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Bibliographies of Industrial Interest : Thermodynamic Measurements on the Systems CO₂-H₂O, CuCl₂-H₂0,H₂SO₄-H₂O, NH₃-H₂O, H₂S-H₂O, ZnCl₂-H₂Oand H₃PO₄-H₂O

Description: Abstract: Contained herein are bibliographies of Sources of experimental and correlated thermodynamic data for seven binary aqueous mixtures of industrial importance, namely mixtures of CO2, H2S, NH3, H2S0, H3P4, CuCl2 and ZnCl2 with water. The categories of equilibrium data included in the bibliographies are activity and osmotic coefficients, equilibria in solution, enthalpies and heat capacity data, vapor-liquid equilibria, and phase equilibrium data.
Date: September 1986
Creator: Staples, B. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phase Equilibria: an Informal Symposium

Description: From introduction: The accurate prediction of phase equilibria plays an important. role in the chemical process industries. A grief overview of final phase equilibria predictive techniques is presented with special emphasis on methods in current use in industry. Areas were better fundamental understanding will lead to improved models are discussed whenever possible.
Date: January 1983
Creator: Eaton, B. E.; Ely, James F.; Hanley, H. J. M.; McCarty, Robert D. & Rainwater, James C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ionization Equilibrium Equation of State

Description: Abstract: "A simple solution to Saha's equation has been obtained. The method of solution involves iteration with respect to the electron pressure or concentration and can be applied to the simultaneous calculations of any number of ions. Sample results are given for lithium and aluminum."
Date: October 5, 1959
Creator: Rouse, Carl A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Distribution of Uranium at Low Acid : Low Uranium Concentrations into 4-1/2 Percent TBP-AMSCO

Description: Report wherein acid free uranyl nitrate hexahydrate was distributed into 4-1/2 percent TBP-Amsco 125-90W and combined with various concentrations of acid in order to study the distribution of uranium and hydrolysis effects.
Date: August 23, 1956
Creator: Andelin, Robert L.; Anderson, Edward L. & McVey, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charts for the computation of equilibrium composition of chemical reactions in the carbon-hydrogen-oxygen-nitrogen system at temperatures from 2000 to 5000 K

Description: From Summary: "A rapidly convergent method is described for the calculation of the equilibrium composition of the carbon-hydrogen-oxygen-nitrogen system in the temperature range from 2000 degrees to 5000 degrees K. Charts are provided for the estimation and progressive adjustment of two independent variables on which the calculations are based. Additional charts are provided for the graphical calculation of the composition. The use of the method and the charts is illustrated by example."
Date: July 1948
Creator: Huff, Vearl N. & Calvert, Clyde S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Quantum Operation Time Reversal

Description: The dynamics of an open quantum system can be described by a quantum operation: A linear, complete positive map of operators. Here, I exhibit a compact expression for the time reversal of a quantum operation, which is closely analogous to the time reversal of a classical Markov transition matrix. Since open quantum dynamics are stochastic, and not, in general, deterministic, the time reversal is not, in general, an inversion of the dynamics. Rather, the system relaxes toward equilibrium in both the forward and reverse time directions. The probability of a quantum trajectory and the conjugate, time reversed trajectory are related by the heat exchanged with the environment.
Date: March 25, 2008
Creator: Crooks, Gavin E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Towards breaking temperature equilibrium in multi-component Eulerian schemes

Description: We investigate the effects ofthermal equilibrium on hydrodynamic flows and describe models for breaking the assumption ofa single temperature for a mixture of components in a cell. A computational study comparing pressure-temperature equilibrium simulations of two dimensional implosions with explicit front tracking is described as well as implementation and J-D calculations for non-equilibrium temperature methods.
Date: January 1, 2009
Creator: Grove, John W & Masser, Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

First experiences with the rotating laboratory

Description: This report describes experiences with a rotating cylinder to explore the effects of motion and flow upon human sensory organs. One observation was that the variation of the resultant line of gravity (from gravity and centrifugal force) was not felt so strongly as might be expected. The impressions produced by the physical effects on the members of the body, especially the ones caused by the deflecting force (Coriolis force), are exactly what the laws of physics would lead us to expect, although somewhat surprising when observed in one's own body.
Date: July 1926
Creator: Prandtl, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comment on "Structural Determinants of Drug Partitioning in Surrogates of Phosphatidylcholine Bilayer Strata"

Description: This article gives comment to a previous article published in 'Molecular Pharmaceuticals' titled, "Structural Determinants of Drug Partitioning in Surrogates of Phosphatidylcholine Bilayer Strata."
Date: January 13, 2015
Creator: Acree, William E. (William Eugene); Brumfield, Michela & Abraham, M. H. (Michael H.)
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Charts for the Computation of Equilibrium Composition of Chemical Reactions in the Carbon-Hydrogen-Nitrogen System at Temperatures from 2000 to 5000 Degrees K

