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Multiple Valley Couplings in Nanometer Si MOSFETs

Description: We investigate the couplings between different energy band valleys in a MOSFET device using self-consistent calculations of million-atom Schroedinger-Poisson Equations. Atomistic empirical pseudopotentials are used to describe the device Hamiltonian and the underlying bulk band structure. The MOSFET device is under nonequilibrium condition with a source-drain bias up to 2V, and a gate potential close to the threshold potential. We find that all the intervalley couplings are small, with the coupling constants less than 3 meV. As a result, the system eigenstates derived from different bulk valleys can be calculated separately. This will significantly reduce the simulation time, because the diagonalization of the Hamiltonian matrix scales as the third power of the total number of basis functions.
Date: July 11, 2008
Creator: Wang, Lin-Wang; Deng, Hui-Xiong; Jiang, Xiang-Wei; Luo, Jun-Wei; Li, Shu-Shen; Xia, Jian-Bai et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reynolds stress of localized toroidal modes

Description: An investigation of the 2D toroidal eigenmode problem reveals the possibility of a new consistent 2D structure, the dissipative BM-II mode. In contrast to the conventional ballooning mode, the new mode is poloidally localized at {pi}/2 (or -{pi}/2), and possesses significant radial asymmetry. The radial asymmetry, in turn, allows the dissipative BM-II to generate considerably larger Reynolds stress as compared to the standard slab drift type modes. It is also shown that a wide class of localized dissipative toroidal modes are likely to be of the dissipative BM-II nature, suggesting that at the tokamak edge, the fluctuation generated Reynolds stress (a possible source of poloidal flow) can be significant.
Date: February 1, 1995
Creator: Zhang, Y.Z. & Mahajan, S.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heavy flavor lifetimes and lifetime differences

Description: The authors give an overview of heavy flavour lifetime measurements, focusing on recent results from the Tevatron and the B factories. In the first part of this article we summarize the status and latest measurements of B-hadron lifetimes and lifetime ratios, including some recent result from the Tevatron and the B factories, and compare those results with the predictions from Heavy Quark Expansion (HQE). Future prospects for lifetime measurements at the B factories and the Tevatron are discussed. In the second part, we review the status and prospects of measuring the difference between the lifetimes of the two CP eigenstates in the B{sub s}{sup 0}-{bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} system.
Date: September 17, 2003
Creator: Rademacker, Jonas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flavor Structure of Warped Extra Dimension Models

Description: We recently showed, in hep-ph/0406101, that warped extra dimensional models with bulk custodial symmetry and few TeV KK masses lead to striking signals at B-factories. In this paper, using a spurion analysis, we systematically study the flavor structure of models that belong to the above class. In particular we find that the profiles of the zero modes, which are similar in all these models, essentially control the underlying flavor structure. This implies that our results are robust and model independent in this class of models. We discuss in detail the origin of the signals in B-physics. We also briefly study other NP signatures that arise in rare K decays (K {yields} {pi}{nu}{nu}), in rare top decays [t {yields} c{gamma}(Z, gluon)] and the possibility of CP asymmetries in D{sup 0} decays to CP eigenstates such as K{sub s}{pi}{sup 0} and others. Finally we demonstrate that with light KK masses, {approx} 3 TeV, the above class of models with anarchic 5D Yukawas has a ''CP problem'' since contributions to the neutron electric dipole moment are roughly 20 times larger than the current experimental bound. Using AdS/CFT correspondence, these extra-dimensional models are dual to a purely 4D strongly coupled conformal Higgs sector thus enhancing their appeal.
Date: August 10, 2004
Creator: Agashe, Kaustubh; Perez, Gilad & Soni, Amarjit
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

B physics: measurement of the lifetime difference between b_s mass eigenstates

Description: We present measurements of the lifetimes and polarization amplitudes for B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} J/{psi}{phi} and B{sub d}{sup 0} {yields} J/{psi} K*{sup 0} decays. Lifetimes of the heavy (H) and light (L) mass eigenstates in the B{sub s}{sup 0} system are separately measured for the first time by determining the relative contributions of amplitudes with definite CP as a function of the decay time.
Date: April 28, 2005
Creator: Acosta, D. & Collaboration, The CDF
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of CP violation observables and parameters for the decays $B^{\pm}\to DK^{*\pm}$

