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A Concept for the Development of Long-Term Management Plans for Aquatic Plant Control: Final Report

Description: Abstract: This paper describes a general concept that will serve as a basis for developing well-conceived aquatic plant management plans, as well as a step-by-step guide for implementing measures for long-term aquatic plant control while giving proper consideration to their potential long-term effects on the environment.
Date: June 1977
Creator: Sanders, Dana R. & Decell, Joseph Lewis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gasohol

Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) addressing "the major technical, economic, environmental and social factors related to production and use" (Issues and Findings). Gasohol is a mixture of one part ethanol and nine parts unleaded gasoline.
Date: September 1979
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION ON CO2 SEQUESTRATION

Description: After the permit to conduct a field experiment in Norway was revoked on August 22, 2002, we started executing our contingency plan to conduct a cruise at the Loihi Seamount in Hawaii in December 2002. After a few intense months of preparation, the cruise took place on December 3-13, 2002. In total, eight dives were made with the Pisces V submarine. The primary goal of the experiment was to assess the effect of CO{sub 2} on marine organisms. Studies were done using scavenger traps, as well as collecting water samples and surveying the natural CO{sub 2} plume at the Loihi Seamount. This report documents the experiment in more detail as summarized by the various participants. The data was still being analyzed at the end of this reporting period, so no results are reported here. Both papers and a video on the experiment are being prepared. Some related modeling work is presented in an Appendix in the form of a paper submitted to the Journal of Marine Environmental Engineering. The main goal of our work during this reporting period (August 23, 2002-August 23, 2003) was to conduct an experimental cruise at the Loihi Seamount in the Hawaiian Islands. The work included preparation for the cruise, conducting the survey cruise, and analyzing the results. The cruise took place from December 3-13, 2002.
Date: March 1, 2004
Creator: Herzog, Howard J. & Adams, E. Eric
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Roadmapping or development of future investments in environmental science and technology

Description: This paper will summarize efforts in roadmapping SCFA technical targets, which could be used for selection of future projects. The timely lessons learned and insights will be valuable to other programs desiring to roadmap large amounts of workscope, but unsure how to successfully complete it, by adequately defining a strategy to develop alternatives and core technologies to ensure needed environmental technologies are available and allow delivery of viable alternatives. In early FY02, Los Alamos National Laboratory's Environmental Science and Waste Technology Program Office was working jointly with Idaho National Environmental Engineering Laboratory to define and develop science and technology mini-roadmaps. We were defining and developing these mini-roadmaps to provide direction and guidance for DOE's Environmental Management's (DOE-EM) Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area (SCFA) in their development of target technologies. DOE EM's Strategic Plan for Science and Technology provides guidance for meeting science and technology needs with a view of the desired future and the long-term strategy to attain it. Program and technology mini-roadmapping were to be used to establish priorities, set program and project direction, and identify the high-priority science and technology need areas according to this document. In the past, EM science and technology needs collection is achieved through the DOE Site Technology Coordination Groups (STCG) across the complex. A future system for needs collection has not been defined. However, there is a need for gap analyses and a technical approach for the prioritization of these needs for DOE-EM to be strategic and successful in their technology research, development, demonstration, and deployments. To define the R&D projects needed to solve particular problems and select the project with the largest potential payoff will require analysis for project selection. Mini-roadmaps could be used for setting goals and priorities for future program planning and development of future investments in environmental science and technology, ...
Date: January 1, 2002
Creator: Wilburn, D. (Dianne)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Army Corps of Engineers' Nationwide Permits Program: Issues and Regulatory Developments

Description: Permits issued by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers authorize various types of development projects in wetlands and other waters of the United States. The Corps' regulatory process involves two types of permits: general permits for actions for private landowners that will likely have a minor effect on wetlands, and individual permits for more significant actions. Interest groups have a number of specific criticisms of the permits. For some time, there has been a stalemate in Congress over legislation related to this issue.
Date: August 21, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The PEAK experience in South Carolina

Description: The PEAK Institute was developed to provide a linkage for formal (schoolteachers) and nonformal educators (extension agents) with agricultural scientists of Clemson University`s South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station System. The goal of the Institute was to enable teams of educators and researchers to develop and provide PEAK science and math learning experiences related to relevant agricultural and environmental issues of local communities for both classroom and 4-H Club experiences. The Peak Institute was conducted through a twenty day residential Institute held in June for middle school and high school teachers who were teamed with an Extension agent from their community. These educators participated in hands-on, minds-on sessions conducted by agricultural researchers and Clemson University Cooperative Extension specialists. Participants were given the opportunity to see frontier science being conducted by scientists from a variety of agricultural laboratories.
Date: November 1, 1998
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Utility planning using least-cost principles and the role of externalities - staff report on a Keystone policy dialogue

Description: For over two years, The Keystone Center facilitated a two-phase dialogue on Utility Planning Using Least-Cost Principles and, in the second phase, on the role of Externalities. The intent of this report is to assist policy-makers faced with decisions about changes to traditional utility regulation and planning. This report is not a consensus document, rather it is staff written summary of two years of discussion on the issues. As a concept, least-cost planning has been discussed since the 1970`s and many states have implemented such programs since the mid-1980`s. Yet, the actual goals and objectives of least-cost planning remain a source of controversy between affected interest groups. Some industry observers believe that least-cost planning can help reconcile the often conflicting demands between increased capacity requirements and concerns about the external costs of power production. In traditional utility regulation practices, capital investments are rewarded and revenue is a direct function of sales. However, a number state public utility commissions have altered their practices to allow for returns on investments in more efficient end-use equipment (also known as ratebasing conservation) and adjusting revenues to account for sales lost due to utility conservation programs. Other states are planning these types of changes. Still others are observing the impacts of the changes before they commit.
Date: May 1, 1996
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Interim Report on the Development and Application of Environmental Mapped Data Digitization, Encoding, Analysis, and Display Software for the ALICE System, Volume 1

