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U.S. Geological Survey Trace Elements and Related Reports through 1954

Description: From introduction: "Part I is a numerical list of U.S. Geological Survey Trace Elements Investigations and Memorandum reports... Part II is a reference guide to Trace Elements and related reports that are available to the public... Part III is a finding list of states, areas, and subjects... Part IV is an author index."
Date: January 1955
Creator: Smith, Harriet B. & Blatcher, Virginia K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Ion Exchange Study of Possible Hybridized 5f Bonding in the Actinides

Description: A study was conducted on the elution behavior of curium (III), americium (III), plutonium (III), actinium (III), plutonium (IV), neptunium (IV), uranium (IV), thorium (IV), neptunium (V), plutonium (VI), uranium (VI), lanthanum (III), cerium (III), europium (III), ytterbium (III), ytterium (III), strontium (II), barium (II), radium (II), cesium (I) with 3.2 M, 6.2 M, and 12.2 M HCI solutions from Dower-50 cation exchange resin columns. These elutions show that in high concentrations of hydrochloric acid the actinides form complex ions with chloride ion to a much greater extent than the lanthanides. In order to explain these results, a partial covalent character may be ascribed to the bonding in the transuranium complex ions. It is shown that a reasonable structure for such covalent bonding involves hybridization of the 5g-ortibals in the actinide elements.
Date: August 28, 1951
Creator: Diamond, R. M.; Street, K., Jr. & Seaborg, Glenn T. (Glenn Theodore), 1912-1999
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

REACTIVITY OF SUBSTITUTION ELEMENTS

Description: A method is sought for predicting reactivity differences between fuel elements attached to control absorbers and fixed fuel elements. The approach described is based on a logic that is approximate, and which should be subjected to experimental check. (auth)
Date: January 19, 1959
Creator: Murray, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU Californium Shipping Container

Description: An analytical evaluation of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU Californium Shipping Container was made in order to demonstrate its compliance with the regulations governing off-site shipment of packages that contain radioactive material. The evaluation encompassed five primary categories: structural integrity, thermal resistance, radiation shielding, nuclear criticality safety, and quality assurance. The results of this evaluation demonstrate that the container complies with the applicable regulations.
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Box, W. D.; Shappert, L. B.; Seagren, R. D.; Klima, B. B.; Jurgensen, M. C.; Hammond, C. R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Yungang Cave Number 6, Fantastic Animal Head with Antlers

Description: An animal head with antlers graces the top of a column which appears to support a lintel. The creature looks simultaneously human and animal with large eyes and a pierced nose. Four-pronged antlers emerge from the top of the head that is covered with green hair-like detail.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: [0470..0494]
Location Info:
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

History of the Origin of the Chemical Elements and Their Discoveries

Description: The origin of the chemical elements show a wide diversity with some of these elements having their origin in antiquity. Still other elements have been synthesized within the past fifty years via nuclear reactions on heavy elements, because these other elements are unstable and radioactive and do not exist in nature. The names of the elements come from many sources including mythological concepts or characters; places, areas or countries; properties of the element or its compounds, such as color, smell or its inability to combine; and the names of scientists. There are also some miscellaneous names as well as some obscure names for particular elements. The claim of discovery of an element has varied over the centuries. Many claims, e.g., the discovery of certain rare earth elements of the lanthanide series, involved the discovery of a mineral ore from which an element was later extracted. The honor of discovery has often been accorded not to the person who first isolated the element but to the person who discovered the original mineral itself, even when the ore was impure and contained many elements. The reason for this is that in the case of these rare earth elements, the ''earth'' now refers to oxides of a metal not to the metal itself. This fact was not realized at the time of their discovery, until the English chemist Humphry Davy showed that earths were compounds of oxygen and metals in 1808. In the early discoveries, the atomic weight of an element and spectral analysis of the element were not available. Later both of these elemental properties would be required before discovery of the element would be accepted. In general, the requirements for discovery claims have tightened through the years and claims that were previously accepted would no longer meet the minimum constraints now …
Date: June 29, 2001
Creator: Holden, N. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary Hazards Report on Enriched Fuel Element Loading for the BNL Research Reactor

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing a hazards report on replacing the research center's current fuel elements with new highly enriched elements. As stated in the introduction, "this report is a summary of the studies, both theoretical and experimental, which have been made so far of the nuclear properties of the "new" pile, of the stability of the new fuel elements, and of the safety and practicability of operation of the "new" pile" (p. 2). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: May 24, 1956
Creator: Corngold, N.; Kaplan, I.; Chernick, J.; Gurinsky, D. H. & Fowell, R. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent studies of nuclear and chemical properties of elements 103, 104 and 105

