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Energy in 2001: Crisis Again?

Description: This report deals with changes in the national energy picture since the early 1990s, when Congress last dealt at length with energy policy. It reviews the problem areas and discusses differing views on how to deal with the energy situation in the long run. A summary of some current legislative initiatives is also given.
Date: July 31, 2001
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China`s current anti-inflation measures in nurturing an electricity supply crisis

Description: This report examines the potential impacts of anti-inflation measures on the power sector in China. Price control measures implemented include maintaining on-grid tariff levels even though operating costs are increasing substantially. As a result, stocks have dropped to about one half their previous value. In addition, a one-fourth reduction in power project investments is scheduled. The resulting postponement of new generating capacity is projected to result in a shortfall of 7 to 10 GW per year. The economic impact of foreign investment in China`s power industry is also examined, and recommendations are made for policy reform. 10 refs., 3 figs.
Date: June 1, 1995
Creator: Li, Binsheng & Johnson, C.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Daylighting, dimming, and the electricity crisis in California

Description: Dimming controls for electric lighting have been one of the mainstays of the effort to use daylighting to reduce annual lighting energy consumption. The coincidence of daylighting with electric utility peak demand makes daylighting controls an effective strategy for reducing commercial building peak electric loads. During times of energy shortage, there is a greatly increased need to reduce electricity use during peak periods, both to ease the burden on electricity providers and to control the operating costs of buildings. The paper presents a typical commercial building electric demand profile during summer, and shows how daylighting-linked lighting controls and load shedding techniques can reduce lighting at precisely those times when electricity is most expensive. We look at the importance of dimming for increasing the reliability of the electricity grid in California and other states, as well as examine the potential cost-effectiveness of widespread use of daylighting to save energy and reduce monthly electricity bills.
Date: September 17, 2001
Creator: Rubinstein, Francis; Neils, Danielle & Colak, Nesrin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Demand Side Bidding. Final Report

Description: This document sets forth the final report for a financial assistance award for the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) to enhance coordination between the building operators and power system operators in terms of demand-side responses to Location Based Marginal Pricing (LBMP). Potential benefits of this project include improved power system reliability, enhanced environmental quality, mitigation of high locational prices within congested areas, and the reduction of market barriers for demand-side market participants. NARUC, led by its Committee on Energy Resources and the Environment (ERE), actively works to promote the development and use of energy efficiency and clean distributive energy policies within the framework of a dynamic regulatory environment. Electric industry restructuring, energy shortages in California, and energy market transformation intensifies the need for reliable information and strategies regarding electric reliability policy and practice. NARUC promotes clean distributive generation and increased energy efficiency in the context of the energy sector restructuring process. NARUC, through ERE's Subcommittee on Energy Efficiency, strives to improve energy efficiency by creating working markets. Market transformation seeks opportunities where small amounts of investment can create sustainable markets for more efficient products, services, and design practices.
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Spahn, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bioethanol: Fueling sustainable transportation

Description: Ethanol made from biomass, or bioethanol, can positively impact the national energy security, the economy, and the environment. Producing and using bioethanol can help alleviate some of the negative impacts of the dependence on fossil fuels.
Date: May 25, 2000
Creator: Neufeld, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technology and Soviet Energy Availability

Description: A study by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA0 that "addresses in detail the significance of American petroleum equipment and technology to the U.S.S.R. and the resulting options for U.S. policy" (p. iii).
Date: November 1981
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[News Clip: FTC (Doe)]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story.
Date: June 7, 1979, 10:00 p.m.
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Anomalies of Nuclear Criticality, Revision 6

Description: This report is revision 6 of the Anomalies of Nuclear Criticality. This report is required reading for the training of criticality professionals in many organizations both nationally and internationally. This report describes many different classes of nuclear criticality anomalies that are different than expected.
Date: February 19, 2010
Creator: Clayton, E. D.; Prichard, Andrew W.; Durst, Bonita E.; Erickson, David & Puigh, Raymond J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Report of a Policy Forum: Weather, Climate, and Energy

Description: The report of a policy forum on Weather, Climate, and Energy presents findings and recommendations that, if implemented, could position the energy sector, the providers of weather and climate science and services, and energy consumers to mange more cooperatively and effectively the production, distribution, and consumption of electrical power and fossil fuels. Recent U.S. experience with a series of energy shortages encouraged the AMS Atmospheric Policy Program to join with the University of Oklahoma in the development of a forum to address the issues connected with responding to those shortages. Nearly 100 representatives from the public, private, and academic portions of the energy production sector, the meteorological community, political and corporate leaders, weather risk management analysts, and policy makers met on October 16-17, 2001 to discuss these policy issues.
Date: July 1, 2002
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[News Clip: Restaurants]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story.
Date: June 19, 1979, 10:00 p.m.
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Predictive methodology for supply disruptions

Description: Energy supply disruptions do not suddenly arise in a full-blown fashion. Lags in the energy system provide a time horizon which allows for the prediction of a possible supply problem. A simple model is described which can be used to provide a set of indicators for the possible onset of an energy emergency. The methodology was tested on the gasoline shortage of 1979, and the results are presented.
Date: April 1, 1982
Creator: Beller, M. & D'Acierno, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Education confronts the energy dilemma

