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Measurement of the K{sup 0}{sub S} - K{sup 0}{sub L} mass difference by the time dependence of strangeness

Description: The magnitude of the K{sup 0}{sub S} - K{sup 0}{sub L} mass difference has been measured by monitoring the time dependence of the strangeness of neutral K's produced in hydrogen and deuterium in the LRL 25 '' hydrogen bubble chamber. The particles originate as K-bar{sup 0} in K{sup -} change-exchange scatters at .85 to 1.15 Bev/c; the signature for an S = -1 reaction is the production of a hyperon. Seventy- seven events were found, obtaining {Delta}{omega} = 0.50 =- 0.15, measured in units of inverse K{sup 0}{sub S} lifetime. This and two other recent measurements using the same method are consistent with one another and with measurements of {Delta}{omega} by other means. A combined ''world average'' of nine reasonably consistent measurements gives {Delta}{omega} = 0.60 +- 0.06.
Date: April 1, 1966
Creator: Camerini, U.; Cline, D.; English, J. B.; Fischbein, W.; Fry, W. F.; Gaidos, J. A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final Report on DOE Grant DE-SC0001075 titled "Supersymmetry and Unification of Fundamental Interactions - SUSY2009

Description: SUSY2009 brought together researchers from a very broad area of fundamental physics including elementary particle theory, astrophysics and cosmology and string theory with a focus on supersymmetry. Thus the topic covered at the SUSY2009 conference included the following: Search for the Higgs boson, search for supersymmetry, supersymmetry phenomenology, theories of dark matter and direct and indirect detection, neutrino physics, accelerator experiments, electroweak physics, supersymmetry phenomenology, string theory, string phenomenology, extra Dimensions as well as other recent theoretical and experimental developments. The conference was successful in fostering interdisciplinary interactions between theorists and experimentalists.
Date: September 12, 2012
Creator: Nath, Pran
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of Single Spin Asymmetries in Semi-Inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering Reaction n↑ ( e,e' pi{sup +}) X at Jefferson Lab

Description: What constitutes the spin of the nucleon? The answer to this question is still not completely understood. Although we know the longitudinal quark spin content very well, the data on the transverse quark spin content of the nucleon is still very sparse. Semi-inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering (SIDIS) using transversely polarized targets provide crucial information on this aspect. The data that is currently available was taken with proton and deuteron targets. The E06-010 experiment was performed at Jefferson Lab in Hall-A to measure the single spin asymmetries in the SIDIS reaction n↑(e, e′π{sup ±}/K{sup ±})X using transversely polarized {sup 3}He target. The experiment used the continuous electron beam provided by the CEBAF accelerator with a beam energy of 5.9 GeV. Hadrons were detected in a high-resolution spectrometer in coincidence with the scattered electrons detected by the BigBite spectrometer. The kinematic coverage focuses on the valence quark region, x = 0.19 to 0.34, at Q{sup 2} = 1.77 to 2.73 (GeV/c){sup 2}. This is the first measurement on a neutron target. The data from this experiment, when combined with the world data on the proton and the deuteron, will provide constraints on the transversity and Sivers distribution functions on both the u and d-quarks in the valence region. In this work we report on the single spin asymmetries in the SIDIS n↑(e, e′π{sup +})X reaction.
Date: June 1, 2010
Creator: Allada, Kalyan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Isospin Decomposition of the Photoproduced Sigma pi System Near the Lambda(1405)

Description: Recent experimental results for the reaction \gamma + p \to K^+ + \Sigma + \pi\ from CLAS at Jefferson Lab are discussed. It was found that the mass distributions or "line shapes" of the three charge combinations \Sigma^+ \pi^-, \Sigma^0 \pi^0 and \Sigma^- \pi^+ differ significantly. Our results show that the \Lambda(1405), as the I=0 constituent of the reaction, must be accompanied by an I > 0 component. We discuss phenomenological fits to the data to test the possible forms and magnitudes of these amplitudes. A two-amplitude I=0 fit of Breit-Wigner form to the \Sigma^0\pi^0 channel alone works quite well. The addition of a single I=1 amplitude works fairly well to model all the line shapes simultaneously.
Date: September 1, 2013
Creator: U., Carnegie Mellon & U., Indiana
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Measurement of the Weak Charge of the Proton through Parity Violating Electron Scattering using the Qweak Apparatus: A 21% Result

