Effects of ExB Velocity Shear and Magnetic Shear in the Formation of Core Transport Barriers in the DIII-D Tokamak
Description: Core transport barriers can be reliably formed in DIII-D by tailoring the evolution of the current density profile. This paper reports studies of the relative role of magnetic and ExB shear in creating core transport barriers in the DIII-D tokamak and considers the detailed dynamics of the barrier formation. The core barriers seen in DIII-D negative shear discharges form in a stepwise fashion during the initial current ramp. The reasons for the stepwise formation is not known; these steps do not correlate with integer values of q(O) or minimum q. The data from DIII-D is consistent with previous results that negative magnetic shear facilitates the formation of core transport barriers in the ion channel but is not necessary. However, strongly negative magnetic shear does allow formation of transport barriers in particle, electron thermal, ion thermal and angular momentum transport channels. Shots with strong negative magnetic shear have produced the steepest ion temperature and toroidal rotation profiles seen yet in DIII-D. In addition, the ExB shearing rates seen in these shots exceed the previous DIII-D record value by a factor of four.
Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Burrell, K.H.; Greenfield, C.M.; Lao, L.L.; Staebler, G.M.; Austin, M.E.; Rice, B.W. et al.
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