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Assessment of research and development (R and D) needs in ammonia safety and environmental control

Description: This report characterizes the ammonia industry operations, reviews current knowledge of ammonia release and subsequent impacts, summarizes the status of release prevention and control methods and identify research and development needs for safety and environmental control. Appendices include: accidental spills and human exposure; adiabatic mixing of liquid nitrogen and air; fire and explosion hazards; and environmental impact rating tables. (PSB)
Date: September 1, 1981
Creator: Brenchley, D.L.; Athey, G.F. & Bomelburg, H.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Validation and sensitivity of a simulated photograph technique for visibility modeling

Description: The Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) visibility model is capable of producing simulated before and after pictures that illustrate visual effects of smoke plumes. Although the model has been under development for a few years, until recently there had been very little testing of the model against field experience or testing of sensitivity of the model results to numerical approximations used in the model. Further validation and sensitivity testing of the LASL model began in late 1979. The … more
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Williams, M.; Chan, L.Y. & Lewis, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical Technology Division, Unit Operations Section Monthly Progress Report, June 1961

Description: An interfacial viseometer was built for use in an interfacial phenomena study. Installation of a 6-in.-ID foam separation column system was completed. The dispersiondrying-sintering characteristics of six low-nitrate batches of thoria sol material were studied. The average effective porosity of the CuO pellets used for reactor helium purification was determined to be 0.0545 for H/ sub 2/ transport and 0.0526 for CO transport. In continuous Zirflex dissolution studies, no H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ decomp… more
Date: January 23, 1962
Creator: Whatley, M. E.; Haas, P. A.; Horton, R. W.; Ryon, A. D.; Suddath, J. C. & Watson, C. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Use of principal components analysis and three-dimensional atmospheric-transport models for reactor-consequence evaluation

Description: This work explores the use of principal components analysis coupled to three-dimensional atmospheric transport and dispersion models for evaluating the environmental consequences of reactor accidents. This permits the inclusion of meteorological data from multiple sites and the effects of topography in the consequence evaluation; features not normally included in such analyses. The technique identifies prevailing regional wind patterns and their frequencies for use in the transport and dispersi… more
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Gudiksen, P. H.; Walton, J. J.; Alpert, D. J. & Johnson, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Diffusion of Slow Electrons in Gases

Description: The properties of electrons in a gas and an external electric field, e.g., agitation velocity, free path, energy lost per collision, and collision cross sections, were determined for electrons of energy less than 2 ev in a large number of gases. The computations were made from previously measured values for Townsend's energy factor or the ratio of electron agitation energy to molecule thermal energy. Results are presented for hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, methane, ethylene, cyclopropane, … more
Date: October 24, 1961
Creator: Forester, D. W. & Cochran, L. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Waste Treatment and Disposal Progress Report for June and July 1961

Description: 7 7 6 4 : 9 8 9 6 5 : 9 aluminum nitrate waste was calcined in the close-coupled continuous evaporator-pot calciner unit. Waste oxides from TBP-25 waste were incorporated into glassy materials after the addition of phosphate and borate fluxing agents. Melts formed at 850 to 950 deg C were glassy solids when cooled and had densities from 2.41 to 2.47 g/ml. Waste volurne reduction factors were from 7.6 to 9.3. Low-Level Waste Treatment. A demonstration run was completed in the 60 liters/hr scaven… more
Date: October 24, 1961
Creator: Blanco, R. E. & Struxness, E. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Studies of nuclear-waste migration in geologic media. Annual report, November 1976--October 1977

Description: The confinement of nuclear wastes in geologic formations is being considered as a method of permanently disposing of the waste. Laboratory experiments (column infiltration, static absorption, and batch partitioning experiments) were performed with nuclides of Cs, Pu, Np, and Am to examine the migratory characteristics of long-lived radionuclides that could be mobilized by groundwaters infiltrating a nuclear waste repository and the surrounding geologic body. In column infiltration experiments, … more
Date: March 1, 1978
Creator: Seitz, M.G.; Rickert, P.G.; Fried, S.M.; Friedman, A.M. & Steindler, M.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Corrosion Behavior of Reactor Materials in Fluoride Salt Mixtures

Description: Molten fluoride salts, because of their radiation stability and ability to contain both Th and U, offer important advantages as high-temperature fuel solutions for nuclear reactors and as media suitable for nuclear fuel processing. Both applications have stimulated experimental and theoretical studies of the corrosion processes by which molten salt mixtures attack potential reactor materials. Corrosion experiments with fluoride salts which were conducted in support of the Molten-Salt Reactor E … more
Date: September 19, 1962
Creator: DeVan, J. H. & Evans, R. B., III
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Enhanced tritium transport and release by solids modification

