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Far field acceleration

Description: Far fields are propagating electromagnetic waves far from their source, boundary surfaces, and free charges. The general principles governing the acceleration of charged particles by far fields are reviewed. A survey of proposed field configurations is given. The two most important schemes, Inverse Cerenkov acceleration and Inverse free electron laser acceleration, are discussed in detail.
Date: July 1995
Creator: Fernow, R. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Use Of Physics In Answering Metaphysical Questions

Description: This paper by Hoyt Edge comments on Janusz Slawinski's paper "Electromagnetic Radiation and the Afterlife" by looking at Slawinski's arguments from a logical and structural point of view. Edge points out the logical shortcomings of Slawinski's arguments, and criticizes Slawinski for making bold claims upon lacking evidence. Edge gives credit to Slawinski for continuing the conversation about the afterlife, however.
Date: Winter 1987
Creator: Edge, Hoyt
Partner: UNT Libraries

Comments on Slawinski's Paper

Description: This paper by Keith Harary addresses Janusz Slawinki's paper "Electromagnetic Radiation And The Afterlife." Harary expresses why he remains unconvinced by Slawinski's electromagnetic radiation argument.
Date: Winter 1987
Creator: Harary, Keith, Ph.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Comments On "Electromagnetic Radiation And The Afterlife"

Description: This paper by Evan Harris Walker comments on Janusz Slawinski's paper named "Electromagnetic Radiation and the Afterlife." It states the shortcomings of Slawinski's electromagnetic radiation argument by specifying a variety of points that run counter to the argument's physical possibility.
Date: Winter 1987
Creator: Walker, Evan Harris, Ph.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Fiscal Year 1998 report theoretical studies of ground energy coupling

Description: A method for calculating the redistribution of resonance radiation in hot, dense plasmas is developed by extending the Frequency Fluctuation Model (FFM). This paper is devoted to a brief review of lineshape theory in the linear response approximation, and an introduction to the FFM approach to the modeling of lineshapes in plasmas. This discussion begins with a consideration of the spectral lines emitted by complex ions in plasmas. As is well known, the lineshape is determined by the time- dependent coupling of the ion with the plasma environment. This plasma-emitter interaction, leads to Stark broadening of the spectral lines, and traditionally has been considered in the approximation which treats the ef&@ of the electrons on the emitting ion in the impact limit while the ionic perturbation is� taken to be quasi-static. In this approximation, the time dependence of the perturbation has been eliminated, resulting in a spectral line shape that has purely homogeneous and inhomogeneous contributions and that is described by a simple sum of independent electron imp� act broadened static components. In order to clarify the concepts presented, examples of radiative redistribution functions for simple cases are presented. Included is an example of an X-ray laser pumped system which illustrates the capability of the mpdel to provide a sensitive method for the study of radiative transfer under plasma conditions of partial redistribution. That is, in cases where the strong mixing limit is not attained so that the mixing of the inhomogeneous spectral line components is not fast enough to produce a completely redistributed line.
Date: December 10, 1998
Creator: Klein, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

915-MHz Radar Wind Profiler (915RWP) Handbook

Description: The 915 MHz radar wind profiler/radio acoustic sounding system (RWP/RASS) measures wind profiles and backscattered signal strength between (nominally) 0.1 km and 5 km and virtual temperature profiles between 0.1 km and 2.5 km. It operates by transmitting electromagnetic energy into the atmosphere and measuring the strength and frequency of backscattered energy. Virtual temperatures are recovered by transmitting an acoustic signal vertically and measuring the electromagnetic energy scattered from the acoustic wavefront. Because the propagation speed of the acoustic wave is proportional to the square root of the virtual temperature of the air, the virtual temperature can be recovered by measuring the Doppler shift of the scattered electromagnetic wave.
Date: January 1, 2005
Creator: Coulter, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electromagnetic rotational actuation.