Description: After a decade of preparations, the Qweak experiment at Jefferson Lab is making the first direct measurement of the weak charge of the proton, Q^p_W. This quantity is suppressed in the Standard Model making a good candidate for search for new physics beyond the SM at the TeV scale. Operationally, we measure a small (about -0.200 ppm) parity-violating asymmetry in elastic electron-proton scattering in integrating mode while flipping the helicity of the electrons 1000 times per second. Commissioning took place Fall 2010, and we finished taking data in early summer 2012. This dissertation is based on the data taken on an initial two weeks period (Wien0). It will provide an overview of the Qweak apparatus, description of the data acquisition and analysis software systems, and final analysis and results from the Wien0 data set. The result is a 16% measurement of the parity violating electron-proton scattering asymmetry, A = -0.2788 +/- 0.0348 (stat.) +/- 0.0290 (syst.) ppm at Q^2 = 0.0250 +/- 0.0006 (GeV)^2. From this a 21% measurement of the weak charge of the proton, Q_w^p(msr)= +0.0952 +/- 0.0155 (stat.) +/- 0.0131 (syst.) +/- 0.0015 (theory) is extracted. From this a 2% measurement of the weak mixing angle, sin^2theta_W(msr)= +0.2328 +/- 0.0039 (stat.) +/- 0.0033 (syst.) +/- 0.0004 (theory) and improved constraints on isoscalar/isovector effective coupling constants of the weak neutral hadronic currents are extracted. These results deviate from the Standard Model by one standard deviation. The Wien0 results are a proof of principle of the Qweak data analysis and a highlight of the road ahead for obtaining full results.
Date: August 1, 2013
Creator: Beminiwattha, Rakitha
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of the Proton's Weak Charge at the Qweak Experiment

Description: The Qweak experiment at Jefferson Laboratory measures the parity violating asymmetry of polarized electrons scattering from a proton target at very low momentum transfer. In the Standard Model, this asymmetry reveals the proton's coupling to the neutral vector current, the weak charge. This value, measured directly for the first time, will provide a precision test of the Standard Model and will constrain the possibility of relevant physics beyond the Standard Model. The planned precision will probe certain classes of new physics at the ~2 TeV scale. In order to challenge the precise predictions, the asymmetry will be measured with a 2.5 percent accuracy. To achieve such a precision, great care has to be taken on many aspects of the experiment. The very low momentum transfer reduces the hadronic effects to the asymmetry and must be determined to half of a percent accuracy. Beam stability is controlled and monitored constantly and background events are carefully studied.
Date: October 1, 2011
Creator: Rajotte, Jean-Francois
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of the Azimuthal Asymmetry of Deuteron Photodisintegration in the Energy Region E{sub {gamma}} = 1.1 - 2.3 GeV

Description: Deuteron photodisintegration is a benchmark process for the investigation of the role of quarks and gluons in nuclei. Existing theoretical models of this process describe the available cross sections with the same degree of success. Therefore, spin-dependent observables are crucial for a better understanding of the underlying dynamical mechanisms. However, data on the induced polarization (P{sub y}), along with the polarization transfers (C{sub x'} and C{sub z'} ), have been shown to be insensitive to differences between theoretical models. On the other hand, the beam-spin asymmetry {Sigma} is predicted to have a large sensitivity and is expected to help in identifying the energy at which the transition from the hadronic to the quark-gluon picture of the deuteron takes place. Here, the work done to determine the experimental values of the beam-spin asymmetry in deuteron photodisintegration for photon energies between 1.1 – 2.3 GeV is presented. The data were taken with the CLAS at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility during the g13 experiment. Photons with linear polarization of ~80% were produced using the coherent bremsstrahlung facility in Hall B. The work done by the author to calibrate a specific detector system, select deuteron photodisintegration events, study the degree of photon polarization, and finally determine the azimuthal asymmetry and any systematic uncertainties associate with it, is comprehensively explained. This work shows that the collected data provide the kinematic coverage and statistics to test the available QCD-based models. The results of this study show that the available theoretical models in their current state do not adequately predict the azimuthal asymmetry in the energy region 1.1 – 2.3 GeV.
Date: May 20, 2012
Creator: Zachariou, Nicholas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Overview of Longitudinal Spin Structure Measurements from JLab

