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National Annual Diesel-Fuel Survey, 1950

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines on diesel fuel consumption during the 1950 calendar year. Analysis on 266 samples of diesel fuel and their characteristics are presented. This report includes tables, and a map.
Date: November 1950
Creator: Blade, O. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ignition and Flame Development in the Case of Diesel Fuel Injection

Description: "To investigate the process of ignition and combustion in the case of spray injection into heated air, a new form of apparatus is developed and the tests carried out with it described. Photographs of the spray before and after ignition are obtained at frequencies of 500 pictures per second. Pressures and temperatures are simultaneously recorded on oscillograms. Information on the initial conditions, ignition time lag, period of complete combustion, place where ignition starts, and general course of the combustion is obtained" (p. 1).
Date: March 1936
Creator: Holfelder, Otto
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Researches on Direct Injection in Internal-Combustion Engines

Description: Report presenting a solution for reducing the fatigue of the Diesel engine by permitting the preservation of its components and, at the same time, raising its specific horsepower to a par with that of carburetor engines, while maintaining for the Diesel engine its perogative of burning heavy fuel under optimum economical conditions. The feeding of Diesel engines by injection pumps actuated by engine compression achieves the required high speeds of injection readily and permits rigorous control of the combustible charge introduced into each cylinder and of the peak pressure in the resultant cycle.
Date: November 1941
Creator: Tuscher, Jean E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hesselman Heavy-Oil High-Compression Engine

Description: Memorandum presenting a description of the Hesselman heavy-oil high-compression engine, which is meant to solve many of the problems associated with standard diesel engines. Specific details of the fuel pump, fuel valve, spraying, and process by which the engine functions are provided.
Date: April 1925
Creator: Hesselman, K. J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Auto-Ignition and Combustion of Diesel Fuel in a Constant-Volume Bomb

Description: Report presents the results of a study of variations in ignition lag and combustion associated with changes in air temperature and density for a diesel fuel in a constant-volume bomb. The test results have been discussed in terms of engine performance wherever comparisons could be drawn. The most important conclusions drawn from this investigation are: the ignition lag was essentially independent of the injected fuel quantity. Extrapolation of the curves for the fuel used shows that the lag could not be greatly decreased by exceeding the compression-ignition engines. In order to obtain the best combustion and thermal efficiency, it was desirable to use the longest ignition lag consistent with a permissible rate of pressure rise.
Date: October 5, 1937
Creator: Selden, Robert F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Comparison of Ignition Characteristics of Diesel Fuels as Determined in Engines and in a Constant-Volume Bomb

Description: Ignition-lag data have been obtained for seven fuels injected into heated, compressed air under conditions simulating those in a compression-ignition engine. The results of the bomb tests have been compared with similar engine data, and the differences between the two sets of results are explained in terms of the response of each fuel to variations in air density and temperature.
Date: June 1939
Creator: Selden, Robert F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combustion of Liquid Fuels in Diesel Engine

Description: Hitherto, definite specifications have always been made for fuel oils and they have been classified as more or less good or non-utilizable. The present aim, however, is to build Diesel engines capable of using even the poorest liquid fuels and especially the waste products of the oil industry, without special chemical or physical preparation.
Date: October 1924
Creator: Alt, Otto
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Diesel as a Vehicle Engine

Description: The thorough investigation of a Dorner four-cylinder, four-stroke-cycle Diesel engine with mechanical injection led me to investigate more thoroughly the operation of the Diesel as a vehicle engine. Aside from the obvious need of reliability of functioning, a high rotative speed, light weight and economy in heat consumption per horsepower are also indispensable requirements.
Date: June 1928
Creator: Neumann, Kurt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Diesel Engines Underground: [Part] 4. Effect on Composition of Exhaust Gas of Variables Influencing Fuel Injection

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines over diesel engine operations. As stated in the introduction, "it is the purpose of this report to present such data and to reemphasize the importance of adequate maintenance for diesel engines used underground" (p. 2). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: April 1943
Creator: Holtz, John C.; Berger, L. B.; Elliott, M. A. & Schrenk, H. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Soybean Oil Derivatives for Fuel and Chemical Feedstocks

