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L- and M-Shell X-Ray Production Cross Sections of Neodymium Gadolinium, Holmium, Ytterbium, Gold and Lead by 25-MeV Carbon and 32-MeV Oxygen Ions

Description: L- and M-shell x-ray production cross sections have been measured for thin solid targets of neodymium, gadolinium, holmium, ytterbium, gold, and lead by 25 MeV 12/6C^q+ (q=4,5,6) and by 32 MeV 16/8O^q+ (q=5,7,8). The cross sections were determined from measurements made with thin targets (< 2.5 μg/cm2). For projectiles with one or two K-shell vacancies, the target x-ray production cross sections were found to be enhanced over those for projectiles without a K-shell vacancy. The sum of direct ionization to the continuum (DI) plus electron capture (EC) to the L, M, N... shells and EC to the K-shell of the projectile have been extracted from the data. The results are compared to the predictions of first Born theories, i.e., plane wave Born approximation for DI and Oppenheimer-Brinkman-Kramers formula of Nikolaev for EC and to the ECPSSR approach that accounts for Energy loss and Coulomb deflection of the projectile as well as for Relativistic and Perturbed Stationary States of inner shell electrons.
Date: August 1987
Creator: Andrews, Mike C., 1949-
Partner: UNT Libraries

Triple Differential Cross sections and Nuclear Recoil in Two-Photon Double Ionization of Helium

Description: Triple differential cross sections (TDCS) for two-photon double ionization of helium are calculated using the method of exterior complex scaling both above and below the threshold for sequential ionization (54.4 eV). It is found that sequential ionization produces characteristic behavior in the TDCS that identifies that process when it is in competition with nonsequential ionization. Moreover we see the signature in the TDCS and nuclear recoil cross sections of&quot;virtual sequential ionization&quot; below the threshold for the sequential process.
Date: April 29, 2008
Creator: Horner, Daniel A.; McCurdy, C. William & Rescigno, Thomas N
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thermal-neutron capture for A=26-35

Description: The prompt gamma-ray data of thermal- neutron captures fornuclear mass number A=26-35 had been evaluated and published in "ATOMICDATA AND NUCLEAR DATA TABLES, 26, 511 (1981)". Since that time themanyexperimental data of the thermal-neutron captures have been measuredand published. The update of the evaluated prompt gamma-ray data is verynecessary for use in PGAA of high-resolution analytical prompt gamma-rayspectroscopy. Besides, the evaluation is also very needed in theEvaluated Nuclear Structure Data File, ENSDF, because there are no promptgamma-ray data in ENSDF. The levels, prompt gamma-rays and decay schemesof thermal-neutron captures for nuclides (26Mg, 27Al, 28Si, 29Si, 30Si,31P, 32S, 33S, 34S, and 35Cl) with nuclear mass number A=26-35 have beenevaluated on the basis of all experimental data. The normalizationfactors, from which absolute prompt gamma-ray intensity can be obtained,and necessary comments are given in the text. The ENSDF format has beenadopted in this evaluation. The physical check (intensity balance andenergy balance) of evaluated thermal-neutron capture data has been done.The evaluated data have been put into Evaluated Nuclear Structure DataFile, ENSDF. This evaluation may be considered as an update of the promptgamma-ray from thermal-neutron capture data tables as published in"ATOMIC DATA AND NUCLEAR DATA TABLES, 26, 511 (1981)".
Date: June 1, 2001
Creator: Chunmei, Z. & Firestone, R.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pre-Processing of Cross-Sections Using Dimensionality Reduction Techniques

Description: Reactor physics codes rely on cross-section data to determine, for example, flux profiles or burn-up calculations. This data contains cross section values for different neutron-atom interactions (e.g., absorption, fission and scattering) for a large number of isotopes as function of energy and it is tabulated for a specific set of parameters (e.g., moderator temperature, fuel temperature, moderator density). In order to perform such neutronic calculations, the amount of this data that needs to be stored is very large due to the high number of isotopes and many tabulation points are needed. This data needs to be retrieved at each time iteration of the code from the machine memory which negatively affects the computational time of the code itself.
Date: November 1, 2012
Creator: Mandelli, D.; Rabiti, C. & Alfonsi, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Parabolic-Trough Technology Roadmap: A Pathway for Sustained Commercial Development and Deployment of Parabolic-Trough Technology

Description: Technology roadmapping is a needs-driven technology planning process to help identify, select, and develop technology alternatives to satisfy a set of market needs. The DOE's Office of Power Technologies' Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Program recently sponsored a technology roadmapping workshop for parabolic trough technology. The workshop was attended by an impressive cross section of industry and research experts. The goals of the workshop were to evaluate the market potential for trough power projects, develop a better understanding of the current state of the technology, and to develop a conceptual plan for advancing the state of parabolic trough technology. This report documents and extends the roadmap that was conceptually developed during the workshop.
Date: January 31, 1999
Creator: Price, H. & Kearney, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

