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Organic Nuclear Reactors: An Evaluation of Current Development Programs

Description: Organic reactor technology is critically evaluated and areas of research and development work now lacking or inadequate for the successful development of this reactor concept are indicated. The development programs for present organic and heavy water moderated concepts appear generally adequate to reach specific goals. However, the narrow scope of the organic reactor program should be broadened to assure coverage of areas where the application of novel principles might result in marked economic… more
Date: May 1, 1961
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Cost Function Studies for Power Reactors

Description: A function to evaluate the cost of electricity produced by a nuclear power reactor was developed. The basic equation, revenue = capital charges + profit + operating expenses, was expanded in terms of various cost parameters to enable analysis of multiregion nuclear reactors with uranium and/or plutonium for fuel. A corresponding IBM 704 computer program, which will compute either the price of electricity or the value of plutonium, is presented in detail. (auth)
Date: November 1, 1961
Creator: Heestand, J. & Wos, L.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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EVALUATION OF ULTIMATE DISPOSAL METHOD FOR LIQUID AND SOLID RADIOACTIVE WASTES. PART I. INTERIM LIQUID STORAGE

Description: As the first part of a study to evaluate the economics of the various steps leading to and including the permanent disposal of high-activity liquid and solid radioactive waste, costs of interim liquid storage of acid and alkaline Purex and Thorex wastes were estimated for storage times of 0.5 to 30 years. A 6- ton/day plant was assumed, processing 1500 tons/year of uranium converter fuel at a burnup of 10,000 Mwd/ton and 270 tons/year of thorium converter fuel at a burnup of 20,000 Mwd/ton. Tan… more
Date: August 22, 1961
Creator: Bradshaw, R.L.; Perona, J.J.; Roberts, J.T. & Blomeke, J.O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Institutional and Financial Guide to Geothermal District Heating. Serial No. 2

Description: General planning considerations which affect nearly every community are reviewed, and alternative operating structures which are available to communities are reviewed, including local governments, nonprofit cooperatives, private enterprises, and joint ventures. The financing options available to publicly-owned and privately-owned district heating systems are then summarized. The geothermal production and distribution activities most appropriate to each type of operating structure are reviewed, … more
Date: March 1, 1982
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Photovoltaic engineering services pertinent to solar energy conversion

Description: The application of the compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) for use with solar cells has been investigated. Experiments with state-of-the-art Si cells in a CPC and under solar concentration were performed. A theoretical model for calculating the behavior of Si solar cells with concentration was developed. Detailed calculations of the energy distribution in the CPC were made. Finally a cost effectiveness analysis shows that the CPC system will produce power at very much lower cost than will fla… more
Date: June 1, 1975
Creator: Bell, R O; Ho, J C.T.; Kurth, W & Surek, T
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Utilization of coal-water fuels in fire-tube boilers

Description: This project is a demonstration for firing coal-water slurry in a fire-tube boiler. It includes design, installation, and demonstration of the slurry firing equipment in a fire-tube boiler at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa. The project will be funded by the US Department of Energy with cost sharing from Jim Walter Resources and the University of Alabama. Energy and Environmental Research Corporation is the prime contractor responsible for all respects of the project. The specific objec… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Sommer, T. & Melick, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Waste Treatment and Disposal Progress Report for June and July 1961

Description: 7 7 6 4 : 9 8 9 6 5 : 9 aluminum nitrate waste was calcined in the close-coupled continuous evaporator-pot calciner unit. Waste oxides from TBP-25 waste were incorporated into glassy materials after the addition of phosphate and borate fluxing agents. Melts formed at 850 to 950 deg C were glassy solids when cooled and had densities from 2.41 to 2.47 g/ml. Waste volurne reduction factors were from 7.6 to 9.3. Low-Level Waste Treatment. A demonstration run was completed in the 60 liters/hr scaven… more
Date: October 24, 1961
Creator: Blanco, R. E. & Struxness, E. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Thermal energy storage for power generation

