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Photofragment Coincidence Imaging of Small I- (H2O)n Clusters Excited to the Charge-transfer-to-solvent State

Description: The photodissociation dynamics of small I{sup -}(H{sub 2}O){sub n} (n = 2-5) clusters excited to their charge-transfer-to-solvent (CTTS) states have been studied using photofragment coincidence imaging. Upon excitation to the CTTS state, two photodissociation channels were observed. The major channel ({approx}90%) is a 2-body process forming neutral I + (H{sub 2}O){sub n} photofragments, and the minor channel is a 3-body process forming I + (H{sub 2}O){sub n-1} + H{sub 2}O fragments. Both process display translational energy (P(E{sub T})) distributions peaking at E{sub T} = 0 with little available energy partitioned into translation. Clusters excited to the detachment continuum rather than to the CTTS state display the same two channels with similar P(E{sub T}) distributions. The observation of similar P(E{sub T}) distributions from the two sets of experiments suggests that in the CTTS experiments, I atom loss occurs after autodetachment of the excited (I(H{sub 2}O){sub n}{sup -})* cluster, or, less probably, that the presence of the excess electron has little effect on the departing I atom.
Date: November 9, 2005
Creator: Neumark, D. E. Szpunar, K. E. Kautzman, A. E. Faulhaber, and D. M.; Kautzman, K.E.; Faulhaber, A.E. & Faulhaber, A.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Excitation Function of the Reaction C12(n,2n)C11 at High Energies

Description: The excitation curve for the reaction C{sup 12}(n,2n)C{sup 11} has been calculated for energies up to 100 Mev. The calculations were done as described in the preceding letter for the similar reaction of C{sup 12} under proton bombardment. The results of the calculations for 50% charge exchange are shown in Figure 1. The calculated cross section for the reaction at 90 Mev is: .011 barns for 100% charge exchange and .013 barns for 50% charge exchange. The experimental value is 0.025 {+-} .004 barns. The ratio of the cross section of the reaction C{sup 12}(pnpn)C{sup 11} to the cross section of the above reaction at 90 Mev is 5.8 for 100% charge exchange and 3.8 for 50% charge exchange. The experimental ratio is 2.7 at 90 Mev. This difference in cross sections between the two reactions is established by two factors. Firstly, there is the part played by charge exchange in the C{sup 12}(pnpn)C{sup 11} reaction which leads to excited N{sup 12} with the subsequent boiling off of a proton, while a similar exchange process cannot take place for the C{sup 12}(n2n)C{sup 11} reaction. Secondly, there is the difference between the contributions of the knock out process as a result of the difference in the n - p and the n - n cross sections, which favors the p + C{sup 12} knock out reaction. It will be noted that the parts of the reactions which go through excited C{sup 12}, while practically equal, are so small that they do not greatly affect either reaction. Although the results of these calculations do not agree too closely with the experimental results, the results are probably as good as are to be expected because of the crudity of the assumed model. The results do, though, seem to give a good qualitative picture ...
Date: November 1, 1947
Creator: Heckrotte, Wolff & Wolff, Peter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Excitation Function of the Reaction C12(p,pn)C11 at High Energies

Description: Chupp and McMillan have recently measured the excitation curve for the reaction C{sup 12}(pnpn)C{sup 11} at high energies. Using the model of the nucleus described by Serber, the excitation curve of the above reaction has been calculated for energies up to 100 Mev. The excitation of the nucleus is determined on the basis that the incident proton makes individual collisions with the nucleons, the transferred energy exciting the nucleus. n-p collisions are taken to be three times more probable than n-n or p-p collisions. Charge exchange is assumed. The calculations were made for both 50% and 100% charge exchange. The decay of the excited nucleus is treated by the usual evaporation mode.
Date: November 1, 1947
Creator: Heckrotte, W. & Wolff, Peter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: Using pulsed excitation and detection, the authors have observed multi-magnon ({le} 7) luminescence sidebands of the {sup 4}T{sub 1g} ({sup 4}G) {yields} {sup 6}A{sub 1g} ({sup 6}S) excitonic transition in MnF{sub 2}, KMnF{sub 3}, and RbMnF{sub 3}. A simple model is proposed to explain the results qualitatively.
Date: December 1, 1977
Creator: Chiang, T.C; Salvi, P.; Davies, J. & Shen, Y.R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Parametric forms and the inductive response of a permeable conducting sphere

