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Backfire

Description: "This story is based upon the actual classroom experiences of Thomas J. Shelly, teacher of Economics and History in the Yonkers High School, Yonkers, New York. The American Economic Foundation is happy to present this example of how common sense combats economic fallacies" - from film.
Date: unknown
Creator: Knox, Gordon; Elwyn, Robert & Lyon, Sumner
Partner: UNT Media Library

The Evolution of Capitalist Values

Description: Capitalism has developed in something less than two hundred years into a system of doctrines and values which influence man's development around the world. It takes many forms and it functions within differing cultures and with different shades of meaning. It is an intensely penetrating economic system, never satisfied to contain itself within any given geographical area for long. It is the dominant economic structure of western civilization today and is seeking a foothold in eastern culture. For this reason it is being subjected to searching question. In any attempt to evaluate capitalism one is immediately struck by the plurality and confusion of its values. This thesis will attempt to trace the history of that plurality and confusion; to show how and why they arose; to relate economic values to the humanity which must live with them. All human values are subject to change and all social values are relative. Economic systems are social institutions and as such are directly related to the other institutions of any given society. For this reason the search for capitalistic values must be made within the social milieu as a whole. The economic system cannot be set apart from the church, the state, the family, the educational system and the values which pervade these related institutions. As man is subjected to changing social concepts and ideals, his material values will reflect these changes. And, as man is subjected to changing economic pressures, his value judgments in every area may be subjected to modification.
Date: August 1956
Creator: Staig, Mary Sue Garner
Partner: UNT Libraries

Elasticity of Money as a Reinforcer: Assessing Multiple Compositions of Unit Price

Description: Behavioral economics is the integration of concepts from micro-economics into behavior analysis. Most of the research in behavioral economics has been done with non-human subjects and with drugs as reinforcers. This study represents an extension of previous research to assess money as a reinforcer with humans as subjects. The participants in this study solved math problems to earn money at various unit prices. Results indicate that demand of money adhered to the law of demand in that consumption decreased as unit prices increased. An underlying assumption is that consumption should be equivalent at different compositions of unit price. Replications of either the same or different compositions of unit price indicated that there were some discrepancies in consumption in this study.
Date: December 1999
Creator: Viken, Kjetil
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Theory of Capitalistic Stagnation

Description: The problem to be dealt with in this paper is the theory of capitalistic stagnation. Why is it important to examine the theory of capitalistic stagnation? The continuity of the theory of stagnation is the only portion of economic doctrine that is held in common by the Classical, Marxian, Keynesian, and Institutional economists.
Date: 1950
Creator: George, John E.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Refugees: Achievement and Conflict

Description: Currently, there are more than 30 million refugees and internally displaced people in the world. Since the 1970s, after the Vietnam War, international organizations and many countries have supported refugees financially, however, they all have different definitions for a refugee. Refugees who desire peace or freedom and resettle in new countries have had remarkable economic, social, and educational achievement, especially Indochinese people in the US. However, refugees who flee from conflicts have often faced new conflicts in their host society. Both refugees and the host countries experience economic and social burden, however, refugees struggle and try to escape from their economic dependency from the local government. If refugee achievements continue, they could exceed the US educational and social norm in the future.
Date: December 2000
Creator: Oi, Ayako
Partner: UNT Libraries

[Three Men in Front of a Shop]

Description: Photograph of three men gathered together in front of a shop, which is displaying guitars, watches, and jewelry in the window behind them. The sign above the window says "Loans at 3%," and the sign below the window has the word "Bargains" in it.
Date: 19uu
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Military Base Closures: Role and Cost of Environmental Cleanup

Description: This report explains cleanup requirements for the transfer and reuse of properties on closed military bases, discusses property transfer status and cleanup costs on bases closed in prior rounds, and examines estimates of costs to clean up bases to be closed in the 2005 round to make these properties safe for civilian reuse.
Date: October 3, 2006
Creator: Bearden, David M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Military Base Closures: Role and Costs of Environmental Cleanup

