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Experiments on Polarization in Scatterig Deuterons from Complex Nuclei and in Proton-Proton Scattering (Thesis)

Description: Abstract: "The elastic double scattering of deuterons by complex nuclei has been investigated experimentally. Measurements were made on carbon, aluminum, and copper at around 157 Mev; on lithium, beryllium, and carbon at around 125 Mev; and on carbon and aluminum at 94 Mev. The expected tensor components of the deuteron polarization have not been observed. Measurements have been made of the differential cross section and vector-type polarization as a function of angle for the scattering of deuterons from the above elements, at the above energies. The observed polarizations were larger than would be expected on the basis of the individual nucleon-nucleus interactions. In a second experiment we measured the 169-Mev proton-proton polarization at 10, 15, 22.5, 30, and 35 in the laboratory system. The results indicate that partial waves up to and including L = 3 are important at this energy."
Date: May 11, 1956
Creator: Baldwin, John Arnold
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Method of Moments in Quantum Mechanics ; The [Pi]-Mesic Disintegration of the Deuteron

Description: The following report contains two reports to summarize a thesis: first, a report describing the classical moment techniques of Tchebycheff, Markov, and Stieltjes that have been applied to the problem of diagonalizing the Hamiltonian operator; and the second report describes an investigation of the higher-order corrections to the mesic disintegration of deuterons that is considered.
Date: March 18, 1957
Creator: Halpern, Francis Robert, {}
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cross Section for the Formation of Be⁷ from Oxygen Irradiated with High Energy Deuterons

Description: Abstract: "The cross section for the formation of Be⁷ from oxygen irradiated with high energy deuterons has been determined. The values are 4.5 millibarns at 100 Mev, 5.6 millibarns at 150 Mev, and 5.5 millibarns at 190 Mev."
Date: September 1953
Creator: Batzel, Roger Elwood & Coleman, G. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neutron Production in the Pinch Due to Instability Breakup

Description: Abstract: "The neutrons from the linear pinch in Berkeley have been shown to originate from deuteron collisions with a large net center-of-mass velocity in one direction along the axis of the pinch tube. The interpretation of this result is that the neutron production associated with the pinch is non-thermonuclear in origin. The object of this paper is to review the experimental evidence and discuss a possible source of the neutron production."
Date: May 12, 1956
Creator: Colgate, Stirling A.
Location Info:
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary of the Research Progress Meeting

Description: This report discusses progress on the following topics: (1) some new isotopes in the rare earth region; (2) remarks on a new alpha series; (3) solid counters; (4) naphthalene crystals have been replaced with anthracite in one of the experimental counters and some excellent results are obtained; and (5) biological experiments with the deuteron bean of the 184-inch cyclotron.
Date: April 8, 1948
Creator: Wakerling, R.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A P + DEUTERON PROTON POLARIMETER AT 200 MEV.

Description: There has been concern about the analyzing power of the p-Carbon polarimeter at the end of 200 MeV LINAC of BNL. A new polarimeter based on proton-deuteron scattering was installed and we have repeated the calibration of proton-Carbon scattering at 12 degrees and 200 MeV against proton-deuteron scattering. The result is consistent with the value of A=0.62 now used to measure the beam polarization at the end of the LINAC.
Date: June 2, 2002
Creator: HUANG,H.; ROSER,T.; ZELENSKI,A.; KURITA,K.; STEPHENSON,E. & TOOLE,R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Production of Deuterons in High-Energy Nucleon Bombardment of Nuclei, and Its Bearing on Nuclear Charge Distribution

Description: Thesis discussing the study of deuterons produced at wide angles to a beam of 300 Mev neutrons and a beam of 300 Mev protons. It was observed that the deuterons are formed by "a two step process in which the incident nucleon, or its collision partner, is scattered and then picks up in the same nucleus." Some tritons are also observed, and it is thought that they are formed by the same process as the deuterons. From these findings, the author concludes that "for heavy nuclei, there is a nuclear skin rich in neutrons."
Date: July 24, 1954
Creator: Hess, Wilmot N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Production of Large Energetic Neutral Deuteron Beams

Description: Introduction: A proposal for using an energetic neutral deuteron beam for injection into a mirror machine has been made by Eugene Lauer. This report describes an experimental attempt to produce a large neutral deuteron beam. The beam from the NTA ion source was passed through a target of hydrogen gas where the charge exchange mechanics produced a beam of energetic neutral deuterium atoms.
Date: January 24, 1956
Creator: Hester, R. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Magnetic Acceleration of a Plasma by a Rail Source

Description: Abstract: "Two parallel wires close together with an arc between them form a hairpin-type of current configuration which should magnetically propel the plasma of the arc. By the time-of-flight measurements with probes it has been demonstrated that directed translational energies of 290 ev can be imparted to deuterons in a plasma produced by a high-current pulsed arc at the tips of two titanium wires loaded with deuterium. It is believed that three deuterons are actually magnetically propelled."
Date: March 18, 1955
Creator: Bostick, Winston H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Current Linear Accelerators

Description: This report analyzes two high-current linear accelerators, the A-54--a 48.5 megacycle resonant cavity accelerator--and the A-48, that is under construction during the time this report is written.
Date: June 27, 1955
Creator: Clark, A. F.; Jopson, R. C.; Lamb, W. A. S.; Smith, Lloyd & Van Atta, Chester Murray
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neutron Beams from Deuteron Breakup at the 88-Inch Cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Description: Accelerator-based neutron sources offer many advantages, in particular tunability of the neutron beam in energy and width to match the needs of the application. Using a recently constructed neutron beam line at the 88-Inch Cyclotron at LBNL, tunable high-intensity sources of quasi-monoenergetic and broad spectrum neutrons from deuteron breakup are under development for a variety of applications.
Date: July 31, 2007
Creator: McMahan, M.A.; Ahle, L.; Bleuel, D.L.; Bernstein, L.; Braquest, B.R.; Cerny, J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Products of High-Energy Deuteron and Helium Ion Bombardments of Copper

