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Judicial Enforcers? Exploring Lower Federal Court Compliance in Regulating the Obscene

Description: Although federal circuit and district court judges are placed within a federal hierarchy, and receive legal and judicial training that emphasizes the importance of the judicial framework and its structure, such judges are also subjected to other pressures such as the types of litigants within the courtrooms as well as their local political environment. Furthermore, such judges are apt to form their own views about politics and legal policy and are often appointed by presidents who approve of their ideological leanings. Thus, federal courts are caught between competing goals such as their willingness to maximize their preferred legal policy, and their place within the judicial hierarchy. This dissertation applies hierarchy and impact theory to assess the importance of the judicial framework and its socialization, by analyzing both the judicial opinions and votes of federal circuit and district court judges in obscenity cases during a four-decade period (1957-1998). The research presented here finds the influence of higher court precedent to correspond in part with the conception of a judicial hierarchy. An analysis of citations of Supreme Court precedent (Roth v. United States (1957) and Miller v. California (1973)) in lower court majority opinions suggests low levels of compliance: lower courts at the circuit and district court level do not signal to the Supreme Court their acceptance of High Court doctrine; thus, except for 'factual' cases, most circuit and district court decisions do not comply formally with higher court precedent. An analysis of judicial votes, however, suggests that a Supreme Court doctrinal shift (to Miller v. California) influences lower court decisions only at the circuit court level. Further investigation suggests that Supreme Court precedent has a greater influence in circuit courts than in district courts: not only is the magnitude greater for circuit (versus district) court decisions, such results occur when controlling ...
Date: May 2004
Creator: Ryan, John Francis
Partner: UNT Libraries

For a more perfect union : court reform

Description: The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document addresses court reform.
Date: July 1971
Creator: United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Framework for studying the controversy concerning the federal courts and federalism

Description: The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document addresses a framework for studying the controversy concerning the federal courts and federalism.
Date: April 1986
Creator: United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The role of federal district courts on desegregation: A logistic regression analysis of the factors that influence prodesegregation outcomes.

Description: In this study I analyzed the 1089 desegregation outcomes in federal district courts that occurred between 1994 and 2004 in order to identify a) the legal and non-legal factors in the litigation process that predict pro-desegregation outcomes and b) the judicial patterns that impact the future of desegregation policy. Twenty-one legal and non-legal variables were analyzed via logistic regression analysis to identify factors that predict pro-desegregation outcomes. Only three predictor variables were statistically significant: Government Litigants; Region 3 (West) and Region 4 (Northeast.) Descriptive analyses of the data identified two trends in the pattern of litigation: The percentage of defendant wins increased after 1991 at a lesser rate than has been previously reported. I conclude that based on the results of both the quantitative and qualitative analyses the federal district courts are not a barrier to desegregation and can still be a part of a comprehensive desegregation strategy.
Date: December 2008
Creator: Lane, Ginny G.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Partisanship and Judicial Decision Making in U.S. Courts of Appeal

Description: Partisanship is found in voter and Congressional behavior. Members of the federal judiciary should behave similarly. I utilize cases involving the Republican and Democratic parties from 1966 to 1997 and examine the voting behavior of federal Courts of Appeal judges. I utilize both cross tabulations and a Logit regression model to determine the likelihood appellate judges will vote for their own party and against the opposition.
Date: December 2002
Creator: Meaders, Eddie Loyd
Partner: UNT Libraries

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 2007

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between October 1, 2007, and April 14, 2008. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1335.
Date: 2011
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 1998

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between March 2 and June 7, 1999. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1197.
Date: 2001
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 1998

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between June 10 Through September 28, 1999. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1071.
Date: 2001
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 1994

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between March 1 and May 25, 1995. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1167.
Date: 1998
Creator: United States. Supreme Court.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 1994

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between May 30 and September 29, 1995. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1313.
Date: 1998
Creator: United States. Supreme Court.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 2000

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between June 11 and September 25, 2001. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1307.
Date: 2002
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 2000

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between October 1, 2001, and March 1, 2002. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1303.
Date: 2003
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 2002

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between October 7, 2002, and March 4, 2003. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1503.
Date: 2004
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 2002

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between March 5 and May 27, 2003. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1309.
Date: 2004
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 1999

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between October 4 and February 28, 2000. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1199.
Date: 2001
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 1999

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between February 29 and May 25, 2000. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1207.
Date: 2001
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 2001

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between March 4 and June 3, 2002. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1307.
Date: 2003
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 2001

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between June 10 and October 3, 2002. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 993.
Date: 2004
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 2002

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between June 2 and October 2, 2003. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1303.
Date: 2005
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 2003

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between October 6, 2003, and March 1, 2004. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1231.
Date: 2005
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 1997

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between June 1 Through September 29, 1998. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1305.
Date: 2000
Creator: United States. Supreme Court.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 1998

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between October 5, 1998, and March 1, 1999. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1303.
Date: 2000
Creator: United States. Supreme Court.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 1999

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between May 30 and September 29, 2000. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1309.
Date: 2001
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cases Adjudged in The Supreme Court at October Term, 2000

Description: Volume of the United States Reports containing the final decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court justices regarding cases between October 2, 2000, and March 1, 2001. Also includes notes regarding the members of the Supreme Court, orders, and other relevant materials. Index starts on page 1207.
Date: 2002
Creator: Wagner, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department