884 Matching Results

Search Results

Advanced search parameters have been applied.

Applied Methods and Equipment for Reducing Evaporation Losses of Petroleum and Gasoline

Description: From Scope of Report: "The subject matter in this bulletin is divided as follows: Theory of evaporation; methods of determining evaporation losses; lease operation; transportation and storage of crude petroleum; and evaporation losses of gasoline at the refineries."
Date: 1934
Creator: Schmidt, Ludwig
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Deposition and Characterization of Pentacene Film.

Description: Many organic materials have been studied to be used as semiconductors, few of them being pentacene and polythiophene. Organic semiconductors have been investigated to make organic thin film transistors. Pentacene has been used in the active region of the transistors. Transistors fabricated with pentacene do not have very high mobility. But in some applications, high mobility is not needed. In such application other properties of organic transistors are used, such as, ease of production and flexibility. Organic thin film transistors (OTFT) can find use as low density storage devices, such as smart cards or I.D. tags, and displays. OTFT are compatible with polymeric substrates and hence can find use as flexible computer screens. This project aims at making 'smart clothes', the cheap way, with pentacene based OTFT. This problem in lieu of thesis describes a way to deposit pentacene films and characterize it. Pentacene films were deposited on substrates and characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The substrate used was ~1500Å platinum on silicon wafer or bare silicon wafer. was used. A deposition system for vacuum deposition of pentacene was assembled. The XRD data for deposited pentacene films shows the presence of two phases, single crystal phase (SCP) and thin film phase (TFP), and the increase in percentage of SCP with increase in substrate temperature during deposition or by annealing the deposited film, in vacuum, at 80°C.
Date: December 2003
Creator: Singh, Nidhi
Partner: UNT Libraries

Operation of Pilot Plant LTV Evaporator at Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina

Description: From Introduction: "The primary objective in the development of the W. L. Badger Long Tube Vertical Multiple Effect Evaporator for saline water conversion is to minimize the ultimate cost of producing potable water. To accomplish the primary objective, it is necessary to (1) prevent formation of scale on heating surfaces, and (2) minimize corrosion to permit use of inexpensive materials of construction. The work done leading to this report was guided in the direction of accomplishing the two secondary objectives."
Date: December 1959
Creator: W. L. Badger and Associates, Inc.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reservoir Evaporation in Central Colorado

Description: Purpose of study and report: This study is the result of an agreement between the Denver Water Department and the U.S. Geological Survey to investigate the evaporative losses from reservoirs which are a part of the Denver water-supply system. Interim results of the study were presented by Ficke and others (1977). The subject report is a continuation of results given by Ficke and others (1977).
Date: 1983
Creator: Spahr, Norman E. & Ruddy, Barbara C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Monte-Carlo simulation of surface growth. Final report for period September 15, 1997-September 14, 2001

Description: We have carried out simulations using various methods on models of epitaxial growth. We have investigated both homoepitaxial as well as heteroepitaxial growth. We have studied the effects of evaporation, island coarsening, strain due to lattice mismatch, three dimensional islands submonolayer growth, and self-organization in quantum dot superlattices. The results of our investigations are of significance to the understanding of material properties at the nanoscale.
Date: December 1, 2000
Creator: Lam, Pui-Man
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaporation of Apples

Description: "While the recent tendency in the apple industry has apparently been to centralize fruit evaporation in distinct commercial establishments having considerable capacity and requiring capital to construct and equip, there sill remain large regions in which there is a considerable surplus of fruit that is unsuitable for packing and shipping in almost every crop year.... Encouragement of evaporating, canning, cider making, and other methods of utilization therefore appears desirable, and of these evaporating is the one that is most applicable at present to a wide range of conditions, and therefore of most importance to the average farmer." -- p. 2. Types of evaporators, methods of preparing and drying fruit, and the marketing and packing of apples are discussed.
Date: 1907
Creator: Gould, H. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Laboratory Evaporation Testing Of Hanford Waste Treatment Plant Low Activity Waste Off-Gas Condensate Simulant