Description: At early time, the time derivative of the response of isolated conductive bodies to step function excitation decays as t-1/2 (under a quasi-static approximation). One simple parametric form for the response with correct early time behavior is k'(1 + t1/2/a1/2)-beta e-t/gamma. For a conducting magnetic sphere, parameter values are determined from the high and low frequency limit responses, together with two time scales taken from the form of the analytic solution. Parameters alpha and gamma correspond to transition times, for transition from an early time t-1/2 derivative response, and to late time exponential decay. For conducting spheres with high permeability, increasing the permeability moves the transition from early time behavior earlier in inverse proportion to the relative permeability mu r, and increases the time constant of the late time decay in proportion to mu r. Magnitude parameter k' corresponds to the difference between high frequency and low frequency limit responses.
Date: December 11, 2003
Creator: Smith, J. Torquil; Morrison, H. Frank & Becker, Alex
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: The response of an intense beam of interacting particles to a deflecting rf-signal is computed theoretically and shown to be closely related to transverse coherent beam stability. It is shown that the beam response to sinusoidal excitation provides a direct measure of the stability of beam modes for given machine conditions (beam intensity, octupole current, sextupole current, momentum spread, etc.). This measurement includes the properties of the beam surroundings as well as the frequency spread effective for Landau damping. Since it is generally difficult to evaluate theoretically the wall and beam properties that enter into stability calculations, the information which can be obtained from rf excitation experiments should be very valuable; especially in devising practical procedures for reducing the severity of coherent transverse instabilities.
Date: August 1, 1971
Creator: Muhl, Dieter & Sessler, Andrew M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of reactions for the production of 258,257Db: 208Pb(51V,xn) and 209Bi(50Ti,xn)

Description: Excitation functions for the 1n and 2n exit channels of the 208Pb(51V,xn)259-xDb reaction were measured. A maximum cross section of the 1n exit channel of 2070+1100/-760 pb was measured at an excitation energy of 16.0 +- 1.8 MeV. For the 2n exit channel, a maximum cross section of 1660+450/-370 pb was measured at 22.0 +- 1.8 MeV excitation energy. The 1n excitation function for the 209Bi(50Ti,n)258Db reaction was remeasured, resulting in a cross section of 5480+1750/-1370 pb at an excitation energy of 16.0 +- 1.6 MeV, in agreement with previous values [F. P. Hebberger, et al., Eur. Phys. J. A 12, 57 (2001)]. Differences in cross section maxima are discussed in terms of the fusion probability below the barrier.
Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Gates, Jacklyn M.; Nelson, Sarah L.; Gregorich, Kenneth E.; Dragojevic, Irena; Dullmann, Christoph E.; Ellison, Paul A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measured strain in Nb3Sn coils during excitation and quence

Description: The strain in a high field Nb{sub 3}Sn coil was measured during magnet assembly, cool-down, excitation and spot heater quenches. Strain was measured with a full bridge strain gauge mounted directly over the turns and impregnated with the coil. Two such coils were placed in a 'common coil' fashion capable of reaching 11 T at 4.2 K. The measured steady state strain in the coil is compared with results obtained using the FEM code ANSYS. During quenches, the transient strain (due to temperature rise) was also measured and compared with the calculated mechanical time response to a quench.
Date: June 1, 2005
Creator: Caspi, S.; Barlett, S.E.; Dietderich, D. R.; Ferracin, P.; Gourlay, S. A.; Hannaford, C. R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Structural damage detection using the holder exponent.

Description: This paper implements a damage detection strategy that identifies damage sensitive features associated with nonlinearities. Some rion-linezlrities result from discontinuities introduced into the data by certain types of darnage. These discontinuities may also result from noise in the measured dynamic response data or can be caused by random excitation of the system. The Holder Exponent, which is a measure of the degree to which a signal is differentiable, is used to detect the discontinuities. By studying the Holder bponent as a function af time, a statistical model is developed that classifies changes in the Holder Exponent that are associated with clamage-induced discontinuities. The results show that for certain cases, the Holder Exponent is an effective technique to detect damage.
Date: January 1, 2002
Creator: Farrar, C. R. (Charles R.); Do, N. B. (Nguyen B.); Green, S. R. (Scott R.) & Schwartz, T. A. (Timothy A.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Implementation of modal combination rules for response spectrum analysis using GEMINI

