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Ultrafast Enhancement of Ferromagnetism via Photoexcited Holes inGaMnAs

Description: We report on the observation of ultrafast photo-enhanced ferromagnetism in GaMnAs. It is manifested as a transient magnetization increase on a 100-ps time scale, after an initial sub-ps demagnetization. The dynamic magnetization enhancement exhibits a maximum below the Curie temperature {Tc} and dominates the demagnetization component when approaching {Tc}. We attribute the observed ultrafast collective ordering to the p-d exchange interaction between photoexcited holes and Mn spins, leading to a correlation-induced peak around 20K and a transient increase in {Tc}.
Date: February 17, 2007
Creator: Wang, J.; Cotoros, I.; Dani, K.M.; Liu, X.; Furdyna, J.K. & Chemla, D.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evolution of ferroelectric domain structures embedded inside polychrystalline BaTiO3 during heating

Description: The evolution of ferroelectric domains inside a single grain of a polycrystalline BaTiO{sub 3} ceramic was investigated under quasistatic heating by using polychromatic scanning x-ray microdiffraction. Four domain orientations were observed, three of which exhibited a classic of {approx}90{sup o} ferroelastic relationship. The fourth domain orientation was found to be crystallographically related with one of the other orientations by a rotation of either 180.47{sup o} or 0.47{sup o}. While heating the polycrystalline BaTiO{sub 3} from room temperature to above the Curie temperature (125 C), all four ferroelectric domain orientations rotated toward a paraelectric cubic orientation which was found to be at an intermediate orientation relative to the four domain orientations. The crystallographic relationships of the domains with respect to paraelectric phase were explained using a domain structure model by Nepochatenko.
Date: January 1, 2010
Creator: Varlioglu, Mesut; Ustundag, Ersan; Tamura, Nobumichi & Jones, Jacob L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Metal-insulator transition by isovalent anion substitution in Ga1-xMnxAs: Implications to ferromagnetism

Description: We have investigated the effect of partial isovalent anion substitution in Ga1-xMnxAs on electrical transport and ferromagnetism. Substitution of only 2.4percent of As by P induces a metal-insulator transition at a constant Mn doping of x=0.046 while the replacement of 0.4 percent As with N results in the crossover from metal to insulator for x=0.037. This remarkable behavior is consistent with a scenario in which holes located within an impurity band are scattered by alloy disorder in the anion sublattice. The shorter mean free path of holes, which mediate ferromagnetism, reduces the Curie temperature TC from 113 K to 60 K (100 K to 65 K) upon the introduction of 3.1 percent P (1percent N) into the As sublattice.
Date: February 7, 2008
Creator: Stone, P. R.; Alberi, K.; Tardif, S. K. Z.; Beeman, J. W.; Yu, K. M.; Walukiewicz, W. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compositional tuning of ferromagnetism in Ga1-xMnxP

Description: We report the magnetic and transport properties of Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}P synthesized via ion implantation followed by pulsed laser melting over a range of x, namely 0.018 to 0.042. Like Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As, Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}P displays a monotonic increase of the ferromagnetic Curie temperature with x associated with the hole-mediated ferromagnetic phase while thermal annealing above 300 C leads to a quenching of ferromagnetism that is accompanied by a reduction of the substitutional fraction of Mn. However, contrary to observations in Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As, Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}P is non-metallic over the entire composition range. At the lower temperatures over which the films are ferromagnetic, hole transport occurs via hopping conduction in a Mn-derived band; at higher temperatures it arises from holes in the valence band which are thermally excited across an energy gap that shrinks with x.
Date: May 23, 2006
Creator: Farshchi, R.; Scarpulla, M.A.; Stone, P.R.; Yu, K.M.; Sharp,I.D.; Beeman, J.W. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geophysical Exploration on the Structure of Volcanoes: Two Case Histories