THE SCATTERING OF POSITRONS BY ATOMIC HYDROGEN: FORMULATION

Description: The derivation of the coupled systems of second-order integrodifferential equations which must be solved numerically in order to obtain the cross sections for the elastic and inelastic scattering of positrons by atomic hydrogen and the cross sections for the formation of positronium into the 1s and 2s states is considered. The numerical method to be used to solve the equations at incident energies above excitation thresholds is also discussed. (auth)
Date: October 1, 1960
Creator: Cody, W.J. & Smith, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of exterior complex scaling to positron-hydrogencollisions including rearrangement

Description: The first application of an exterior complex scaling method to an atomic scattering problem with distinct rearrangement channels is reported. Calculations are performed for positron-hydrogen collisions in an s-wave model employing an electron-positron potential of V{sub 12} = -(8+(r{sub 1}-r{sub 2}){sup 2}){sup 1/2}, using the time-independent propagating exterior complex scaling (PECS) method. This potential has the correct long-range Coulomb tail of the full problem and the results demonstrate that ECS-based methods can accurately calculate scattering, ionization and positronium formation cross sections in this three-body rearrangement collision.
Date: December 6, 2007
Creator: Bartlett, Philip L.; Stelbovics, Andris T.; Rescigno, Thomas N. & McCurdy, C. William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

TABLE OF NUCLIDES

Description: This table presents properties of nuclides, both stable and radioactive, adopted from the 7th edition of the Table of Isotopes. The data are based on experimental results reported in the literature, with the cutoff date varying from January to December, 1977. (The earliest date refers to the lightest nuclides, and vice versa.) Most mass excesses are from the 1977 Atomic Mass Evaluation, with some recent experimental values added. For a few of the very unstable nuclides for which no values were reported in the 1977 Atomic Mass Evaluation, estimates are taken from the tables of W.D. Myers. Natural isotopic abundances and neutron cross sections are taken from compilations by N.E. Holden. For other references, original data, and information on the data measurements, the reader is referred to reference 1.
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Shirley, V.S. & Lederer, CM.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent measurements of neutron total cross sections on a wide range of targets from 5 to 600 MeV at LANSCE/WNR

Description: We have completed a new set of total cross section measurements, snd have measured approximately 36 additional samples. The goal of the new measurements was 1% statistical accuracy in 1% energy bins with systematic errors less than 1%. This was achieved for all but the smallest samples, for which the statistical accuracy was as large as 2% in 1% bins. However, the energy resolution is significantly better than this at low energies. The samples were: * The APT spallation target material: W * Medium-mass stmctural materials: Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni * Actinides: Th, depleted U * Other materials for global optical model development: F, Mg, P, S, K, Y, Mo, In, Au, Hg, natural Pb * Separated isotopes of light nuclei: {sup 6}Li%, {sup 7}Li, {sup 10}B, {sup 11}B, {sup 13}C, * Medium- and heavy-mass separated isotopes: {sup 54,56}Fe, {sup 182,183,184,186}W * Few-nucleon physics: H, D.
Date: May 1, 1997
Creator: Dietrich, F.S.; Abfalterer, W.P.; Haight, R.C.; Morgan, G.L.; Bateman, F.B. & Finlay, R.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Formation of U232 by Helium Ions of Thorium

Description: The production of U{sup 232} by the sum of {alpha},4n and {alpha},p 3n reactions on thorium has been studied. The cross section at an average energy of 37.5 Mev was 0.013 barns and the threshold for the reaction was about 30 Mev.
Date: April 14, 1948
Creator: Newton, Amos S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ISOTOPE PRODUCTION CROSS SECTIONS FROM THE FRAGMENTATION OF 16O AND 12C AT RELATIVISTIC ENERGIES

Description: The 0-degree fragmentation products of {sup 16}O and {sup 12}C at 2.1-GeV/n and {sup 12}C at 1.05-GeV/n have been measured for targets ranging from H to Pb. They present a total of 464 partial-production cross sections for 35 isotopes. The cross sections are energy independent and can be factored into beam-fragment and target terms. The target factor, {gamma}{sub T} = A{sub T}{sup 1/4}, and other evidence, imply the isotopes are produced in peripheral interactions.
Date: February 1, 1975
Creator: Lindstrom, P.J.; Greiner, D.E.; Heckman, H.H.; Cork, Bruce & Bieser, F.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Multilevel fitting of {sup 235}U resonance data sensitive to Bohr-and Brosa-fission channels