Description: The identity and relative yields of about twenty of the radioisotopes produced by the bombardment of natural copper with 190 Mev deuterons and 380 Mev helium ions have been determined. Two previously unreported isotopes were detected: Zn{sup 62}, decaying by orbital electron capture with a 9.5-hour half-life, and Fe{sup 52}, decaying by positron emission with a 7.8-hour half-life.
Date: March 1, 1948
Creator: Miller, D.R.; Thompson, R.C. & Cunningham, B.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear Reactions of Arsenic with 190 Mev Deuterons

Description: Isotopes formed in the bombardment of {sub 33}As{sup 75} with 190 Mev deuterons range in atomic number up to 24 (or more) mass units lighter than As{sup 75}. Identification of these isotopes was based on chemical behavior and half-life determination. Relative yields have been calculated and show that 80% of the observed reactions produce isotopes within 8 mass units of As{sup 75}. Three new isotopes have been observed: 9.5 d. Se{sup 72} (K), 44 m, Se{sup 71} ({beta}{sup +}), and 52 m, As{sup 71} ({beta}{sup +}).
Date: January 21, 1948
Creator: Hopkins Jr, H.H. & Cunningham, B.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proposal for a High-Current Discharge Tube With Capacitor

Description: Abstract: This proposal describes a parallel-plate capacitor and the discharge tube with which it is hoped that implosion energies of 1000 eV can be given to deuterons by the pinch effect. The discharge tube is to be arranged so that no external series switch is required.
Date: March 18, 1955
Creator: Bostick, Winston H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relative Yields of Nitrogen-17 Produced by 190-Mev Deuteron Bombardment

Description: "Yields of N¹⁷ relative to that produced in LiF have been measured in the 190-Mev deflected deuteron and the 380-Mev alpha beams of the 184-inch synchrocyclotron. The measurements have been performed in all the light elements from 0 through V, with the exception of Sc and the noble gases. In addition, yields were measured in the separated isotopes of Mg...Comparisons are made with other types of yield studies performed with neutrons and protons, and the areas of agreement are noted."
Date: April 13, 1955
Creator: Chupp, Warren William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

How well do we know the neutron structure function?

Description: We present a detailed analysis of the uncertainty in the neutron F{sub 2}n structure function extracted from inclusive deuteron and proton deep-inelastic scattering data. The analysis includes experimental uncertainties as well as uncertainties associated with the deuteron wave function, nuclear smearing, and nucleon off-shell corrections. Consistently accounting for the Q{sup 2} dependence of the data and calculations, and restricting the nuclear corrections to microscopic models of the deuteron, we find significantly smaller uncertainty in the extracted F{sub 2}n/F{sub 2}p ratio than in previous analyses. In addition to yielding an improved extraction of the neutron structure function, this analysis also provides an important baseline that will allow future, model-independent extractions of neutron structure to be used to examine nuclear medium effects in the the deuteron.
Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: J. Arrington, J. G. Rubin, W. Melnitchouk
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Deeply virtual Compton scattering on longitudinally polarized protons and neutrons at CLAS

Description: This paper focuses on a measurement of deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) performed at Jefferson Lab using a nearly-6-GeV polarized electron beam, two longitudinally polarized (via DNP) solid targets of protons (NH{sub 3}) and deuterons (ND{sub 3}) and the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer. Here, preliminary results for target-spin asymmetries and double (beam-target) asymmetries for proton DVCS, as well as a very preliminary extraction of beam-spin asymmetry for neutron DVCS, are presented and linked to Generalized Parton Distributions.
Date: April 1, 2012
Creator: Niccolai, Silvia
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Upper limits for the photoproduction cross section for the Phi--(1860) pentaquark state off the deuteron

Description: We searched for the {Phi}{sup --}(1860) pentaquark in the photoproduction process off the deuteron in the {Xi}{sup -} {pi}{sup -} decay channel using CLAS. The invariant mass spectrum of the {Xi}{sup -} {pi}{sup -} system does not indicate any statistically significant enhancement near the reported mass M = 1.860 GeV. The statistical analysis of the sideband-subtracted mass spectrum yields a 90% confidence level upper limit of 0.7 nb for the photoproduction cross section of {Phi}{sup --}(1860) with a consecutive decay into {Xi}{sup -} {pi}{sup -} in the photon energy range 4.5 GeV < E{sub {gamma}} < 5.5 GeV.
Date: January 1, 2012
Creator: Egiyan, Hovanes
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Monochromatic Cosmic Ray Deuterion Source

Description: The reaction pp {yields} {pi}{sup +}d resulting from the high energy cosmic rays incident on the interstellar hydrogen gas gives rise to secondary deuterons. Since the total cross section for this reaction is appreciable only at proton kinetic energies of 600 MeV, the deuterons have a very small spread in energy. It is estimated that the flux of deuterons from this mechanism should be easily discernible from deuterons produced by other reactions and copious enough to be detected at the earth. The narrow deuteron energy distribution could provide an energy calibration for the study of the existence of a postinjection acceleration.
Date: August 6, 1968
Creator: Anderson, Jared A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Setup and performance of RHIC for the 2008 run with deuteron-gold collisions.

Description: This year (2008) deuterons and gold ions were collided in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) for the first time since 2003. The setup and performance of the collider for the 2008 run is reviewed with a focus on improvements that have led to an order of magnitude increase in luminosity over that achieved in the 2003 run.
Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Gardner,C.; Abreu, N.P.; Ahren, L.; Alessi, J.; Bai, M. & al., et
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department