Description: Geophysical methods of exploration were used to determine the internal structure of Koolau Volcano in Hawaii and of Rabaul Volcano in New Guinea. By use of gravity and seismic data the central vent or plug of Koolau Volcano was outlined. Magnetic data seem to indicate that the central plug is still above the Curie Point. If so, the amount of heat energy available is tremendous. As for Rabaul Volcano, it is located in a region characterized by numerous block faulting. The volcano is only a part of a large block that has subsided. Possible geothermal areas exist near the volcano but better potential areas may exist away from the volcano.
Date: January 1, 1974
Creator: Furumoto, A. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Half Metallic Digital Ferromagnetic Heterostructure Composed of a (Delta)-doped Layer of Mn in Si

Description: The authors propose and investigate the properties of a digital ferromagnetic heterostructure (DFH) consisting of a {delta}-doped layer of Mn in Si, using ab initio electronic-structure methods. They find that (1) ferromagnetic order of the Mn layer is energetically favorable relative to antiferromagnetic, and (2) the heterostructure is a two-dimensional half metallic system. The metallic behavior is contributed by three majority-spin bands originating from hybridized Mn-d and nearest-neighbor Si-p states, and the corresponding carriers are responsible for the ferromagnetic order in the Mn layer. The minority-spin channel has a calculated semiconducting gap of 0.25 eV. Analysis of the total and partial densities of states, band structure, Fermi surfaces and associated charge density reveals the marked two-dimensional nature of the half metallicity. The band lineup is found to be favorable for retaining the half metal character to near the Curie temperature (T{sub C}). Being Si based and possibly having a high T{sub C} as suggested by an experiment on dilutely doped Mn in Si, the heterostructure may be of special interest for integration into mature Si technologies for spintronic applications.
Date: May 30, 2006
Creator: Qian, M C; Fong, C Y; Liu, K; Pickett, W E; Pask, J E & Yang, L H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determining Exchange Splitting in a Magnetic Semiconductor by Spin-Filter Tunneling

Description: A large exchange splitting of the conduction band in ultrathin films of the ferromagnetic semiconductor EuO was determined quantitatively, by using EuO as a tunnel barrier and fitting the current-voltage characteristics and temperature dependence to tunneling theory. This exchange splitting leads to different tunnel barrier heights for spin-up and spin-down electrons, and is large enough to produce a near fully spin-polarized current. Moreover, the magnetic properties of these ultrathin films (<6 nm) show a reduction in Curie temperature with decreasing thickness, in agreement with theoretical calculation [R. Schiller et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3847 (2001)].
Date: June 24, 2008
Creator: Santos, T. S.; Moodera, J. S.; Venkataraman, K.; Negusse, E.; Holroyd, J.; Dvorak, J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Magnetic structure of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/La0.7Sr0.3FeO3 superlattices

Description: Using x-ray magnetic dichroism we characterize the magnetic order in La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} (LSMO)/La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}FeO{sub 3} (LSFO) superlattices with 6 unit cell thick sublayers. The LSMO layers exhibit a reduced Curie temperature compared to the bulk while antiferromagnetic order in the LSFO layers persists up to the bulk Neel temperature. Moreover, we find that aligning the LSMO magnetization by a magnetic field within the (001) surface plane leads to a reorientation of the Fe moments as well maintaining a perpendicular orientation of Fe and Mn moments. This perpendicular alignment is due to the frustrated exchange coupling at the LSMO/LSFO interface.
Date: January 10, 2009
Creator: Arenholz, E.; van der Laan, G.; Yang, F.; Kemik, N.; Biegalski, M.D.; Christen, H.M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ferromagnetism in Ga1-xMnxP: evidence for inter-Mn exchangemediated bylocalized holes within a detached impurity band

Description: We report an energy gap for hole photoexcitation in ferromagnetic Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}P that is tunable by Mn concentration (x {le} 0.06) and by compensation with Te donors. For x{approx}0.06, electrical transport is dominated by excitation across this gap above the Curie temperature (T{sub c}) of 60 K and by thermally-activated hopping below T{sub c}. Magnetization measurements reveal a moment of 3.9 {+-} 0.4 {micro}{sub B} per substitutional Mn while the large anomalous Hall signal unambiguously demonstrates that the ferromagnetism is carrier-mediated. In aggregate these data indicate that ferromagnetic exchange is mediated by holes localized in a Mn-derived band that is detached from the valence band.
Date: January 11, 2005
Creator: Scarpulla, M.A.; Cardozo, B.L.; Farshchi, R.; Hlaing Oo, W.M.; McCluskey, M.D.; Yu, K.M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of the spin-flip time in ferromagnetic SrRuO3 from time-resolved Kerr measurements