Description: The recent determination of the K, J dependence of the neutron induced fission cross section of {sup 235}U by the Dubna group has led to a renewed interest in the mechanism of fission from saddle to scission. The K quantum numbers designate the so-called Bohr fission channels, which describe the fission properties at the saddle point. Certain other fission properties, e.g., the fragment mass and kinetic-energy distribution, are related to the properties of the scission point. The neutron energy dependence of the fragment kinetic energies has been measured by Hambsch et al., who analyzed their data according to a channel description of Brosa et al. How these two channel descriptions, the saddle-point Bohr channels and the scission-point Brosa channels, relate to one another is an open question, and is the subject matter of the present paper. We use the correlation coefficient between various data sets, in which variations are reported from resonance to resonance, as a measure of both-the statistical reliability of the data and of the degree to which different scission variables relate to different Bohr channels. We have carried out an adjustment of the ENDF/B-VI multilevel evaluation of the fission cross section of {sup 235}U, one that provides a reasonably good fit to the energy dependence of the fission, capture, and total cross sections below 100 eV, and to the Bohr-channel structure deduced from an earlier measurement by Pattenden and Postma. We have also further explored the possibility of describing the data of Hambsch et al. in the Brosa-channel framework with the same set of fission-width vectors, only in a different reference system. While this approach shows promise, it is clear that better data are also needed for the neutron energy variation of the scission-point variables.
Date: May 1, 1995
Creator: Moore, M.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ab initio study of low-energy electron collisions withtertafluoroethene, C2F4

Description: We report the results of variational calculations of elastic electron scattering by tetrafluoroethene, C{sub 2}F{sub 4}, with incident electron energies ranging from 0.5 to 20 eV, using the complex Kohn method and effective core potentials. These are the first fully calculations to reproduce experimental angular differential cross sections at energies below 10 eV. Low-energy electron scattering by C{sub 2}F{sub 4} is sensitive to the inclusion of electronic correlation and target-distortion effects. We therefore present results that describe the dynamic polarization of the target by the incident electron. The calculated cross sections are compared with recent experimental measurements.
Date: April 26, 2004
Creator: Trevisan, C.S.; Orel, A.E. & Rescigno, T.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theoretical treatment of double photoionization of helium using a B-spline implementation of exterior complex scaling

Description: Calculations of absolute triple differential and single differential cross sections for helium double photoionization are performed using an implementation of exterior complex scaling in B-splines. Results for cross sections, well-converged in partial waves, are presented and compared with both experiment and earlier theoretical calculations. These calculations establish the practicality and effectiveness of the complex B-spline approach to calculations of double ionization of atomic and molecular systems.
Date: February 19, 2004
Creator: McCurdy, C. William; Horner, Daniel A.; Rescigno, Thomas N. & Martin, Fernando
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-photon double ionization of H2 at 30 eV using Exterior Complex Scaling

Description: Calculations of fully differential cross sections for two-photon double ionization of the hydrogen molecule with photons of 30 eV are reported. The results have been obtained by using the method of exterior complex scaling, which allows one to construct essentially exact wave functions that describe thedouble continuum on a large, but finite, volume. The calculated cross sections are compared with those previously obtained by Colgan et al., and discrepancies are found for specific molecular orientations and electron ejection directions.
Date: January 20, 2009
Creator: Morales, Felipe; Martin, Fernando; Horner, Daniel; Rescigno, Thomas N. & McCurdy, C. William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary Report: First Research Coordination Meeting on ReferenceDatabase for Neutron Activation Analysis

Description: Potential problems associated with nuclear data for neutronactivation analysis were identified, the scope of the work to beundertaken was defined together with its priorities, and tasks wereassigned to participants. Data testing and measurements refer to gammaspectrum peak evaluations, detector efficiency calibration, neutronspectrum characteristics and reference materials analysis.
Date: October 31, 2005
Creator: Firestone, Richard B. & Trkov, Andrej
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal double-spin asymmetry and cross section for inclusivejet production in polarized proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV

Description: We report a measurement of the longitudinal double-spinasymmetry A_LL and the differential cross section for inclusivemidrapidity jet production in polarized proton collisions at sqrt(s)=200GeV. The cross section data cover transverse momenta 5<pT<50GeV/c and agree with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD evaluations.The A_LL data cover 5<pT<17 GeV/c and disfavor at 98 percentC.L. maximal positive gluon polarization in the polarizednucleon.
Date: August 10, 2006
Creator: Abelev, B.I.; Adams, J.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett,J.; Anderson, B.D. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Database of prompt gamma rays from slow neutron capture forelemental analysis

