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Spheromak Physics Development

Description: The spheromak is a Magnetic Fusion Energy (MFE) configuration, which is a leading alternative to the tokamak. It has a simple geometry which offers an opportunity to achieve the promise of fusion energy if the physics of confinement, current drive, and pressure holding capability extrapolate favorably to a reactor. Recent changes in the US MFE program, taken in response to budget constraints and programmatic directions from Congress, include a revitalization of an experimental alternative concept effort. Detailed studies of the spheromak were consequently undertaken to examine the major physics issues which need to be resolved to advance it as a fusion plasma, the optimum configuration for an advanced experiment, and its potential as a reactor. As a result of this study, we conclude that it is important to evaluate several physics issues experimentally. Such an experiment might be appropriately be named the Sustained Spheromak Physics Experiment (SSPX). It would address several critical issues, the solution to which will provide the physics basis to enable an advanced experiment. The specific scientific goals of SSPX would be to: * Demonstrate that electron and ion temperatures of a few hundred electron volts can be achieved in a steady-state spheromak plasma sustained by a magnetic dynamo (``helicity injection``). * Relate energy confinement quantitatively to the magnetic turbulence accompanying the dynamo and use this knowledge to optimize performance. * Measure the magnetic field profiles and magnetic turbulence in the plasma and relate these to the science of the magnetic dynamo which drives the current in the plasma. * Examine experimentally the pressure holding capability (``beta limit``) of the spheromak. * Understand the initial phases of the transition of the plasma from an equilibrium supported by a magnetic-flux conserving wall to one supported by external coils. These goals could be achieved in an experiment with duration ...
Date: January 27, 1997
Creator: Hooper, E.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neutron-antineutron transition search at HFIR Reactor

Description: A new experiment to search for neutron-antineutron transitions was recently proposed for High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). In this paper the physics motivation of a new search, the scheme and the discovery potential of the proposed HFIR-based experiment are discussed.
Date: August 1, 1997
Creator: Kamyshkov, Y.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Physics research needs for ITER

Description: Design of ITER entails the application of physics design tools that have been validated against the world-wide data base of fusion research. In many cases, these tools do not yet exist and must be developed as part of the ITER physics program. ITER`s considerable increases in power and size demand significant extrapolations from the current data base; in several cases, new physical effects are projected to dominate the behavior of the ITER plasma. This paper focuses on those design tools and data that have been identified by the ITER team and are not yet available; these needs serve as the basis for the ITER Physics Research Needs, which have been developed jointly by the ITER Physics Expert Groups and the ITER design team. Development of the tools and the supporting data base is an on-going activity that constitutes a significant opportunity for contributions to the ITER program by fusion research programs world-wide.
Date: July 1, 1995
Creator: Sauthoff, N.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Snowmass points and slopes : benchmarks for SUSY searches.

Description: The ''Snowmass Points and Slopes'' (SPS) are a set of benchmark points and parameter lines in the MSSM parameter space corresponding to different scenarios in the search for Supersymmetry at present and future experiments. This set of benchmarks was agreed upon at the 2001 ''Snowmass Workshop on the Future of Particle Physics'' as a consensus based on different existing proposals.
Date: April 15, 2002
Creator: Allanach, B. C.; Battaglia, M.; Blair, G. A.; Carena, M.; De Roeck, A. & Wagner, C. E. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Scoping the parameter space for demo and the engineering test facility (ETF)

Description: In our IFE development plan, we have set a goal of building an Engineering Test Facility (ETF) for a total cost of $2B and a Demo for $3B. In Mike Campbell� s presentation at Madison, we included a viewgraph with an example Demo that had 80 to � 250 MWe of net power and showed a plausible argument that it could cost less than $3B. In this memo, I examine the design space for the Demo and then briefly for the ETF. Instead of attempting to estimate the costs of the drivers, I pose the question in a way to define R&D goals: As a function of key design and performance parameters, how much can the driver cost if the total facility cost is limited to the specified goal? The design parameters examined for the Demo included target gain, driver energy, driver efficiency, and net power output. For the ETF; the design parameters are target gain, driver energy, and target yield. The resulting graphs of allowable driver cost determine the goals that the driver R&D programs must seek to meet.
Date: January 19, 1999
Creator: Meier, W. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

anti-p d interactions from 20-GeV to 60-GeV

Description: We will study the reaction {bar p}n {yields} {bar p}p{sup {paragraph}-} at 20, 40, and 60 GeV/c in a bubble chamber experiment using a sample of 1,000,000 pictures.
Date: June 1, 1970
Creator: Bishop, J.M.; Huwe, D.O.; Reynolds, B.G.; Yarger, H.L. & U., /Ohio
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proposal to study anti-p induced reactions by means of the 15 foot bubble chamber, i.e.: - anti-p d interactions at 50-GeV/c and 80-GeV/c - anti-p p interactions at 80-GeV/c

Description: As a continuation of the work done at Strasbourg we are proposing to study the {bar p}d interactions at {approx} 50 and {approx} 80 GeV/c and also {bar p}p interactions at {approx}80 GeV/c. The exact values of the momenta are not very crucial although we would like to have the same value ( {approx}80 GeV/c) for the {bar p}d and {bar p}p experiments. Because of the lack of data in this momentum range each of the proposed runs will be interesting by itself as will be seen from the physics discussed below.
Date: June 1, 1975
Creator: Fridman, A. & /Strasbourg, IReS
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Hybrid Emulsion Detector for MINOS R&D Proposal