Description: Report discusses the development of the existing ALICE Image Processing System into a computer-aided digitization, encoding, analysis and display system for mapped information pertaining to the environment and its elements.
Date: June 1979
Creator: Amiot, L. W.; Lima, R. J.; Scholbrock, S. D.; Shelman, C. B. & Wehman, R. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Interim Report on the Development and Application of Environmental Mapped Data Digitization, Encoding, Analysis, and Display Software for the ALICE System, Volume 2

Description: Volume 2 presents information which is directly related to the actual computer code arid operational characteristics (keys and subroutines) of the software. The authors expect that Volume I will be of more interest to developers of software than to users of the software. However, developers of software should be aware that the code developed for the ALICE System operates in an environment where much of the peripheral hardware to the PDP-10 is ANL/AMD built. For this reason, portions of the code may have to be modified for implementation on other computer system configurations.
Date: June 1979
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Applied Mathematics Division.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental Research Division Technical Progress Report: January 1986-October 1987

Description: Report of Argonne Environmental Research Division activities, including atmospheric physics, environmental effects research, organic geochemistry and environmental instrumentation, and fundamental molecular physics and chemistry.
Date: June 1988
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Environmental Research Division.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental Technology: Analysis of Selected Federal R&D Programs

Description: This report discusses estimates of environmental technology R&D spending, interagency coordination mechanisms, and major federal programs, including programs administered by the Department of Energy, the Department of Defense, the Environmental Protection Agency, and several other agencies.
Date: July 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Information Content of Premanufacture Notices

Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that presents the analysis of pre-manufacture notices and "reports the results of analyzing those notices for the presence or absence of the information specified by the Toxic Substances Control Act and for other items of physical chemical and toxicity information that are useful for estimating potential health and environmental effects" (p. iii).
Date: April 1983
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Increased Automobile Fuel Efficiency and Synthetic Fuels: Alternatives for Reducing Oil Imports: Background Paper 3: Environmental Issues of Synthetic Transportation Fuels from Coal

Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "reviews environmental issues associated with coal liquefaction processes" (p. 1)
Date: December 1982
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Green Products by Design: Choices for a Cleaner Environment

Description: In this report, OTA provides a conceptual overview of how designers might integrate environmental concerns with traditional design objectives, and how policymakers can best take advantage of such opportunities. Although the concept of “green” design is gathering momentum, a number of technical, behavioral, economic, and informational barriers need to be addressed.
Date: September 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Army Corps of Engineers' Nationwide Permits Program: Issues and Regulatory Developments

Description: Congressional interest in wetlands permit regulatory programs has been evident in the past in oversight hearings and in connection with bills to fund the Corps' regulatory programs. For some time, there has been a stalemate over legislation that would revise wetlands regulatory law and that could, if enacted, modify the nationwide permit program. During this time, no consensus has emerged on whether or how to reform overall wetlands policy legislatively. Recently, Obama Administration initiatives and actions intended to restrict harmful effects of surface coal mining activities in Appalachia have drawn congressional attention and criticism that is likely to continue in the 112th Congress and that could include oversight of the Corps' regulatory program generally.
Date: December 28, 2010
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Army Corps of Engineers' Nationwide Permits Program: Issues and Regulatory Developments

Description: Permits issued by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers authorize various types of development projects in wetlands and other waters of the United States. The Corps' regulatory process involves two types of permits: general permits for actions by private landowners that are similar in nature and will likely have a minor effect on wetlands, and individual permits for more significant actions. The Corps uses general permits to minimize the burden of its regulatory program: they authorize landowners to proceed with a project without the time-consuming need to obtain standard individual permits in advance. About 90% of the Corps' regulatory workload is processed in the form of general permits.
Date: January 30, 2012
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bench-scale/field-scale interpretations: Session overview

Description: In situ bioremediation involves complex interactions between biological, chemical, and physical processes and requires integration of phenomena operating at scales ranging from that of a microbial cell (10{sup {minus}6}) to that of a remediation site (10 to 1000 m). Laboratory investigations of biodegradation are usually performed at a relatively small scale, governed by convenience, cost, and expedience. However, extending the results from a laboratory-scale experimental system to the design and operation of a field-scale system introduces (1) additional mass transport mechanisms and limitations; (2) the presence of multiple phases, contants, and competing microorganisms (3) spatial geologic heterogeneities; and (4) subsurface environmental factors that may inhibit bacterial growth such as temperature, pH, nutrient, or redox conditions. Field bioremediation rates may be limited by the availability of one of the necessary constituents for biotransformation: substrate, contaminant, electron acceptor, nutrients, or microorganisms capable of degrading the target compound. The factor that limits the rate of bioremediation may not be the same in the laboratory as it is in the field, thereby leading, to development of unsuccessful remediation strategies.
Date: April 1, 1995
Creator: Cunningham, A.B. & Peyton, B.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Uses of power plant discharge water in greenhouse production

Description: A TVA research study on the use of waste heat in thermal effluents from power plant, fossil-fired or nuclear, for environmental control in greehhouses is described in terms of the engineering objectives, horticultural obj ectives, design, operation, and performance testing of the greenhouse facility, and preliminary results with an empty greenhouse and one used to grow cucumbers. The engineering system has performed as designed to date, although modifications to permit futare performance evaluations are planned. The horticultural production has been satisfactory to date and other crops, varieties, and rooting media will be tested to increase production. (LCL)
Date: January 1, 1974
Creator: Bond, B.J.; Furlong, W.K.; King, L.D.; Madewell, C.E. & Martin, J.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department