Description: We report time-resolved Kerr effect measurements of magnetization dynamics in ferromagnetic SrRuO{sub 3}. We observe that the demagnetization time slows substantially at temperatures within 15K of the Curie temperature, which is {approx} 150K. We analyze the data with a phenomenological model that relates the demagnetization time to the spin flip time. In agreement with our observations the model yields a demagnetization time that is inversely proportional to T-T{sub c}. We also make a direct comparison of the spin flip rate and the Gilbert damping coefficient showing that their ratio very close to k{sub B}T{sub c}, indicating a common origin for these phenomena.
Date: July 30, 2010
Creator: Kantner, C. L. S.; Langner, M. C.; Siemons, W.; Blok, J. L.; Koster, G.; Rijnders, A.J. H. M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fundamental Curie temperature limit in ferromagnetic Ga1-xMnxAs

Description: We provide unambiguous experimental evidence that the upper limit of {approx}110 K commonly observed for the Curie temperature TC of Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As is caused by the Fermi-level-induced hole saturation. This conclusion is based on parallel studies of the location of Mn in the lattice, the effectiveness of acceptor center, and ferromagnetism on a series of Ga{sub 1-x-y}Mn{sub x}Be{sub y}As layers, in which the concentration of magnetic moments and of free holes can be independently controlled by the Mn and Be contents. Ion channeling and magnetization measurements show a dramatic increase of the concentration of Mn interstitials accompanied by a reduction of T{sub C} with increasing Be concentration. At the same time the free hole concentration remains relatively constant at {approx}5 x 10{sup 20}cm{sup -3}. These results indicate that the concentrations of free holes as well as of ferromagnetically active Mn spins are governed by the position of the Fermi level, which controls the formation energy of compensating interstitial Mn donors. Based on these results, we propose to use heavy n-type counter-doping of Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As (by, e.g., Te) to suppress the formation of Mn interstitials at high x, and thus improve the T{sub C} of the alloy system.
Date: September 24, 2002
Creator: Yu, K. M.; Walukiewicz, W.; Wojtowicz, T.; Lim, W. L.; Liu, X.; Bindley, U. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-dimensional intrinsic and extrinsic ferromagnetic behavior of layered La{sub 1.2}Sr{sub 1.8}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 7} single crystals

Description: The low-field magnetization M and susceptibility {chi} are reported for the two-layered Ruddleson-Popper phase SrO(La{sub 1{minus}x}Sr{sub x}MnO{sub 3}){sub 2} for x = 0.4 (denoted La{sub 1.2}Sr{sup 1.8}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 7}) with an in-plane magnetic easy axis. As T approaches the Curie temperature (T{sub C} = 116 K) on cooling, where the metal-insulator transition occurs in zero-field, {chi} diverges as H{sup {minus}1/{delta}{prime}}, with {delta}{prime} = 21 {+-} 5. Also, near an extrinsic Curie transition attributed to {approximately} 0.1% volume fraction of intergrowths at T* = 2.47T{sub C}, M scales as (1 {minus} T/T*){sup {beta}}, with {beta} = 0.25 {+-} 0.02. These results can be understood within the context of 2D XY models, and provide a new perspective of the layered manganites.
Date: June 6, 1997
Creator: Potter, C. D.; Swiatek, M.; Bader, S. D.; Argyriou, D.N.; Mitchell, J. F.; Miller, D. J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Short range spin correlations in the CMR material La{sub 1.41}Sr{sub 1.6}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 7}

