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Including Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Policies in Electricity Demand Projections

Description: A paper that has a methodology for estimating the energy impacts of key EE/RE on-the-books policies that are not explicitly reflected in the EIA's AEO 2013 electricity projections and including them in their baseline projections.
Date: April 2015
Creator: United States. Environmental Protection Agency.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Modeling of GE Appliances: Cost Benefit Study of Smart Appliances in Wholesale Energy, Frequency Regulation, and Spinning Reserve Markets

Description: This report is the second in a series of three reports describing the potential of GE’s DR-enabled appliances to provide benefits to the utility grid. The first report described the modeling methodology used to represent the GE appliances in the GridLAB-D simulation environment and the estimated potential for peak demand reduction at various deployment levels. The third report will explore the technical capability of aggregated group actions to positively impact grid stability, including frequency and voltage regulation and spinning reserves, and the impacts on distribution feeder voltage regulation, including mitigation of fluctuations caused by high penetration of photovoltaic distributed generation. In this report, a series of analytical methods were presented to estimate the potential cost benefit of smart appliances while utilizing demand response. Previous work estimated the potential technical benefit (i.e., peak reduction) of smart appliances, while this report focuses on the monetary value of that participation. The effects on wholesale energy cost and possible additional revenue available by participating in frequency regulation and spinning reserve markets were explored.
Date: December 31, 2012
Creator: Fuller, Jason C. & Parker, Graham B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The development of a charge protocol to take advantage of off- and on-peak demand economics at facilities

Description: This document reports the work performed under Task 'The development of a charge protocol to take advantage of off- and on-peak demand economics at facilities'. The work involved in this task included understanding the experimental results of the other tasks of SOW-5799 in order to take advantage of the economics of electricity pricing differences between on- and off-peak hours and the demonstrated charging and facility energy demand profiles. To undertake this task and to demonstrate the feasibility of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) and electric vehicle (EV) bi-directional electricity exchange potential, BEA has subcontracted Electric Transportation Applications (now known as ECOtality North America and hereafter ECOtality NA) to use the data from the demand and energy study to focus on reducing the electrical power demand of the charging facility. The use of delayed charging as well as vehicle-to-grid (V2G) and vehicle-to-building (V2B) operations were to be considered.
Date: February 1, 2012
Creator: Wishart, Jeffrey
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

21st Century U.S. Energy Sources: A Primer

Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. energy issues, and it serves as an initial resource document for related information, data, and CRS contacts. It is mainly organized around the major fuels and energy sources used in the United States and also highlights the role of the federal government, particularly the use of federal lands in energy production.
Date: May 19, 2017
Creator: Ratner, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

21st Century U.S. Energy Sources: A Primer

Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. energy issues, and suggests related information, data, and CRS contacts. It is mainly organized around the major fuels and energy sources: resources on federal lands, oil, natural gas, electric, coal, nuclear power, and renewable energy.
Date: November 5, 2018
Creator: Ratner, Michael; Bracmort, Kelsi; Brown, Phillip; Campbell, Richard J.; Holt, Mark; Humphries, Marc et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Comparison of Money Demand in Four Industrialized Countries Using Seemingly Unrelated Regressions

Description: In this study, the possibility that money demand of one country might be affected by macroeconomic activities of other countries is investigated. We use the seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) technique, which takes into account all covariances between residuals of country-specific money demand equations. Efficiency of estimates using the SUR technique is enhanced because it uses information contained in the contemporaneous correlation of the error terms. The hypothesis of economic interdependence is tested. A proxy for foreign influence, deviation from interest rate parity (DIRP), is tested for significance in the money demand function.
Date: August 1987
Creator: Dheeriya, P. L. (Prakash Lachmandas)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Analysis of recent projections of electric power demand

Description: This report reviews the changes and potential changes in the outlook for electric power demand since the publication of Review and Analysis of Electricity Supply Market Projections (B. Swezey, SERI/MR-360-3322, National Renewable Energy Laboratory). Forecasts of the following organizations were reviewed: DOE/Energy Information Administration, DOE/Policy Office, DRI/McGraw-Hill, North American Electric Reliability Council, and Gas Research Institute. Supply uncertainty was briefly reviewed to place the uncertainties of the demand outlook in perspective. Also discussed were opportunities for modular technologies, such as renewable energy technologies, to fill a potential gap in energy demand and supply.
Date: August 1, 1993
Creator: Hudson, D. V. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Automation of Capacity Bidding with an Aggregator Using Open Automated Demand Response

Description: This report summarizes San Diego Gas& Electric Company?s collaboration with the Demand Response Research Center to develop and test automation capability for the Capacity Bidding Program in 2007. The report describes the Open Automated Demand Response architecture, summarizes the history of technology development and pilot studies. It also outlines the Capacity Bidding Program and technology being used by an aggregator that participated in this demand response program. Due to delays, the program was not fully operational for summer 2007. However, a test event on October 3, 2007, showed that the project successfully achieved the objective to develop and demonstrate how an open, Web?based interoperable automated notification system for capacity bidding can be used by aggregators for demand response. The system was effective in initiating a fully automated demand response shed at the aggregated sites. This project also demonstrated how aggregators can integrate their demand response automation systems with San Diego Gas& Electric Company?s Demand Response Automation Server and capacity bidding program.
Date: October 1, 2008
Creator: Kiliccote, Sila & Piette, Mary Ann
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reliable Prediction Intervals and Bayesian Estimation for Demand Rates of Slow-Moving Inventory