Description: Studies strongly indicate that the United States will face widespread electrical power constraints in the 1990s, with most regions of the country experiencing capacity shortages by the year 2000. In many cases, the demand for increased power will occur during intermediate and peak demand periods. Much of this demand is expected to be met by oil- and natural gas-fired Brayton cycle turbines and combined-cycle plants. While natural gas is currently plentiful and reasonably priced, the availabilit… more
Date: October 1, 1989
Creator: Drost, M. K.; Antoniak, Z. I.; Brown, D. R. & Sathyanarayana, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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REACTOR MAIN COOLANT LOOP

Description: A parametric study was made for the POPR with temperature gradients of 610 to 670 deg F and 6l0 to 684.5 deg F at organic flow rates of 17.8 x l0/sup 6/ and l4.4 x l0/sup 6/ lbs/hr, respectively; and steam turbine conditions at the throttle of 600 and 650 deg F at 800 to l200 psig. The study was made to obtain the most economical layout of the main heat transfer loop system. (B.O.G.)
Date: August 1, 1961
Creator: Terpe, G.R. & Katz, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Catalytic steam gasification of bagasse for the production of methanol

Description: Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) tested the catalytic gasification of bagasse for the production of methanol synthesis gas. The process uses steam, indirect heat, and a catalyst to produce synthesis gas in one step in fluidized bed gasifier. Both laboratory and process development scale (nominal 1 ton/day) gasifiers were used to test two different catalyst systems: (1) supported nickel catalysts and (2) alkali carbonates doped on the bagasse. This paper presents the results of laboratory and … more
Date: December 1, 1983
Creator: Baker, E.G. & Brown, M.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Bodcau In Situ Combustion Project. Third annual report, July 1, 1978-August 31, 1979

Description: This project is a cooperative venture between Cities Service Company and the US Department of Energy. The main objective is to demonstrate the operation and economics of a successful commercial scale In Situ Combustion Project in a heavy oil reservoir. This Third Annual Report deals primarily with performance, development and economics of the project in the third year of operation, with pertinent information from the First and Second Annual Report included for background information. The five e… more
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: Garvey, J.; Pusch, W. H. & Fulford, R. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis

Description: This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer's surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappag… more
Date: March 1, 1992
Creator: Greene, D.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)) & Duleep, K.G. (Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CIVILIAN POWER REACTOR PROGRAM. PART III. CORE-PARAMETER STUDIES FOR SELECTED REACTOR TYPES

Description: A report is presented to provide a tool for evaluating the relative economic incentives for changing reactor core parameters. The cost relations are shown in terms of differential cost in lieu of total cost. A total cost for each reactor described is included so that power costs for a specified set of parameters can be obtained. A description is also included concerning 5 reactor types considered along with a discussion of the effects on power costs of varying the significant core parameters. A… more
Date: January 1, 1959
Creator: Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, D.C. & Jackson and Moreland, Inc., Boston
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Energy conservation and energy decentralization: issues and prospects

Description: Views are presented of the seemingly paradoxical nature and irrationality of the energy system and the decisions that determine its evolution. An economic approach to energy decisions, while widely espoused and generally believed to be the underpinning of our system, appears not to be functioning in very-important areas. The result is enormous waste of economic and intangible resources to produce energy that could be effectively replaced by energy conservation at low costs. This inefficiency in… more
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Levine, M. D. & Craig, P. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Experimental process system development unit for producing semiconductor-grade silicon using the silane-to-silicon process. Quarterly progress report, October-December 1979

Description: This program consists of the engineering design, fabrication, assembly, operation, economic analysis, and process support R and D for an Experimental Process System Development Unit (EPSDU). EPSDU equipment specification, vendor development, and evaluation of quotations represent a significant effort which will permit the start of ordering EPSDU equipment during the next quarter. Initial mini-burner test results are encouraging. It appears that a fairly simple and cost-effective waste treatment… more
Date: January 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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