Description: The (La{sub 1{minus}x}Sr{sub x}){sub 2}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 7} compounds are layered materials that exhibit higher magneto-resistance than the corresponding 3D manganite perovskites. Quasi-elastic neutron scattering on a polycrystalline sample of La{sub 1.4}Sr{sub 1.6}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 7} shows that the spin fluctuation spectrum of these layered CMR materials is qualitatively similar to those found in the perovskite manganites (La,Ca)MnO{sub 3}; their concentration, lifetime, and coherence length increase as T decreases to {Tc}. Unlike the perovskites the authors found a lower spin-diffusion constant above {Tc} of {approximately} 5 meV {angstrom}{sup 2}.
Date: December 1, 1997
Creator: Kelley, T.M.; Argyriou, D.N.; Robinson, R.A.; Nakotte, H.; Mitchell, J.F.; Osborn, R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure Induced Phase Transformation of Pb(Zr(0.95)Ti(0.05))O(3) Based Ceramics: Grain Size Dependence

Description: A substantial decrease in hydrostatic ferroelectric (FE) to antiferroelectric (AFE) transformation pressure was measured for Pb(Zr{sub 0.949}Ti{sub 0.051}){sub 0.989}Nb{sub 0.0182}O{sub 3} ceramics with decreasing grain size. The 150 MPa decrease in hydrostatic FE to AFE transformation pressure over the grain size range of 8.5 {micro}m to 0.7{micro}m was shown to be consistent with enhanced internal stress with decreasing grain size. Further, the Curie Point decreased and the dielectric constant measured at 25 C increased with decreasing grain size. All three properties: dielectric constant magnitude, Curie point shift and FE to AFE phase transformation pressure were shown to be semi-quantitatively consistent with internal stress differences on the order of 100 MPa. Calculations of Curie point shifts from the Clausius-Clapeyron equation, using internal stress levels derived from the hydrostatic depoling characteristics, were consistent with measured values.
Date: December 21, 1999
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of the location of Mn sites in ferromagnetic GaMnAs on its Curie temperature

Description: We report a strong correlation between the location of Mn sites in ferromagnetic Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As measured by channeling Rutherford backscattering and by particle induced x-ray emission experiments and its Curie temperature. The concentrations of free holes determined by electrochemical capacitance-voltage profiling and of uncompensated Mn{sup ++} spins determined from SQUID magnetization measurements are found to depend on the concentration of unstable defects involving highly mobile Mn interstitials. This leads to large variations in T{sub c} of Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As when it is annealed at different temperatures in a narrow temperature range. The fact that annealing under various conditions has failed to produce Curie temperatures above {approx}110K is attributed to the existence of an upper limit on the free hole concentration in low-temperature-grown Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As.
Date: January 17, 2002
Creator: Yu, K.M.; Walukiewicz, W.; Wojtowicz, T.; Kuryliszyn, I.; Liu, X.; Sasaki, Y. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Direct evidence of the fermi-energy-dependent formation of Mn interstitials in modulation doped Ga1-yAlyAs/Ga1-xMnxAs/Ga1-yAlyAs heterostructures

Description: Using ion channeling techniques, we investigate the lattice locations of Mn in Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As quantum wells between Be-doped Ga{sub 1-y}Al{sub y}As barriers. The earlier results showed that the Curie temperature T{sub C} depends on the growth sequence of the epitaxial layers. A lower T{sub C} was found in heterostructures in which the Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As layer is grown after the modulation-doped barrier. Here we provide direct evidence that this reduction in T{sub C} is directly correlated with an increased formation of magnetically inactive Mn interstitials. The formation of interstitials is induced by a shift of the Fermi energy as a result of the transfer of holes from the barrier to the quantum well during the growth.
Date: January 30, 2004
Creator: Yu, K.M.; Walukiewicz, W.; Wojtowicz, T.; Lim, W.L.; Liu, X.; Dobrowolska, M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Diluted magnetic semiconductors formed by an ion implantation and pulsed-laser melting

