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Results of Tritium Tracking and Groundwater Monitoring at the Hanford Site 200 Area State-Approved Land Disposal Site--Fiscal Year 2001

Description: The Hanford Site 200 Area Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF) processes contaminated liquids derived from Hanford Site facilities. The clean water generated by these processes is occasionally enriched in tritium, and is discharged to the 200 Area State Approved Land Disposal Site (SALDS). Groundwater monitoring for tritium and other constituents is required by the state-issued permit at 22 wells surrounding the facility. During FY 2001, tritium activities in the SALDS proximal well 699-48-77A increased (maximum 670,000 pCi/L) as a result of the resumption of tritium disposal in September 2000, following a 16-month hiatus in significant tritium discharges. Well 699-48-77C, where tritium results reached a maximum value of 980,000 pCi/L, is reflecting the result of the delayed penetration of effluent deeper into the aquifer from 1999 SALDS tritium discharges. Speculation in FY 2000 (Barnett 2000b) that tritium may have reached two wells due south of the facility is probably premature. FY 2001 results indicate no departures from historical levels of tritium in these wells.
Date: October 12, 2001
Creator: Barnett, D. Brent & Rieger, Joanne T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Transportation of Débris by Running Water

Description: Abstract: The primary purpose of the investigation was to learn the laws which control the movement of bed load, and especially to determine how the quantity of load is related to the stream's slope and discharge and to the degree of communication of the débris.
Date: 1914
Creator: Gilbert, Grove Karl & Murphy, Edward Charles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Incineration of Radioactive Solid Wastes: A Report to the General Manager's Task Force on AEC Operational Radioactive Waste Management

Description: From summary and conclusions: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possibilities and extent to which incineration could be used to decrease the volume and increase the safety of handling and storing the combustible, radioactive solid wastes.
Date: August 1970
Creator: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Working Group for Incineration.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Idaho CERCLA Disposal Facility Complex Compliance Demonstration for DOE Order 435.1

Description: This compliance demonstration document provides an analysis of the Idaho CERCLA Disposal Facility (ICDF) Complex compliance with DOE Order 435.1. The ICDF Complex includes the disposal facility (landfill), evaporation pond, administration facility, weigh scale, and various staging/storage areas. These facilities were designed and constructed to be compliant with DOE Order 435.1, Resource Conservation and Recovery act Subtitle C, and Toxic Substances Control Act polychlorinated biphenyl design and construction standards. The ICDF Complex is designated as the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) facility for the receipt, staging/storage, treatment, and disposal of INL Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) waste streams.
Date: November 6, 2007
Creator: Simonds, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Organic Solutes in Ground Water at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory

Description: From purpose of study: In January 1980, the u.s. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommended that a ground-water monitoring program for organic constituents be started at the INEL. In response to this recommendation, DOE requested the U.S. Geological Survey to undertake such a program. The purpose of the study was to determine the distribution and extent of organic constituents in the ground water beneath the INEL.
Date: March 1982
Creator: Leenheer, Jerry A. & Bagby, Jefferson C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reuse and Subsurface Injection of Municipal Sewage Effluent: Two Case Histories

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing sewage disposal and reuse. As stated in the introduction, "this paper describes the renovation of municipal sewage water for industrial use, and the use of subsurface waste disposal by an industrial complex and by a city" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: 1971
Creator: Donaldson, Erle C. & Bayazeed, Abdo F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relation Between Dual Acidity and Structure of H-Montmorillonite

Description: The following report covers potentiometric studies with hydrogen-sensitive and cation-sensitive glass electrodes supplemented by chemical determinations and X-ray diffractions on a hydrogen-montmorillonite. These studies indicate that the clay behaves as a mixture of two acids, resulting from the presence of interlayer and edge exchange sites, both occupied by hydrogen ions.
Date: March 1962
Creator: Pommer, Alfred M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL PRACTICES IN THE ATOMIC ENERGY INDUSTRY. A Survey of the Costs

Description: A survey was made on methcds and related costs of disposing of radioactive wastes as practiced in 1955 by twelve atomic industry installations. Wherever possible, estimated unit costs of differentiated stages of waste handling are shown- these are integrated to show the over-all scope of waste dispesal practices at each site. Tabular data summarize costs and operation magnitades at the installations. A pattern is established for standardizing the reporting of fixed costs and equipment unsage costs. The economy of solid waste volume reduction is analyzed. Material costs are listed. An outline for recording monthly waste disposal costs is presented. Obvious conclusions drawn from the factual data are: that it is more expensive per cubic foot to handle high-level wastes than low-level wastes. and that land disposal is less expenaive than sea disposal. A reexamination of baling economics shows that high compression of solid wastes is more expensive than simpler forms of compaction. (auth)
Date: December 31, 1955
Creator: Joseph, A.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Periodic Waste Disposal System Material Balance Test. Core 1, Seed 2. Test Evaluation T-641317. Section 1

Description: A test was carried out to determine the adequacy of storage capacity and operating procedures of the radioactive waste disposal system during a normal reactor plant warmup. The capacity and operating procedures were found to be adequate. It was impossible to perform a complete material balance based on existing level instrumentation and using the data required by the test procedure. Approximately 21,290 gal. of waste were received in the system and 13,210 gal. were discharged to the river with a total activity of 1200 mu c. A quantity of 6,670 gal. of reactor coolant effluent was processed. Approximately 634 lb of combustible waste were incinerated. (M.C.G.)
Date: June 30, 1961
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactive Waste Disposal System Periodic Radiation Monitoring Survey. Core I, Seed 1. Test Results (T-612075). Section 2

Description: Radiation levels were determined at all permanently installed monitored points in the disposal area. Radiation levels were found to be generally higher than those measured during the previous test but within Health Physics limitations. (J.R.D.)
Date: October 1, 1960
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Description: This report looks at the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), Yucca Mountain, and the Obama Administration's de-funding of Yucca Mountain. Federal policy is based on the premise that nuclear waste can be disposed of safely, but proposed storage and disposal facilities have frequently been challenged on safety, health, and environmental grounds. Most of the current debate surrounding civilian radioactive waste focuses on highly radioactive spent fuel from nuclear power plants.
Date: December 2, 2013
Creator: Holt, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Description: This report looks at the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), Yucca Mountain, and the Obama Administration's de-funding of Yucca Mountain. Federal policy is based on the premise that nuclear waste can be disposed of safely, but proposed storage and disposal facilities have frequently been challenged on safety, health, and environmental grounds. Most of the current debate surrounding civilian radioactive waste focuses on highly radioactive spent fuel from nuclear power plants.
Date: April 24, 2015
Creator: Holt, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alternatives for Disposal of Raffinate from the TRUEX Process

Description: Possible methods for disposing of the immobilized raffinate from TRUEX processing are reviewed. The purpose of the TRUEX process is to extract transuranium elements from high-level and TRU wastes into a small volume that can be managed at lower cost than that of the original wastes. The raffinate from the TRUEX process, containing negligible concentrations of transuranium elements, would be combined with salt solutions also derived from processing high-level waste, and the mixture would be converted to grout.
Date: December 1989
Creator: Trevorrow, L. E. & Vandegrift, G. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department