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Ionization Equilibrium Equation of State

Description: Abstract: "A simple solution to Saha's equation has been obtained. The method of solution involves iteration with respect to the electron pressure or concentration and can be applied to the simultaneous calculations of any number of ions. Sample results are given for lithium and aluminum."
Date: October 5, 1959
Creator: Rouse, Carl A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Experimental Method to Determine Equation of State Data for Solids by Shock Wave Measurements

Description: The following report describes and experimental method used to determine equation of state of materials under strong shock. The method was devised of simultaneously measuring the velocity of the shock through a plate, and the velocity of the free surface after the shock has traversed the plate. Further analysis is presented.
Date: 1953
Creator: Christian, Russell H. & Walsh, John M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nonlinear symmetric stability of planetary atmospheres

Description: The energy-Casimir method is applied to the problem of symmetric stability in the context of a compressible, hydrostatic planetary atmosphere with a general equation of state. Linear stability criteria for symmetric disturbances to a zonally symmetric baroclinic flow are obtained. In the special case of a perfect gas the results of Stevens (1983) are recovered. Nonlinear stability conditions are also obtained that, in addition to implying linear stability, provide an upper bound on a certain positive-definite measure of disturbance amplitude.
Date: November 1, 1994
Creator: Bowman, J.C. & Shepherd, T.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Modeling Initiation in Exploding Bridgewire Detonators

Description: One- and two-dimensional models of initiation in detonators are being developed for the purpose of evaluating the performance of aged and modified detonator designs. The models focus on accurate description of the initiator, whether it be an EBW (exploding bridgewire) that directly initiates a high explosive powder or an EBF (exploding bridgefoil) that sends an inert flyer into a dense HE pellet. The explosion of the initiator is simulated using detailed MHD equations of state as opposed to specific action-based phenomenological descriptions. The HE is modeled using the best available JWL equations of state. Results to date have been promising, however, work is still in progress.
Date: May 18, 2005
Creator: Hrousis, C A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Three-Dimensional Magnetohydrodynamic Simulation of Slapper Initiation Systems

Description: Although useful information can be gleaned from 2D and even 1D simulations of slapper type initiation systems, these systems are inherently three-dimensional and therefore require full 3D representation to model all relevant details. Further, such representation provides additional insight into optimizing the design of such devices from a first-principles perspective and can thereby reduce experimental costs. We discuss in this paper several ongoing efforts in modeling these systems, our pursuit of validation, and extension of these methods to other systems. Our results show the substantial dependence upon highly accurate global equations of state and resistivity models in these analyses.
Date: March 9, 2010
Creator: Christensen, J S & Hrousis, C A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

COMPRESSION WAVES AND PHASE PLOTS: SIMULATIONS

Description: Compression wave analysis started nearly 50 years ago with Fowles. Coperthwaite and Williams gave a method that helps identify simple and steady waves. We have been developing a method that gives describes the non-isentropic character of compression waves, in general. One result of that work is a simple analysis tool. Our method helps clearly identify when a compression wave is a simple wave, a steady wave (shock), and when the compression wave is in transition. This affects the analysis of compression wave experiments and the resulting extraction of the high-pressure equation of state.
Date: August 1, 2011
Creator: Orlikowski, D & Minich, R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mesoscale Molecular Dynamics of Geomaterials: the Glass Transition, Long-Range Structure of Amorphous Silicates and Relation between Structure, Dynamics and Properties of geomaterials at elevated Temperature and Pressure

Description: Objectives: Our aims were (1) Large particle-number Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations of molten silicate and aluminosilicate geomaterials (e.g., CaAl{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 8}, MgSiO{sub 3}, Mg{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}) with emphasis on understanding the connection between atomic structure and properties at temperatures and pressures characteristic of Earth's mantle (2) Study of the transport properties and equations of state for silicate liquids based on the MD results (3) Development of geochemical models for the evolution of crustal magma bodies undergoing simultaneous assimilation, fractional crystallization, periodic recharge and periodic eruption and application to magmatic systems (4) Study of current-day rates of generation and eruption of magma on earth.
Date: July 31, 2006
Creator: Spera, Frank
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Shock-wave properties of soda-lime glass

Description: Planar impact experiments and wave profile measurements provided single and double shock equation of state data to 30 GPa. Both compression wave wave profile structure and release wave data were used to infer time-dependent strength and equation of state properties for soda-lime glass.
Date: November 1996
Creator: Grady, D. E. & Chhabildas, L. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equation of State Measurements of Materials Using a Three-Stage Gun to Impact Velocities of 11km/s