Description: The Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Low Activity Waste (LAW) vitrification facility will generate an aqueous condensate recycle stream, LAW Off-Gas Condensate, from the off-gas system. The baseline plan for disposition of this stream is to send it to the WTP Pretreatment Facility, where it will be blended with LAW, concentrated by evaporation and recycled to the LAW vitrification facility again. Alternate disposition of this stream would eliminate recycling of problematic components, and would enable de-coupled operation of the LAW melter and the Pretreatment Facilities. Eliminating this stream from recycling within WTP would also decrease the LAW vitrification mission duration and quantity of canistered glass waste forms. This LAW Off-Gas Condensate stream contains components that are volatile at melter temperatures and are problematic for the glass waste form. Because this stream recycles within WTP, these components accumulate in the Condensate stream, exacerbating their impact on the number of LAW glass containers that must be produced. Approximately 32% of the sodium in Supplemental LAW comes from glass formers used to make the extra glass to dilute the halides to be within acceptable concentration ranges in the LAW glass. Diverting the stream reduces the halides in the recycled Condensate and is a key outcome of this work. Additionally, under possible scenarios where the LAW vitrification facility commences operation prior to the WTP Pretreatment facility, identifying a disposition path becomes vitally important. This task examines the impact of potential future disposition of this stream in the Hanford tank farms, and investigates auxiliary evaporation to enable another disposition path. Unless an auxiliary evaporator is used, returning the stream to the tank farms would require evaporation in the 242-A evaporator. This stream is expected to be unusual because it will be very high in corrosive species that are volatile in the melter (chloride, ...
Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Adamson, Duane J.; Nash, Charles A.; McCabe, Daniel J.; Crawford, Charles L. & Wilmarth, William R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stars in Photographic Emulsions Initiated by Deuterons Part II. Theoretical

Description: The theory of high energy nuclear stars depends on a theory of nuclear transparency and on a theory of nuclear evaporation. The transparency can be computed on the basis of a model proposed by R. Serber as soon as the interactions between the nucleons and the incident particle are known. The evaporation can be computed on the basis of the statistical model of the nucleus as soon as the nuclear entropy and binding energies of the evaporated particles are known. The calculations have been formulated with approximate values for the above interactions, entropies, and binding energies; and by means of various mathematical methods: a method of averages, a method of reaction integrals, and one using diffusion equations. Probability distributions have been obtained for the number of prongs per star, and distributions are being computed for the energy and angle of a prong. The results are in qualitative agreement with the observations on photographic emulsions described in Part I.
Date: January 1, 1948
Creator: Horning, Wendell & Baumhoff, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stars in Photographic Emulsions Initiated by Deuterons Part II. Theoretical

Description: The theory of high energy nuclear stars depends on a theory of nuclear transparency and on a theory of nuclear evaporation. The transparency can be computed on the basis of a model proposed by R. Serber as soon as the interactions between the nucleons and the incident particle are known. The evaporation can be computed on the basis of the statistical model of the nucleus as soon as the nuclear entropy and binding energies of the evaporated particles are known. With approximate values for the above interactions, entropies, and binding energies, a probability distribution has been computed for the number of prongs per star. The results are in qualitative agreement with the observations on photographic emulsions described in Part 1.
Date: September 7, 1948
Creator: Horning, W. & Baumhoff, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of the Evaporation Coefficient of D2O

Description: The evaporation rate of D{sub 2}O has been determined by Raman thermometry of a droplet train (12-15 {micro}m diameter) injected into vacuum ({approx}10{sup -5} torr). The cooling rate measured as a function of time in vacuum was fit to a model that accounts for temperature gradients between the surface and the core of the droplets, yielding an evaporation coefficient ({gamma}{sub e}) of 0.57 {+-} 0.06. This is nearly identical to that found for H{sub 2}O (0.62 {+-} 0.09) using the same experimental method and model, and indicates the existence of a kinetic barrier to evaporation. The application of a recently developed transition state theory (TST) model suggests that the kinetic barrier is due to librational and hindered translational motions at the liquid surface, and that the lack of an isotope effect is due to competing energetic and entropic factors. The implications of these results for cloud and aerosol particles in the atmosphere are discussed.
Date: March 26, 2008
Creator: Drisdell, Walter S.; Cappa, Christopher D.; Smith, Jared D.; Saykally, Richard J. & Cohen, Ronald C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