Description: This report explains cleanup requirements for the transfer and reuse of properties on closed military bases, discusses property transfer status and cleanup costs on bases closed in prior rounds, and examines estimates of costs to clean up bases to be closed in the 2005 round to make these properties safe for civilian reuse.
Date: January 3, 2007
Creator: Bearden, David M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Procurement: Full Funding Policy - Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Description: The full funding policy is a federal budgeting rule imposed on DOD by Congress in the 1950s that requires the entire procurement cost of a weapon or piece of military equipment to be funded in the year in which the item is procured. Although technical in nature, the policy relates to Congress’ power of the purse and its responsibility for conducting oversight of Department of Defense (DOD) programs. Support for the policy has been periodically reaffirmed over the years by Congress, the Government Accountability Office, and DOD.
Date: June 28, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Daggett, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Procurement: Full Funding Policy -- Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Description: The full funding policy is a federal budgeting rule imposed on the Department of Defense (DOD) by Congress in the 1950s that requires the entire procurement cost of a weapon or piece of military equipment to be funded in the year in which the item is procured. This policy relates to Congress's power of the purse and its responsibility for conducting oversight of DOD programs. In recent years, some DOD weapons--specifically, certain Navy ships--have not been procured in accordance with the above policy. The DOD is requesting that certain procurements take place without keeping with the above and precedented policy. The full funding policy helps keeps DOD procurements streamlined so that they can be easily followed and recorded; deviations from this policy would limit and complicate Congress's oversight of DOD procedures.
Date: June 20, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Daggett, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Procurement: Full Funding Policy -- Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Description: The full funding policy is a federal budgeting rule imposed on the Department of Defense (DOD) by Congress in the 1950s that requires the entire procurement cost of a weapon or piece of military equipment to be funded in the year in which the item is procured. A principal effect of the full funding policy is to prevent the use of incremental funding, under which the cost of a weapon is divided into two or more annual portions. Opponents believed incremental funding could make the total procurement costs of weapons and equipment more difficult for Congress to understand and track. Congress has several options for responding to recent proposals for procuring DOD ships and aircraft with funding mechanisms that do not conform to the full funding policy. These options could have the effect of terminating, modifying, maintaining, or strengthening the full funding policy.
Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Daggett, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Procurement: Full Funding Policy - Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Description: The full funding policy is a federal budgeting rule imposed on DOD by Congress in the 1950s that requires the entire procurement cost of a weapon or piece of military equipment to be funded in the year in which the item is procured. Although technical in nature, the policy relates to Congress’ power of the purse and its responsibility for conducting oversight of Department of Defense (DOD) programs. Support for the policy has been periodically reaffirmed over the years by Congress, the Government Accountability Office, and DOD.
Date: June 20, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Daggett, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Procurement: Full Funding Policy - Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Description: The full funding policy is a federal budgeting rule imposed on DOD by Congress in the 1950s that requires the entire procurement cost of a weapon or piece of military equipment to be funded in the year in which the item is procured. Although technical in nature, the policy relates to Congress’ power of the purse and its responsibility for conducting oversight of Department of Defense (DOD) programs. Support for the policy has been periodically reaffirmed over the years by Congress, the Government Accountability Office, and DOD.
Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Daggett, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources

Description: The Berry Amendment requires the Department of Defense (DOD) to give preference in procurement to domestically produced, manufactured, or home grown products, notably food, clothing, fabrics, and specialty metals. This report examines the original intent and purpose of the Berry Amendment, legislative proposals to amend the application of domestic source restrictions, as well as options for Congress.
Date: October 24, 2006
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources

Description: The Berry Amendment requires the Department of Defense (DOD) to give preference in procurement to domestically produced, manufactured, or home grown products, notably food, clothing, fabrics, and specialty metals. In order to protect the U.S. industrial base during periods of adversity and war, Congress passed domestic source restrictions as part of the 1941 Fifth Supplemental DOD Appropriations Act; these provisions later became the Berry Amendment. This report examines the original intent and purpose of the Berry Amendment, legislative proposals to amend the application of domestic source restrictions, as well as options for Congress.
Date: October 24, 2006
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Defense Budget Primer

Description: This report is a primer for those who wish to familiarize themselves with the defense budget process. The report defines basic defense budget-related terms, describes the structure of the defense budget, briefly reviews the budgeting process within the Department of Defense (DOD), and outlines the successive phases of the congressional defense budget process. It also provides a short review of the budget execution process. This report will be updated only in the event of significant changes to the defense budget process.
Date: December 9, 1998
Creator: Tyszkiewicz, Mary T. & Daggett, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparisons of U.S. and Foreign Military Spending: Data from Selected Public Sources

Description: This report lists and compares military expenditures of the United States and foreign nations using two sources: the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies’ (IISS) The Military Balance, and the U.S. State Department’s World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers (WMEAT). Although the IISS and the U.S. State Department aim to provide figures that are as consistent and accurate as possible, cross-national comparisons of defense spending are inherently imperfect. Available sets of figures are useful, but often do not correspond with one another for a variety of reasons. This report provides two sets of figures from widely recognized sources in order to offer Congress a sample of the data published on this topic.
Date: January 28, 2004
Creator: Chamberlin, Jeffrey
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department