Description: Charts are provided for the estimation and progressive adjustment of two independent variables on which the calculations are based. Additional charts are provided for the graphical calculation of the composition.
Date: July 1948
Creator: Huff, Vearl N. & Calvert, Clyde S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of radial-equilibrium condition to axial-flow turbomachine design including consideration of change of entropy with radius downstream of blade row

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the validity of application of the simplified-radial-equilibrium equation to axial-flow turbomachines. Two different types of equations were used. Results regarding the interpretation of the data, single stages, middle and end stages of the multistage compressor, application of the radial-equilibrium equation, and the solution for the velocity distributions are provided.
Date: April 14, 1954
Creator: Hatch, James E.; Giamati, Charles C. & Jackson, Robert J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equilibrium Reconstruction on the Large Helical Device

Description: Equilibrium reconstruction is commonly applied to axisymmetric toroidal devices. Recent advances in computational power and equilibrium codes have allowed for reconstructions of three-dimensional fields in stellarators and heliotrons. We present the first reconstructions of finite beta discharges in the Large Helical Device (LHD). The plasma boundary and magnetic axis are constrained by the pressure profile from Thomson scattering. This results in a calculation of plasma beta without a-priori assumptions of the equipartition of energy between species. Saddle loop arrays place additional constraints on the equilibrium. These reconstruction utilize STELLOPT, which calls VMEC. The VMEC equilibrium code assumes good nested flux surfaces. Reconstructed magnetic fields are fed into the PIES code which relaxes this constraint allowing for the examination of the effect of islands and stochastic regions on the magnetic measurements.
Date: July 27, 2012
Creator: Samuel A. Lazerson, D. Gates, D. Monticello, H. Neilson, N. Pomphrey, A. Reiman S. Sakakibara, and Y. Suzuki
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Magnetic Diagnostic Code for 3D Fusion Equilibria

Description: A synthetic magnetic diagnostics code for fusion equilibria is presented. This code calculates the response of various magnetic diagnostics to the equilibria produced by the VMEC and PIES codes. This allows for treatment of equilibria with both good nested flux surfaces and those with stochastic regions. DIAGNO v2.0 builds upon previous codes through the implementation of a virtual casing principle. The code is validated against a vacuum shot on the Large Helical Device (LHD) where the vertical field was ramped. As an exercise of the code, the diagnostic response for various equilibria are calculated on the LHD.
Date: March 12, 2013
Creator: Lazerson, Samuel A.; Sakakibara, S. & Suzuki, Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Computation of Multi-region Relaxed Magnetohydrodynamic Equilibria

Description: We describe the construction of stepped-pressure equilibria as extrema of a multi-region, relaxed magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) energy functional that combines elements of ideal MHD and Taylor relaxation, and which we call MRXMHD. The model is compatible with Hamiltonian chaos theory and allows the three-dimensional MHD equilibrium problem to be formulated in a well-posed manner suitable for computation. The energy-functional is discretized using a mixed finite-element, Fourier representation for the magnetic vector potential and the equilibrium geometry; and numerical solutions are constructed using the stepped-pressure equilibrium code, SPEC. Convergence studies with respect to radial and Fourier resolution are presented.
Date: March 29, 2013
Creator: S.R. Hudson, R.L. Dewar, G. Dennis, M.J. Hole, M. McGann, G. von Nessi and S. Lazerson
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Non-existence of Normal Tokamak Equilibria with Negative Central Current

Description: Recent tokamak experiments employing off-axis, non-inductive current drive have found that a large central current hole can be produced. The current density is measured to be approximately zero in this region, though in principle there was sufficient current-drive power for the central current density to have gone significantly negative. Recent papers have used a large aspect-ratio expansion to show that normal MHD equilibria (with axisymmetric nested flux surfaces, non-singular fields, and monotonic peaked pressure profiles) can not exist with negative central current. We extend that proof here to arbitrary aspect ratio, using a variant of the virial theorem to derive a relatively simple integral constraint on the equilibrium. However, this constraint does not, by itself, exclude equilibria with non-nested flux surfaces, or equilibria with singular fields and/or hollow pressure profiles that may be spontaneously generated.
Date: February 18, 2003
Creator: Hammett, G.W.; Jardin, S.C. & Stratton, B.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Shape Optimization for DIII-D Advanced Tokamak Plasmas

Description: The advanced tokamak program on DIII-D is targeting the full integration of high-beta and high-bootstrap/noninductive current fraction for long-pulse lengths and the high confinement consistent with these features. Central to achieving these simultaneously is access to the highest ideal beta limits possible to maximize the headroom for experimental operation with RWM control. A study of the ideal-MHD stability is done for plasmas modeled after DIII-D advanced tokamak plasmas, varying the plasma elongation, triangularity, and outboard squareness. The highest beta(sub)N limits reach 6-7 for the n=1 kink mode for all elongation, outer squareness values, and plasma triangularity equals 0.8.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Kesse, C.E.; Ferron, J.R.; Greenfield, C.M.; Menard, J.E. & Taylor, T.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department