Description: Using ion implantation followed by pulsed-laser melting (PLM), we have synthesized ferromagnetic films of Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As. Ion-channeling experiments reveal that these films are single crystalline and have high Mn substitutionality while variable temperature resistivity measurements reveal the strong Mn-hole interactions characteristic of carrier-mediated ferromagnetism in homogeneous DMS's. We have observed Curie temperatures (T{sub C}'s) of approximately 80 K for films with substitutional Mn concentrations of x=0.04. The use of n-type counter doping as a means of increasing Mn substitutionality and T{sub c} is explored by co-implantation of Mn and Te into GaAs. In Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}P samples synthesized using our technique, the implanted layer regrows as an epitaxial single crystal capped by a highly defective surface layer. These samples display ferromagnetism with T{sub c} {approx} 23 K.
Date: July 23, 2003
Creator: Scarpulla, M. A.; Daud, U.; Yu, K. M.; Monteiro, O.; Liliental-Weber; Zakharov, D. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

What Coexists with the Ferromagnetic Metallic Phase in Manganites?

Description: Colossal magnetoresistance, whereby the application of a magnetic field reduces the resistivity of a manganite by orders of magnitude, is generally believed to occur because of coexisting phases. Development of a complete theory to explain the phenomenon requires that the exact nature of these phases be known. We used resonant elastic soft x-ray scattering to examine the superlattice order that exists in La{sub 0.35}Pr{sub 0.275}Ca{sub 0.375}MnO{sub 3} above and below the Curie temperature. By measuring the resonance profile of the scattered x-rays at different values of q, we disentangle the contributions of orbital order and antiferromagnetism to the scattering signal above the Curie temperature. Below the Curie temperature, we see no signal from orbital order, and only antiferromagnetism coexists with the dominant ferromagnetic metallic phase.
Date: July 25, 2012
Creator: Burkhardt, Mark H.; Hossain, M.A.; Sarkar, S.; Achkar, A.J.; Hawthorn, D.G.; Sutarto, R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic structure of fully epitaxial Co2TiSn thin films

Description: In this article we report on the properties of thin films of the full Heusler compound Co{sub 2}TiSn prepared by DC magnetron co-sputtering. Fully epitaxial, stoichiometric films were obtained by deposition on MgO (001) substrates at substrate temperatures above 600 C. The films are well ordered in the L2{sub 1} structure, and the Curie temperature exceeds slightly the bulk value. They show a significant, isotropic magnetoresistance and the resistivity becomes strongly anomalous in the paramagnetic state. The films are weakly ferrimagnetic, with nearly 1 {mu}{sub B} on the Co atoms, and a small antiparallel Ti moment, in agreement with theoretical expectations. From comparison of x-ray absorption spectra on the Co L{sub 3,2} edges, including circular and linear magnetic dichroism, with ab initio calculations of the x-ray absorption and circular dichroism spectra we infer that the electronic structure of Co{sub 2}TiSn has essentially non-localized character. Spectral features that have not been explained in detail before, are explained here in terms of the final state band structure.
Date: October 28, 2010
Creator: Meinert, Markus; Schmalhorst, Jan; Wulfmeier, Hendrik; Reiss, Gunter; Arenholz, Elke; Graf, Tanja et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic and magnetic properties of zincblende half-metal superlattices

Description: Zincblende half-metallic compounds such as CrAs, with large magnetic moments and high Curie temperatures, are promising materials for spintronic applications. They explore layered materials, consisting of alternating layers of zincblende half-metals, by first principles calculations, and find that superlattices of (CrAs){sub 1}(MnAs){sub 1} and (CrAs){sub 2}(MnAs){sub 2} are half-metallic with magnetic moments of 7.0{mu}{sub B} and 14.0{mu}{sub B} per unit cell, respectively. They discuss the nature of the bonding and half-metallicity in these materials and, based on the understanding acquired, develop a simple expression for the magnetic moment in such materials. They explore the range of lattice constants over which half-metallicity is manifested, and suggest corresponding substrates for growth in thin film form.
Date: November 5, 2003
Creator: Fong, C Y; Qian, M C; Pask, J; Yang, L H & Dag, S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Imaging the First-Order Magnetic Transition in La0.35Pr0.275Ca0.375MnO3