Description: Jefferson Lab is currently one of the facilities leading the investigation of the spin structure of the nucleon. Over the past 15 years, several high precision measurements have been completed, extending our knowledge of the polarized structure functions g{sub 1} and g{sub 2} down to Q{sup 2} = 0.02 GeV{sup 2}. In particular, the low-Q{sup 2} range ({<=} 0.1 GeV{sup 2}) from these data allows us to make a benchmark-check of Chiral Perturbation theory ({chi}PT). Previous results for the moments of the spin structure functions in this region have shown mixed agreement. For {Gamma}{sub 1}, the first moment of g{sub 1}, we find good consistency between data and theory. However, we have seen a surprisingly large discrepancy with {chi}PT calculations for the {delta}{sub LT} spin polarizability on the neutron, which is significantly less sensitive to the {Delta}-resonance contribution. These proceedings will discuss the recent experimental effort at low Q{sup 2} from Jefferson Lab, including a discussion of preliminary results on the neutron. The new results on the neutron still show a sizeable discrepancy between data and theory. However, new calculations show improved agreement with data for some observables. In addition, new proton data for g{sub 2} is also expected to help resolve the disagreement for {delta}{sub LT}.
Date: August 1, 2013
Creator: Sulkosky, Vincent A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PDF uncertainties at large x and gauge boson production

Description: I discuss how global QCD fits of parton distribution functions can make the somewhat separated fields of high-energy particle physics and lower energy hadronic and nuclear physics interact to the benefit of both. In particular, I will argue that large rapidity gauge boson production at the Tevatron and the LHC has the highest short-term potential to constrain the theoretical nuclear corrections to DIS data on deuteron targets necessary for up/down flavor separation. This in turn can considerably reduce the PDF uncertainty on cross section calculations of heavy mass particles such as W' and Z' bosons.
Date: October 1, 2012
Creator: Accardi, Alberto
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Photoproduction and Decay of Light Mesons in CLAS

Description: We present preliminary experimental results on photoproduction and decay of light mesons measured with CLAS setup at JLAB . This include Dalitz decay of pseudoscalar and vector mesons, radiative decay of pseudoscalar mesons as well hadronic decays of pseudoscalar and vector mesons. The collected high statistics in some of decay channels exceeds the world data by an order of magnitude and some other decay modes are observed for the first time. It is shown how the CLAS data will improve the world data on transition form factors of light mesons, Dalitz plot analyses, branching ratios of rare decay modes and other fundamental properties potentially accessible through the light meson decays.
Date: August 1, 2013
Creator: Amaryan, Moskov Jamalovich
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Quark Contributions to Nucleon Momentum and Spin from Domain Wall fermion calculations

Description: We report contributions to the nucleon spin and momentum from light quarks calculated using dynamical domain wall fermions with pion masses down to 300 MeV and fine lattice spacing a=0.084 fm. Albeit without disconnected diagrams, we observe that spin and orbital angular momenta of both u and d quarks are opposite, almost canceling in the case of the d quark, which agrees with previous calculations using a mixed quark action. We also present the full momentum dependence of n=2 generalized form factors showing little variation with the pion mass.
Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: S. N. Syritsyn, J. R. Green, J. W. Negele, A. V. Pochinsky, M. Engelhardt, Ph. Hagler, B. Musch, W. Schroers
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department