Description: We study the decay B{sup -} {yields} DK*{sup -} using a sample of 379 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} events collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B-factory. We perform a 'GLW' analysis where the D meson decays into either a CP-even (CP+) eigenstate (K{sup +}K{sup -}, {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}), CP-odd (CP-) eigenstate (K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}, K{sub S}{sup 0}{phi}, K{sub S}{sup 0}{omega}) or a non-CP state (K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}). We also analyze D meson decays into K{sup +}{pi}{sup -} from a Cabibbo-favored {bar D}{sup 0} decay or doubly suppressed D{sup 0} decay ('ADS' analysis). We measure observables that are sensitive to the CKM angle {gamma}: the partial-rate charge asymmetries A{sub CP{+-}}, the ratios R{sub CP{+-}} of the B-decay branching fractions in CP{+-} and non-CP decay, the ratio R{sub ADS} of the charge-averaged branching fractions, and the charge asymmetry A{sub ADS} of the ADS decays: A{sub CP+} = 0.09 {+-} 0.13 {+-} 0.06, A{sub CP-} = -0.23 {+-} 0.21 {+-} 0.07, R{sub CP+} = 2.17 {+-} 0.35 {+-} 0.09, R{sub CP-} = 1.03 {+-} 0.27 {+-} 0.13, R{sub ADS} = 0.066 {+-} 0.031 {+-} 0.010, and A{sub ADS} = -0.34 {+-} 0.43 {+-} 0.16, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. Combining all the measurements and using a frequentist approach yields the magnitude of the ratio between the Cabibbo-suppressed and favored amplitudes, r{sub B} = 0.31 with a one (two) sigma confidence level interval of [0.24, 0.38] ([0.17, 0.43]). The value r{sub B} = 0 is excluded at the 3.3 sigma level. A similar analysis excludes values of {gamma} in the intervals [0, 7]{sup o}, [55, 111]{sup o}, and [175, 180]{sup o} ([85, 99]{sup o}) at the one (two) sigma confidence level.
Date: August 26, 2010
Creator: Aubert, Bernard; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurements of the Branching Fractions and CP Asymmetries of B -> D0_CP K Decays

Description: We present a study of the decay B{sup -} {yields} D{sub (CP)}{sup 0} K{sup -} and its charge conjugate, where D{sub (CP)}{sup 0} is reconstructed in CP-even, CP-odd, and non-CP flavor eigenstates, based on a sample of 232 million {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} storage ring. We measure the partial-rate charge asymmetries AC{sub CP{+-}} and the ratios R{sub CP{+-}} of the B {yields} D{sup 0} K decay branching fractions as measured in CP{+-} and non-CP D{sup 0} decays: A{sub CP+} = 0.35 {+-} 0.13(stat) {+-} 0.04(syst), A{sub CP-} = -0.06 {+-} 0.13(stat) {+-} 0.04(syst), R{sub CP+} = 0.90 {+-} 0.12(stat) {+-} 0.04(syst), R{sub CP-} = 0.86 {+-} 0.10(stat) {+-} 0.05(syst).
Date: January 5, 2006
Creator: Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Symplectic Symmetry and the Ab Initio No-Core Shell Model

Description: The symplectic symmetry of eigenstates for the 0{sub gs}{sup +} in {sup 16}O and the 0{sub gs}{sup +} and lowest 2{sup +} and 4{sup +} configurations of {sup 12}C that are well-converged within the framework of the no-core shell model with the JISP16 realistic interaction is examined. These states are found to project at the 85-90% level onto very few symplectic representations including the most deformed configuration, which confirms the importance of a symplectic no-core shell model and reaffirms the relevance of the Elliott SU(3) model upon which the symplectic scheme is built.
Date: March 14, 2007
Creator: Draayer, Jerry P.; Dytrych, Tomas; Sviratcheva, Kristina D.; Bahri, Chairul & Vary, James P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the mass eigenstate purity of Boron-8 solar neutrinos

Description: We give a brief report on our recent paper, Ref. [1], in which we calculate the {nu}{sub 2} mass eigenstate purity of {sup 8}B solar neutrinos as 91 {+-} 2%.
Date: January 1, 2006
Creator: Parke, Stephen J.; /Fermilab; Nunokawa, Hiroshi; /Rio de Janeiro, Pont. U. Catol.; Zukanovich Funchal, Renata & U., /Sao Paulo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CP-conserving and CP-violating properties in semileptonic Bs decays with the D0 experiment