Description: The MINOS (Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search) experiment is designed to search for neutrino oscillations with a sensitivity significantly greater than has been achieved to date. The phenomenon of neutrino oscillations, whose existence has not been proven convincingly so far, allows neutrinos of one "flavor" (type) to slowly transform themselves into another flavor, and then back again to the original flavor, as they propagate through space or matter. The MINOS experiment is optimized to explore the region of neutrino oscillation "parameter space" suggested by previous investigations of atmospheric neutrinos: the Kamiokande, IMB, Super-Kamiokande and Soudan 2 experiments. The study of oscillations in this region with a neutrino beam from the Main Injector requires measurements of the beam after a very long flight path. This in turn requires an intense neutrino beam and a massive detector in order to have an adequate event rate at a great distance from the source. We propose to enhance significantly the physics capabilities of the MINOS experiment by the addition of a Hybrid Emulsion Detector at Soudan, capable of unambigous identification of the neutrino flavor. Recent developments in emulsion experiments make such a detector possible, although significant technological challenges must be overcome. We propose to initiate an R&D effort to identify major potential problems and to develop practical solutions to them. This proposal is meant to be a summary of the work we feel is needed before a credible conceptual design report can be produced. It summarizes both the tasks that need to be done and new incremental resources that are required to perform them. It is our expectation that various individual institutions (those currently in MINOS and others anticipating joining) will submit separate individual funding requests, to funding agencies in both US and abroad, to provide most of the resources listed in Chapter 5. ...
Date: April 1, 1999
Creator: Adamson, P.; Alexandrov, K. V.; Allison, W. W.M.; Alner, G. J.; Ambats, I.; Anderson, B. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Antiquark distributions in the proton

Description: This is the final report of a three-year Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The study of quark and antiquark distributions in the nucleon has been a major endeavor in nuclear and particle physics. Results from a recent deep-inelastic scattering experiment suggest the surprising possibility that the up and down antiquark distributions in the proton are not symmetric. A sensitive and direct determination of the antiquark distributions in the proton can be made by comparing the Drell-Yan cross sections on hydrogen versus deuterium targets. The authors have proposed a new experiment (E866) at Fermilab to carry out such measurements. E866 has been taking data since September 1996. Preliminary results show that the apparatus is working very well. The authors anticipate having seven months of beam in 1997, which would allow them to achieve the sensitivities for a definitive measurement of flavor symmetry of sea quarks in the proton.
Date: July 1, 1997
Creator: Brooks, M.; Carey, T. & Garvey, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Updated DIII-D experimental plan for FY-1989

Description: The program proposed here is designed to support and build toward the long-term plan put forward during 1987 for the DIII-D facility. This plan has as its ultimate goal developing sufficient understanding and predictive capability to enable the demonstration of a high beta plasma with non-inductively driven toroidal current. The early stages of this plan call for the optimization of the plasma configuration for good confinement at high beta while simultaneously developing the need rf power systems for current drive, profile control, and heating.
Date: August 1, 1989
Creator: Luxon, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of a high-density gas laser target to the physics of x-ray lasers and coronal plasmas

Description: An experiment has been proposed to investigate a photopumped x-ray laser approach using a novel, high-density, laser heated supersonic gas jet plasma to prepare the lasant plasma. The scheme uses the He- like sodium 1.10027 nm line to pump the He-like neon 1s-4p transition at 1.10003 nm with the lasing transitions between the n=4 to n=2,3 states and the n=3 to n=2 state at 5.8 nm, 23.0 nm, and 8.2 nm, respectively. The experiment had been proposed in 1990 and funding began Jan. 1991; however circumstances made it impossible to pursue the research over the past 5 years, and it was decided not to pursue the research any further.
Date: May 31, 1996
Creator: Pronko, J.G. & Kohler, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DIII-D experimental plan for FY-1989

Description: This document summarizes the Experimental Plan for the DIII-D tokamak facility for the fiscal year 1989. The long-range DIII-D 5 yr plan is directed ultimately at the goal of achieving good confinement at high beta in a plasma with non-inductively driven current. This is important to the design of a steady-state reactor. This program may be thought of as occurring in two phases. In the first phase of the program we axe separately investigating high beta plasma confinement in inductively-driven plasmas, and non-inductive current drive. In the second phase we will combine these two elements to investigate high beta plasma confinement with non-inductive current drive. The FY 89 plan continues the first phase of the DIII-D experimental effort that contains a strong focus on beta and confinement in non-circular plasma configurations and in the divertor configuration in particular. Important work also continues in the development of rf heating systems for heating, profile control, and current drive. This research is coupled to theoretical efforts at General Atomics. The FY 89 research program outlined herein is diverse and multifaceted. However, it is also characterized by a greater synthesis of techniques toward a common goal. An example is the application of ECH for sawtooth suppression that would improve the low q confinement and allow higher {beta} to be obtained. We believe this research program will provide a solid foundation for the continued development of the tokamak toward high beta steady-state reactor application. The DIII-D FY 89 research program will provide results that will help resolve many CIT and ITER Physics R&D issues. In addition, DIII-D confinement studies will be an important input to the newly formed National Transport Task Force.
Date: November 1, 1988
Creator: Luxon, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department