Description: There are many applications that need a meso-scale rotational actuator. These applications have been left by the wayside because of the lack of actuation at this scale. Sandia National Laboratories has many unique fabrication technologies that could be used to create an electromagnetic actuator at this scale. There are also many designs to be explored. In this internship exploration of the designs and fabrications technologies to find an inexpensive design that can be used for prototyping the electromagnetic rotational actuator.
Date: August 1, 2010
Creator: Hogan, Alexander Lee
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Remarks On Janusz Slawinski's Paper

Description: This paper by Michael Grosso analyzes points made by Janusz Slawinski in their paper "Electromagnetic Radiation and the Afterlife." It specifies that the author's hypothesis cannot be tested currently, and thus, it cannot be falsified. More research and data is needed, according to Grosso.
Date: Winter 1987
Creator: Gross, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries

Dispersive wave processing: a model-based solution

Description: Wave propagation through various media represents a significant problem in many applications in acoustics and electromagnetics especially when the medium is dispersive. We post a general dispersive wave propagation model that could easily represent many classes of dispersive waves and proceed to develop a model-based processor employing this underlying structure. The general solution to the model-based dispersive wave estimation problem is developed using the Bayesian maximum a posteriori approach which leads to the nonlinear extended Kalman filter processor.
Date: October 1, 1996
Creator: Candy, J.V. & Chambers, D.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ferrite insertion at Recycler Flying Wire System

Description: Ferrite rods are installed inside the flying-wire cavity of the Recycler Ring and at entrance and exit beam pipes in order to absorb high-frequency electromagnetic waves excited by the beam. However, these rods may also deteriorate the vacuum pressure of the ring. An investigation is made to analyze the necessity of the ferrite rods at the entrance and exit beam pipes.
Date: February 27, 2004
Creator: Ng, K.Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A hybrid FEM-BEM unified boundary condition with sub-cycling for electromagnetic radiation

Description: Hybrid solutions to time-domain electromagnetic problems offer many advantages when solving open-region scattering or radiation problems. Hybrid formulations use a finite-element or finite-difference discretization for the features of interest, then bound this region with a layer of planar boundary elements. The use of volume discretization allows for intricate features and many changes in material within the structure, while the boundary-elements provide a highly accurate radiating boundary condition. This concept has been implemented previously, using the boundary elements to set the E-field, H-field, or both for an FDTD grid, for example in [1][2][3], or as a mixed boundary condition for the second order wave equation solved by finite elements [4]. Further study has focused on using fast methods, such as the Plane Wave Time Domain method [3][4] to accelerate the BEM calculations. This paper details a hybrid solver using the coupled first-order equations for the E and H fields in the finite-element region. This formulation is explicit, with a restriction on the time step for stability. When this time step is used in conjunction with the boundary elements forming either a inhomogeneous Dirichlet or Neuman boundary condition on the finite-element mesh, late time instabilities occur. To combat this, a Unified Boundary Condition (UBC), similar to the one in [4] for the second-order wave equation, is used. Even when this UBC is used, the late time instabilities are merely delayed if standard testing in time is used. However, the late time instabilities can be removed by replacing centroid based time interpolation with quadrature point based time interpolation for the boundary elements, or by sub-cycling the boundary element portion of the formulation. This sub-cycling, used in [3] for FDTD to reduce complexity, is shown here to improve stability and overall accuracy of the technique.
Date: January 12, 2006
Creator: Fasenfest, B; White, D; Stowell, M; Rieben, R; Sharpe, R; Madsen, N et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Optimization of Focusing by Strip and Pixel Arrays

Description: Professor Kevin Webb and students at Purdue University have demonstrated the design of conducting strip and pixel arrays for focusing electromagnetic waves [1, 2]. Their key point was to design structures to focus waves in the near field using full wave modeling and optimization methods for design. Their designs included arrays of conducting strips optimized with a downhill search algorithm and arrays of conducting and dielectric pixels optimized with the iterative direct binary search method. They used a finite element code for modeling. This report documents our attempts to duplicate and verify their results. We have modeled 2D conducting strips and both conducting and dielectric pixel arrays with moment method and FDTD codes to compare with Webb's results. New designs for strip arrays were developed with optimization by the downhill simplex method with simulated annealing. Strip arrays were optimized to focus an incident plane wave at a point or at two separated points and to switch between focusing points with a change in frequency. We also tried putting a line current source at the focus point for the plane wave to see how it would work as a directive antenna. We have not tried optimizing the conducting or dielectric pixel arrays, but modeled the structures designed by Webb with the moment method and FDTD to compare with the Purdue results.
Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: Burke, G J; White, D A & Thompson, C A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Seismoelectric Phenomena in Fluid-Saturated Sediments