Description: Application of multisource feedback (MSF) increased dramatically and became widespread globally in the past two decades, but there was little conceptual work regarding self-other agreement and few empirical studies investigated self-other agreement in other cultural settings. This study developed a new conceptual framework of self-other agreement and used three samples to illustrate how national culture affected self-other agreement. These three samples included 428 participants from China, 818 participants from the US, and 871 participants from globally dispersed teams (GDTs). An EQS procedure and a polynomial regression procedure were used to examine whether the covariance matrices were equal across samples and whether the relationships between self-other agreement and performance would be different across cultures, respectively. The results indicated MSF could be applied to China and GDTs, but the pattern of relationships between self-other agreement and performance was different across samples, suggesting that the results found in the U.S. sample were the exception rather than rule. Demographics also affected self-other agreement disparately across perspectives and cultures, indicating self-concept was susceptible to cultural influences. The proposed framework only received partial support but showed great promise to guide future studies. This study contributed to the literature by: (a) developing a new framework of self-other agreement that could be used to study various contextual factors; (b) examining the relationship between self-other agreement and performance in three vastly different samples; (c) providing some important insights about consensus between raters and self-other agreement; (d) offering some practical guidelines regarding how to apply MSF to other cultures more effectively.
Date: August 2007
Creator: Lindsey, Matthew Douglas
Partner: UNT Libraries

Assessment of factors affecting industrial electricity demand. Final report (revision version)

Description: In Chapter 2, we identify those factors affecting the industrial product mix - taste, relative output prices, and relative input prices - and isolate several determinants which have not been adequately accounted for to date in industrial electricity demand forecasts. We discuss how the lower energy prices of foreign producers affect domestic producers and how the growth in the number of substitutes for intermediate products such as steel and aluminum with plastics and composites affects the composition of production and, hence, the demand for electricity. We also investigate how the changing age structure of the population brought on by the baby boom could change the mix of outputs produced by the industrial sector. In Chapter 3, we review the history of the 1970s with regard to changes in output mix and the manufacturing demand for electricity, and with regard to changes in the use of electricity vis-a-vis the other inputs in the production process. In Chapter 4, we generate forecasts using two models which control for efficiency changes, but in different ways. In this chapter we present the sensitivity of these projections using three sets of assumptions about product mix. The last chapter summarizes our results and draw from those results implications regarding public policy and industrial electricity demand. Two appendices present ISTUM2 results from selected electricity intensive industries, describes the ISTUM and ORIM models.
Date: July 1, 1983
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Assessment of Industrial Load for Demand Response across Western Interconnect

Description: Demand response (DR) has the ability to both increase power grid reliability and potentially reduce operating system costs. Understanding the role of demand response in grid modeling has been difficult due to complex nature of the load characteristics compared to the modeled generation and the variation in load types. This is particularly true of industrial loads, where hundreds of different industries exist with varying availability for demand response. We present a framework considering industrial loads for the development of availability profiles that can provide more regional understanding and can be inserted into analysis software for further study. The developed framework utilizes a number of different informational resources, algorithms, and real-world measurements to perform a bottom-up approach in the development of a new database with representation of the potential demand response resource in the industrial sector across the U.S. This tool houses statistical values of energy and demand response (DR) potential by industrial plant and geospatially locates the information for aggregation for different territories without proprietary information. This report will discuss this framework and the analyzed quantities of demand response for Western Interconnect (WI) in support of evaluation of the cost production modeling with power grid modeling efforts of demand response.
Date: November 1, 2013
Creator: Alkadi, Nasr E; Starke, Michael R & Ma, Ookie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Modeling of GE Appliances: Final Presentation

Description: This report is the final in a series of three reports funded by U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE-OE) in collaboration with GE Appliances’ through a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to describe the potential of GE Appliances’ DR-enabled appliances to provide benefits to the utility grid.
Date: January 31, 2013
Creator: Fuller, Jason C.; Vyakaranam, Bharat; Leistritz, Sean M. & Parker, Graham B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DDA and STEM @ UNT: What we have learned

Description: This presentation discusses Demand-Driven Acquisitions (DDA) and Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) at the University of North Texas (UNT). For the Texas STEM Librarians' Conference, the author will present data and information about the pilot program, and how the Discovery Collection and the purchased titles are distributed, particularly regarding the science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields.
Date: July 2012
Creator: Harker, Karen
Partner: UNT Libraries

An Assessment of Alternative Economic Stockpiling Policies

Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that focuses on analyzing the "materials problems related to sudden discontinuities in the long-range supply/demand of a given material, resulting in complete or partial disruptions and abrupt price changes" (p. vii).
Date: August 1976
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Demand Computer for Project SIR

Description: Abstract: "A description of the demand computer and its functions is given. Methods of testing and adjusting, and gain and response curves for the system and its parts are included."
Date: March 23, 1953
Creator: Raber, R. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Primer on gas integrated resource planning

Description: This report discusses the following topics: gas resource planning: need for IRP; gas integrated resource planning: methods and models; supply and capacity planning for gas utilities; methods for estimating gas avoided costs; economic analysis of gas utility DSM programs: benefit-cost tests; gas DSM technologies and programs; end-use fuel substitution; and financial aspects of gas demand-side management programs.
Date: December 1, 1993
Creator: Goldman, C.; Comnes, G. A.; Busch, J. & Wiel, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department