Description: The conference was convened to present a role that America's schools could play in solving or coping with the energy crisis. Eleven sessions were conducted to fulfill this concern: Our Energy Crisis and Education: A Critical Assessment; The Energy Agenda at the Office of Education; Energy Resources: Scenarios for the Future; The Moral Dilemma of Energy Education; Constraints Influencing Education's Role; Energy Education: What's Been Done to Date; Practitioners Discuss Their Future Roles, Responsibilities; Politics of Energy Education; Confronting the Energy Dilemma; The Meaning of Scarcity; and The Impact of the Carter Energy Program on American Schools. Summary reports and reactions to the conference conclude the proceedings. (MCW)
Date: January 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electricity demand curtailment planning

Description: The state of electricity demand curtailment planning for long term electricity supply disruptions is reviewed. Legal, institutional and technological problems associated with demand curtailment plans are examined, and the existence of well defined social objectives on the part of planners is questioned. A linear programming approach to electricity demand curtailment planning is presented.
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Allentuck, J; Carroll, O & Schnader, M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Elements of the world energy crisis

Description: The chain of events leading to the wonld energy crisis is followed for each industrialized country and the effects that energy shortages are presenting and optiona that are available are identified. The Soviet Union has extensive oil and gas reserves and the USA has extensive fossil fuel reserves, but needs to develop technology for coal and shale. Western Europe has been dependent upon Middle East oil, but could develop their coal resources. Japan is dependent upon oil imports, and with the advanced prices of oil, the capital on that island needs to be used internally in improving living conditions. (MCW)
Date: January 14, 1974
Creator: Werth, G.C. & Green, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy emergency handbook

Description: This Handbook identifies selected state and federal measures available to mitigate the impact of an energy emergency, and provides a comprehensive energy emergency communications directory. In the case of state remedial actions, particular emphasis has been placed on typical implementation procedures and likely impacts. The discussions of federal actions focus on initation and implementation procedures. The directory is designed to facilitate communications of all types (telephone, Telex, TWX, or facsimile) among key energy emergency officials in the federal and state governments.
Date: January 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chief financial officer's task force on rationing feasibility, cost and schedule. Final report

Description: The purpose of this memorandum is to report our realistic assessment of the feasibility, cost, and time frame for bringing a rationing program to 90-day readiness. The basic aspects of the nature of the rationing plan are discussed. The plan has been changed in several respects in response to comments from the Congress, the general public and the ECC, since the previous version was rejected by the Congress in May 1979. Three changes in particular impact the preimplementation process: The range of entities accorded status as priority firms has increased to cover such groups as telecommunications firms and for-hire delivery firms; All firms (not just priority users) are alloted rights for a percentage of their historical gasoline usage; States have more influence on the division of the total state supply between state reserves and vehicle allotments. The rationing plan, is described on a chart depicting the interaction of the principal components is included. The rationing process starts when checks for coupons are sent to owners of registered vehicles. The biggest single problem area appears to be delivering these checks into the hands of the vehicle registrants who are entitled to them. (DMC)
Date: March 5, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proposed standby gasoline rationing plan. Economic and regulatory analysis draft

Description: This economic and regulatory analysis meets the requirements of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, which calls for an evaluation of the potential economic impacts of the gasoline rationing contingency plan. In addition, this analysis is intended to satisfy the requirements of the President's Executive Order No. 12044 of March 23, 1978, regarding government regulations, and provides an inflationary impact statement for the proposed rationing plan. To perform the analysis of rationing program impacts on the total national economy, three separate projections were required. First, a projection is made of the ''normal'' U.S. economy for a future period--the last quarter of 1980 through the third quarter of 1981 in this analysis. Second, a projection is made of the impacts which a petroleum supply interruption would have on the U.S. economy during this future period, assuming that DOE's standby allocation and price control regulations were implemented for crude oil and products. Third, and most significant, an estimate is made of the incremental impacts of the gasoline rationing program on this already-perturbed future U.S. economy.
Date: June 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Economic effects of petroleum-supply shortfalls on the US economy: alternatives to the SCAM methodology

Description: The DRI Quarterly Macro Model is used to forecast final demands and simulate the base case for the Supply Constrained Analysis Modeling (SCAM) system. As in other commercially available macroeconomic forecasting models, the only expectations formulation used in the DRI Macro Model is adaptive in nature and is estimated with historical data. This is inadequate in modeling short-term major changes in consumption behavior, for example, panic buying of gasoline, when there is a supply shortfall in petroleum. This report describes alternatives to using the DRI Macro Model to estimate the macroeconomic impacts in the SCAM system. The possibility of using models that incorporate the rational expectations formulation was investigated, as was the possibility of modifying the DRI model to better capture short-run consumption behavior. It is suggested that in the absence a good commercially available rational expectations macroeconomic model, the modification of the DRI Macro Model would have the lowest resource cost in terms of person- and computer-hours spent.
Date: June 1, 1981
Creator: Anandalingam, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department