STUDIES OF THE USE OF COAGULANT AIDS IN THE LIME-SODA TREATMENT OF LARGE- VOLUME, LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE LIQUID WASTE

Description: Studies on the use of coagulant aids in the lime-soda treatment of large- volume, low-level radioactive liquid waste revealed that a combination of Hagan Aids No. 50 and No. 18 gave fairly good results under most conditions. The effects of feed solution concentrations, mode and point of addition, and water temperature were studied. (C.J.G.)
Date: August 22, 1960
Creator: Subbaratnam, T; Cowser, K E & Struxness, E G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transient Model for Keyhole During Laser Welding

Description: A novel approach to simulating the dominant dynamic processes present during concentrated energy beam welding of metals is presented. A model for transient behavior of the front keyhole wall is developed. It is assumed that keyhole propagation is dominated by evaporation recoil-driven melt expulsion from the beam interaction zone. Results from the model show keyhole instabilities consistent with experimental observations of metal welding, metal cutting and ice welding.
Date: March 5, 1999
Creator: Bragg, W.D.; Damkroger, B.; Kempka, S. & Semak, V.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of asymmetric with symmetric feed oil injection parameters in a riser reactor.

Description: A computational fluid dynamic (CFD) computer code was used to determine the effects of product yields of three feed injection parameters in a fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) riser reactor. This study includes the effects of both symmetrical and non-symmetrical injection parameters. All these parameters have significant effects on the feed oil spray distribution, vaporization rates and the resulting product yields. This study also indicates that optimum parameter ranges exist for the investigated parameters.
Date: April 20, 1999
Creator: Bowman, B. J.; Chang, S. L.; Lottes, S. A. & Zhou, C. Q.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advanced Evaporator Technology Progress Report FY 1992

Description: This report summarizes the work that was completed in FY 1992 on the program "Technology Development for Concentrating Process Streams." The purpose of this program is to evaluate and develop evaporator technology for concentrating radioactive waste and product streams such as those generated by the TRUEX process. Concentrating these streams and minimizing the volume of waste generated can significantly reduce disposal costs; however, equipment to concentrate the streams and recycle the decontaminated condensates must be installed. LICON, Inc., is developing an evaporator that shows a great deal of potential for this application. In this report, concepts that need to be incorporated into the design of an evaporator operated in a radioactive environment are discussed. These concepts include criticality safety, remote operation and maintenance, and materials of construction. Both solubility and vapor-liquid equilibrium data are needed to design an effective process for concentrating process streams. Therefore, literature surveys were completed and are summarized in this report. A model that is being developed to predict vapor phase compositions is described. A laboratory-scale evaporator was purchased and installed to study the evaporation process and to collect additional data. This unit is described in detail. Two new LICON evaporators are being designed for installation at Argonne-East in FY 1993 to process low-level radioactive waste generated throughout the laboratory. They will also provide operating data from a full-sized evaporator processing radioactive solutions. Details on these evaporators are included in this report.
Date: January 1995
Creator: Chamberlain, D. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Excitation Function of the Reaction C12(p,pn)C11 at High Energies

Description: Chupp and McMillan have recently measured the excitation curve for the reaction C{sup 12}(pnpn)C{sup 11} at high energies. Using the model of the nucleus described by Serber, the excitation curve of the above reaction has been calculated for energies up to 100 Mev. The excitation of the nucleus is determined on the basis that the incident proton makes individual collisions with the nucleons, the transferred energy exciting the nucleus. n-p collisions are taken to be three times more probable than n-n or p-p collisions. Charge exchange is assumed. The calculations were made for both 50% and 100% charge exchange. The decay of the excited nucleus is treated by the usual evaporation mode.
Date: November 1, 1947
Creator: Heckrotte, W. & Wolff, Peter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Model of an Electrical Discharge in the Flance Contacts With Omega Seals at High Currents in PEP-II

Description: During PEP-II operation with high currents in the High Energy Ring (HER), elevated temperatures were found at many locations in the vacuum chamber where they have an RF seal for the flex flange. Most of these omega RF seals were badly damaged and had evidence of metal vaporization from sparks and electrical discharge. They suggest a physical model, which may explain this effect.
Date: July 11, 2008
Creator: Novokhatski, A; Seeman, J.; Sullivan, M. & /SLAC
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department