Description: The nature of the ferromagnetic, charge, orbital, and antiferromagnetic order in La{sub 0.35}Pr{sub 0.275}Ca{sub 0.375}MnO{sub 3} (LPCMO) on the nano and micro scale was investigated by photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) and resonant elastic soft x-ray scattering (RSXS). The structure of the ferromagnetic domains around the Curie temperature T{sub C} indicates that they nucleate under a high degree of lattice strain, which is brought about by the charge, orbital, and antiferromagnetic order. The combined temperature-dependent PEEM and RSXS measurements suggest that the lattice distortions associated with charge and orbital order are glassy in nature and that phase separation is driven by the interplay between it and the more itinerant charge carriers associated with ferromagnetic metallic order, even well below T{sub C}.
Date: May 1, 2012
Creator: Burkhardt, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Magnetism at spinel thin film interfaces probed through soft x-ray spectroscopy techniques

Description: Magnetic order and coupling at the interfaces of highly spin polarized Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} heterostructures have been determined by surface sensitive and element specific soft x-ray spectroscopy and spectromicroscopy techniques. At ambient temperature, the interface between paramagnetic CoCr{sub 2}O{sub 4} or MnCr{sub 2}O{sub 4} and ferrimagnetic Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} isostructural bilayers exhibits long range magnetic order of Co, Mn and Cr cations which cannot be explained in terms of the formation of interfacial MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} or CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}. Instead, the ferrimagnetism is induced by the adjacent Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} layer and is the result of the stabilization of a spinel phase not achievable in bulk form. Magnetism at the interface region is observable up to 500 K, far beyond the chromite bulk Curie temperature of 50-95 K.
Date: December 16, 2009
Creator: Chopdekar, R.V.; Liberati, M.; Takamura, Y.; Kourkoutis, L. Fitting; Bettinger, J. S.; Nelson-Cheeseman, B. B. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: The magnetic and galvanomagnetic properties of US, including resistivity, magnetoresistance, and Hall effect, were studied. The resistivity was found to be approximately a hundred times higher in US than in the common ferromagnetic metals, but the temperature dependence of resistivity was similar, showing an abnormal decrease below the Curie point. The magnetoresistance of US was found to be negative with a sharp minimum at the Curie point. The study of the Hall effect revealed that two Hall coefficients could be identified. The extraordinary Hall coefficient, which is related to the magnetization of the material, was found to be proportional to the second power of the resistivity. The ordinary Hall coefficient R/sub o/, related to the applied field, was found to be positive and temperature dependent, with a maximum near the Curie point. The temperature dependence of R/sub o/ constituted the biggest dissimilarity between US and other ferromagnetic substances. The effective carrier concentration evaluated from this coefficient was 0.45 hole per atom at absolute zero. The study of the magnetic properties yielded values of the saturation magnetization at various temperatures which indicated that at absolute zero the atomic moment is 1.05 plus or minus 0.03 Bohr magnetons. These results are correlated with a band picture based on overlapping 7s and 5f bands. (auth)
Date: June 1, 1963
Creator: Kzamierowicz, C.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Polarization dependence of the magnetic fluctuations in the weak itinerant ferromagnet MnSi below {Tc}

Description: The dispersion of the spin-flip and non-spin-flip excitations in the weak itinerant ferromagnet MnSi have been measured in the ferromagnetic phase using inelastic polarized neutron scattering. Because of the steep dispersion curve, the excitation have been determined by means of constant energy scans between 0 and 7 meV. The decrease of the intensity of the spin-flip excitations with increasing energy can be explained by the interaction of the spin waves with the Stoner excitations. The interpretation of the non-spin-flip scattering is a more difficult task because of the low intensity. The non-spin-flip excitations are clearly quasielastic at small E-transfer similar as in a localized ferromagnet. Their spectral weight is significant near {Tc}.
Date: September 1, 1997
Creator: Tixier, S.; Boeni, P.; Endoh, Y.; Roessli, B. & Shirane, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department