Description: Understanding high pressure behavior of homogeneous as well as heterogeneous materials is necessary in order to address the physical processes associated with hypervelocity impact events related to space science applications including orbital debris impact and impact lethality. At very high impact velocities, material properties will be subjugated to phase-changes, such as melting and vaporization. These phase states cannot be obtained through conventional gun technology. These processes need to be represented accurately in hydrodynamic codes to allow credible computational analysis of impact events resulting from hypervelocity impact. In this paper, techniques that are being developed and implemented to obtain the needed shock loading parameters (Hugoniot states) for material characterization studies, namely shock velocity and particle velocity, will be described at impact velocities up to 11 km/s. What is new in this report is that these techniques are being implemented for use at engagement velocities never before attained utilizing two-stage light-gas gun technology.
Date: September 26, 2000
Creator: REINHART,WILLIAM D.; CHHABILDAS,LALIT C.; CARROLL,DANIEL E.; THORNHILL,T.G. & WINFREE,N.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A new global hydrogen equation of state model

Description: Simple statistical mechanics models have been assembled into a wide-range equation of state for the hydrogen isotopes. The solid is represented by an Einstein-Grtineisen model delimited by a Lindemann melting curve. The fluid is represented by an ideal gas plus a soft-sphere fluid configurational term. Dissociation and ionization are approximated by modifying the ideal gas chemical-equilibrium formulation. The T = 0 isotherm and dissociation models have been fitted to new diamond-anvil isotherm and laser-generated shock data. The main limitation of the model is in ionization at high compression.
Date: June 25, 1999
Creator: Young, D
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equations of state for titanium and Ti6A14V alloy.

Description: The PANDA code is used to build tabular equations of state (EOS) for titanium and the alloy Ti4Al6V. Each EOS includes solid-solid phase transitions, melting, vaporization, and thermal electronic excitation. Separate EOS tables are constructed for the solid and fluid phases, and the PANDA phase transition model is used to construct a single multiphase table. The model explains a number of interesting features seen in the Hugoniot data, including an anomalous increase in shock velocity, recently observed near 200 GPa in Ti6Al4V. These new EOS tables are available for use with the CTH code and other hydrocodes that access the CTH database.
Date: October 1, 2003
Creator: Kerley, Gerald Irwin (Kerley Technical Services, Appomattox, VA)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equations of state for hydrogen and deuterium.

Description: This report describes the complete revision of a deuterium equation of state (EOS) model published in 1972. It uses the same general approach as the 1972 EOS, i.e., the so-called 'chemical model,' but incorporates a number of theoretical advances that have taken place during the past thirty years. Three phases are included: a molecular solid, an atomic solid, and a fluid phase consisting of both molecular and atomic species. Ionization and the insulator-metal transition are also included. The most important improvements are in the liquid perturbation theory, the treatment of molecular vibrations and rotations, and the ionization equilibrium and mixture models. In addition, new experimental data and theoretical calculations are used to calibrate certain model parameters, notably the zero-Kelvin isotherms for the molecular and atomic solids, and the quantum corrections to the liquid phase. The report gives a general overview of the model, followed by detailed discussions of the most important theoretical issues and extensive comparisons with the many experimental data that have been obtained during the last thirty years. Questions about the validity of the chemical model are also considered. Implications for modeling the 'giant planets' are also discussed.
Date: December 1, 2003
Creator: Kerley, Gerald Irwin (Kerley Technical Services, Appomattox, VA)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of the TraPPE force field to predicting isothermal pressure-volume curves at high pressures and high temperatures

Description: Knowledge of the thermophysical properties of materials at extreme pressure and temperature conditions is essential for improving our understanding of many planetary and detonation processes. Significant gaps in what is known about the behavior of materials at high density and high temperature exist, largely due to the limitations and dangers of performing experiments at the necessary extreme conditions. Modeling these systems through the use of equations of state and particle-based simulation methods significantly extends the range of pressures and temperatures that can be safely studied. The reliability of such calculations depends on the accuracy of the models used. Here we present an assessment of the united-atom version of the TraPPE (Transferable Potentials for Phase Equilibria) force field and single-site exp-6 representations for methane, methanol, oxygen, and ammonia at extreme conditions. As shown by Monte Carlo simulations in the isobaric-isothermal ensemble, the TraPPE models, despite being parameterized to the vapor-liquid coexistence curve (i.e. relatively mild conditions), perform remarkably well in the high pressure/high temperature regime. The single-site exp-6 models can fit experimental data in the high pressure/temperature regime very well, but the parameters are less transferable to ambient conditions.
Date: May 19, 2006
Creator: Eggimann, B L; Siepmann, J I & Fried, L E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department