Description: A search for CP violation has been performed in a sample of semileptonic B{sub s} decays corresponding to approximately 5 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the D0 detector in Run II at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. A time-dependent fit to the distributions of B{sub s} candidates yields the flavor-specific asymmetry as a{sub fs}{sup s} = [-1.7 {+-} 9.1(stat){sub -2.3}{sup +1.2}(syst)] x 10{sup -3}, corresponding to the most precise measurement to date for this CP violation parameter. Furthermore a search for the semi-inclusive process B{sub s} to D{sub s}{sup (*)}D{sub s}{sup (*)} has been performed on a data sample of 2.8 fb{sup -1}. 26.6 {+-} 8.4 signal events are observed with a significance of 3.2 standard deviations above background, leading to a branching ratio of 0.035 {+-} 0.010(stat) {+-} 0.011(syst). Under certain theoretical assumptions, these double-charm final states saturate CP-even eigenstates in the B{sub s} decays, resulting in a width difference of {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s}{sup CP}/{Lambda}{sub s} = 0.072 {+-} 0.021(stat) {+-} 0.022(syst).
Date: August 1, 2009
Creator: Sonnenschein, Lars
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of the Time-dependent CP Asymmetry inB to D(*)_CP h0 Decays

Description: The authors report a measurement of the time-dependent CP-asymmetry parameters S and C in color-suppressed B{sup 0} {yields} D{sup (*)0}h{sup 0} decays, where h{sup 0} is a {pi}{sup 0}, {eta}, or {omega} meson, and the D{sup 0} decays to one of the CP eigenstates K{sup +}K{sup -}, K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}, or K{sub S}{sup 0}{omega}. The data sample consists of 383 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B-factory at SLAC. The results are S = -0.56 {+-} 0.23 {+-} 0.05 and C = -0.23 {+-} 0.16 {+-} 0.04, where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic.
Date: March 14, 2007
Creator: Aubert, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improved Measurement of CP Observables in B- to D0_CP K- Decays

Description: We present a study of the decay B{sup -} {yields} D{sub (CP)}{sup 0}K{sup -} and its charge conjugate, where D{sub (CP)}{sup 0} is reconstructed in both a non-CP flavor eigenstate and in CP (CP-even and CP-odd) eigenstates, based on a sample of 382 million {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} storage ring. We measure the direct CP asymmetries A{sub CP{+-}} and the ratios of the branching fractions R{sub CP{+-}}: A{sub CP+} = 0.27 {+-} 0.09(stat) {+-} 0.04(syst), A{sub CP-} = -0.09 {+-} 0.09(stat) {+-} 0.02(syst), R{sub CP+} = 1.06 {+-} 0.10(stat) {+-} 0.05(syst), R{sub CP-} = 1.03 {+-} 0.10(stat) {+-} 0.05(syst). These results will help to better constrain the gamma phase parameter of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa quark mixing matrix.
Date: July 1, 2008
Creator: Aubert, Bernard; Bona, Marcella; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Simplified Unitarity Triangles for the Lepton Sector

Description: Encouraged by the latest SNO results, we consider the lepton mixing matrix in the approximation that the {nu}{sub 2} mass eigenstate is trimaximally (democratically) mixed. This suggests a new parameterization of the remaining mixing degrees of freedom, which eschews mixing angles, dealing instead, directly with the complex parameter U{sub e3} of the mixing matrix. Unitarity triangles then take a particularly simple form, which we hope will facilitate comparison with experiment.
Date: January 18, 2006
Creator: Bjorken, James D.; /SLAC; Harrison, P.F.; U., /Warwick; Scott, W.G. & /Rutherford
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

$\textit{CP}$ violation in $B_s^0 \rightarrow J/\psi \phi$ at the Tevatron

Description: The author reviews the history and present status of CP violation measurements made during RunII of the Fermilab Tevatron. Both flavor-tagged and untagged measurements of the Cp-violating phase {beta}{sub s}{sup J/{Psi}} are discussed, as well as measurements of the width difference {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s} between heavy and light B{sub s}{sup 0} mass eigenstates made in the B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} J/{Psi}{phi} system.
Date: January 1, 2009
Creator: Gibson, Karen & U., /Pittsburgh
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of B0(s) mixing parameters from the flavor-tagged decay B0(s) ---> J/psi phi

Description: From an analysis of the flavor-tagged decay B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} J/{psi}{phi} they obtain the width difference between the B{sub s}{sup 0} light and heavy mass eigenstates, {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s} {triple_bond} {Lambda}{sub L} - {Lambda}{sub H} = 0.19 {+-} 0.07(stat){sub -0.01}{sup +0.02}(syst) ps{sup -1}, and the CP-violating phase, {phi}{sub s} = -0.57{sub -0.30}{sup +0.24}(stat){sub -0.02}{sup +0.07}(syst). The allowed 90% C.L. intervals of {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s} and {phi}{sub s} are 0.06 < {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s} < 0.30 ps{sup -1} and -1.20 < {phi}{sub s} < 0.06, respectively. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 2.8 fb{sup -1} accumulated with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider.
Date: February 1, 2008
Creator: Abazov, V.M.; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, B.; U., /Oklahoma; Abolins, M.; U., /Michigan State et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A STUDY ON MICROWAVE INSTABILITY INDUCED RADIATION.