Description: Seismoelectric phenomena in sediments arise from acoustic wave-induced fluid motion in the pore space, which perturbs the electrostatic equilibrium of the electric double layer on the grain surfaces. Experimental techniques and the apparatus built to study this electrokinetic (EK) effect are described and outcomes for studies of seismoelectric phenomena in loose glass microspheres and medium-grain sand are presented. By varying the NaCl concentration in the pore fluid, we measured the conductivity dependence of two kinds of EK behavior: (1) the electric fields generated within the samples by the passage of transmitted acoustic waves, and (2) the electromagnetic wave produced at the fluid-sediment interface by the incident acoustic wave. Both phenomena are caused by relative fluid motion in the sediment pores--this feature is characteristic of poroelastic (Biot) media, but not predicted by either viscoelastic fluid or solid models. A model of plane-wave reflection from a fluid-sediment interface using EK-Biot theory leads to theoretical predictions that compare well to the experimental data for both sand and glass microspheres.
Date: April 22, 2005
Creator: Block, G I & Harris, J G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Imaging with Spherically Bent Crystals or Reflectors

Description: This paper consists of two parts: Part I describes the working principle of a recently developed x-ray imaging crystal spectrometer, where the astigmatism of spherically bent crystals is being used with advantage to record spatially resolved spectra of highly charged ions for Doppler measurements of the ion-temperature and toroidal plasmarotation- velocity profiles in tokamak plasmas. This type of spectrometer was thoroughly tested on NSTX and Alcator C-Mod, and its concept was recently adopted for the design of the ITER crystal spectrometers. Part II describes imaging schemes, where the astigmatism has been eliminated by the use of matched pairs of spherically bent crystals or reflectors. These imaging schemes are applicable over a wide range of the electromagnetic radiation, which includes microwaves, visible light, EUV radiation, and x-rays. Potential applications with EUV radiation and x-rays are the diagnosis of laserproduced plasmas, imaging of biological samples with synchrotron radiation, and lithography.
Date: June 1, 2010
Creator: Bitter, M.; Hill, K. W.; Scott, S.; Ince-Cushman, A.; Reinke, M.; Podpaly, Y. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electromagnetic pulse source characteristics experiment on an underground nuclear event

Description: From EMP technical meeting; Kirtland AFB, New Mexico, USA (25 Sep 1973). Under sponsorship of the Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory conducted an EMP experiment in conjunction with an underground nuclear event. The purpose of the overall study of which this experiment was a part was to document the characteristics of EMP signals generated by various underground nuclear events to provide checks for theoretical models under development. A major goal was to establish how a specific event configuration affects the signals generated. For this experiment, two separate EMP source mechanisms were considered: that due to an asymmetric gamma ray distribution resulting from shielding and configuration constraints in the vicinity of the device and that due to current induced on the line-of-sight pipe. The instrumentation was not ideally located to sort out the two mechanisms because of significant differences between the planned and as-fired configuration. Nevertheless, signals characteristic of the two mechanisms seem to be apparent in the data. An impulsive (10 MHz) component of the signal is probably a result of the asymmetric gamma distribution. A ringing component (1 MHz) has been attributed to currents on the line-of- sight pipe. (auth)
Date: October 22, 1973
Creator: Knapp, M.W. & Bailey, N.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coupling Impedance of a Periodic Array of Diaphragms (Erratum)

Description: A method is presented for calculating the high-frequency longitudinal and transverse coupling impedances in a periodic array of diaphragms in a circular perfectly conducting pipe. The method is based on Weinstein's theory of diffraction of a plane electromagnetic wave on a stack of halfplanes. Using Weinstein's solution, it is shown that the problem of finding the beam field in the pipe reduces to an effective boundary condition at the radius of the diaphragms that couples the longitudinal electric field with the azimuthal magnetic one. Solving Maxwell's equations with this boundary condition leads to simple formulae for Z{sub long} and Z{sub tr}. A good agreement with a numerical solution of the problem found by other authors is demonstrated.
Date: May 24, 2012
Creator: Stupakov, G. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A coaxial ring-sidearm power extraction design

Description: We report a successful klystron power extraction design, in which a TEM coaxial mode is transmitted into TE10 mode of a WR90 rectangular waveguide at 11.42 GHz, with very little TEM reflection and almost vanishing asymmetric (TEM {r_arrow} TE11, or monopole to dipole) reflectance. Our coupler consists of a ring (disk) around the coaxial waveguide, and a coax-WR90 sidearm junction. The methods used in the design are numerical simulation, performed on the MAFIA3 T3 time- domain module and on the High Frequency Structure Simulator, and analytical treatment to guide the numerical runs. The demerit parameters (dipole reflectance and TEM reflection) can be reduced as much as desired (to zero in principle), the only limitation being computer run time and memory. Results are accurate to a few percent.
Date: January 1, 1996
Creator: Ben-Menahem, S. & Yu, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department