Description: One of the widely used methodologies for describing the behavior of a structural system subjected to seismic excitation is response spectrum modal dynamic analysis. Several modal combination rules are proposed in the literature to combine the responses of individual modes in a response spectrum dynamic analysis. In particular, these modal combination rules are used to estimate the representative maximum value of a particular response of interest for design purposes. Furthermore, these combination rules also provide guidelines for combining the representative maximum values of the response obtained for each of the three orthogonal spatial components of an earthquake. This report mainly focuses on the implementation of different modal combination rules into GEMINI [I].
Date: June 1, 1999
Creator: Nukala, P K
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radial Excitations

Description: In this contribution I discuss recent experimental developments in the Spectroscopy of higher-mass mesons, especially candidate radial excitations discussed at the WHS99 meeting in Frascati.
Date: March 8, 1999
Creator: Barnes, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Structure of 12N using 11C + p resonance scattering

Description: The level structure of {sup 12}N has been investigated from 2.2 to 11.0 MeV in excitation energy using a {sup 11}C + p resonance interaction with thick targets and inverse kinematics. Excitation functions were fitted using an R-matrix approach. Sixteen levels in {sup 12}N were included in the analysis, several of them are new. Spin-parity assignments, excitation energies and widths are proposed for these levels. To fit the high energy part of the excitation function, imaginary phase shifts had to be added to the phase shifts generated by the hard sphere scattering.
Date: March 2, 2006
Creator: Perajarvi, K.; Chang, Bo Fu; Rogachev, G.V.; Chubarian, G.; Goldberg, V.Z.; Guo, Q. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

B(E1) Strengths from Coulomb excitation of 11Be

Description: The B(E1;1/2{sup +}{yields} 1/2{sup -}) strength for {sup 11}Be has been extracted from intermediate energy Coulomb excitation measurements, over a range of beam energies using a new reaction model, the extended continuum discretized coupled channels (XCDCC) method. In addition, a measurement of the excitation cross section for {sup 11}Be+{sup 208}Pb at 38.6 MeV/nucleon is reported. The B(E1) strength of 0.105(12) e{sup 2}fm{sup 2} derived from this measurement is consistent with those made previously at 60 and 64 MeV/nucleon, in contrast to an anomalously low result obtained at 43 MeV/nucleon. By coupling a multi-configuration description of the projectile structure with realistic reaction theory, the XCDCC model provides for the first time a fully quantum mechanical description of Coulomb excitation. The XCDCC calculations reveal that the excitation process involves significant contributions from nuclear, continuum, and higher-order effects. An analysis of the present and two earlier intermediate energy measurements yields a combined B(E1) strength of 0.105(7) e{sup 2}fm{sup 2}. This value is in good agreement with the value deduced independently from the lifetime of the 1/2{sup -} state in {sup 11}Be, and has a comparable precision.
Date: March 6, 2007
Creator: Summers, N. C.; Pain, S. D.; Orr, N. A.; Catford, W. N.; Angelique, J. C.; Ashwood, N I et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theory of Electron-Ion Collisions

Description: Collisions of electrons with atoms and ions play a crucial role in the modeling and diagnostics of fusion plasmas. In the edge and divertor regions of magnetically confined plasmas, data for the collisions of electrons with neutral atoms and low charge-state ions are of particular importance, while in the inner region, data on highly ionized species are needed. Since experimental measurements for these collisional processes remain very limited, data for such processes depend primarily on the results of theoretical calculations. Over the period of the present grant (January 2006 – August 2009), we have made additional improvements in our parallel scattering programs, generated data of direct fusion interest and made these data available on The Controlled Fusion Atomic Data Center Web site at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. In addition, we have employed these data to do collsional-radiative modeling studies in support of a variety of experiments with magnetically confined fusion plasmas.
Date: October 2, 2009
Creator: Griffin, Donald C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ultrafast dynamics in helium nanodroplets probed by femtosecond time-resolved EUV photoelectron imaging