Description: Plant based sources of hydrocarbons are being considered as alternatives to petrochemicals because of the need to conserve petroleum resources for reasons of national security and climate change. Changes in fuel formulations to include ethanol from corn sugar and methyl esters from soybean oil are examples of this policy in the United States and elsewhere. Replacements for commodity chemicals are also being considered, as this value stream represents much of the profit for the oil industry and one that would be affected by shortages in oil or other fossil fuels. While the discovery of large amounts of natural gas associated with oil shale deposits has abated this concern, research into bio-based feedstock materials continues. In particular, this chapter reviews a literature on the conversion of bio-based extracts to hydrocarbons for fuels and for building block commodity chemicals, with a focus on soybean derived products. Conversion of methyl esters from soybean triglycerides for replacement of diesel fuel is an active area of research; however, the focus of this chapter will not reside with esterification or transesterification, except has a means to provide materials for the production of hydrocarbons for fuels or chemical feedstocks. Methyl ester content in vehicle fuel is limited by a number of factors, including the performance in cold weather, the effect of oxygen content on engine components particularly in the case of older engines, shelf-life, and higher NOx emissions from engines that are not tuned to handle the handle the enhanced pre-ignition conditions of methyl ester combustion [1]. These factors have led to interest in synthesizing a hydrocarbon fuel from methyl esters, one that will maintain the cetane number but will achieve better performance in an automobile: enhanced mixing, injection, and combustion, and reduce downstream issues such as emissions and upstream issues such as fuel preparation and transportation. ...
Date: January 2013
Creator: McFarlane, Joanna
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Cetene Scale and the Induction Period Preceding the Spontaneous Ignition of Diesel Fuels in Bombs

Description: In the present report a comparison is made between the scale obtained with mixtures of cetane and l-methyl naphthalene in a bomb, and that obtained with the same fuels in a Waukesha engine. The tests were conducted in a metal bomb heated by a Nichrome spiral. The fuel was injected into the bomb from a Bosch jet by means of a specially constructed plunger pump. The instant injection and the pressure curve in the bomb were registered by a beam of light which was reflected from a mirror connected to the needle of the jet and to a membrane indicator.
Date: December 1936
Creator: Michailova, M. N. & Neumann, M. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of the Junkers-Diesel Aircraft Engine

Description: The working process of the Junkers engine has resulted from a series of attempts to attain high performance and to control the necessarily rapid and complete combustion at extremely high speeds. The two main problems of Diesel engines in aircraft are addressed; namely, incomplete combustion and the greater weight of Diesel engine parts compared to gasoline engines.
Date: May 1930
Creator: Gasterst├Ądt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploring Low Emission Lubricants for Diesel Engines

Description: A workshop to explore the technological issues involved with the removal of sulfur from lubricants and the development of low emission diesel engine oils was held in Scottsdale, Arizona, January 30 through February 1, 2000. It presented an overview of the current technology by means of panel discussions and technical presentations from industry, government, and academia.
Date: July 6, 2000
Creator: Perez, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Annual Diesel-Fuel Survey, 1951

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines on the use of diesel fuel in the United States during 1951. 303 samples of diesel fuel are analyzed and recorded. This report includes tables and maps.
Date: October 1951
Creator: Blade, O. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ignition Process in Diesel Engines

Description: This report analyzes the heating and vaporization process of fuel droplets in a compression-ignition engine on the basis of the theory of similitude - according to which, the period for heating and complete vaporization of the average size fuel drop is only a fraction of the actually observed ignition lag. The result is that ignition takes place in the fuel vapor air mixture rather than on the surface of the drop. The theoretical result is in accord with the experimental observations by Rothrock and Waldron. The combustion shock occurring at lower terminal compression temperature, especially in the combustion of coal-tar oil, is attributable to a simultaneous igniting of a larger fuel-vapor volume formed prior to ignition.
Date: June 1936
Creator: Wentzel, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ignition Points and Combustion Reactions in Diesel Engines: Part 1

Description: The question of whether the fuel should be adapted to the engine or whether it is possible to improve equipment such as carburetors and engines so that as much of the crude oil as possible may be used without further transformation is examined in this report. Various ignition points and fuel mixtures are investigated in this regard.
Date: October 1928
Creator: Tausz, J. & Schulte, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Increasing the Volumetric Efficiency of Diesel Engines by Intake Pipes

Description: "Development of a method for calculating the volumetric efficiency of piston engines with intake pipes. Application of this method to the scavenging pumps of two-stroke-cycle engines with crankcase scavenging and to four-stroke-cycle engines. The utility of the method is demonstrated by volumetric-efficiency tests of the two-stroke-cycle engines with crankcase scavenging. Its practical application to the calculation of intake pipes is illustrated by example" (p. 1).
Date: March 1933
Creator: List, Hans
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department