium

Description: From introduction: "The discovery of element number 96, curium, was realized by the preparation and identification of the isotope Cm-242 by G. T. Seaborg, R. A. James and A. Ghiorso by cyclotron bombardment of Pu-239 with helium ions."
Date: July 28, 1948
Creator: Werner, Louis Bernard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Valve-Actuated Pulse Column Design and Operation

Description: The following report describes a countercurrent extraction column, which employs timed solenoid valves and pressurized feeds to provide a pulsing action to disperse the phases. This report further describes the 4-stage cycle of the column operation.
Date: December 3, 1951
Creator: Burger, L. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solvent Extraction

Description: Report discussing methods and theories of solvent extraction. Factors that influence solvent extraction, such as the distribution coefficient, relative solubility, and physical properties of the solvent, are discussed as well.
Date: July 18, 1947
Creator: Smellie, Robert H. Jr. & Krause, D. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Next Generation Solvent Development for Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction of Cesium

Description: This report summarizes the FY 2010 and 2011 accomplishments at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in developing the Next Generation Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (NG-CSSX) process, referred to commonly as the Next Generation Solvent (NGS), under funding from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM), Office of Technology Innovation and Development. The primary product of this effort is a process solvent and preliminary flowsheet capable of meeting a target decontamination factor (DF) of 40,000 for worst-case Savannah River Site (SRS) waste with a concentration factor of 15 or higher in the 18-stage equipment configuration of the SRS Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU). In addition, the NG-CSSX process may be readily adapted for use in the SRS Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF) or in supplemental tank-waste treatment at Hanford upon appropriate solvent or flowsheet modifications. Efforts in FY 2010 focused on developing a solvent composition and process flowsheet for MCU implementation. In FY 2011 accomplishments at ORNL involved a wide array of chemical-development activities and testing up through single-stage hydraulic and mass-transfer tests in 5-cm centrifugal contactors. Under subcontract from ORNL, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) designed a preliminary flowsheet using ORNL cesium distribution data, and Tennessee Technological University developed a chemical model for cesium distribution ratios (DCs) as a function of feed composition. Inter Laboratory efforts were coordinated in complementary fashion with engineering tests carried out (and reported separately) by personnel at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) and Savannah River Remediation (SRR) with helpful advice by Parsons Engineering and General Atomics on aspects of possible SWPF implementation.
Date: July 1, 2013
Creator: Duncan, Nathan C; Delmau, Laetitia Helene; Ensor, Dale; Lee, Denise L; Birdwell Jr, Joseph F; Hill, Talon G et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department