Description: The dynamics of electronically excited helium nanodroplets are studied by femtosecond time-resolved photoelectron imaging. EUV excitation into a broad absorption band centered around 23.8 eV leads to an indirect photoemission process that generates ultraslow photoelectrons. A 1.58 eV probe pulse transiently depletes the indirect photoemission signal for pump-probe time delays <200 fs and enhances the signal beyond this delay. The depletion is due to suppression of the indirect ionization process by the probe photon, which generates a broad, isotropically emitted photoelectron band. Similar time scales in the decay of the high energy photoelectron signal and the enhancement of the indirect photoemission signal suggest an internal relaxation process that populates states in the range of a lower energy droplet absorption band located just below the droplet ionization potential (IP {approx} 23.0 eV). A nearly 70% enhancement of the ultraslow photoelectron signal indicates that interband relaxation plays a more dominant role for the droplet de-excitation mechanism than photoemission.
Date: July 9, 2010
Creator: Kornilov, Oleg; Wang, Chia C.; Buenermann, Oliver; Healy, Andrew T.; Leonard, Mathew; Peng, Chunte et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiation effects from first principles : the role of excitons in electronic-excited processes.

Description: Electron-hole pairs, or excitons, are created within materials upon optical excitation or irradiation with X-rays/charged particles. The ability to control and predict the role of excitons in these energetically-induced processes would have a tremendous impact on understanding the effects of radiation on materials. In this report, the excitonic effects in large cycloparaphenylene carbon structures are investigated using various first-principles methods. These structures are particularly interesting since they allow a study of size-scaling properties of excitons in a prototypical semi-conducting material. In order to understand these properties, electron-hole transition density matrices and exciton binding energies were analyzed as a function of size. The transition density matrices allow a global view of electronic coherence during an electronic excitation, and the exciton binding energies give a quantitative measure of electron-hole interaction energies in these structures. Based on overall trends in exciton binding energies and their spatial delocalization, we find that excitonic effects play a vital role in understanding the unique photoinduced dynamics in these systems.
Date: September 1, 2009
Creator: Wong, Bryan Matthew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Direct observation of imprinted antiferromagnetic vortex state in CoO/Fe/Ag(001) disks

Description: In magnetic thin films, a magnetic vortex is a state in which the magnetization vector curls around the center of a confined structure. A vortex state in a thin film disk, for example, is a topological object characterized by the vortex polarity and the winding number. In ferromagnetic (FM) disks, these parameters govern many fundamental properties of the vortex such as its gyroscopic rotation, polarity reversal, core motion, and vortex pair excitation. However, in antiferromagnetic (AFM) disks, though there has been indirect evidence of the vortex state through observations of the induced FM-ordered spins in the AFM disk, they have never been observed directly in experiment. By fabricating single crystalline NiO/Fe/Ag(001) and CoO/Fe/Ag(001) disks and using X-ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism (XMLD), we show direct observation of the vortex state in an AFM disk of AFM/FM bilayer system. We observe that there are two types of AFM vortices, one of which has no analog in FM structures. Finally, we show that a frozen AFM vortex can bias a FM vortex at low temperature.
Date: December 21, 2010
Creator: Wu, J.; Carlton, D.; Park, J. S.; Meng, Y.; Arenholz, E.; Doran, A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The influence of projectile neutron number in the 208Pb(48Ti, n)255Rf and 208Pb(50Ti, n)257Rf reactions

Description: Four isotopes of rutherfordium,254-257Rf, were produced by the 208Pb(48Ti, xn)256-xRf and 208Pb(50Ti, xn)258-xRf reactions (x = 1, 2) at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 88-Inch Cyclotron. Excitation functions were measured for the 1n and 2n exit channels. A maximum likelihood technique, which correctly accounts for the changing cross section at all energies subtended by the targets, was used to fit the 1n data to allow a more direct comparison between excitation functions obtained under different experimental conditions. The maximum 1n crosssections of the 208Pb(48Ti, n)255Rf and 208Pb(50Ti, n)257Rf reactions obtained from fits to the experimental data are 0.38 +/- 0.07 nb and 40 +/-5 nb, respectively. Excitation functions for the 2n exit channel were also measured, with maximum cross sections of nb for the 48Ti induced reaction, and 15.7 +/- 0.2 nb for the 50Ti induced reaction. The impact of the two neutron difference in the projectile on the 1n cross section is discussed. The results are compared to the Fusion by Diffusion model developed by Swiatecki, Wilczynska, and Wilczynski.
Date: July 11, 2008
Creator: Dragojevic, Irena; Dragojevic, I.; Gregorich, K.E.; Dullmann, Ch.E.; Garcia, M.A.; Gates, J.M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department