Description: The increasing importance of Prompt Gamma-ray ActivationAnalysis (PGAA) in a broad range of applications is evident, and has beenemphasized at many meetings related to this topic (e.g., TechnicalConsultants' Meeting, Use of neutron beams for low- andmedium-fluxresearch reactors: radiography and materialscharacterizations, IAEA Vienna, 4-7 May 1993, IAEA-TECDOC-837, 1993).Furthermore, an Advisory Group Meeting (AGM) for the Coordination of theNuclear Structure and Decay Data Evaluators Network has stated that thereis a need for a complete and consistent library of cold- and thermalneutron capture gammaray and cross-section data (AGM held at Budapest,14-18 October 1996, INDC(NDS)-363); this AGM also recommended theorganization of an IAEA CRP on the subject. The International NuclearData Committee (INDC) is the primary advisory body to the IAEA NuclearData Section on their nuclear data programmes. At a biennial meeting in1997, the INDC strongly recommended that the Nuclear Data Section supportnew measurements andupdate the database on Neutron-induced PromptGamma-ray Activation Analysis (21st INDC meeting, INDC/P(97)-20). As aconsequence of the various recommendations, a CRP on "Development of aDatabase for Prompt Gamma-ray Neutron Activation Analysis (PGAA)" wasinitiated in 1999. Prior to this project, several consultants had definedthe scope, objectives and tasks, as approved subsequently by the IAEA.Each CRP participant assumed responsibility for the execution of specifictasks. The results of their and other research work were discussed andapproved by the participants in research co-ordination meetings (seeSummary reports: INDC(NDS)-411, 2000; INDC(NDS)-424, 2001; andINDC(NDS)-443, 200). PGAA is a non-destructive radioanalytical method,capable of rapid or simultaneous "in-situ" multi-element analyses acrossthe entire Periodic Table, from hydrogen to uranium. However, inaccurateand incomplete data were a significant hindrance in the qualitative andquantitative analysis of complicated capture-gamma spectra by means ofPGAA. Therefore, the main goal of the CRP was to improve the quality andquantity of the required data in order to make possible the reliableapplication of PGAA in fields such as materials science, chemistry,geology, ...
Date: December 31, 2004
Creator: Firestone, R.B.; Choi, H.D.; Lindstrom, R.M.; Molnar, G.L.; Mughabghab, S.F.; Paviotti-Corcuera, R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CHARGE TRANSFER BETWEEN POSITIVE ALKALI IONS AND ATOMS

Description: The total cross sections for resonant charge exchange have been measured as a function of energy in the range from 10 to 500 eV for the Cs{sup +}-Cs, Rb{sup +}-Rb, and K{sup +}-K systems. The agreement with certain data obtained at higher energies for these systems, and with theoretical cross sections of Smirnov is satisfactory.
Date: April 1, 1968
Creator: Gentry, W.R.; Lee, Yuan-tseh & Mahan, Bruce H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Decoding sequential vs non-sequential two-photon double ionizationof helium using nuclear recoil

Description: Above 54.4 eV, two-photon double ionization of helium isdominated by a sequential absorption process, producing characteristicbehavior in the single and triple differential cross sections. We showthat the signature of this process is visible in the nuclear recoil crosssection, integrated over all energy sharings of the ejected electrons,even below the threshold for the sequential process. Since nuclear recoilmomentum imaging does not require coincident photoelectron measurement,the predicted images present a viable target for future experiments withnew short-pulse VUV and soft X-ray sources.
Date: January 7, 2008
Creator: Horner, Daniel A.; Rescigno, Thomas N. & McCurdy, C. William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

LWR First Recycle of TRU with Thorium Oxide for Transmutation and Cross Sections

Description: Thorium has been considered as an option to uranium-based fuel, based on considerations of resource utilization (thorium is approximately three times more plentiful than uranium) and as a result of concerns about proliferation and waste management (e.g. reduced production of plutonium, etc.). Since the average composition of natural Thorium is dominated (100%) by the fertile isotope Th-232, Thorium is only useful as a resource for breeding new fissile materials, in this case U-233. Consequently a certain amount of fissile material must be present at the start-up of the reactor in order to guarantee its operation. The thorium fuel can be used in both once-through and recycle options, and in both fast and thermal spectrum systems. The present study has been aimed by the necessity of investigating the option of using reprocessed plutonium/TRU, from a once-through reference LEU scenario (50 GWd/ tIHM), mixed with natural thorium and the need of collect data (mass fractions, cross-sections etc.) for this particular fuel cycle scenario. As previously pointed out, the fissile plutonium is needed to guarantee the operation of the reactor. Four different scenarios have been considered: • Thorium – recycled Plutonium; • Thorium – recycled Plutonium/Neptunium; • Thorium – recycled Plutonium/Neptunium/Americium; • Thorium – recycled Transuranic. The calculations have been performed with SCALE6.1-TRITON.
Date: July 1, 2012
Creator: Alfonsi, Andrea & Youinou, Gilles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department