Description: It has been shown in the context of a solvable model that the microwave instability can be described in terms of ''coherent states'' [1]. Building on this model, we first show that the simplicity of the model arises from the fact that the key integral-differential equation can be reduced to the Karhunen-Loeve equation of the theory of stochastic processes. We present results on the correlation functions of the electric field. In particular, for the second order correlation function, we show that a relation akin to the Hanbury Brown-Twiss correlation holds for the coherent states of the microwave-instability induced radiation. We define an entropy-like quantity and we introduce a Wigner distribution function representation.
Date: March 29, 1999
Creator: MURPHY,J. B. & WANG,J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

R-parity violation and sneutrino resonances at muon colliders

Description: In supersymmetric models with R-parity violation, sneutrinos may be produced as channel resonances at {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup {minus}} colliders. The authors demonstrate that, for R-parity violating couplings as low as 10{sup {minus}4}, sneutrino resonances may be observed and may be exploited to yield high precision SUSY parameter measurements. The excellent beam energy resolution of muon colliders may also be used to resolve MeV level splitting between CP-even and CP-odd sneutrino mass eigenstates.
Date: January 1, 1998
Creator: Feng, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Quantum mechanics of neutrino oscillations - hand waving for pedestrians.

Description: Why Hand Waving? All calculations in books describe oscillations in time. But real experiments don't measure time. Hand waving is used to convert the results of a ''gedanken time experiment'' to the result of a real experiment measuring oscillations in space. Right hand waving gives the right answer; wrong hand waving gives the wrong answer. Many papers use wrong handwaving to get wrong answers. This talk explains how to do it right and also answers the following questions: (1) A neutrino which is a mixture of two mass eigenstates is emitted with muon in the decay of a pion at rest. This is a ''missing mass experiment'' where the muon energy determines the neutrino mass. Why are the two mass states coherent? (2) A neutrino which is a mixture of two mass eigenstates is emitted at time t=0. The two mass eigenstates move with different velocities and arrive at the detector at different times. Why are the two mass states coherent? (3) A neutrino is a mixture of two overlapping wave packets with different masses moving with different velocities. Will the wave packets eventually separate? If yes, when?
Date: December 22, 1998
Creator: Lipkin, H. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neutrino Factory: Physics and R&D Status

Description: In recent years exciting experimental discoveries have shown that neutrino flavors oscillate, and hence that neutrinos have nonzero masses and mixings. The Standard Model needs to be modified to accommodate neutrino mass terms, which require either the existence of right-handed neutrinos to create Dirac mass terms, and/or a violation of lepton number conservation to create Majorana mass terms. The observation that neutrino masses and mass-splittings are tiny compared to the masses of any of the other fundamental fermions suggests radically new physics, which perhaps originates at the GUT or Planck Scale, or perhaps indicates the existence of new spatial dimensions. Whatever the origin of the observed neutrino masses and mixings is, it will certainly require a profound extension to our picture of the physical world. The first step towards understanding this new physics is to pin down the measurable parameters, and address the first round of basic questions: (1) Are there only three neutrino flavors, or do light sterile neutrinos exist? Are there any other deviations to three-flavor mixing? (2) There is one angle {theta}{sub 13} in the mixing matrix which is unmeasured. Is it non-zero? (3) We don't know the mass-ordering of the neutrino mass eigenstates. There are two possibilities, the so-called ''normal'' or ''inverted'' hierarchies. Which is right? (4) There is one complex phase {delta} in the mixing matrix which is accessible to neutrino oscillation measurements. If both {theta}{sub 13} and sin {delta} are non-zero there will be CP Violation in the lepton sector. Is sin {delta} non-zero? (5) What precisely is the value of the lightest neutrino mass and are neutrino masses generated by Majorana mass terms, Dirac mass terms, or both? All of these questions, with the exception of the last one, can in principle be addressed by accelerator-based neutrino oscillation experiments. However, getting all of ...
Date: August 3, 2004
Creator: Geer, Steve
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Study of Decays $B_d \to J/\psi+ K^*$ and $B_s \to J/\psi+ \phi$ with the D0 detector