Description: To improve the tritium release characteristics of lithium ceramics, we are investigating the effects of dopants on tritium transport and release. Prior work has suggested a correlation between tritium and lithium diffusion in lithium-containing ceramics. This correlation has led us to propose a mechanism for tritium diffusion in which the tritium diffuses in the form of a lithium vacancy-triton complex. If this is the case, one should be able to increase the tritium diffusivity by increasing th… more
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Kopasz, J. P.; Tam, S. W. & Johnson, C. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Mass Transfer Coefficients and Interfacial Area in a One Stage Pulse Column

Description: Over-all mass transfer coefficients were determined independently of the interfacial area by considering the operation of the pulse column to be a stage- wise process. The calculated coefficients describe only the operation of the pulse column for the free rise of organic droplets through a stage, since in the downstroke the aqueous phase passes through the organic phase in the form of rivulets preferentially wetting the plates. The driving force for transfer was based on the aqueous phase conc… more
Date: November 1, 1960
Creator: Konopik, A. E. & Burkhart, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Complex temporal and spatial patterns in nonequilibrium systems

Description: Dynamical systems methods are being developed and used to characterize the formation and evolution of temporal and spatial patterns in systems maintained far from equilibrium. In particular, experiments and analyses are considering electrodeposition of fractal metallic clusters, pattern formation in reaction-diffusion systems, and the primary instabilities of some fluid flows. Novel reactors have been developed to search for chemical patterns (spatial variations in the chemical composition), an… more
Date: September 1, 1991
Creator: Swinney, H. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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PHYSICO-CHEMICAL STUDIES OF CLAD UO$sub 2$ IN POTENTIAL MELTDOWN ENVIRONMENTS.

Description: Behavior of zirconium alloy clad UO{sub 2} fuel elements in steam and air at 100 deg C to the melting point of UO{sub 2} was studied. Heating tests of Zircaloy-4 tubes with internal pressure show that steam oxidation of the metal results in lower deformation rates, less deformation, and higher failure temperature. Air oxidation of Zircaloy-4 is erratic and occurs at a greater rate than in steam due to the reaction with N in the air. Rate-controlling mechanism for UO{sub 2} oxidation by steam is… more
Date: October 31, 1969
Creator: White, J.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effects of catalytic mineral matter on CO/CO sub 2 , temperature and burning time for char combustion

Description: The temperature of a char particle burning in an oxygen containing atmosphere is the product of a strongly coupled balance between particle size and physical properties, heat transfer from the particle, surface reactivity, CO/CO{sub 2} ratio and gas phase diffusion in the surrounding boundary layer and within the particle. CO{sub 2}/CO ratios can be strongly influenced by catalytic material in the carbon and by the char temperature. In this program we are measuring the CO{sub 2}/CO ratio for bo… more
Date: May 4, 1992
Creator: Longwell, J. P.; Sarofim, A. F.; Lee, Chun-Hyuk & Modestino, A. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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EQUIPOISE-3: A TWO DIMENSIONAL, TWO-GROUP, NEUTRON DIFFUSION CODE FOR THE IBM-7090 COMPUTER

Description: EQUIPOISE-3 is an IBM-7090 FORTRAN programmed code for the solution of two-group, two-dimensional, neutron diffusion equations. A maximum of 2l00 mesh points may be used, and the code will solve problems in either rectangular or cylindrical geometry. Logarithmic derivative boundary conditions are allowed, and removal of neutrons from both groups is permitted. Adjoint fluxes with the associated fluxadjoint flux regional integrals may be calculated automatically if desired. A constant buckling, g… more
Date: February 21, 1962
Creator: Fowler, T.B. & Tobias, M.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Theoretical aspects of solid state reactions in a mixed particulate ensemble and kinetics of lead zirconate formation

Description: A theoretical analysis was carried out to estimate the quasi-steady-state external mass transport by lattice, surface and gaseous diffusion in terms of the stereologically measurable microstructural parameters of a mixed powder compact. It was shown that the gaseous transport can be described by a single dimensionless quantity termed sublimation transport modulus. Using these equations, the relative importance of the alternate external transport modes can be evaluated. Experimental work determi… more
Date: September 1, 1979
Creator: Chandratreya, S.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Review of Gaussian diffusion-deposition models

Description: The assumptions and predictions of several Gaussian diffusion-deposition models are compared. A simple correction to the Chamberlain source depletion model is shown to predict ground-level airborne concentrations and dry deposition fluxes in close agreement with the exact solution of Horst.
Date: January 1, 1979
Creator: Horst, T.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Transport, stability and relaxation of a spheromak

Description: We consider a zero-..beta.. spheromak contained in a rectangular region having perfectly conducting boundaries in its minimum energy state, and we calculate its evolution. Our results may be summarized as follows. Since this state is a stable equilibrium, the initial evolution of the plasma is caused by diffusion. We simulate this using a transport code. We find that q at the magnetic axis drops and q(r) becomes flat. When q on axis drops below 0.5, the spheromak becomes unstable to an n = 2 ki… more
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Sgro, A. G.; Marklin, G. & Mirin, A. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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