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High Explosive Crater Studies: Desert Alluvium

Description: From abstract: Crater dimensions have been determined for 23 explosions of 256-pound spherical TNT charges buried in desert alluvium. As opposed to previous work covering depths of burst as great as 6 feet, the work presented in this report extends knowledge of apparent crater radius and depth to depths of burst as great as 30 feet.
Date: May 1961
Creator: Murphey, Byron F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Historical Documentation of Major Coal-Mine Disasters in the United States not Classified as Explosions of Gas or Dust: 1846-1962

Description: From Summary: "This publication lists and provides brief accounts of the major disasters not classified as explosions of gas or dust that have occurred in the coal mines of the United States from the earliest times to the present."
Date: 1963
Creator: Keenan, Charles M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Study of Mine Examination Techniques for Detecting and Identifying Underground Nuclear Explosions

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing techniques for detecting and studying underground nuclear explosions. As stated in the introduction, this report results from a study of only one part of the contemplated inspection system, specifically the final phases embracing on-site investigations and mine examination techniques" (p. 1). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: 1962
Creator: United States. Bureau of Mines.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Surface Wave Magnitude for the 9 October 2006 North Korean Nuclear Explosion

Description: Surface waves were generated by the North Korean nuclear explosion of 9 October 2006 and recorded at epicentral distances up to 34 degrees, from which we estimated a surface wave magnitude (M{sub s}) of 2.94 with an interstation standard deviation of 0.17 magnitude units. The International Data Centre estimated a body wave magnitude (m{sub b}) of 4.1. This is the only explosion we have analyzed that was not easily screened as an explosion based on the differences between the M{sub s} and m{sub b} estimates. Additionally, this M{sub s} predicts a yield, based on empirical M{sub s}/Yield relationships, that is almost an order of magnitude larger then the 0.5 to 1 kiloton reported for this explosion. We investigate how emplacement medium effects on surface wave moment and magnitude may have contributed to the yield discrepancy.
Date: March 11, 2008
Creator: Bonner, J; Herrmann, R; Harkrider, D & Pasyanos, M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Explosion Hazards in Storage-Battery Rooms

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing the safety and explosion hazards present in storage-battery rooms. Descriptions of storage-battery rooms and methods of ventilation are presented. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: 1940
Creator: Jones, G. W.; Campbell, John; Dillon, R. E. & Benson, O. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preventing Worker Injuries and Deaths from Explosions in Industrial Ethylene Oxide Sterilization Facilities: Revised Edition

Description: This report provides information on the explosions and resulting injuries or deaths that may occur from working with ethylene oxide and recommends steps for preventing these explosions.
Date: 2007
Creator: United States. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Notes on Explosive Mine Gases and Dusts: with Special Reference to Explosions in the Monongah, Darr, and Naomi Coal Mines

Description: From Introduction: "The studies herein reported were begun as a part of researches undertaken by the United States Geological Survey looking to the more efficient utilization of the coal in the United States through the reduction of the waste in its extraction, and were continued as part of further researches having regard to the conversation of the fuel resources of this country and to the lessening of injuries and fatalities in coal mining."
Date: 1909
Creator: Chamberlin, Rollin Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Historical Summary of Coal-Mine Explosions in the United States, 1810-1958

Description: Purpose of Review: "The purpose of this review is to relate the growth of explosion hazards to the increased number and size of the coal mines and the changes in mining methods. The causes of explosions during each period of years are discussed to show progress or its lack in controlling or eliminating different causes."
Date: 1960
Creator: Humphrey, H. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stone Dusting or Rock Dusting to Prevent Coal-Dust Explosions, as Practiced in Great Britain and France

Description: From Introduction: "Coal dust as an agent of widespread explosions had been under suspicion, and watering to allay the dust was recommended by some mining engineers but the watering of coal-mine dust was adopted in comparatively few mines of the United States and Great Britain, and had not been introduced widely in any country except Germany. Rock dusting, another method of preventing explosions of coal dust, was early tested with success by the Bureau of Mines in its first gallery at Pittsburgh and, beginning in 1911, at the experimental mine, Bruceton, Pa."
Date: 1924
Creator: Rice, George S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A calculation to simulate the underground Bernalillo shot

Description: From abstract: "Detailed calculations were undertaken in an attempt to explain some post-shot observations of the underground Bernalillo shot. A procedure was developed to calculate with a one-space dimensional code both the flow of energy up and down the hole and the energy loss into the walls of the hole."
Date: 1961
Creator: Brownlee, Robert R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Small-scale Investigation of the Possibility of Constructing Low-Relief Earth-Fill Dams Using Nuclear Explosives

Description: The experiment described herein has shown that the concept of low dams produced by ballistic collision of ejecta from simultaneous detonation of properly spaced parallel rows of charges is a feasible one. Rows of 8-pound charges were buried 3 feet deep with 4-foot spacing between charges. When two such rows of charges were placed parallel and 17.5 feet apart, the maximum height of the "dam" was achieved. The spacing of 17.5 feet between rows corresponds to 4.7 times the crater radius of one 8-pound charge at the burial depth which maximizes the single-charge crater. The extrapolation of these results to larger explosions is discussed. The height decreases and the width increases as the spacing between rows is further increased. The mass of material in the "dam" cannot exceed that in the crater of one of the rows. At the spacing between rows which maximizes height, the volume of the "dam'' is about 50 percent of maximum volume theoretically achievable. At wider spacings, the volume increases to 75 percent.
Date: February 1965
Creator: Vortman, Luke J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Results of a Survey for Thick High-Calcium Limestone Deposits in the United States

Description: From introduction: This report contains the results of a preliminary study of limestone deposits in the United States and Alaska for the purpose of selecting those deposits of sufficient size, relief, and purity in which to conduct an underground nuclear test.
Date: January 1961
Creator: Davis, Robert E.; Williams, W. P.; Johnson, Robert Britten & Emerick, W. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Explosive Ditching from Linear Charges

Description: Abstract: "Weights of linear high-explosive charges fired on the Yucca Lake playa of the Nevada Test Site varied from 0.23 to 42.7 pounds per foot. Crater and ditch dimensions and volumes resulting from these shots, fired during the fall of 1959 and spring of 1960, are presented here as a function of charge burst depths. Scaling relationships determined are as expected; i.e., square-root scaling of linear-charge weight per foot for ditch width and depth and a direct linear-charge weight relationship to ditch volume are obtained. Permanent ground surface displacement varies as the -3.22 power of the scaled distance from the charge. Detonation effects, charge shape effects, ditch erosion, and ditch cross sections are discussed. The appendixes present Toboggan data, results of soil investigation, and mathematical treatment given the data."
Date: July 1961
Creator: Carlson, R. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Project Scooter: Final Report, October 1963

Description: From abstract: This report includes results of studies of crater dimension, throwout material distribution, ground motion, dust cloud growth, and long-range air blast.
Date: October 1963
Creator: Perret, William R.; Chabai, Albert J.; Reed, Jack W. & Vortman, Luke J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department