Description: We present measurements of the linear polarization amplitudes and the strong relative phases that describe the flavor-untagged decays B{sub d} {yields} J/{Psi} K* and B{sub s} {yields} J/{Psi}{phi} in the transversity basis. We also measure the mean lifetime of the B{sub s} mass eigenstates and the lifetime ratio. The analyses are based on approximately 2.8 fb{sup -1} of data recorded with the D0 detector. From our measurements of the angular parameters we conclude that there is no evidence for a deviation from flavor SU(3) symmetry for these decays and that the factorization assumption is not valid for the B{sub d} {yields} J/{Psi} K* decay.
Date: January 1, 2009
Creator: Gutierrez, Phillip & U., /Oklahoma City
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

B^0_s Oscillations

Description: For a long time the B{sub s}{sup 0}-{bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} system has eluded a complete investigation of its observables. Only recently the Tevatron experiments have accumulated sizable B{sub s}{sup 0} samples, which allow a direct and precise study of the system properties. This contribution reviews the most up-to-date measurements by the CDF and D0 Collaborations of the B{sub s}{sup 0}-{bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} system parameters: the mass and decay width differences, {Delta}m{sub s} and {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s}, between the heavy and light B{sub s}{sup 0} mass eigenstates, the average decay width {Lambda}{sub s}, and the CP-violating phase in the mixing {phi}{sub s}.
Date: December 1, 2007
Creator: Casarsa, Massimo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of the B/s0 lifetime in B/s0 --> K+ K- decays

Description: A method is presented to simultaneously separate the contributions to a sample of B{sub (s)}{sup 0} {yields} h{sup +}h{sup {prime}-} decays, where h = {pi} or K, and measure the B meson lifetimes in the sample while correcting for the bias in the lifetime distributions due to the hadronic trigger at the CDF experiment. Using 1 fb{sup -1} of data collected at CDF the B{sup 0} lifetime is measured as {tau}{sub B{sup 0}} = 1.558{sub -0.047}{sup +0.050}{sub stat} {+-} 0.028{sub syst} ps, in agreement with the world average measurement. The B{sub s}{sup 0} lifetime in the B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} decay is measured as {tau}{sub B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}} = 1.51{sub -0.11}{sup +0.13}{sub stat} {+-} 0.04{sub syst} ps. No difference is observed between the lifetime and other measurements of the average B{sub s}{sup 0} lifetime or the lifetime of the light B{sub s}{sup 0} mass eigenstate determined from B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} J/{psi}{phi} decays. With the assumptions that B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} is 100% CP-even and that {tau}{sub B{sub s}{sup 0}} = {tau}{sub B{sup 0}} the width difference in the B{sub s}{sup 0} system is determined as {Delta}{Lambda}{sup CP}/{Lambda} = 0.03{sub -0.15}{sup +0.17}{sub stat} {+-} 0.05{sub syst} using the current world average B{sup 0} lifetime. This is consistent with zero and with the current world average measurement.
Date: February 1, 2009
Creator: Pounder, Nicola Louise
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of Lifetime and Decay-Width Difference in B0s -> J/psi phi Decays

Description: The authors measure the mean lifetime, {tau} = 2/({Lambda}{sub L} + {Lambda}{sub H}), and the decay-width difference, {Delta}{Lambda} = {Lambda}{sub L} - {Lambda}{sub H}, of the light and heavy mass eigenstates of the B{sub s}{sup 0} meson, B{sub sL}{sup 0} and B{sub sH}{sup 0}, in B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} J/{psi}{phi} decays using 1.7 fb{sup -1} of data collected with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron p{bar p} collider. Assuming CP conservation, a good approximation for the B{sub s}{sup 0} system in the standard model, they obtain {Delta}{Lambda} = 0.076{sub -0.063}{sup +0.059}(stat.) {+-} 0.006(syst.) ps{sup -1} and {tau} = 1.52 {+-} 0.04(stat.) {+-} 0.02(syst.) ps, the most precise measurements to date. The constraints on the weak phase and {Delta}{Lambda} are consistent with CP conservation.
Date: December 1, 2007
Creator: Aaltonen, : T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Large-scale quantum mechanical simulations of high-Z metals

Description: High-Z metals constitute a particular challenge for large-scale ab initio calculations, as they require high resolution due to the presence of strongly localized states and require many eigenstates to be computed due to the large number of electrons and need to accurately resolve the Fermi surface. Here, we report recent findings on high-Z materials, using an efficient massively parallel planewave implementation on some of the largest computational architectures currently available. We discuss the particular architectures employed and methodological advances required to harness them effectively. We present a pair-correlation function for U, calculated using quantum molecular dynamics, and discuss relaxations of Pu atoms in the vicinity of defects in aged and alloyed Pu. We find that the self-irradiation associated with aging has a negligible effect on the compressibility of Pu relative to other factors such as alloying.
Date: January 3, 2007
Creator: Yang, L H; Hood, R; Pask, J & Klepeis, J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department