Description: Information obtained since 1983 on the nuclear and chemical properties of element 103, the last on the actinide series, and elements 104 and 105, at the beginning of the transactinide series, is reviewed. Their chemical properties are compared with their lanthanide and lighter group 4 and 5 homologs and evidence for possible relativistic effects is discussed. The current knowledge of the nuclear properties of these elements and how these affect of the study of chemical properties is discussed. Some of the challenges involved in the study of short-lived isotopes which can only be produced an atom-at-a-time'' at an appropriate accelerator and the prognosis for future studies of these and still heavier elements are considered. 40 refs., 4 figs.
Date: August 1, 1990
Creator: Hoffman, D.C. (California Univ., Berkeley, CA (USA). Dept. of Chemistry Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thermodynamic Properties of 65 Elements: Their Oxides, Halides, Carbides and Nitrides

Description: From Introduction: "This Bureau of Mines bulletin was prepared to compile in readily usable form the heat content, heat-of-formation, and free-energy-of-formation data for 65 common elements and their respective oxides, halides, carbides, and nitrides. The bulletin was prepared to encourage the application of thermodynamics in the metallurgical field; consequently, the values have been presented in a simple, readily usable form and several examples of their applications have been shown."
Date: 1963
Creator: Wicks, C. E. & Block, F. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Transition Probabilities for Spectral Lines of Seventy Elements: Derived from the NBS Tables of Spectral-line Intensities

Description: From introduction: "The goal of the work was to provide lists of the principal lines of the elements generally observed under ordinary conditions in arc spectra, together with their relative intensities on a true scale of relative energy."
Date: July 20, 1962
Creator: Corliss, Charles H. & Bozman, William R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Frontiers of chemistry for americium and curium

Description: The discoveries of americium and curium were made only after Seaborg had formulated his actinide concept in order to design the chemistry needed to separate them from irradiated /sup 239/Pu targets. Their discoveries thus furnished the first clear-cut evidence that the series exists and justified Seaborg's bold assumption that even though Th and Pa appeared to presage a following 6d series, the pattern established by the periodic table after Cs and Ba would be repeated exactly after Fr and Ra. That is to say, a new 5f element rare earth series (the actinides) would follow Ac in the same way the 4f rare earth series (the lanthanides) follows La. The consequences of the resulting half-filled 5f/sup 7/ shell at Cm were originally presented by Seaborg as a test of his hypothesis. Recent research is outlined that substantiates Seaborg's predictions in new and definitive ways. 15 references, 4 figures.
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Keller, O.L. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Continuous Fission Product Separation Process; I. Removal of the Rare Earths (Lanthanum Cerium, Praseodymium, and Neodymium) From a Typical Liquid Bismuth-Uranium Reactor Fuel by Contact with Fused LiCl-KCl Mixtures

Description: Technical report investigating the distribution of rare earth elements between a liquid bismuth-uranium solution and fused KCI-LiCi mixtures. Report warrants further research on the liquid bismuth-uranium-fused salt system due to the benefit of continuous fission removal processes.
Date: July 1, 1951
Creator: Bareis, D. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Report on Some Attempts to Cast Centrifugally Fuel Elements of Small Diameter

Description: Report issued by the Argonne national Laboratory discussing centrifugal casting of thin uranium plates. The applicability of the centrifugal casting technique to the production of multiple castings of fuel pins of small diameter and of thin fuel plates was investigated. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: March 1961
Creator: Yaggee, F. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Roll Cladding Uranium-Zirconium and Uranium-Zirconium-Niobium Alloys with Zircaloy-2 for Plate-Type Fuel Elements

Description: From Abstract: "Investigations were made of alternate methods of bonding fuel shapes and the use of alternate core alloys in flat plates. Alternations and additions were made to development facilities needed to fabricate roll-clad plates for the EBWR core. Pilot production of EWBR-type plates proved that the plate cladding process could be adapted to production facilities."
Date: February 1958
Creator: Bean, C. H.; Macherey, R. E. & Lindgren, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Anderton Court Shops

Description: The close detail of a column shows the sculptural chevron shape and how the column attaches at the ceiling.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: 1952/1954
Creator: Wright, Frank Lloyd
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

The Isotope Shift of the Uranium Ka1 X Ray

Description: Technical report. From Introduction : "The nuclear volume dependent isotope shift of optical spectral lines has long been a very useful means for studying the changes in the nuclear size or shape for different isotopes of heavy elements."
Date: June 25, 1964
Creator: Brockmeier, R.; Boehm, F. & Hatch, E. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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